Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2022
Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you.
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. and I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, The Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. In historical accounts, we find mention of a dream of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) in relation to the Conquest of Makkah. It is mentioned that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) related his dream to the Holy Prophet (sa) and said:
“O Messenger of Allah (sa)! I saw a dream in which I saw you; “we had reached close to Makkah. “A female dog came towards us barking and when we went near to her, “she lay down on her back and milk started to flow from her.” Upon this, the Holy Prophet (sa) said:
“Their harm has been removed and we will soon derive benefit. “They will call on their relationship to you and seek refuge with you “and you will soon meet some of them.” This is how the Holy Prophet (sa) interpreted the dream.
The Holy Prophet (sa) said: “Hence, if you find Abu Sufyan, do not kill him!” Following this, the Muslims found Abu Sufyan and Hakim bin Hizam at Marr Al-Zahran. Ibn ‘Uqba relates: “When Abu Sufyan and Hakim bin Hizam were returning (to Makkah),
“Hazrat ‘Abbas (ra) said to the Holy Prophet (sa): ‘O Messenger of Allah (sa)! ‘I am doubtful in relation to Abu Sufyan’s acceptance of Islam. ‘(The manner in which Abu Sufyan agreed to obey the Holy Prophet (sa) ‘(and how he accepted Islam has previously been mentioned already.
‘(Nevertheless, Hazrat ‘Abbas (ra) said) You should call him back ‘until he has understood the teachings of Islam and seen Allah’s army with you.’” In another narration, Ibn Abi Shaybah relates: “When Abu Sufyan was about to return, “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said to the Holy Prophet (sa):
‘O Messenger of Allah (sa)! If you command us then we will stop Abu Sufyan on route.’” In yet another narration, Ibn Ishaq relates: “When Abu Sufyan was returning, the Holy Prophet (sa) said to Hazrat ‘Abbas: ‘Stop him (that is, Abu Sufyan) in the valley.’
“Hence, Hazrat ‘Abbas caught up with him and stopped him. “Upon this, Abu Sufyan said: ‘O Bani Hashim! Are you deceiving me?’ “Hazrat ‘Abbas replied: ‘We do not deceive!’” According to another narration, he replied: “We do not deceive. “However, you should wait here until the morning
“and until you see the army of Allah and what Allah has prepared for the disbelievers.” Hence, Hazrat ‘Abbas (ra) kept Abu Sufyan in this valley until the next morning. With regards to when the Muslim army was passing in front of Abu Sufyan, it is written in “Subul al-Huda wa al-Rashad” that
The contingent of the Holy Prophet (sa), dressed in green, passed in front of Abu Sufyan. This consisted of Muhajirun (Muslims native to Makkah) and Ansar (Muslims native to Madinah) and there were (many) banners and flags. Every tribe of the Ansar had its banner and flag and they were clad in iron,
That is, they were clad in armor and chainmail. Only their eyes could be seen. Every so often Hazrat Umar (ra) would say at the top of his voice, “March slowly so that your first division (of the army) remain connected with the last division.”
It is said that this contingent contained 1,000 soldiers clad in armour. The Holy Prophet (sa) passed his banner to Hazrat Sa’d bin Ubadah (ra) and he stayed at the forefront of the army. when Hazrat Sa’d (ra) reached Abu Sufyan, he called out to him saying,
“Today is a day of bloodshed. Today that which is prohibited shall be made permissible. “Today the Quraish shall be humiliated.” Thereupon Abu Sufyan said to Abbas, “O Abbas, it is your duty to protect me today.” Thereafter, the other tribes passed by and the Holy Prophet (sa) then appeared,
Mounted on his camel named “Qaswah”. He came whilst speaking to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Usaid bin Hudair (ra) who were to each side of him. Hazrat Abbas said to Abu Sufyan that this was the Holy Prophet (sa). Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (ra) relates that
When the Holy Prophet (sa) entered Makkah during the Conquest of Makkah, he saw the women were hitting their scarves upon the faces of the horses in order to make move away. The Holy Prophet (sa) smiled and turned to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) asking,
“O Abu Bakr (ra), what is it that Hassan bin Thabit said?” Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) recited the following couplets: “I would lose my beloved daughter if you see not; “An army which scatters dust all over, the promised place of which is Mount Kada’; “They hold the reins of their swift horses; “The women strike them with their scarves.” Upon this, the Holy Prophet (sa) said,
“Enter this city from the place Hassan mentioned, i.e. Kada’.” Kada’ is another name for Arafat. It is an elevated path which descends from the outer parts of Makkah to its inner area. This is from where the Holy Prophet (sa) entered Makkah during the Conquest of Makkah.
When the Holy Prophet (sa) announced the message of peace during the Conquest of Makkah, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said to him, “O Messenger (sa) of Allah, Abu Sufyan desires honour.” The Holy Prophet (sa) therefore stated, “Whoever enters the house of Abu Sufyan shall be granted security.”
After conquering Makkah, the Holy Prophet (sa) gave an order regarding the idol Hubal; it was taken down and the Holy Prophet (sa) was standing beside it. Hazrat Zubair bin al-Awwam (ra) then said to Abu Sufyan, “O Abu Sufyan, Hubal has been overthrown, yet on the day of the Battle of Uhud,
“you very arrogantly proclaimed that it had rewarded you all.” In response Abu Sufyan said, “O son of Awwam, leave such talk, “for I have realised that if there were any god beside the God of Muhammad (sa), “then what has happened today would never have come to pass.”
The Holy Prophet (sa) then sat in one corner of the Ka’bah, and the people gathered around him. Hazrat Abu Hurairah (ra) relates that the Holy Prophet (sa) was sat during the Conquest of Makkah and Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was beside him with his sword unsheathed on guard,
I.e. he was stood right next to him. With regards to the Battle of Hunayn it is mentioned that another name for this battle was Ghazwah Hawazin as well as the Ghazwah Autas. Hunayn is a valley situated between Makkah and Taif at a distance of 30 miles from Makkah.
The Battle of Hunayn took place after the conquest of Makkah in Shawal, 8 AH. It is mentioned in narrations that when Allah the Almighty enabled the Holy Prophet (sa) to conquer Makkah, the chiefs of Hawazin and Thaqif gathered together and were fearful that the Holy Prophet (sa) would attack them as well.
Malik bin Auf Nasri gathered the tribes of Arabia; hence, along with the tribes of Hawazin and Banu Thaqif, the Banu Nasr, Banu Jusham, Sa’d bin Bakr and a few people from the Banu Hilal joined with them. All of them gathered together at a place called Autas.
Autas was the name of a valley near Hunayn. Malik bin Auf sent his spies to gather information about the Holy Prophet (sa). When the Holy Prophet (sa) learnt that they had formed an alliance, the Holy Prophet (sa) sent Abdullah bin Abi Hadrad Al-Aslami on a reconnaissance mission towards them.
After this, the Holy Prophet (sa) decided to march towards Hawazin and for the battle he took weapons on loan from his cousin, Naufal bin Harith, and also from Safwan bin Umayyah. Thus, the Holy Prophet (sa) marched upon the Banu Hawazin with an army of 12,000 men.
They reached the valley of Hunayn early morning and entered the valley. The army of the idolaters were already hiding in the valley. They attacked the Muslims all of a sudden and fired arrows with such intensity that the Muslims turned back and scattered as they ran away.
Owing to this, only a handful of companions were left around the Holy Prophet (sa), among whom was Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). Abu Ishaq narrates: “A person came to Bara and said: ‘You all ran away in the Battle of Hunayn,’ “He said, ‘I can testify that the Holy Prophet (sa) did not retreat.
‘However, some impatient ones and those without weapons went towards the tribe of Hawazin; ‘they were expert archers, they released a flurry of arrows, ‘like a swarm of locusts, owing to this they broke rank. ‘In this situation, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Umar (ra) from among the Muhajirin
‘remained steadfast with the Holy Prophet (sa); ‘and from among the family of the Holy Prophet (sa) ‘Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Abbas bin Abdil Muttalib (ra) remained with the Holy Prophet (sa); ‘similarly, the names of Abu Sufyan bin Harith and his son Rabi’ah bin Harith,
‘Fadl bin Abbas and Usamah bin Zaid are mentioned as well.’” Hazrat Abu Qatadah (ra) narrates: “During the Battle of Hunayn, “I saw a Muslim fighting against an idolater. “I saw another idolater who was discreetly moving towards the Muslim from behind, “in order to kill him.
“I quickly advanced towards the idolater that was moving discreetly towards the Muslim. “He raised his hand to strike me, but I struck his hand and severed it. “He then grabbed hold of me firmly and squeezed so hard that I was left immobilised,
“he then released me and loosened his grip, I pushed him away and then killed him. “On the other side, the Muslims suffered defeat and ran away, and I was also among them.” He then further narrates: “The Muslims then returned and gathered around the Holy Prophet (sa).
“The Holy Prophet (sa) said: ‘Whoever can provide evidence that he slayed someone ‘(from among the enemy), then he will be entitled to the spoils belonging to that deceased person.’ “I stood up so that I could find some evidence about the person I killed,
“but nobody saw him nor could anyone testify for me, and so I sat back down. “I then thought about it again “and mentioned the incident about the person he killed to the Holy Prophet (sa); “there was a person sitting near the Holy Prophet (sa) who said:
‘I have the weapons of the person that was killed by him.’ “The person who took the weapons said to the Holy Prophet (sa) “to give something else to this claimant that he would be content with. “(i.e. the person who had taken the weapon said to leave the weapons with him
“(and to give the claimant something else) “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was sitting there; he said: ‘This cannot happen at any cost, ‘the Holy Prophet (sa) would not grant something to a coward from among the Quraish ‘and forsake a lion from among the Lions of God, ‘who fought alongside the Messenger of Allah.’”
Hazrat Abu Qatadah would say: “The Holy Prophet (sa) stood up and gave me the weapons. “With that I then bought a date orchard, “and this was my first property that I invested in after accepting Islam.” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) says: “Ponder over history, during the Battle of Hunayn,
“the disbelievers of Makkah joined the Muslim army saying that, ‘Today, we will demonstrate the feats of our bravery’, “but they were unable to withstand the onslaught from the Banu Thaqif “and ran away from the battlefield. “Hence, there came a time during this battle “when only 12 companions remained around the Holy Prophet (sa).
“The Muslim army, which was a force of 10,000 men, became scattered. “The army of the disbelievers, which comprised of 3000 archers, “were hiding on both sides of the valley and they began firing their arrows on them. “Yet, despite this, the Holy Prophet (sa) did not wish to retreat and wanted to continue on.
“Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) became worried and grabbed the reins of the Holy Prophet’s mount, “and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (sa)! May my mother and father be sacrificed for your sake! ‘This is not the time to advance ahead. ‘The Muslim army will re-group, and we can attack then.’
“However, the Holy Prophet (sa) said with great passion: ‘Leave the reins of my mount,’ “and then he nudged it with his heel and advanced ahead, reciting the following couplet: “(ARABIC) “Meaning: ‘I am the promised prophet, whose eternal safety was vouchsafed,
‘I am not a liar, therefore, I care not, whether you are an army of 3000 or 30,000; ‘O ye idolaters! Seeing this bravery of mine, do not think that I am god, ‘I am a human and the son of your chief, Abdul Muttalib’ (i.e. his grandson)
‘The Holy Prophet’s uncle, Hazrat Abbas had a loud voice, he said to him; ‘Abbas! Come forward, and with a loud voice proclaim: “O companions of Surah Al-Baqarah (i.e. those who had memorised Surah Al-Baqarah), “O companions who pledged allegiance under the tree at Hudaibiyyah! “The Messenger of God summons you.”’
“A companion says: ‘Owing to the cowardice of the new Muslim converts from Makkah, ‘when the vanguard of the Muslim army retreated, our mounts also ran ‘and the more we tried to steer them back, the more they would run in the opposite direction. ‘Until the voice of Abbas resounded inside the valley:
“O companions of Surah Al-Baqarah! “O companions who pledged allegiance under the tree at Hudaibiyyah! “The Messenger of God summons you!”’ “The companion further says: ‘When this voice reached my ears, ‘it seemed as though I was no longer alive, but had died ‘and that the trumpet of angel Israfil was resounding in the air.
‘I pulled hard on the reins of my camel, its head touched its back, ‘but it was so frightened that as soon as I would loosen the reins, ‘it would run in the opposite direction again. ‘Many of my comrades, including myself took out their swords,
‘some managed to jump off the camels, and many had to severe the heads of their camels.’ “The companions then began running towards the Holy Prophet (sa), “and within a few moments, the army of 10,000 companions, “which was running helplessly towards Makkah, gathered around the Holy Prophet (sa) again.
“A short while later, this army climbed the mount and destroyed the enemies, “and this dangerous defeat turned into a great victory.” With regards to Ghazwah Taif, it is written that Taif was a famous town situated 90 km to the west of Makkah and is a mountainous town of Hijaz.
Grapes and other fruits were available here in abundance and it was home to the Banu Thaqif. The remaining army of the Banu Thaqif and Hawazin ran away to Taif along with their leader Malik bin Auf Al-Nasri and sought refuge in their fort. Thus, after finishing from Hunayn,
And having gathered the spoils at Ji’ranah and distributing it, he headed towards Ji’ranah in the same month of Shawal 8 AH. Ji’ranah was the name of a well near Makkah on route to Taif. It was situated 27 km from Makkah.
There are various narrations regarding how many days the Holy Prophet (sa) besieged Taif; according to some narrations the siege lasted for a little over 10 nights, whereas some narrations state that the siege lasted a little over 20 nights. According to one narration, the Holy Prophet (sa) besieged Taif for more than 30 nights.
Ibn Hisham states: “It is said that the Holy Prophet (sa) besieged Taif for 17 nights.” Hazrat Anas bin Malik states in a narration of Sahih Muslim: “We lay siege of Taif for 40 nights.” During the siege of the Banu Thaqif in Taif, the Holy Prophet (sa) said to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra):
“O Abu Bakr! I have seen in a dream that I was presented a bowl of butter, “however, a cockerel pecked at the bowl “as a result of which all the contents of the bowl fell down.” Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said: “O Messenger of Allah (sa)!
“I do not believe that you will achieve the outcome regarding them today.” The Holy Prophet (sa) said: “I too do not see it happening.” After a short while, Hazrat Umar said: “Should I make an announcement to depart?” To which the Holy Prophet (sa) said: “Yes, indeed.”
And so Hazrat Umar (ra) made the announcement that they were to leave. The Battle of Tabuk took place in Rajab, 9 AH. In regards to this battle, it is recorded that the place of Tabuk is located along the main route to Syria from Madinah, commonly used by traveling merchant convoys.
It is a city between the Valley of Qura and Syria, and the companions would also refer to it as the city of the “Dwellers of the Wood”. This was the place to which Hazrat Shu’aib (as) was sent as a prophet.
Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) accompanied the Holy Prophet (sa) during the Battle of Tabuk and during this expedition, the Holy Prophet (sa) gave a large flag to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). During the Battle of Tabuk, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) presented his entire wealth to the Holy Prophet (sa),
Which had a total value of 4000 dirhams. When the Holy Prophet (sa) commanded the companions to prepare for the expedition to Tabuk, he sent a message to the tribes around Makkah and the other tribes of Arabia to accompany him. The Holy Prophet (sa) ordered the affluent companions
To spend their wealth and provide mounts in the way of Allah, and this was the last expedition in which the Holy Prophet (sa) participated. Thus, on this occasion, the first person to bring their wealth was Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (ra).
Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) brought everything he owned, which was equal to 4000 dirhams. The Holy Prophet (sa) asked him: “Have you left anything at home for your family?” Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) replied: “I have left (the name of) Allah and His Messenger (sa).” Hazrat Umar bin Al-Khattab brought half of his entire wealth.
The Holy Prophet (sa) asked him: “Have you left anything at home for your family?” He replied that he had left behind half of his wealth. On that occasion, Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf (ra) offered 100 Auqiah, which was equal to approximately 4000 dirhams.
Then, the Holy Prophet (sa) said, “Usman bin Affan and Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf “are among the treasuries of Allah the Almighty on earth, “who spend in order to attain the pleasure of Allah.” They had contributed a lot of wealth. On the same occasion, women also offered their jewelry for this cause,
And Hazrat Asim bin ‘Adi (ra) offered 70 Wasq (unit of measurement) of dates, which is equal to approximately 262 kg, rather it is 262 maunds. If one maund is approximately 40 kilograms, then this would come up to just over a ton; or about one and a half tons.
Zaid bin Aslam narrates from his father: “I heard Hazrat Umar bin Al-Khattab (ra) saying, ‘The Holy Prophet (sa) told us to give alms, and at that time, I had some wealth. ‘I thought to myself, that today, I will surpass Abu Bakr.
‘If there is a day that I shall surpass him, then it is today.’ “Hazrat Umar (ra) continued, ‘I offered half of all my wealth. “The Holy Prophet (sa) asked, “What have you left behind for your family?” “I humbly submitted, “I have left for my family as much as I have brought with me.”
“Then, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) brought all the wealth that he had “(when Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) arrived, Hazrat Umar (ra) explained “(that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) had brought all the wealth he owned). “The Holy Prophet (sa) asked, “O Abu Bakr, what have you left behind for your family?”
“He submitted, “I have left (the name of) Allah and His Messenger (sa) for them.” “Hazrat Umar (ra) said, ‘By Allah, I can never surpass him in anything.’” The Promised Messiah (as) states: “There was a time when people would sacrifice their lives “for the sake of Allah’s religion like goats and sheep.
“How should I describe the spending of their wealth! “On more than one occasion, “Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (ra) brought all the wealth he owned, “to the extent that he did not even leave behind a needle. “Likewise, Umar (ra) readily spent according to his means
“and Usman (ra) spent according to his capacity and status. “In a similar manner and according to their respective ranks, “all the companions were ready to sacrifice their wealth and lives “for the sake of this divine religion.” Then, the Promised Messiah (as) states in regard to those who take Bai’at (oath of allegiance):
“There are some who take the Bai’at “and also proclaim to give precedence to their faith over worldly matters, “but when the time comes for contributing from their wealth and presenting a sacrifice, “they cling onto their pockets tightly. “Can anyone with this extent of love for the world answer a religious calling?
“Can such people be of any benefit? Never, absolutely not!” The Promised Messiah (as) further states: “Allah the Almighty states: (ARABIC) ‘Never shall you attain to righteousness unless you spend out of that which you love.’” There is an incident about Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) assisting the Holy Prophet (sa) in burying a deceased companion.
In this regard, Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas’ud (ra) reports: “I accompanied the Holy Prophet (sa) during the expedition of Tabuk. “I woke up during one night “and noticed some light coming from a fire that was lit on one flank of the army, “so I went toward it to see what it was.
“There, I saw the Holy Prophet (sa), Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Umar (ra). “I saw that Hazrat Abdullah Dhu al-Bijadain Mazani (ra) had passed away, “and they had already dug his grave. “The Holy Prophet (sa) was standing in the grave,
“while Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Umar (ra) were lowering the body into the grave. “The Holy Prophet (sa) was saying, ‘You both should lower your brother toward me.’ “Thus, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Umar (ra) “lowered the body of Hazrat Abdullah Dhu al-Bijadain (ra) towards the Holy Prophet (sa).
“When the Holy Prophet (sa) had placed him in the grave, he offered the prayer: “(ARABIC) “That is, ‘O Allah, I spent the day until evening in a state that I was pleased with him, ‘pray be pleased with him as well.’” Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas’ud (ra) says,
“At that moment, I wished that I was the one being buried.” Hazrat Abdullan Dhu al-Bijadain (ra) was from the tribe of Banu Muzainah. It is recorded that he was still young when his father passed away. He did not receive any inheritance. His paternal uncle was very wealthy.
That same uncle took him under his care until he himself became wealthy. When he accepted Islam at the time of the Conquest of Makkah, his uncle took everything away from him to the extent that his lower garment was also taken away. Then, his mother came and ripped her cloak into two pieces,
And Hazrat Abdullah (ra) used one piece as a lower garment and wrapped himself with the other piece. He then came to Madinah and lay down in the mosque. He also offered the morning prayer with the Holy Prophet (sa). Hazrat Abdullah (ra) said that it was the practice of the Holy Prophet (sa),
That after offering the morning prayer, he would look carefully at everyone present to see if there was someone new amongst them. The Holy Prophet (sa) saw Hazrat Abdullah (ra) and did not recognise him, so he asked him, “Who are you?” Hazrat Abdullah (ra) mentioned his lineage.
In one narration, it is reported that Hazrat Abdullah (ra) submitted, “My name is Abdul Uzza.” Upon this, the Holy Prophet (sa) said, “Your name is Abdullah Dhu al-Bijadain (the possessor of two cloaks).” The Holy Prophet (sa) then said, “Stay close to me.” He was included amongst the guests of the Holy Prophet (sa)
And he would teach him the Holy Qur’an until he had memorised a large portion. He had a very loud voice. It is recorded with regards to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) being the leader for Hajj, that in 9 AH, the Holy Prophet (sa) appointed him
As the Amir (leader) of Hajj and sent him to Makkah. Details of this are that when the Holy Prophet (sa) returned from Tabuk, he decided to perform Hajj. He was told that the disbelievers join in with others on the occasion of Hajj, and so they would be present there reciting idolatrous incantations
While circling the Ka’bah without any clothes on. Upon hearing this, the Holy Prophet (sa) decided not to perform Hajj that year, and appointed Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) as the leader. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) set out from Madinah along with 300 companions,
And the Holy Prophet (sa) sent 20 animals for sacrifice along with them. The Holy Prophet (sa) put collars around their necks and marked them himself, in order to indicate that these were sacrificial animals. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) also took five sacrificial animals of his own. It is narrated that Hazrat Ali (ra) announced
The initial verses of Surah At-Taubah on the occasion of Hajj. The narration is as follows: Abu Ja’far Muhammad bin Ali narrates that when Surah Bara’ah (i.e. Surah At-Taubah) was revealed to the Holy Prophet (sa), he had already sent Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) as the leader for Hajj.
It was suggested to the Holy Prophet (sa) that he should convey this chapter to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) so that he may recite it there. The Holy Prophet (sa) said that none other than someone from his own family could fulfil this task on his behalf. He then summoned Hazrat Ali (ra)
And instructed him to take what had been stated in the beginning of Surah At-Taubah and announce among the people on the day of sacrifice when they gather in Mina that no disbelievers shall enter Paradise, and after that year, none of the disbelievers will be allowed to perform Hajj.
No one will be allowed to perform circuits around the House of Allah while nude, and whoever entered into a treaty with the Holy Prophet (sa) its period will be fulfilled. Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib took the Holy Prophet’s (sa) camel Adba’ and set out, and met Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) along the way.
Hazrat Ali (ra) met Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) either in Arj or the Valley of Zujan. Arj is a valley between Makkah and Madinah where caravans would encamp; Zujan is a place near Makkah, at a distance of 25 miles on route to Madinah.
When Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) saw Hazrat Ali (ra) along the way, he asked whether he had been appointed as the Amir or whether he would be under his leadership. This was the degree of Hazrat Abu Bakr’s (ra) humility, he immediately asked whether the Holy Prophet (sa) had sent Hazrat Ali as the Amir
Or if Hazrat Ali would work under his leadership in the convoy. Hazrat Ali (ra) said that that he would be under Hazrat Abu Bakr’s (ra) leadership, and then both of then continued on. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) oversaw all matters relating to Hajj.
That year, the people of Arabia set up their camps in the same places where they used to during the time of ignorance. When the day of sacrifice arrived, Hazrat Ali (ra) stood and announced that which the Holy Prophet (sa) had instructed him to saying,
“O people, no disbeliever shall enter Paradise and after this year, “no disbeliever shall perform Hajj, “nor shall anyone be allowed to perform circuits of the House of Allah while nude. “Whoever has a treaty with the Holy Prophet (sa), its term shall be completed.
“From the day of this announcement, the people will be given a period of four months, “so that every tribe can return to their places of security or dwellings. “Thereafter, there shall be no oath or treaty with a disbeliever “nor will they be entrusted with any duty, excluding those oaths and treaties
“which have already been formed with the Holy Prophet (sa) for a set period of time “(in other words those treaties for which the stipulated timeframe still remained). “Aside from these treaties, there will be no new treaties. “The existing treaties made with the Holy Prophet (sa) will be honoured
“according to their fixed time period.” After that year, no disbeliever performed Hajj, nor did anyone perform circuits of the Ka’bah while nude. In another narration, Hazrat Ali (ra) is recorded to have said, “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) came to Arafah and addressed the people.
“When he completed his address, he turned to me and said, ‘O Ali, stand and deliver the message sent by the Holy Prophet (sa).’ “I stood and recited the (first) 40 verses of Surah Bara’ah to them.” Thereafter, both Hazrat Ali (ra) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) returned to the Holy Prophet (sa).
These narrations will continue. At this time, I wish to mention about a deceased member who recently passed away. God-willing, I will also lead her funeral prayer. Respected Amatul Latif Khurshid Sahiba, who was residing in Canada; she was the wife of the late Sheikh Khurshid Ahmad Sahib, Assistant Editor Al Fazl Rabwah.
She recently passed away at the age of 95, (Verily to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return). She was a Musia by the grace of Allah the Almighty. She was the paternal granddaughter of Hazrat Mian Fazal Muhammad (ra) of Harsiyan, and the maternal granddaughter of Hazrat Hakeem Allah Bakhsh Sahib (ra),
Who served as a gatekeeper at the residence of Hazrat Amma Jaan (ra). Both individuals were companions of the Promised Messiah (as) She was the maternal granddaughter of Hazrat Amman Jaan, and eldest daughter of respected Mian Abdurrahim Diyanand Sahib, a Dervish of Qadian and Amina Begum Sahiba.
She attended middle school at Nusrat Girl’s High School in Qadian and then she enrolled in Jamia Nusrat in 1943/44. She studied in Jamia Nusrat for two years, after which she studied privately, and then passed the Adeeb Alim examinations. She was married to Sheikh Khurshid Ahmad Sahib, Assistance Editor Al-Fazl, as I mentioned earlier.
Their Nikah was announced by Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II (ra) in Masjid Mubarak. Allah the Almighty granted her three sons and two daughters. She was the sister of Abdul Basit Shahid Sahib, a missionary who resides here these days (in the UK) and also worked in London for some time.
Basit Sahib also served in Africa. One of her grandsons, Waqas Ahmad Khurshid is a missionary in USA. She belonged to a well-educated family. One of her sisters Amatul Bari Nasir Sahiba also renders various services in line with her field of expertise. Amatul Latif Sahiba began serving Lajna Imaillah in various capacities
From the age of 13 and her years of service spanned 70 years. She worked under the guidance of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II (ra), the tutelage of Hazrat Ummul Mumineen, Sayyida Nusrat Jahan Begum Sahiba and the supervision of various other elders. She served in Qadian, and then upon the partition of the Indian subcontinent,
According to the instructions of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II (ra) and the late Hazrat Choti Apa, she served as the in-charge of female immigrants. Similarly, she had the opportunity of serving Lajna in various capacities; she also served as the Secretary Isha’at (publications) for an extended period of time.
She was the editor of Misbah from 1979 to 1986. She had been residing in Canada since 1986 where she was an honourary advisor for Lajna Imaillah. Under the publications department she rendered great help in compiling the first four volumes of the history of Lajna Imaillah, Al Masabih and Al Izhar.
She had the honour of working with Hazrat Choti Apa for 44 years. It was also under her leadership and supervision that the first Ijtema (gathering) of Nasiratul Ahmadiyya (Canada) was held. While she was the Secretary Nasirat, Amatul Latif Sahiba, along with her husband Sheikh Khurshid Sahib,
Compiled various historical accounts related to faith and the Ahmadiyya Community. Her son Laiq Ahmad Khurshid says, “Our late mother taught her children a profound lesson “which was that we should not entertain anything said against the Jama’at or Khilafat.
“Even if we did hear anything then we should never repeat it or say anything about it, “because Allah the Almighty specially helps the Jama’at and Khilafat. “She would say that after every trial and disorder, “God Almighty manifests signs in favour of the Jama’at,
“thus we should never fall prey to any sort of disarray.” He writes, “She was a walking encyclopaedia of the Jama’at. “She was very sociable and wished well for everyone. “She trusted God and had a passion for serving others “and she would avidly take part in helping to settle immigrants who arrived in Canada.”
Another one of her children writes, “Our mother had profound love for Khilafat. “She always urged and reminded us to pray for the Khalifa. “She was very regular and careful in offering her prayers. “Friday was like a day of Eid for her.” Regarding her love for the Holy Qur’an she says:
“She taught numerous children the recitation of the Holy Qur’an “and would especially focus on its correct pronunciation.” Her grandson Waqas Khurshid who is a missionary says, “she would always draw my attention towards prayers and studies. “By telling stories, she would teach children about the history of the Jama’at
“and in order to properly tend to their moral training.” One of her granddaughters says, “My grandmother had nine granddaughters; “not only did she see to the moral training of us girls “so that we become servants of Lajna Imaillah, “she was also a constant guide for us in learning manners,
“how to properly observe the veil, tending to the house, “being hospitable, sowing, reading and writing Urdu. “As we grew older, she encouraged us to take care of our husbands and in-laws “and she would be very happy when we told her that we had spent time with our in-laws. “Along with fulfilling these duties,
“she also encouraged us to become well-educated and work towards our careers. “She was firm against non-Islamic practices such as celebrating birthdays, “but she would commemorate birthdays and other important occasions “by encouraging us to remain as one family unit “and we would sing the poem “Hamd-o-thana”, and offer prayers together.”
She continues, “As Ahmadi Muslims living in Canada, “she was a crucial part of our upbringing. “She taught us how to balance our faith and Western society”. This is the duty of mothers and elders, which is vital to safeguard the next generation. They must understand how to raise the next generation;
They must teach them the faith while living in this society, and teach them how to adjust without letting them feel any sort of inferiority complex. May Allah the Almighty bestow His Forgiveness and Mercy upon her, elevate her station, and enable her children and progeny to carry on her virtues.
All praise is due to Allah We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds.
Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him; and whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His servant and Messenger.
O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you. Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as one does to one’s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves
And evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful. You remember Allah; He too will remember you; call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.