Ahmadi Muslim VideoTube Friday Sermon Khalifa V Friday Sermon | February 4, 2022 | 4K ULTRA HD

Friday Sermon | February 4, 2022 | 4K ULTRA HD




Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2022

Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah

I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you.

I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. and I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.

All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, The Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,

Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. Currently incidents in the life of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra) are being narrated; among which there were incidents related to battles. One such expedition was the Battle of Banu Qurayzah. Al-Waqidi has mentioned the names of the individuals

Who participated in the Battle of Banu Qurayza and according to this list, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra) and Hazrat Talha bin ‘Ubaidillah (ra) participated in the Battle of Banu Qurayza from the tribe of Banu Taym. Abdur Rahman bin Ghanam relates: “When the Holy Prophet (sa) set off towards the Banu Qurayza,

“Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) addressed the Holy Prophet (sa) and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (sa)! If people see you dressed in a beautiful worldly garment, ‘they will be more inclined towards accepting Islam. ‘Hence, you should wear the garment that Hazrat Sa’d bin Ubadah gave to you.

‘You should wear this so that the disbelievers may see you dressed in a beautiful garment.’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) replied: ‘I will do so. ‘By Allah, if both of you agree on a matter, I will not oppose your advice. ‘Moreover, my Lord has mentioned your examples to me in the same manner

‘that he mentioned the examples of angels Gabriel and Michael. ‘As far as Ibn Khattab is concerned, ‘from among the angels, his example is like that of the angel Gabriel. ‘Allah has destroyed the people among every nation through Gabriel,

‘and from among the prophets, his example is like that of Prophet Noah (as), when he said: ‘(ARABIC) ‘My Lord, leave not on the land a single dweller of the disbelievers.’ ‘And from among the angels, the example of Ibn Abi Qahafa (i.e. Hazrat Abu Bakr)

‘is like that of the angel Michael, in that he seeks forgiveness for the people on earth ‘and from among the prophets, his example is like that of Prophet Abraham (as), who said: ‘(ARABIC) “So whoever follows me, he is certainly of me; and whoever disobeys me – “Thou art, surely, Most Forgiving, Merciful.”’

“The Holy Prophet (sa) further said: “If both of you agree on a certain matter, “then I will not oppose your advice. “Your conditions with regards to your advice is of different kinds, “such as Gabriel, Michael, Noah and Abraham (as).’”

There is a narration in relation to when the Holy Prophet (sa) had besieged the Banu Qurayza. It is mentioned that Aisha bint Sa’d relates from her father who said: “The Holy Prophet (sa) said to me: ‘O Sa’d! Advance and shoot arrows at these people.’

“I advanced ahead whereby they came in reach of my arrows. “I had more than fifty arrows, which I shot in a matter of moments. “It was as if our arrows were like a swarm of locusts. “They fled inside and none of them peaked out.

“We became fearful regarding our arrows, lest they would all run out. “Hence, we would shoot some of the arrows and keep some with us.” Hazrat Ka’b bin ‘Amr Ma’zani (ra) was among the archers as well. He reports: “On that day, I shot all the arrows that were in my quiver,

“to the extent that some part of the night passed by, “at which point we stopped firing arrows at them.” He continues to say, “We had shot our arrows while the Holy Prophet (sa) was mounted on his horse. “He was in his armour and other horse riders were around him.

“Then, when the Holy Prophet (sa) permitted us, we returned to our resting grounds for the night. “For food, we had dates sent by Hazrat Sa’d bin ‘Ubadah (ra), “which were plentiful. “We got by on those dates for the night. “It was observed that the Holy Prophet (sa),

“Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Umar (ra) were also eating these dates. “The Holy Prophet (sa) would say, ‘How excellent are dates for food.’” When Hazrat Sa’d bin Ma’az (ra) gave his verdict for the fate of Banu Quraizah, the Holy Prophet (sa) praised him and said,

“You have given a verdict according to the command of Allah.” Upon this, Hazrat Sa’d (ra) prayed, “O Allah, if it is Your decree “that the Holy Prophet (sa) will have to fight another war against the Quraish, “then keep me alive for it. “However, if it is Your decree that

“the wars between the Holy Prophet (sa) and the Quraish have ceased, then take my life.” Hazrat Aisha (ra) narrates, “Hazrat Sa’ds wound opened, “even though he had completely healed and only a small mark of that wound remained. “He then returned to the tent that the Holy Prophet (sa) arranged for him.”

Hazrat Aisha (ra) continues, “The Holy Prophet (sa), Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Umar (ra) came to him. “I swear by Him in Whose possession is the life of Muhammad (sa) “that I could hear and distinguish the sound “of Hazrat Abu Bakr’s (ra) and Hazrat Umar’s (ra) cries,

“despite being in my separate tent “(in other words, when Hazrat Sa’d (ra) was breathing his last, both of them were crying). “I was in my tent, and their condition was such “that has been mentioned by Allah the Almighty in the following words “(ARABIC). “In other words, “they are tender among themselves.”

In reference to the Treaty of Hudaybiah, it is recorded – and as mentioned in previous sermons – that the Holy Prophet (sa) saw a dream in which he and his companions were performing circuits of the Holy Ka’bah. On the basis of this dream, the Holy Prophet (sa),

Along with a party of 1,400 companions, set forth from Madinah to perform Umrah. He set out early morning in beginning of Dhu Al-Qa’dah, 6 AH. When the Holy Prophet (sa) realised that the Quraish were preparing to prevent him from entering into Makkah, the Holy Prophet (sa) sought the counsel of his companions.

Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) humbly submitted, “O Messenger of Allah (sa)! We have only come to perform Umrah. “We have not come to engage in a battle with anyone. “My suggestion is that we continue on our route to our destination,

“and if anyone hinders our path to the Holy Ka’bah, then we will fight against them.” On the occasion of the Treaty of Hudaybiah, when negotiations with representatives of the Quraish began, ‘Urwah came to the Holy Prophet (sa) and said, “O Muhammad (sa), tell me, if you are intending to destroy your own people,

“do you know of anyone else before you amongst the Arabs who destroyed their own? “If the second instance comes to pass (in other words, if the Quraish are victorious), “then by God, I see the faces of your companions who have gathered from here and there. “They will run away and leave you.”

Upon hearing this, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) addressed Urwah bin Mas’ud and said sternly, “Go back from here and kiss your idol Lat.” Upon this, Urwah asked, “Who was that?” The people told him that it was Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). Urwah replied, “By Him in Whose hands is my life, “if I was not indebted to you owing to your favour upon me, I would have surely responded to you.”

Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) once assisted Urwah by giving him 10 pregnant she-camels when he had to pay blood money in some matter. Nonetheless, this is what Urwah said, and then continued discussing terms with the Holy Prophet (sa). During the occasion of the Treaty of Hudaibiyah,

A pact was being drawn up between the Holy Prophet (sa) and the Quraish. Hazrat Umar (ra) states, “I went to the Holy Prophet (sa) and asked, ‘In reality, are you not the prophet of Allah?’ He replied, ‘Yes’.

“I then asked, ‘Do we not stand on the truth and does our enemy not stand on falsehood?’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) answered, ‘Yes’. “I asked, ‘Then why should we accept such humiliating conditions ‘with regards to our religion?’

“The Holy Prophet (sa) then stated, ‘I am the Messenger of Allah, and I shall not disobey Him. ‘He shall grant me His help (that is to say, if I accept these conditions ‘(I am not disobeying the command of Allah Almighty and He shall help me).’ “I (i.e. Hazrat Umar (ra)) then asked,

‘Did you not say that we shall soon reach the House of Allah and perform the circuit around it?’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) said, ‘Indeed, I did say so, ‘but did I say that we shall reach the House of Allah this year?’” The Holy Prophet (sa) told him:

“I did not say that we would certainly reach the House of Allah this year.” Hazrat Umar (ra) states, “I replied, ‘No’. “The Holy Prophet (sa) stated, ‘You shall most certainly reach the House of Allah and perform the circuits around it.’

“Having heard this I went to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and said to him, ‘O Abu Bakr, is the Holy Prophet (sa) not truly the prophet of Allah?’ “He replied, ‘Yes, of course.’ “I then asked, ‘Do we not stand on the truth and our enemy on falsehood?’ “He replied, ‘Yes, of course.’

“I asked, ‘Then why should we accept such humiliating conditions ‘with regards to our religion?’ “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) then said, ‘O servant of God! ‘Indeed, the Holy Prophet (sa) is the Messenger of Allah, ‘messengers do not disobey the commands of their Lord, ‘and Allah shall most certainly help him

‘(he repeated almost the same words which the Holy Prophet (sa) said).’ “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) then said to Hazrat Umar (ra), ‘Adhere firmly to the pact of the Holy Prophet (sa), ‘by Allah, the Prophet is truthful.’ “I then asked, ‘Did the Holy Prophet (sa) not used to tell us

‘that we shall indeed reach the House of Allah and perform the circuits around it?’ “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) answered, ‘Of course. ‘But did the Holy Prophet (sa) mention that we shall reach this very year?’ “I answered, ‘No’. “Upon this Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said,

‘You shall certainly reach there and perform the circuits around it.’” The narrator Zuhri relates that Hazrat Umar (ra) would say, “I have carried out a number of good deeds as an expiation for this one mistake.” This has been taken from Sahih al-Bukhari. Whilst mentioning the details of the Treaty of Hudaibiyyah,

Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra) writes, “Urwah presented himself before the Holy Prophet (sa) “and began to have a discussion with him. “The Holy Prophet (sa) reiterated the same address “which he had previously given to Budail bin Warqa. “In principle, Urwah was at accord with the viewpoint of the Holy Prophet (sa),

“but in order to fulfil his duty as an ambassador of the Quraish “and in order to secure as many rights as possible in favour of the Quraish, “he began to say, ‘O Muhammad (sa), in this war, if you annihilate your people,

‘then have you ever heard the name of any man among the Arabs ‘who has committed such cruelty before you? ‘If however, the matter goes the other way, i.e., the Quraish become dominant, ‘then by God, I see such faces around you, who shall not take long to flee.

‘For all of them shall leave you.’ “Upon hearing this, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), who was sitting next to the Holy Prophet (sa) “became furious and said, ‘Be gone, and go and kiss your idol, Lat. Do you say that we shall abandon the Messenger of God?’

“Lat was a famous idol of the tribe Banu Thaqif, “and the intent of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was to express, ‘You are such people who worship idols and we are ones to worship God. ‘Is it possible that while you show patience and steadfastness for the sake of idols,

‘we who believe in God should be ones to abandon the Messenger of God?’ “Urwah asked in an outrage, ‘Who is this person who interrupts me?’ “The people said, ‘This is Abu Bakr (ra).’ “Upon hearing the name of Abu Bakr (ra), Urwah lowered his gaze in shame and said,

‘O Abu Bakr! By god, were it not for the favour you did upon me, ‘(it is mentioned that at one occasion, Urwah was pressed by a heavy debt, ‘(and Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) paid off this debt and saved him). ‘Upon this statement, I surely would have told you, how best to retort.’”

It is recorded in a narration from Bukhari that on the occasion of the Treaty of Hudaibiyyah, a treaty was being formed between the Holy Prophet (sa) and the Quraish and the conditions had been settled. At that time, Hazrat Abu Jundal, son of Suhail bin Amr came staggering whilst still shackled in chains.

Suhail bin Amr, who had come as an ambassador of Makkah, demanded that he be returned, upon which the Holy Prophet (sa) returned him to the Quraish. Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra) details this incident, which also includes mention of Hazrat Umar’s (ra) discussion with the Holy Prophet (sa)

In which he asked that if he was a true prophet of Allah the Almighty, then why should they have to lower themselves in this manner – i.e., Hazrat Umar (ra) spoke in this way because he felt that Abu Jundal was being treated unjustly:

“The Muslims were witnessing this scene (of the injustice with Abu Jundal) “and in religious indignation, their eyes became gorged with rage, “but out of respect they remained silent before the Holy Prophet (sa). “Finally, Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) could bear it no more.

“He came to the Holy Prophet (sa) and inquired in a trembling voice, ‘Are you not the truthful messenger of Allah?’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) said, ‘Yes, indeed I am.’ “‘Umar responded, ‘Are we not upon the truth and our enemy upon falsehood?’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) responded, ‘Yes, indeed it is so.’

“‘Umar said, ‘Why then should we bear this humiliation in the matter of our true religion?’ “Upon seeing this state of Hazrat ‘Umar (ra), the Holy Prophet (sa) concisely said, ‘Look hither ‘Umar! I am the Messenger of God.

‘I understand the will of God and I cannot act against it and it is He who shall be my Helper.’ “But the indignation in the mood of Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) was growing, moment by moment. “He began to say, ‘Did you not say that we would perform Tawaf (circuits) around the Ka‘bah?’

“The Holy Prophet (sa) said, ‘Yes, indeed I did, but did I also say ‘that this Tawaf would definitely be this year?’ “‘Umar (ra) said, ‘No, you did not.’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) responded, ‘Then be patient. ‘God-willing, you shall indeed enter Makkah and perform Tawaf of the Ka‘bah.’

“However, in this state of emotion, Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) was not satisfied. “Nonetheless, due to the extraordinary awe of the Holy Prophet (sa), “Hazrat ‘Umar left and came to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). “In his emotion, he asked the same question again,

“and Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) also responded in the same way as the Holy Prophet (sa). “However, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) also advised him, ‘O ‘Umar, look hither! Control yourself. ‘Do not allow for your grip to loosen from the rope of Allah’s Messenger.

‘By God, this man, in whose hand we have given our own is without a doubt, truthful.’ “Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) said that at the time because of his emotion he said such things, “but later he felt exceedingly repentant. “Moreover, in order to wash away the effects of this weakness as a form of repentance,

“he performed many voluntary acts as an expiation. “In other words, he gave charity, fasted, offered voluntary Salat “and even freed numerous slaves, so that this blemish of weakness could be cleansed.” Whilst mentioning the incidents surrounding the Treaty of Hudaibiyyah, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states: “When the disbelievers of Makkah learned

“that the Holy Prophet (sa) had set out to perform Tawaf of the Ka’bah, “they sent a chief to him in order to tell him that he could not perform Tawaf that year. “The chief reached the Holy Prophet (sa) and began conversing with him.

“In the midst of the conversation, he touched the Holy Prophet’s (sa) blessed beard “and asked him not to perform Tawaf that year, and postpone his plans for another year.” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) continues, “It is common practice among the people of Asia

“to touch the beard of a person whom they wish to convince of a matter as a plea, “or they touch their own beard to say ‘Look here, I am an elder and a leader of my people, therefore accept what I am saying.’

“Hence, the chief touched the beard of the Holy Prophet (sa) as an appeal. “Seeing this, a companion stepped forward and struck his hand with the handle of his sword, “saying to the chief, “move your impure hands”. “The chief recognised the person who struck him with the handle of his sword and said,

“Are you not the same person for whom I did a favour on such and such occasion?” “Hearing this, the companion fell silent and moved away. “Again as an entreaty, the chief touched the Holy Prophet’s (sa) beard. “The companions said that it enraged them

“to see the chief touch the Holy Prophet’s (sa) beard in such a manner, “however there was none among them for whom this chief had not done some sort of favour. “At that time, their hearts desired to find someone whom the chief had not favoured.

“In the meantime, one of them stepped forward, who was clad in armour from head to toe, “and he passionately addressed the chief, saying, “remove your impure hand”. “The person who said this was Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). “When the chief recognised him, he said,

“I cannot say anything to you, for I have no favour upon you.”” In Dhul Qa’dah 6 AH, when the Treaty of Hudaibiyyah was being written- this is based on ‘The Life & Character of the Seal of Prophets’ – there were two copies made of the treaty,

And various notable people from both sides signed their names on them as witnesses. From the side of the Muslims, the names of those who signed are: Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), Hazrat Umar (ra), Hazrat Uthman (ra), Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Auf (ra),

Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas (ra) and Hazrat Abu Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah (ra). Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) used to say that there was no greater victory in Islam than the Treaty of Hudaibiyyah. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) also took part in the Expedition of Banu Fuzarah.

In this regard, it is recorded that this expedition took place in 6 AH. The Banu Fuzarah resided in Najd and the Valley of Qura. In Al-Tabaqat Al-Kubra’ and ‘Sirat Ibn Hisham’ it is recorded that this expedition was commanded by Hazrat Zaid bin Al-Harithah (ra).

However, according to narrations in Sahih Muslim and Sunan Abi Dawud, the Holy Prophet (sa) appointed Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) as the leader of this expedition. In a narration from Sahih Muslim, it is recorded on account of Iyas bin Salama whose father told him,

“We fought against the Fuzarah tribe and our leader was Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). “The Holy Prophet (sa) appointed him as our leader.” Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra) has also mentioned this expedition, and states: “Following this, the Holy Prophet (sa) dispatched an army of companions

“towards the Banu Fazarah under the command of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). “At that time, this tribe was at war with the Muslims. “Salamah bin Akwa‘ (ra), a famous archer and trained runner was also a part of this army. “Salamah bin Akwa‘ (ra) narrates that they reached close to the settlement of this tribe

“around the time of the morning Salat. “When they had completed the Salat, “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) issued forth the command to attack. “In fighting with the Fazarah tribe, they reached near their water well. “Many of the idolatrous people were killed, after which they fled from the field of battle,

“and they imprisoned many men. “Salamah (ra) narrates that among the group of people that fled “was a party of women and children, “who were quickly moving towards a nearby mountain. “He began to shoot arrows between the mountain and them, “upon which this party became frightened and stopped and they imprisoned them.

“Among these prisoners was an elderly lady who had covered herself with a mantle of red skin. “She also had her beautiful daughter with her. “He surrounded these people and brought them before Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), “who entrusted this girl to his guardianship. “When they later reached Madinah,

“the Holy Prophet (sa) took this girl from him and sent her to Makkah, “and in lieu he sought the freedom of a few Muslim prisoners “who had been detained by the people of Makkah.” With regards to the Battle of Khaybar,

It is written that the Holy Prophet (sa) departed for Khaybar in the month of Muharram, 7 AH. Khaybar was an oasis situated 184 km north of Madinah. It has a series of hillocks composed of basalt rocks. The Jews had constructed many fortresses here and the ruins of some still exist today.

The Muslims conquered these fortresses in the Battle of Khaybar. This area was very fertile and the largest central place for the Jews. The Holy Prophet (sa) appointed Sibah bin Urfatah Ghifari as Amir of Madinah in his absence. The siege of the fortresses in Khaybar lasted more than 10 days.

Hazrat Buraidah (ra) narrates that the Holy Prophet (sa) would suffer from migraines and as a result would not come outside for a day or two. Thus, when the Holy Prophet (sa) reached Khaybar, he was suffering from a migraine, and so he did not come out before the people. “Dard Shaqiqah” is a migraine.

The Holy Prophet (sa) sent Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (ra) towards the fortress of Kutaibah. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) took the flag of the Holy Prophet (sa) and launched a fierce attack against the enemy. A ferocious battle ensued. After the battle he returned but they had not gained complete victory despite their utmost effort.

Then the Holy Prophet (sa) sent Hazrat Umar (ra); he also took the Holy Prophet’s (sa) flag and fought vigorously and even more fierce than before, but even he returned without having secured victory. In most books of (Islamic) history and biographies, it is mentioned that

Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Umar (ra) were made commanders of the army one after the other, however, they could not conquer the fortress. However, there is book titled “Sayedina Siddique-e-Akbar”, which was published in February 2010 in Lahore; the people assigned for research have written to me about it;

In the book the author claims that the fortress was conquered by Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), but he did not give a reference for it. Nonetheless, the author says that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was appointed as commander-in-chief of the army to conquer one fort, and he succeeded,

And then Hazrat Umar (ra) was assigned to conquer a fort and he also succeeded. A third fort was assigned to Muhammad bin Maslamah (ra), but he could not succeed in conquering it. The Holy Prophet (sa) then said: “Tomorrow I will appoint the commander-in-chief

“and hand the flag to the one who is dear to Allah and His Messenger (sa), “and he will conquer the fortress.” The Holy Prophet (sa) gave the flag to Hazrat Ali (ra) and he conquered the Qamus fort. There is a narration of Al-Waqidi (historian) regarding the Battle of Khaybar,

As people read history written by him, therefore I will mention it, but it is not necessary that everything is absolutely correct. Nonetheless, he writes: “During the Battle of Khaybar, “a companion, Hazrat Habbab bin Mundhir (ra) said to the Holy Prophet (sa):

‘O Messenger of Allah! The Jews hold their date palm trees dearer to them than their own children, ‘you should cut down those trees.’ “Upon this, the Holy Prophet (sa) ordered for the trees to be cut down “and the Muslims rushed to cut down the trees.”

This incident up to here does not seem to be completely accurate, however the next part seems to be correct. He writes: “Upon this, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) went to the Holy Prophet (sa) and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Undoubtedly, Allah the Exalted, has promised victory to you at Khaybar,

‘and He will fulfil His promise to you. Do not cut the trees.’ “Upon this, the Holy Prophet (sa) ordered for them to stop cutting the trees “and a crier made this announcement.” When Allah the Almighty granted the Holy Prophet (sa) victory in Khaybar, he distributed a special valley called Kutaibah between his relatives,

The women of his family and also amongst the Muslim men and women. On this occasion, aside from his other relatives, the Holy Prophet (sa) gave 100 Wasaq of grain and dates to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). One Wasaq is equal to 60 Sa’a and one Sa’a is approximately 2.5 kg;

And so approximately 375 maund Was given to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). With regards to Hazrat Abu Bakr being sent on an expedition towards Najd, it is written that Najd was a fertile region in the desert. It contains many mountains and valleys, to the south of it was Yemen, and to the north was the Syrian desert and Iraq.

To the west lies the Hijaz desert. This area was 1200 meters above sea level and owing to this elevation, this area became known as Najd. In Najd, the Banu Kilab began making preparations against the Muslims and so the Holy Prophet (sa) sent Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) in order to quash this threat.

This expedition took place in Sha’ban, 7 AH. Hazrat Salamah bin Akwa’ narrates that the Holy Prophet (sa) sent Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and appointed him the commander over them. After the Treaty of Hudaibiyyah, when Abu Sufyan returned to Makkah, it is written that the Banu Bakr, who were allies of the Quraish,

Attacked the Banu Khaza’ah, who were allies of the Muslims and this was against the conditions of the Treaty of Hudaibiyyah. Completely disregarding the conditions of the treaty, the Quraish assisted the Banu Bakr with weapons and mounts. They said with great pride and arrogance that they do not recognise any treaty.

Upon this, Abu Sufyan came to Madinah and wished to renew the terms of the treaty. He went to see the Holy Prophet (sa), but the Holy Prophet (sa) did not respond to anything he said. Abu Sufyan then went to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and asked him

To speak to the Holy Prophet (sa), however, he refused, saying: “I will not do such a thing.” Subsequently, as was mentioned in the accounts of Hazrat Umar (ra), Abu Sufyan went to Hazrat Umar (ra), but he also refused, and he returned unsuccessful.

The conquest of Makkah, which is also known as Ghazwah Al-Fath Al-Azam, took place in Ramadan 8 AH. In Tarikh Al-Tabari it is written that when the Holy Prophet (sa) ordered the people to begin preparations, he told his family to make provisions for him.

Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) went to his daughter, Hazrat Aishah (ra), and at the time she was making provisions for the Holy Prophet (sa). Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) asked: “O my daughter! “Has the Messenger of Allah (sa) ordered you to make provisions?” To this she replied in the affirmative.

He asked her: “Where do you think the Holy Prophet (sa) is intending to go?” Hazrat Aishah (ra) replied: “I do not know at all.” Then the Holy Prophet (sa) informed the people that they were heading towards Makkah and that they ought to make preparations immediately.

He then prayed: “O Allah! May You keep the spies and informants of the Quraysh heedless of this “to the extent whereby we reach their area without them knowing. “Upon this, the people began preparations.” Elaborating further upon this incident, it is written in Sirat Al-Halabiyyah:

“Whilst Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was enquiring from Hazrat Aisha (ra), “the Holy Prophet (sa) arrived. “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) asked the Holy Prophet (sa), ‘O Messenger (sa) of Allah! Are you intending to travel?’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) replied in the affirmative. “Upon this, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) submitted, ‘Shall I also make preparations?’

“The Holy Prophet (sa) replied in the affirmative again. “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) enquired, ‘O Messenger (sa) of Allah! Where are you intending to travel?’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) stated, ‘to fight against the Quraish, but Abu Bakr keep this confidential.’ “(He told him, but also said to keep this fact confidential)

“The Holy Prophet (sa) instructed the people to make preparations, “however he did not disclose to them where he was going. “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) submitted, ‘O Messenger (sa) of Allah! ‘Does not the time period of the pact and treaty between us and the Quraish still remain?’

“The Holy Prophet (sa) replied, ‘Yes, but they have dishonoured their treaty and broke it, ‘but you must keep everything I have said to you confidential.’” In another narration it states that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) submitted, “O Messenger (sa) of Allah! Do you intend to set out on a journey?”

The Holy Prophet (sa) replied in the affirmative. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) stated, “Perhaps you intend to travel towards the Banu Asfar (i.e. the Byzantines).” The Holy Prophet (sa) replied, “no”. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) submitted, “Do you plan to travel towards Najd?” Again, the Holy Prophet (sa) stated, “no”.

Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) submitted, “O Messenger (sa) of Allah! “Perhaps you intend to travel towards the Quraish?” The Holy Prophet (sa) replied in the affirmative. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) submitted, “O Messenger (sa) of Allah! “The time period of the peace treaty established between you and them still remains.” The Holy Prophet (sa) stated,

“Do you not know what they have done to the Banu Ka’b, (i.e., the Banu Khuza’ah).” Thereafter, the Holy Prophet (sa) sent a message to the neighbouring villages and Muslims and stated, “Whoever believes in Allah the Almighty and the Day of Judgment “should gather in Madinah in the month of Ramadan.”

Upon this instruction of the Holy Prophet (sa) various tribes of Arabia began to converge in Madinah. Amongst the tribes which arrived in Madinah was the Banu Aslam, Banu Ghaffar, Bannu Muzainah, Banu Ashja’ and Banu Juhainah. At the time, the Holy Prophet (sa) prayed, “O Allah! Stop the informants and spies of the Quraish,

“so that we can reach their areas without them knowing.” The Holy Prophet (sa) then stationed various parties along the entire way in order to gather information of anyone who passed by. The Holy Prophet (sa) instructed them that if any stranger passed by them, they should stop him

And the Quraish should not learn of the preparations being made by the Muslims. Whilst mentioning the details of this incident, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states, “The Holy Prophet (sa) once addressed one of his wives and said, ‘Prepare my provisions for a journey.’ “She began to make preparations for his travels.

“He then told Hazrat Aisha (ra) to roast some seeds and grains for him. “These were the kind of provisions that typically consisted of in those days. “Thus, she began to sift out any dust or dirt from the seeds. “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) came to visit his daughter at home

“and saw these preparations and asked Hazrat Aisha (ra), ‘What is happening? Is the Holy Prophet (sa) preparing for a journey?’ “She replied, ‘It seems to be so, ‘because the Holy Prophet (sa) told us to make preparations for travel.’ “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) enquired if there were plans for a battle,

“but she replied, ‘I do not know. ‘The Holy Prophet (sa) just told us to make preparations for travel ‘and that is what we are doing.’ “Two to three days later, “the Holy Prophet (sa) called upon Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Umar (ra)

“and told them that some men from the Khuza‘ah tribe came “and related the details of an incident that took place. “The Holy Prophet (sa) said, ‘God has informed me of the incident beforehand, ‘that they would commit treason and we have made a covenant with them.

‘It would go against our faith to now become fearful ‘and not prepare for combat after witnessing the bravery and strength of the Meccans. ‘We will have to go there, so what is your opinion on the matter?’ “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) submitted, ‘O Messenger (sa) of Allah,

‘you have entered into a covenant with them and they are your own people.’ “In other words, would he fight against his own people? “The Holy Prophet (sa) said, ‘We will not fight our people, ‘we will fight those who have violated the covenant.’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) then asked Hazrat Umar (ra), who submitted,

‘In Allah’s name, I would pray every day that we might see this day ‘when we could fight the disbelievers in defence of the Holy Prophet (sa).’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) said, ‘Abu Bakr is very soft-natured, but Umar is more frank in his speech.’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) continued, ‘Make preparations.’

“Then, the Holy Prophet (sa) had an announcement made in the surrounding tribes “that everyone who believes in Allah and His Messenger (sa) should congregate in Madinah “in the beginning days of Ramadan. “Thus, they started to gather to the extent

“that an army enumerating many thousands of men was organised and they set out for war. “When the Holy Prophet (sa) was about to depart, he stated, ‘O Allah! I supplicate to You that may You cause a covering upon the ears of the Makkans ‘and upon the eyes of their spies,

‘so that neither they will see us nor hear about us.’ “Thereafter the Holy Prophet (sa) departed “and despite the fact that there were many hypocrites in Madinah, “and an army of 10,000 men had just departed, no news of this reached the people of Makkah. “These indeed are the works of Allah the Almighty.”

It is written in Al-Tabaqat by Ibn Sa’d that the Muslim army reached Marr Al-Zahran at Isha (evening). Marr Al-Zahran is 25 kilometres from Makkah in the direction of Madinah. In other words, it is 25 kilometres from Makkah. According to the instruction of the Holy Prophet (sa),

The companions lit a fire in 10,000 different places. Though the news of the Muslim army’s departure had not reached the Quraish, nonetheless they were worried on account of having to fight against the Muslims. Although they did not receive news,

The Quraish thought that they would now have to fight, and this is why they were fearful. It seems here that the word “no” (knowledge) has been incorrectly written here. In fact, they had received news of their departure after they arrived there (Marr Al-Zahran).

When the Muslims set camp there and lit the fire in 10,000 different places, the Quraish sent Abu Sufyan to gather information. They stated that if he were to meet the Holy Prophet (sa) he should enter into a peace treaty. And so, Abu Sufyan bin Harb, Hakeem bin Hizam and Budail bin Waraqah left

And when they saw the Muslim army, they became greatly worried. The Holy Prophet (sa) had appointed Hazrat Umar (ra) to oversee those standing guard that night. When Hazrat Abbas (ra) heard the voice of Abu Sufyan, he stated, “O Abu Hanzla!” (This was the title of Abu Sufyan).

Upon this, Abu Sufyan responded, “I am here.” He then asked Hazrat Abbas: “What is this behind you?” Hazrat Abbas (ra) replied, “It is the Messenger (sa) of Allah “along with 10,000 of his people.” Hazrat Abbas (ra) then granted him refuge

And took him and his two companions before the Holy Prophet (sa) and all three accepted Islam. This incident will continue to be mentioned in the future God-Willing. All praise is due to Allah We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone

And we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him; and whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path.

And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you. Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other

And to do good to others as one does to one’s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful. You remember Allah; He too will remember you;

Call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.

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