Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2022
Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you.
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. and I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, The Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. With regards to the accounts related from the life of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra), the Battle of Yamama was being mentioned. Further details in this regard are as follows.
Hazrat Abu Sa’eed Khudri (ra) relates that he heard Abbad bin Bishr say, “O Abu Sa’eed! When we finished (the military expedition) from Buzakha, “I saw in a dream that night as if the heavens had opened up and they were then closed upon me. “This implies martyrdom.”
Abu Sa’eed said, “InshAllah (God willing)! Whatever happens will be for the best.” He says, “I observed him on the day of (the Battle of) Yamama. “He was calling upon the Ansar to come towards him. “Subsequently, 400 men returned to him.
“Among these men, Bara bin Malik, Abu Dujana and Abbad bin Bishr were at the forefront “and they continued to advance until they reached the gate of the garden. “I looked at Abbad bin Bishr after he had been martyred. “There were many sword marks on his face
“and I recognised him from a particular mark on his body.” There are also accounts in relation to Hazrat Umm-e-Ammarah (ra). Umm-e-Ammarah (ra) was one of the extremely courageous female companions in the history of Islam. Her name was Nusaybah bint Ka’b. She also participated in the Battle of Uhud and fought with utmost fearlessness.
For as long as the Muslims were victorious, she continued to fill the water-skins and handed them to the people to drink from. However, when they faced defeat, she appeared before the Holy Prophet (sa) and was fully clad in armour. When the disbelievers advanced towards the Holy Prophet (sa),
She would stop them with her sword and arrows. At a later stage, the Holy Prophet (sa) himself said, “During the Battle of Uhud, I saw her fight on every flank.” When Ibn Qami’ah had reached the Holy Prophet (sa), Umm-e-Ammarah (ra) came forward and stopped him. He struck her,
Which left Hazrat Umm-e-Ammarah (ra) with a deep wound on her shoulder. She also wielded her sword. However, it proved ineffective as he was wearing two layers of armour. Nevertheless, this is the status of Umm-e-Ammarah (ra) in history. She relates that her son, Abdullah, killed Musaylimah Kazzab.
On that day, Hazrat Umm-e-Ammarah (ra) was also participating in the Battle of Yamama and her arm was severed during the battle. The reason for Hazrat Umm-e-Ammarah (ra) participating in this battle has been stated as follows. When the Holy Prophet (sa) passed away,
Her son, Habib bin Zaid, was in Oman along with Hazrat Amr bin Al-Aas (ra). When this news reached Amr (ra), they returned from Oman and crossed paths with Musaylimah on the way. Hazrat Amr (ra) had already gone ahead and Habib bin Zaid and Abdullah bin Wahab were following behind.
Musaylimah captured both of them and said, “Do you bear witness that I am the messenger of Allah?” `Abdullah bin Wahab replied, “I do!” Upon this, Musaylimah instructed for him to be shackled with iron chains
As he did not believe him and thought that he might have said so in order to save his life. Nevertheless, Musaylimah then said to Habib bin Zaid, “Do you bear witness that I am the messenger of Allah?” He replied, “I cannot hear you!” Upon this, he once again said,
“Do you bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah?” He replied: “I do!” Musaylimah issued an order, resulting in him being dismembered, and whenever it was asked of him, “Do you testify that I am the messenger of Allah?” He would reply, “I cannot hear this.”
And whenever he would be asked, “Do you testify that Muhammad (sa) is the messenger of Allah?” He would reply, “Yes.” This continued until he cut his limbs off one by one. His arms were cut off at the shoulders. His legs were cut off above his knees, and then he was lit on fire.
During this entire ordeal, neither did he deviate from his position, nor did Musaylimah, until (Hazrat Habib bin Zaid) was martyred in the fire. According to another narration, when Hazrat Habib (ra) took the letter to Musaylimah,
He killed him there and then by cutting off his limbs one by one and had him thrown in the fire. When news reached Hazrat Umm-e-Ammarah (ra) of her son’s martydom she swore that she would face Musaylimah herself and either kill him herself, or be martyred in the way of Allah.
When Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (ra) prepared the army to go to Yamama, Hazrat Umm-e-Ammarah (ra) went to Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra) requesting permission to participate in the battle. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said, “Nothing can stop a woman like you from going to participate in the battle.
“Go forth in the name of Allah.” Another of her sons, Abdullah, also took part in this battle. She narrates, “When we reached Yamama, a fierce battle took place. “The Ansar called for help and the other Muslims arrived for help.
“When we reached the gate of the garden, there was a rush at the gate of the garden, “whilst our enemy was gathered to one side of the garden, where Musaylimah was. “We forced our way in and fought them for a while.
“By Allah I have not witnessed anyone defend themselves to the extent that they did. “I then sought to search and find Musaylimah, the enemy of God. “I swore to Allah that if I saw him I would not let him go. “Either I would kill him or I would myself be killed.
“The people were fighting one another and their swords clashed one another, “as though they had all become deaf and all they could hear was the sound of the swords striking. “And then, I saw the enemy of Allah and I launched an attack upon him.
“One person came before me struck my hand and cut it off. “By Allah, I did not hesitate at all and continued till I could reach that wretched man “and I saw him lying on the floor. “I also saw my son Abdullah there as well, who had killed him.”
In another narration of Hazrat Umm-e-Ammarah (ra) it is also mentioned, “My son Abdullah was cleaning his sword with his cloth “when I asked him if he had killed Musaylimah. “He answered, `Yes, mother.’ I performed a prostration of gratitude to Allah.” Hazrat Umm-e-Ammarah (ra) says, “Allah had cut the root of the enemy.
“When the battle ended and I had returned home, “Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (ra) brought an Arab physician to me. “He treated me with some boiling oil. “By Allah, this treatment was more painful for me than having my hand severed. “Hazrat Khalid (ra) took great care of me and treated us very well.
“He always had our rights in mind, “and tended to the instruction of the Holy Prophet (sa) in relation to us.” Abbad says, “O my grandmother, “were there a lot of people wounded during the battle of Yamama? (he asked her).”
She replied, “Yes, my child. The enemy of Allah was killed but the Muslims were all wounded. “I witnessed both my brothers wounded to such an extent “that they seemed to have no sign of life left in them. “The people remained in Yamama for fifteen days.
“The battle had ended, yet very few among the Ansar and Muhajirin “were able to perform the prayer with Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (ra).” Hazrat Umm-e-Ammarah (ra) says, “I know that on that day, “Banu Tayy had been put to trial a great deal. “On that day, I heard Adi bin Hatim loudly proclaim,
`Be patient, be patient! May my parents be sacrificed for you.’ “My son Zaid also fought very bravely that day.” In another narration it is mentioned that Hazrat Umm Amarah (ra) was wounded on the day that (the battle of) Yamama took place.
Aside from one of her hands being severed, she had 11 wounds inflicted by swords and spears. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) would regularly come to ask about her wellbeing. Ka’b bin Ujrah fought fiercely that day. That day the people faced a great loss and fled from defeat to the extent
That they left the contingent at the rear of the army behind them. Ka’b announced, “O Ansar, O Ansar, come to the aid of Allah and the Prophet (sa)!” Whilst announcing this, he came to Muhakkim bin Tufail. Muhakkim struck him and severed his left hand.
By Allah, Ka’b was not at all staggered by this and continued to fight with his right hand whilst his left hand bled out – up until the point he reached the garden and entered it. Whilst calling out to Aus, Hajib bin Zaid said, “O Ash’al!”
Upon this, Thabit said, “Instead, say `O Ansar!’ for they are my army as they are yours.” Thus, he said, “O Ansar, O Ansar”. Upon this, Banu Hanifah launched an attack against them. The people scattered, and Hajib bin Zaid killed two opponents and was then martyred himself.
His post was then taken up by Umair bin Aus. He was also attacked by the enemy and martyred. Then, with regards to Abu Aqil it is narrated that “Abu Aqil was a confederate of the Ansar and on the day of Yamama, “he was the first to come forward for battle.
“He was hit with an arrow that pierced through his shoulder and reached his heart. “He grabbed the arrow and pulled it out, but he was weakened by the wound. “He heard Ma’n bin Adi say, `O Ansar, regroup to attack the enemy!'” Amr reports, “Abu Aqil stood up to go towards his people.
“Upon this, I asked, `Abu Aqil, what do you intend to do now? “You no longer have the strength for battle and have become very weak.’ “He replied, `The caller has summoned us and called out my name.’
“I said, `They have only called out to the Ansar, which does not include those who are wounded.’ “Abu Aqil replied, `I am from among the Ansar `and I will surely hearken to this call, even if others show weakness.'” Ibn Umar reports, “Abu Aqil rose up with great strength,
“took up a sword in his right hand and called out, `O Ansar! Regroup and attack as you did on the day of Hunain!’ “Everyone gathered and formed a barrier for the Muslims before the enemy, “to the extent that they were able to push the enemy back into the garden. “The two forces converged,
“in other words, after entering (the garden) a fierce battle ensued and swords began to clash. “I saw Abu Aqil, whose wounded arm was severed from his shoulder and fell onto the ground. “He was wounded 14 times, due to which he was martyred.” Ibn Umar relates, “When I came towards Abu Aqil,
“he was lying on the ground taking his final breaths. “I called him and said, `O Abu Aqil.’ With stammering speech, he replied, `I am here.’ “He then asked, `Who was defeated?’ “I replied in a loud voice, `Rejoice, for Musaylimah, the enemy of Allah, has perished.’
“Whilst raising his finger toward the sky, Abu Aqil said, `All praise is for Allah’ “and then he passed away.” Ibn Umar relates, “I recounted this whole incident to my father, “Hazrat Umar (ra) and he said, `May Allah have mercy on Him. `He always aspired for martyrdom, and to my knowledge,
`he was amongst a select few of the companions of the Holy Prophet (sa) `who accepted Islam very early.'” One day, Muja’ah bin Murarah – the chieftain of Banu Hanifah and whom I’ve spoken about previously – said: “Ma’n bin `Adi used to come to me during the lifetime of the Holy Prophet (sa)
“owing to our old friendship.” Muja’ah continues, “When I came to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) amongst a caravan “after the conclusion of the battle of Yamama, “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was visiting the graves of the martyrs with his companions. “I also accompanied him,
“during which time Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and his companions visited the graves of 70 companions. “I humbly submitted, `O Khalifa of the Prophet (sa), during the battle of Yamama, `there was no one amongst the companions `who stood more staunchly before the barrage of swords than him,
`nor did I see anyone who attacked more fiercely than he did. `I saw this person – may Allah have mercy on him – and he was my friend. `Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) (recognized who it was) asked, `Was it Ma’n bin `Adi?’ `I replied in the affirmative.
`Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was familiar with the friendship I shared with him. `Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) then said, `May Allah have mercy on him. `You have made mention of a righteous person.’ `I replied, `O Khalifa of the Prophet (sa), it is as though I can still see him with my very eyes
`as I was tied up in the tent of Khalid bin Walid. `The Muslims were losing their foothold to the extent `that I thought they would not be able to regain their footing, `and this is something I could not bear.’ “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said, `By God, was it actually unbearable for you?'”
(He was asked this) because he had become an apostate and had thus been imprisoned. Nonetheless, he continues, “I replied, `I swear by Allah that I could not accept that.’ “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) replied, `I praise Allah for that.'”
Muja’ah continues, “I saw Ma’n bin `Adi who had tied a red cloth on his head “and was returning to attack. “His sword was placed on his shoulder, dripping with blood. “He was calling out, `O Ansar, attack with all your strength!'” Muja’ah continues, “The Ansar regrouped and attacked,
“and the attack was so severe that the enemy lost their foothold. “I was making rounds with Khalid bin Walid. “I was able to identify the deceased from among the Banu Hanifah “and also saw the Ansar who were martyred and had fallen.
“Upon hearing this, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) began to cry until his beard became soaked with tears.” Hazrat Abu Sa’eed Khudri (ra) relates, “When it was time for Zuhr prayer, “I entered the garden where a severe battle was underway. “Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (ra) summoned the caller for prayer,
“who gave the call to prayer on the garden wall. “The people were occupied in battle which did not end until after `Asr prayer. “Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (ra) then lead us in Zuhr and `Asr prayers. “He then sent the water bearers toward those who had been killed.
“I also accompanied them in making rounds. “I passed by Abu Aqil who had been inflicted with 15 wounds. “He asked me for water and I gave him some water to drink, “but the water flowed out from his wounds and he embraced martyrdom.
“I passed by Bishar bin Abdullah who was sitting and asked me for water. “I gave him water and he also embraced martyrdom.” Mahmud bin Labid narrates: “When Hazrat Khalid (ra) killed the people of Yamama, “many Muslims were also martyred amongst whom were many companions of the Prophet (sa).
“The majority of Muslims who survived were injured. “When Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (ra) got news of the death of Musaylimah, “he took Muja’ah along with him who was chained up so he could identify Musaylimah. “He continued to search for Musyalimah amongst the dead but could not find him there.
“When he entered the garden, he saw short-heighted, yellow-skinned, flat-nosed man “and Muja’ah said, `This is Musaylimah, the man you have now got rid of.’ “Upon this, Hazrat Khalid (ra) said, `This is the man who has inflicted all of this on you.'” Since Muja’ah was imprisoned
And was also a representative for the Banu Hanifah and their leader, for this reason, he wanted to save them. Most of the men had died, but to save the people inside the fort, he devised a scheme. He lied and entered into a peace treaty with Hazrat Khalid (ra).
He said to Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (ra), “The people that came out to fight against you did so in haste, “whereas the fort is full of warriors.” Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (ra) said, “May you be ruined for saying such a thing!”
Upon this, Muja’ah said, “By God! What I am saying is absolutely correct. “Hence, enter into this treaty with me on behalf of my people.” He said all of this deceitfully, as will be explained later on. Having witnessed the losses sustained by the Muslims in this perilous battle
And not wanting more harm to befall the Muslims, Hazrat Khalid (ra) deemed this to be appropriate; especially since the chief of the Banu Hanifah and leader of the rebellion and his comrades had been killed. And so, Hazrat Khalid (ra) agreed to the peace treaty.
Having sought the guarantee for this peace treaty from Hazrat Khalid (ra), Muja’ah said that he would go and speak with them (inside the fort), and so he went to them. However, Muja’ah knew very well that aside from women, children and the extremely elderly or frail, there was nobody inside the fort.
He got them to wear chainmail and said that until he returned they should ascend the walls of the fort. He then returned to Hazrat Khalid (ra) and said that they did not accept the terms of the treaty he had mentioned.
When Hazrat Khalid (ra) looked towards the fort, he saw that it was full of men. Muja’ah had made sure the women were clad in chainmail and positioned them there. The Muslims had sustained heavy losses in the battle and it had become prolonged. For this reason, the Muslims wished to seal victory and return,
Because they did not know what was going to happen next. For this reason, Hazrat Khalid (ra) agreed to make peace on lighter terms; gold, silver, weapons and half of the prisoners. It is also mentioned that he agreed on the condition of one fourth (of the property of Banu Hanifah).
When the doors of the fort were opened, there was nobody in there aside from women, children and the frail. Hazrat Khalid (ra) said to Muja’ah, “May you be ruined, you have deceived me.” Muja’ah replied, “They are my tribesmen; it was vital that I save them. “Besides this, what else could I have done?”
After this, Hazrat Khalid (ra) received a letter from Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) which said to kill every adolescent (male). However, this letter was received when Hazrat Khalid (ra) had already agreed to the treaty. For this reason, he fulfilled his pledge and did not act dishonestly as he had already agreed to the terms.
Thus, Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (ra) sent a letter to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) explaining the conditions of the Muslims and the reason for entering into a treaty. Upon reading the letter, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was pleased and became content. When Hazrat Khalid (ra) finished from the treaty negotiations,
He issued orders with regards to the fort and appointed men for (guarding) it. Muja’ah swore in the name of Allah that out of what had been agreed in the treaty nothing would be kept hidden from Hazrat Khalid (ra), and if anything that was hidden was known to anyone,
They would inform Hazrat Khalid (ra) about it. Subsequently the doors of the fort were opened; from inside the fort they acquired a vast number of weapons, which Hazrat Khalid (ra) gathered together at one place. Similarly, the Dinars and Dirhams that were found inside
Were also gathered in a separate place; as were the chainmail. Then the prisoners were brought outside and divided in two sections. Lots were drawn with regards to the spoils of war; the chainmail, shackles, gold and silver were weighed and a Khumus (one fifth) was separated from it.
One fourth from the Khumus was distributed amongst the people, horse riders were given two shares and one share was assigned for the owners of the horses. Khumus was set aside from all of these and the entire Khumus was sent to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra).
After this, all of the Banu Hanifah gathered together to pledge allegiance and declare that they had severed all ties to Musaylimah’s prophethood. All of them were brought to Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (ra), where they pledged allegiance and announced that they had entered Islam once again.
Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (ra) sent a delegation from among them to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) in Madinah. When they reached Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), he expressed astonishment – Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) expressed great astonishment as to how could they have been deceived by the trap of Musaylimah
And strayed away from the right path? They replied, “O Khalifa of the Messenger (sa)! You are fully aware of everything. “Neither could Musaylimah benefit himself, “nor did his relatives and tribe benefit anything from him.” There is mention of a dream of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra);
When Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) sent Hazrat Khalid (ra) to Yamama, he saw a dream that he was presented dates from Hajr – the name of a settlement. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) ate one of the dates and found that it was in fact a date stone that looked like a date –
It was not a date, rather it was a hard date stone. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) chewed it for a while and then threw it out – he saw this in his dream. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) interpreted this dream to mean that Hazrat Khalid (ra) would face grave opposition from the people of Yamama,
But Allah will certainly grant victory at his hands. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) would eagerly await news from the Battle of Yamama and as soon as a messenger would arrive from Hazrat Khalid (ra), he would immediately ask for the information. One day, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) left in the afternoon in the scorching heat;
He would usually go to Sarar, which was located at a distance of three miles from Madinah. Accompanying him were Hazrat Umar (ra), Hazrat Saeed bin Zaid (ra), Hazrat Tulaiha bin Ubaidillah (ra) and a group of the Muhajirin and the Ansar. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) met with Abu Khaithamah Najjari,
Who had been sent by Hazrat Khalid (ra). When Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) saw him, he said, “O Abu Khaithamah! What news do you bring?” He replied, “O Khalifa of the Messenger (sa)! I bring good news; “Allah has granted us victory in Yamama.” The narrator states that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) went into prostration.
Abu Khaithamah said, “Khalid (ra) has sent a letter for you.” Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and the other companions glorified Allah, after which Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said, “Tell me about the events of the battle.” Abu Khaithamah began informing him of what Khalid (ra) did and how he arranged his army,
As well as the injuries suffered by the Muslims and which of them were martyred. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) began reciting; And praying for them to bestowed with mercy. Abu Khaithamah further said, “O Khalifa of the Messenger (sa)! “We are Bedouins, they were beating us and treated us in a manner which displeased us greatly. “After this, Allah the Almighty granted us victory.”
Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said, “I had seen a dream which upset me greatly. “A thought crossed my mind that Khalid (ra) would certainly come up against a formidable enemy. “If only Khalid (ra) had not entered into a treaty with them and kept them on the edge of his blade.
“After the (Muslim) martyrs, what right do the people of Yamama have to live? “(i.e. because of Musaylimah Kazzab). “The comrades of Musaylimah Kazzab will remain in trial owing to him until the Day of Judgement, “unless Allah saves them.” Subsequently, a delegation of the people of Yamama and Hazrat Khalid (ra)
Came to see Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). With regards to the number of people who died in this battle, it is said that approximately 10,000 apostates were killed. According to another narration, 21,000 has also been reported. On the other hand, five to six hundred Muslims were martyred. According to various other narrations,
The number of Muslims who were martyred during the Battle of Yamama has been reported as 700, 1200 and also 1700. According to one narration, amongst those who were martyred, more than 700 were Huffaz-e-Qur’an. Among those who were martyred were some prominent companions and Huffaz-e-Qur’an, who possessed a very lofty status amongst the Muslims
And their martyrdom was a huge tragedy. However, it was the martyrdom of these Huffaz-e-Qur’an which then lead to the compilation of the Qur’an (into a single book form). Some of well-known companions who were amongst the martyrs is as follows: Hazrat Zaid bin Khattab (ra), Hazrat Abu Huzaifah bin Rabia (ra),
Hazrat Salim Maula Abu Huzaifah (ra), Hazrat Khalid bin Usaid (ra), Hazrat Hakam bin Saeed (ra), Hazrat Tufail bin Amr Dausi (ra), Hazrat Saib bin Al-Awam (ra) (the brother of Hazrat Zubair bin Al-Awam (ra)), Hazrat Abudullah bin Harith bin Qais (ra), Hazrat Ibad bin Harith (ra),
Hazrat Ibab bin Bishr (ra), Hazrat Malik bin Aus (ra), Hazrat Suraqah bin Ka’b (ra), Hazrat Ma’an bin Adi (ra) who was the orator of the Holy Prophet (sa), Hazrat Thabit bin Qais bin Shammas (ra), Hazrat Abu Dujana (ra), Hazrat Abdullah bin Abdillah (ra) (the sincere and devoted companion And Hazrat Yazid bin Thabit Khazraji (ra). According to some historians, the Battle of Yamama took place in Rabi-ul-Awwal, 12 AH, and according to others it took place towards the end of 11 AH. Both dates can be reconciled in this way that the actual battle commenced in 11 AH and ended in 12AH.
Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states, “All of those who claimed (prophethood) – and against whom the companions fought – “were all such people who rebelled against the Islamic government and declared war against it. “During the lifetime of the Holy Prophet (sa), “Masaylimah wrote to the Holy Prophet (sa) in which he stated
“that he had been commanded that half of the Arab land was his and half for the Quraish. “And after the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa), he expelled Thumamah bin Uthal, “who had been appointed as the governor of Hajjar and Yamama,
“and instead became the governor of that area himself and attacked the Muslims. “He also captured two companions who had come from Madinah, “Habib bin Zaid and Abdullah bin Wahb and forced them to accept his prophethood. “Out of fear, Abdullah bin Wahb complied with what he said, “however Habib bin Zaid refused to accept.
“Upon this, Musaylimah cut one limb of his at a time and burnt him. “Those who had been officially appointed by the Holy Prophet (sa) in Yemen “he imprisoned some of them and also handed out strict punishments to some of the others. “Similarly, Al-Tabari has written that Aswad Ansi also rebelled
“and began to give trouble to those “who had been officially appointed as governors by the Holy Prophet (sa) “and commanded that the wealth from the Zakat be taken from them. “He also attacked Shar bin Bazan in Sana’, “who had been appointed as the governor of the city by the Holy Prophet (sa).
“He killed many Muslims, ransacked the area, “killed its governor and then married his wife against her will. “The Banu Najran also rebelled and they joined Aswad Ansi “and they expelled two companions from their area; Amr bin Hazm and Khalid bin Saeed.
“From this it is evident that they did not fight against these people “because they claimed prophethood from among the Ummah of the Holy Prophet (sa) “and claimed to spread his faith, in fact the companions fought against them “because they were trying to abrogate the Islamic laws and establish their own laws instead.
“They claimed to be the rulers of their respective areas, “and not just that, they also killed the companions. “They attacked the Muslims lands, rebelled against the existing government “and announced to be completely free and independent.” The Promised Messiah (as) states, “When the Holy Prophet (sa) passed away, the Bedouins began to apostatise.
“This extremely perilous situation has been described by Hazrat Aisha (ra) as follows: `When the Messenger (sa) of God passed away, `some people falsely claimed prophetood `and some abandoned prayer and began to change in their conduct. `In such a state and in the face of such a trial,
`my father became the Khalifah and successor of the Holy Prophet (sa). `My father had to endure such calamities that if they befell upon a mountain it would crumble. `But to not lose strength and courage despite the immense hardships `is not possible for any ordinary man.
`Indeed, such fortitude required sincerity and this was demonstrated by Siddiq `(i.e. Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra)). `It was not possible for anyone else to have been able to take care of this dangerous situation. `All of the companions were present at the time, but no one stated that this was their duty.
`They could see that flames (of disorder) had erupted and so who would want to enter into it? `In these circumstances, Hazrat Umar (ra) extended his hand `and pledged allegiance at the hands of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) `and thereafter, one by one, everyone else pledged allegiance to him as well.
`It was his sincerity that enabled him to put an end to the disorder `and kill those were perpetrating cruelties. `Musaylimah was joined by 100,000 people and he was introducing a change in the Islamic laws. `(He was making certain things lawful within the Islamic Shariat
`(and people were entering into his fold on account of this. `(There were many things which were prohibited and he was declaring them to be permissible. `(And this was mentioned once before as well). `Upon witnessing this, people were entering his religion, `however God Almighty proved who He was with and alleviated all the difficulties.'”
The Promised Messiah (as) further states, “It is no secret to historians that the Caliphate of Abu Bakr (ra) was a time of fear and trials. “A host of trials and difficulties befell Islam and the Muslims “after the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa).
“Many hypocrites became apostates and the apostates became bold in their speech. “One group made a claim to prophethood and many bedouins flocked around them, “to the extent that Musailimah, the liar, “amassed nearly 100,000 ignorant and wicked people around him. “Trials erupted, afflictions increased, calamities engulfed all near and far,
“and the believers were shaken severely. “All of the people were tried in that time, “and a dreadful and shocking set of circumstances had developed. “The believers were so helpless that it seemed as though brands of fire were lit in their hearts “or as though they had been slaughtered with a knife.
“At times, they would weep due to their separation from the Greatest of Creation (sa), “and at other times, due to the trials which had emerged in the form of an intense burning fire. “There was not even the slightest hint of peace.
“The mischief-makers had spread all over like plants sprouting on a pile of dirt. “The fear and concern of the believers had increased manifold, “and their hearts were completely filled with dread and restlessness. “During such a time, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was appointed the leader of the time
“and the Caliph of the Seal of the Prophets (sa). “Witnessing the behaviour, conduct and ways of the hypocrites, “disbelievers and apostates caused him to drown in sorrow and grief. “He would weep like a continuous downpour of rain, his tears would flow like a running fountain,
“and he would supplicate to Allah for the betterment of Islam and the Muslims. “It has been narrated by Hazrat Aisha (ra), `When my father was appointed as Khalifa and Allah granted him leadership, `right from the outset of his Khilafat `he was faced with the upsurge of disorder from every direction,
`the efforts of the false claimants to prophethood `and the rebellion of the hypocrites and apostates. `The number of calamites he had to face was such that if they were to befall upon a mountain `it would cause it to immediately crush and crumble to the ground.
`However, he was granted patience like that of the prophets. `Eventually, Allah the Almighty bestowed His succour `and the false claimants to prophethood and apostates were killed. `The disorders and dangers were put to an end, `the situation was resolved and the institution of Khilafat was firmly established.
`Allah the Almighty saved the believers from the calamity, `transformed their state of fear into peace and established for them their religion, `He established the entire land upon the truth `and utterly humiliated those who sought to create disorder. `Allah fulfilled His promise and granted support to His servant, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra)
`and destroyed the leaders of the rebellion and their idols. `The hearts of the disbelievers were completely overawed and they ultimately repented. `This indeed was the promise of Allah, Who is the All-Powerful and Most Truthful. `Thus, ponder how all the characteristics and hallmarks of Khilafat
`were fulfilled in the person of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra).'” It has been stated with regards to Hazrat Khalid (ra) that upon the completion of the expedition to Yamama he was still there when Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) wrote to him that he should set out towards Iraq.
In another narration it is mentioned that Hazrat Alaa’ bin Hazrami requested Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) for reinforcements. He then wrote to Khalid bin Walid (ra) instructing him to immediately depart from Yamama towards Alaa’ in order to help him, and so he did.
Hutam was killed after which he joined forced and lay siege to Khut. Khut was a town in Bahrain of the Abd-e-Qais tribe where there was an abundance of dates. Thereafter, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) instructed him to go to Iraq and so he left Bahrain for Iraq. With regards to the questions raised
About Hazrat Khalid’s marriage to the daughter of Muja’ah bin Murarah it is recorded in books of history that upon the completion of the Battle of Yamama and after the treaty was formed with the remaining people of Banu Hanifah, there is mention found of Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (ra) getting married.
According to historians, when Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) learned of this marriage, he was upset with Hazrat Khalid (ra), however when Hazrat Khalid (ra) wrote a letter to him containing a detailed explanation, Hazrat Abu Bakr’s (ra) was no longer displeased with him. According to the details, after the treaty was formed,
Khalid (ra) requested Muja’ah to marry his daughter to him. Muja’ah was aware of the incident regarding Laila Umm-e-Tamim, who was the wife of Malik bin Nuwairah and also Hazrat Abu Bakr’s (ra) displeasure with Hazrat Khalid’s (ra) marriage. Hence, he advised that he should wait,
Otherwise he would become the means of great difficulty for him and he himself would not be safe from the displeasure of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). However, Hazrat Khalid (ra) said that he should marry his daughter to him and so he did. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) would constantly await news from Yamama
And he would anticipate Hazrat Khalid’s (ra) message bearer. One day, he was at a certain place with a group of Muhajireen and Ansar where he met Hazrat Khalid’s (ra) message bearer Abu Kaithimah (ra). When Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) saw him, he asked him what the news was?
He said, “It is good news, O Khalifa of the Messenger (sa). “Allah the Almighty granted us victory at Yamama. “Here is the letter sent by Khalid (ra).” Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) immediately fell into prostration of gratitude and said, “Tell me how the battle transpired.” A narration regarding this has already been mentioned previously.
In any case, Abu Khaithima gave details about the battle and explained what Khalid (ra) did, how the army was organised, which companions were martyred, how the enemy dispersed and how they had to become accustomed to things which they previously weren’t. Then there was also mention of Hazrat Khalid’s (ra) marriage.
Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) wrote him a letter saying, “Oh son of Umm-e-Khalid, you thought of marrying women “while the blood of 1200 Muslims had not yet dried from your battlefield. “What’s more, Muja’ah deceived you into a treaty “whereas Allah the Almighty had given you complete authority over them.”
When Hazrat Abu Bakr’s (ra) displeasure on account of the treaty with Muja’ah and marriage to his daughter reached Khalid (ra), he wrote a letter in response and sent it to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) in which he explained his point of view and defended himself. Hazrat Khalid (ra) wrote, “I swear by the faith,
“I did not marry until the happiness (of victory) was complete and certain. “I married the daughter of a person who would not have refused “had I sent the proposal from Madinah. “Forgive me as I felt it appropriate to send the proposal from my current location.
“If this union displeases you from either the religious or worldly perspective, “then I am prepared to act according to your desire. “As for the matter of condolences for the slain; “if someone’s pain and grief could keep someone alive or bring back the dead
“then my pain and grief would keep people alive and bring back the dead. “I attacked in a way that I had no regard for my life and was certain of my death. “As for the matter of Muja’ah’s deception, then in my opinion, I was not wrong,
“however, I do not have knowledge of the unseen. “Whatever happened Allah made it to be in favour and for the betterment of Muslims. “He made them inheritors of the land and the ultimate victory is for the righteous.” When Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) received this letter, his anger was gone
And a group of Quraish along with the bearer of Hazrat Khalid’s (ra) letter sought pardon on his behalf upon which Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said, “You are right” and he accepted Hazrat Khalid’s (ra) explanation and request for pardon. The rest will be mentioned in the future, God-willing.
The accounts related to the apostates is now complete. All praise is due to Allah We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds.
Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him; and whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His servant and Messenger.
O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you. Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as one does to one’s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves
And evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful. You remember Allah; He too will remember you; call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.