Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2022
Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you.
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. and I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, The Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. Previously, accounts about the debate regarding the election of a Caliph and Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) subsequently being elected, were being narrated; in relation to this, it has been recorded in Tarikh al-Tabari that on this occasion,
Hazrat Hubbab bin Al-Mundhir stood up and said: “O people of the Ansar! Keep this matter in your hands “as these people are currently under your care (referring to the Muhajirin). “No one will have the courage to oppose you and people will not disagree with your opinion.
“You are honourable, affluent, in the majority, strong, mighty “and experienced warriors, courageous and brave. “People have turned towards you in order to see what you do. “Do not disagree at this moment “as your (difference of) opinion will create disorder among you “and your matter will be turned against you.
“Hence, if these people (i.e. the Muhajirin of the Quraish) reject what you have just heard “then there will be one leader from among us and one leader from among them.” Upon this, Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) said: “This is impossible! “Two swords cannot be combined in one sheath.
“By Allah! Arabs will never agree to elect you as the leader, “while their Prophet (sa) is from a different tribe than yours. “However, nothing will hinder the Arabs from agreeing to entrust their matters “to those among whom prophethood was established, “nor (would they object) that their leaders should be elected from them.
“Furthermore, if any Arab rejects the leadership in this case “then we will be justified and have the right to oppose him. “Who will oppose us regarding the leadership of Muhammad (sa)? “We are the very friends and family of the Holy Prophet (sa).
“None but the foolish, a sinner and the one who throws himself into destruction “will oppose this proposition.” Hubbab bin Al-Mundhir said: “O people of the Ansar! “Settle this matter among yourselves and do not at all agree to this person and his companions.
“They wish to devour your share as well and if they reject your proposition “then drive them out of your areas and take control of all matters, “because, by God, you are most deserving and worthy of this leadership. “Your swords have made everyone obedient to this religion;
“all those who would otherwise not have obeyed. “I take the responsibility of settling this entire matter on my shoulders, “as I am experienced therein and also competent. “By God! If you so desire then I will correct and settle this matter.” Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) said: “If you do this then Allah will destroy you!”
Hazrat Hubbab (ra) replied: “It will, in fact, be you who will be destroyed!” At this moment, Hazrat Abu ‘Ubaidah (ra) said: “O congregation of Ansar! “You are the pioneers in helping and assisting the religion. “It should not be the case that you now become the first ones to alter and change it.”
Upon this, Bashir bin Sa’d said: “O congregation of Ansar! “The sole objective of the opportunity we received of fighting the idolaters “and serving the religion of Islam in its early stages “was to acquire the pleasure of our Creator and it was done in obedience to our Messenger (sa).
“It does not befit us to make ourselves superior to others “and we do not desire any worldly benefit from this. “This is merely a favour of Allah the Almighty upon us. “Hearken! The Holy Prophet (sa) was most certainly from among the Quraish and as such,
“his tribe is more deserving and worthy of this leadership. “I swear by God and proclaim that I will not dispute with them regarding this matter! “Fear Allah and do not oppose them and do not dispute with them in relation to this matter!” Another narration of the speech of Hazrat Umar (ra)
Is recorded in Sunan al-Kubra li al-Nasa’i that when the Ansar said in the courtyard of the Banu Sa’idah that there should be one leader among us and one among you, Hazrat Umar (ra) replied – as was previously mentioned – that there cannot be two swords in one sheath,
They will not fare well if so. Hazrat Umar (ra) then took the hand of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and said, “Who is it that possesses these three qualities: (ARABIC) “i.e., ‘when he (the Holy Prophet (sa)) said to his companion, “Grieve not, for Allah is with us,”’ who was the companion?”
“He then said, “(ARABIC) ‘When they were both in the cave,’ who were these two?” “Hazrat Umar (ra) continued, “(ARABIC) ‘Do not grieve, for Allah is with us,’ “who was it that was beside the Holy Prophet (sa)? “Who was He with, or is with, aside from Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra)?”
Saying this, Hazrat Umar (ra) pledged his allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and told the people to also swear allegiance, which they then did. After Hazrat Umar (ra), Hazrat Abu Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah (ra) and Hazrat Basheer bin Sa’d (ra) pledged their allegiance, and in this manner all of the Ansar pledged allegiance.
In Islamic literature this pledge is also known as the ‘Bai’at Saqifah’ or ‘Bai’at Khassah’. It is mentioned in some records that Hazrat Sa’d bin Ubadah (ra) did not pledge his allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), whereas in other narrations it is evident that he pledged allegiance alongside all the Ansar.
It is recorded in Tarikh al-Tabari that all the people pledged their allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) one after another, and Hazrat Sa’d bin Ubadah (ra) also pledged allegiance. Whilst mentioning the Khilafat that followed after the Holy Prophet (sa), Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states:
“Observe how Khilafat was established after the Holy Prophet (sa), and how wonderfully so. “After his demise, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) became the Khalifa. “At the time the Ansar desired “for there to be a caliph from among them and one from among the Muhajirin.
“Having heard this, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), Hazrat Umar (ra) and some other companions “immediately made their way to where the Ansar had gathered. “He said, ‘It is wrong for there to be two caliphs ‘and that Islam would not progress through division. ‘There will only be one caliph.
‘If you create division there will be disorder, ‘your honour will be lost and the Arabs will tear you apart, so do not do this.’ “Some of the Ansar began presenting some arguments to him. “Hazrat Umar (ra) narrates, ‘I assumed that ‘Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) did not possess the ability to deliver a speech,
‘and so I should speak to the Ansar. ‘However, when Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) addressed them he presented all the points I had in mind.’ “Hazrat Umar (ra) continues, ‘In fact, he presented even more points. “Seeing this I thought to myself that today this elderly gentleman has surpassed me.
“In the end, the grace of Allah was such that people from among the Ansar themselves stood up “and proclaimed that whatever Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) is saying is correct “and that the Arabs will obey none other than the Makkans.
“One Ansari passionately said, ‘O my people, Allah Almighty sent His Messenger to this nation. ‘His kin drove him out of his city and we gave him a place in our homes, ‘then as a result of this Allah Almighty granted us honour. ‘We of Madinah were without repute and lowly,
‘but due to the Messenger (sa) we gained honour and repute. ‘Hence, we should deem that sufficient and not become greedy, lest it harm us.’ “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) then said, ‘It is vital to establish a Caliphate, ‘so elect who you please as the Caliph, I myself have no desire to become the Caliph.’
“Abu Bakr further said, ‘This is Abu Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah (ra), ‘he was granted the title of ‘Custodian of the Ummah’ by the Holy Prophet (sa), ‘so you may pledge your allegiance to him. ‘There is also Umar (ra) who is an unsheathed sword of Islam, ‘so you may pledge allegiance to him.’
“Hazrat Umar (ra) said, ‘Abu Bakr, that is enough, ‘give your hand and accept our pledge of allegiance.’ “Allah Almighty instilled this courage in the heart of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) “and he accepted their pledge of allegiance.” In reference to the pledge of allegiance at Saqifah Banu Sa’idah,
It is further reported that the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa) took place on a Monday. The people began pledging allegiance at the hands of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra). The remainder of that Monday, and on the morning of Tuesday, the collective Bai’at took place. Hazrat Anas bin Malik (ra) reports:
“The day after the (initial) Bai’at took place at Saqifah Bani Sa’idah, “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was seated in the mosque when Hazrat Umar (ra) stood to speak prior to him. “He praised and glorified Allah, and then said, ‘O People, yesterday I said something to you
‘(i.e., that the Holy Prophet (sa) had not passed away) ‘which is not mentioned in Allah’s book anywhere, ‘nor did the Holy Prophet (sa) disclose this to me. ‘However, I believed that the Holy Prophet (sa) would watch over us.’” The narrator continues, “Hazrat Umar (ra) said,
‘I thought that we would pass away before the Holy Prophet (sa) ‘and that he would be the last of us. ‘Undoubtedly, Allah the Almighty has left you such a thing ‘through which he guided the Holy Prophet (sa), ‘and if you are resolute in adhering to it,
‘then Allah the Almighty will also guide you as just He guided the Holy Prophet (sa). ‘Allah the Almighty has entrusted your matters to a man who is the best among you, ‘and who was the companion of the Holy Prophet (sa); it was he about whom it was said: (ARABIC)
‘i.e., he was one among the two, when they were in the cave’ ‘Therefore, hearken and pledge allegiance to him.’ “And thus, following this the people pledged allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra).” Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra) delivered an address on the day that the collective Bai’at took place.
After praising and glorifying Allah, he stated: “O People! Surely, I have been appointed as a guardian over you, “but I am not the best among you. “If I perform good works, then cooperate with me, and if I stray, then set me right.
“Upholding the truth is a trust, and falsehood is a breach of that trust. “In my view, the weak among you are strong until I am able to afford them their rights from others. “And the strong among you are weak in my sight
“until I am able to secure from them the rights of others – God willing. “A nation that abandons Jihad (struggle) for the sake of Allah is disgraced by Him, “and a nation in which wrongdoings become prevalent “is stricken with strife by Allah Himself.
“If I am obedient to Allah and His Messenger (sa), then follow me in obedience. “However, if I am disobedient to Allah and His messenger (sa), “then it is not compulsory for you to be obedient to me. “Now, stand for prayer. May Allah have mercy on you all.” There are many narrations regarding
Hazrat Ali’s (ra) pledge of allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). In Tarikh Al-Tabari, Habib bin Abi Thabit narrates: “Hazrat Ali (ra) was in his home when a person came to him and said, ‘Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) is now taking the pledge of allegiance.’
“Hazrat Ali (ra) was wearing a simple robe at the time. “In that state, where he was not wearing any extra garments nor his mantle, “he hurried to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and pledged allegiance to him for fear in case he is delayed. “He then sat beside Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra),
“after which he sent for his garments and dressed himself. “He remained seated in the gathering around Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra).” The narrations regarding Hazrat Ali’s (ra) pledge of allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) vary; some narrations suggest that Hazrat Ali (ra) did not pledge allegiance for six months,
And pledged allegiance after the demise of Hazrat Fatimah (ra), while other narrations suggest that Hazrat Ali (ra) was inclined to pledge allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) immediately. Hazrat Abu Sa’id Khudri (ra) narrates: “After Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) had taken the pledge of allegiance from the Muhajirin and Ansar,
“he stood at the pulpit and looked to the people “and noticed that Hazrat Ali (ra) was not among them. “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) inquired about the whereabouts of Hazrat Ali (ra). “Some people among the Ansar brought Hazrat Ali (ra). “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) (addressed him) and said,
‘O cousin and son-in-law to the Messenger of Allah (sa), ‘do you wish to break the strength of the Muslims?’ “Hazrat Ali (ra) replied, ‘O Khalifa of the Messenger of Allah (sa), ‘please do not be strict upon me.’ “Following this, he pledged allegiance to him.” ‘Allamah Ibn Kathir states:
“Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib (ra) pledged allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) “on the first or second day after the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa), and this is the truth. “The reason being that Hazrat Ali (ra) never abandoned Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), “nor did he refrain from praying behind him.”
The Promised Messiah (as) states: “Hazrat Ali, may Allah honour him, “was initially somewhat hesitant in pledging allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), “however, when he reached home, only Allah knows what crossed his mind. “He did not even wear his turban and instead wore a simple cap and came to pledge allegiance.
“He later asked for his turban to be brought. “It seems that perhaps a thought crossed his mind “that it would be a grave sin to abstain (from pledging allegiance) “and this is why he left in such haste that he did not even tie his turban
“and instead came with a cap to pledge allegiance and asked for his turban to be brought later.” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states: “Look to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) “and observe that he was just an ordinary merchant in Makkah. “If the Holy Prophet (sa) was not raised as a prophet
“and the history of Makkah was still recorded, “all that would be said about Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) is that he was a noble and honest Arab merchant. “However, for his devotion to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sa), “he attained a rank that granted him respect and reverence around the entire world.
“When the Holy Prophet (sa) passed away “and when the Muslims elected Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) as their caliph and king, “this news spread to Makkah. “A large gathering had formed in which the father of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), “Abu Quhafah, was also present.
“When he heard that the people had pledged allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), “he could not come to terms with it. “In astonishment, he asked the news bearer about which Abu Bakr he was referring to. “He replied, ‘none other than your son, Abu Bakr.’
“He began to site the names of every Arab tribe and asked, ‘Have they also pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr?’ “And when he was told that everyone has unanimously chosen “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) to be their caliph and leader, “then Abu Quhafah could not help but to remark: “(ARABIC)
“i.e ‘I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah the Almighty “and that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sa) is His true messenger.’” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) continues: “This was despite the fact that Hazrat Abu Quhafah was already a Muslim “and had pledged allegiance to the Holy Prophet (sa).
“The reason he recited the declaration of faith “and reaffirmed the prophethood of the Holy Prophet (sa) “was because the caliphate of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was a stark realisation “and he understood this to be a substantial proof for the truthfulness of Islam.
“(He said), ‘Otherwise, my son was not someone under whom all of Arabia would be united.” Whilst mentioning this on another occasion, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states: “Ponder over the condition of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) prior to his acceptance of Islam. “His father was still alive when he became the Khalifa
“and someone congratulated him that Abu Bakr (ra) had become the Khalifa. “Upon this he asked, ‘Which Abu Bakr?’ to which he replied, ‘Your son’. “Even then he was not convinced and said it was probably someone else. “However, when he was informed that indeed it was Abu Bakr (ra), he proclaimed,
‘Allah is the Greatest! How lofty is the grandeur of Muhammad (sa) ‘in that the son of Abu Quhafah has been accepted by the Arabs as their leader.’ “Thus, Abu Bakr (ra) who possessed no worldly rank, “but he attained such honour owing to his subservience to the Holy Prophet (sa)
“that even today hundreds of thousands people are proud to associate themselves with him.” Hazrat Khalifatul Masih I (ra) states, “Let it be known that Allah the Almighty does not remain indebted to anyone. “In fact, however much one gives in the way of God, “He grants a hundreds of thousands times more in return.
“Look at the example of Abu Bakr (ra), he left a simple dwelling in Makkah, “but God Almighty valued that so much that in return, “he granted him authority to reign over an entire kingdom.” There is a dream of the Holy Prophet (sa) with regards to Hazrat Abu Bakr’s (ra) Khilafat.
It has been narrated by Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (ra) that the Holy Prophet (sa) stated, “I was shown in a dream that I was standing beside a well, “and I used the bucket that was hanging there to draw water out.
“In the meantime, Abu Bakr came and he drew one or two buckets of water “in such a manner that it seemed as if he had done so with great difficulty due to weakness, “but that Allah would cover up his weakness and forgive him. “Then, Umar bin Khattab arrived and the bucket became larger,
“and I never saw such a mighty person as Umar who could perform such a monumental task. “He drew so much water that everyone was satiated and then went back to their own dwellings.” There is a dream of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) as well.
It is narrated that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) once saw in a dream that he was wearing a garment made from a Yemeni cloth, however it had two stains on the chest area. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) related this dream before the Holy Prophet (sa) and the Holy Prophet (sa) stated,
“The Yemeni garment means that you will be granted a good progeny “and the two stains mean leadership for a period of two years, “in other words you will be the leader of the Muslims for two years.” There are some details with regards to Hazrat Abu Bakr’s (ra) allowance being fixed
After he was appointed as the Khalifa. After becoming the Khalifa, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) came to Madinah. Upon assessing his responsibilities, he realised that he would not be able to properly deal with affairs of the people if he was still engaged in his trade business.
Hence, it was essential from him to be completely free from all other tasks in order to remain complexly focused (on the affairs of the people), but at the same time, he also had to provide for his household. And so, he left his trade business
And would take some funds daily from the Bait-ul-Maal (treasury) in order to cover his and his family’s expenses. A yearly allowance of 6,000 dirhams was approved to be taken from the Bait-ul-Maal for his personal expenses. This was sufficient enough to cover his and his family’s needs.
However, as the time of his demise drew near, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) instructed his family members that the money he had taken from the Bait-ul-Maal should be returned in its entirety. He instructed that such and such land of his should be sold
And whatever he had taken from the wealth of the Muslims till that day ought to be repaid from the sale of that land. After the demise of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) when Hazrat Umar (ra) became the Khalifa, he received the money (from that land) and upon this he began to cry and said,
“O Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra)! “You have left a huge burden of responsibility upon the successor after you.” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states, “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was the leader of the entire Muslim world, but what did he receive?
“Despite having complete control over the public funds, he never took any of it for himself. “Although Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was a very successful merchant, “but since he had the habit that whatever wealth he received “he would immediately spend it in the way of God Almighty,
“therefore it so happened that upon the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa) “when he became the Khalifa, he did not have any money in cash at the time. “The very next day after becoming the Khalifa, “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) took a small bag of clothes and left in order to sell it.
“Hazrat Umar (ra) happened to meet him on the way and enquired what he was doing. “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) replied that after all he had to do something in order to eat; “if he did not sell those clothes, how would he provide for himself.
“Hazrat Umar (ra) stated that this is not be plausible, “because if he spent his time selling clothes, “who would fulfil the responsibilities of the Caliph? “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) replied: “If I do not do this, how will I survive?” “Hazrat Umar (ra) said that he should take some allowance from the Bait-ul-Maal.
“Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) stated that he could not bear to take anything from the Bait-ul-Maal “because he had no right over it. “Hazrat Umar (ra) stated that when the Holy Qur’an had permitted “that the funds of the Bait-ul-Maal could be spent on those who served their faith
“then why could he not take it. “And so, an allowance was fixed for Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) from the Bait-ul-Maal. “The amount that was fixed was just sufficient enough “to cover the expense for food and clothes.” Hazrat Abu Bakr’s (ra) era of Khilafat was the shortest amongst all the Khualafa-e-Rashideen
And spanned approximately two and a quarter year. Despite spanning such a short era, it is considered as one of the most significant and golden periods of Khilafat-e-Rashida. This is because Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) had to face the most danger and trials, and in turn, owing to God Almighty’s extraordinary help, support and blessings,
Within a short period of time, Hazrat Abu Bakr’s (ra) remarkable bravery, courage, sagacity and wisdom eliminated the precarious and dangerous circumstances and all the fears were transformed into peace. He crushed the unruly and rebellious people in a way that the leadership in the form of Khilafat,
Which appeared to be passing through a turbulent period, was established on firm foundations. The dangerous circumstances and difficulties which Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra) had to face have been mentioned by Ummul Momineen, Hazrat Aisha (ra). Whilst mentioning this, the Promised Messiah (as) states, “It has been narrated by Hazrat Aisha (ra),
‘When my father was appointed as Khalifa and Allah granted him leadership, ‘right from the outset of his Khilafat he observed the upsurge of disorder from every direction, ‘the efforts of the false claimants to prophethood ‘and the rebellion of the hypocrites and apostates.
‘The number of calamites he had to face were such that if they were to befall upon a mountain ‘it would cause it to immediately crush and crumble to the ground. ‘However, he was granted patience like that of the prophets ‘and eventually Allah the Almighty bestowed His succour
‘and the false claimants to prophethood and apostates were killed. ‘The disorders and dangers were put to an end, ‘the situation was resolved and the institution of Khilafat was firmly established. ‘Allah the Almighty saved the believers from the calamity, ‘transformed their state of fear into peace, established for them their religion,
‘He established the entire land upon the truth ‘and utterly humiliated those who sought to create disorder. ‘Allah fulfilled His promise and granted support to His servant, ‘Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra) and destroyed the leaders of the rebellion and their idols. ‘The hearts of the disbelievers were completely overawed and they ultimately repented.
‘This indeed was the promise of Allah, Who is the All-Powerful and Most Truthful. ‘Thus, ponder how all the characteristics and hallmarks of Khilafat ‘were fulfilled in the person of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra).’” Right from the outset of his Khilafat, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) had to face the following five trials.
1. The grief of the Holy Prophet’s (sa) demise. 2. The election of Khilafat and the fear and danger of disorder and division emerging amongst the Muslim Ummah. 3. The matter relating to the departure of Usama’s army. 4. Those who called themselves Muslims and yet refused to pay the Zakat
And planned to attack Madinah. In history, they are known as “the disorder of those who refused to pay the Zakat.” 5. The disorder of the apostates, i.e., by those rebellious people who openly declared to create disorder and initiate war. Among them were also those who falsely claimed prophethood.
The details of how Allah the Almighty granted success to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) in order to completely eliminate these precarious circumstances, calamities and disorder, will be mentioned further on. However, a detailed extract of the “The Just Arbiter”, the Promised Messiah (as) will be presented
In which the Promised Messiah (as) has mentioned the similarity between Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and the first successor of Prophet Moses (as), Joshua, son of Nun, and also the difficulties and challenges faced by Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and the victory and success he was granted. The Promised Messiah (as) writes,
“The verse whereby the resemblance between the successors of the Mosaic dispensation “and the successors of the Holy Prophet (sa) “has been categorically and emphatically declared as follows: “(ARABIC) “That is, Allah has promised to those among you who believe and do good works “that He will surely, make them Successors in the earth,
“as He made Successors from among those who were before them. “When we ponder over the word that signifies resemblance “and thus makes it incumbent for there to be similarities “between the successors of the Holy Prophet (sa) and the successors of Prophet Moses (as),
“we must accept that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was to establish the first foundation of this similarity “and the final similarity was to be demonstrated by the Messiah, “the Seal of the Caliphs in the dispensation of Prophet Muhammad, “who was the last of the Khalifas of the Holy Prophet (sa).
“The similitude of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), who was the first Khalifa, “is like that of Joshua, son of Nun. “After the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa), God chose him for the station of Khilafat “and He breathed in him a spirit of wisdom more than He did to anyone else.
“To the extent that all doubts and difficulties “that could have arisen in the time of the Seal of the Caliphs (i.e., the Promised Messiah), “regarding the false belief that Jesus (son of Mary) was alive, “had been removed by Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) with the utmost clarity.
“The companions unanimously accepted that all previous prophets had passed away “and not a single one of them believed otherwise. “In fact, all the companions obeyed Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) in all matters, “just like the Israelites obeyed Joshua, son of Nun, after the death of Moses (as).
“God provided succour and help to Moses and Joshua, “just as he supported the Holy Prophet (sa) and Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra) after him.” “Yashu” son of Nun and “Yusha” son of Nun are the names of the same person.
The Promised Messiah (as) further states: “In reality, just as He did with Joshua, son of Nun, “God Almighty blessed Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) so much so that no enemy could challenge him. “Similarly, the unfinished matter of Usama’s army, “which was similar to the tasks that remained unfinished in time of Moses,
“was fulfilled by Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). “There is another extraordinary similarity between Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Joshua, “and that is when Moses passed away, the first person Allah the Almighty informed, “by means of revelation, was Joshua.
“This was to save the Jews falling into doubt or error with regards to the death of Moses, “as has been mentioned in the opening chapter of the book of Joshua (Old Testament). “In the same manner, the first person to accept wholeheartedly
“that the Holy Prophet (sa) had passed away was Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). “He kissed the blessed body of the Holy Prophet (sa) and said: ‘You were pure in this life and even after death you remain pure.’ “Then, before a large gathering,
“he removed all those doubts with regards to the Holy Prophet (sa) being alive “that had persisted in the mind of some companions, by recited a verse of the Holy Qur’an. “At the same time, he uprooted the belief held by certain people –
“owing to not pondering over the sayings of the Holy Prophet (sa) – “that the Messiah (son of Mary) was alive. “Just as Joshua, destroyed the enemies of the faith who spread falsehood and disorder, “in the same way, many mischief-makers and false claimants of prophethood
“were killed at the hands of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). “Prophet Moses (as) died in such a precarious time “when the Israelites had not yet attained victory against the Canaanites, “and were yet to accomplish many feats. “All the while the cries of the enemies grew even more prominent after the death of Moses (as)
“which created an even more perilous situation. “Likewise, a dangerous period followed the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa). “Many tribes among Arabia abandoned their faith, “some refused to pay the Zakat and many false claimants to prophethood rose up. “Such perilous time required a strong, brave and valiant Khalifa,
“who had unwavering faith and determination, “and thus Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was appointed the Khalifa. “And as soon as he was appointed as the Khalifa, he had to face many great sorrows and hardship, “as explained by the saying of Hazrat Aishah (ra) that “Owing to dissention and rebellion,
“some tribes rose up as did certain false claimants to prophethood. “They did this at a time when my father had been appointed as the Khalifa “after the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa). “So many trials and sorrows befell him, that had they descended upon a mountain,
“it would have broken into pieces and fallen to the ground. “However, it is the law of nature that “whenever a Khalifa is appointed after the demise of a prophet, “a spirit is breathed into them, which instils them with the bravery, courage, resolve, wisdom
“and a strong heart; just like Allah the Almighty says to Joshua son of Nun in the Book of Joshua, “chapter 1, verse 6: ‘Be strong and of good courage.’ “That is to say that since Moses (as) has passed away, now he must stand strong.
“The same was revealed upon the heart of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) “not as an injunction of the Sharia, but as a divine decree. “The equivalence and similarity in the incidents make it seem “as though Abu Bakr bin Abi Quhafah and Joshua, son of Nun are the same person.
“The similarity of their successorship has become established with the utmost clarity. “When looking at the similarities between two established communities, “it is natural to look at the first person or the last person. “Usually, people do not consider it necessary to look at the similarities “during the middle period of both communities,
“which requires more careful investigation and research. “Instead, it is based on the first and last. “For this reason, the similarities between Joshua and Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) – “who were the first Caliphs of their respective communities – “and also the similarities between Jesus, son of Mary,
“and the Promised Messiah of this Ummah – “who were the last caliphs of their respective communities, “have become manifest with full clarity. “For example, the resemblance between Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Joshua are so striking “that it is as if they are one person, like two pieces of the same gemstone.
“Thus, after the demise of Moses (as), all of the Israelites hearkened to the call of Joshua (as) “and none from among them quarrelled in this matter and instead obeyed him, “so too did this incident take place in the time of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra).
“Despite shedding tears at the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa), “everyone wholeheartedly accepted the Khilafat of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). “Thus, from every aspect, the similarity of Joshua with Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra) can be proven. “God supported Joshua (as) with His divine succour, as he would support Moses (as).
“In the same manner, God blessed the work of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) “for all the companions to see, “and his prestige grew just as it does in the case of prophets. “Having been imbued with the power and might from God Almighty, “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) destroyed the false claimants of prophethood
“and those who tried to create disorder. “This was so the companions, may Allah be pleased with them, “understand that Allah is with Abu Bakr, just as he was with the Holy Prophet (sa). “Another remarkable similarity between Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Joshua, son of Nun (as)
“is that after the demise of Prophet Moses (as), “Joshua had to cross a dangerous river called the Jordan river, along with his army. “The river was turbulent and to cross it seemed impossible. “However, if they were not able to cross this dangerous river,
“it was plausible that the Israelites would perish at the hands of their enemies. “Thus, after the demise of Prophet Moses (as), “this was the first perilous situation faced by Joshua (as) in his ministry. “During this trial, God Almighty saved Joshua, son of Nun
“and his army through the power of His miracle and caused the river to dry up, “which enabled them to cross over easily. “The reason it dried was due to the ebb and flow of the river or then an extraordinary miracle. “Nonetheless, this is how God saved the Israelites from this danger
“and perishing at the hands of the enemy. “After the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa), the rightful caliph – Abu Bakr – and the companions, “who numbered more than 100,000 faced a similar grave situation, “in fact, it was even more dangerous;
“that was in the form of a fierce rebellion which swept throughout the land. “It was certain that those Arab Bedouins, regarding whom Allah the Almighty had said: “(ARABIC) “Would show dissent, so that this prophecy would be fulfilled.” “The translation of the verse is: “The Arabs of the desert say, ‘We believe.’
“Say, ‘You have not believed yet, but rather say, we have submitted’, “for true belief has not yet entered into your hearts.’” Nonetheless, the Promised Messiah (as) says: “This is exactly what transpired and they all became apostates. “Some of them refused to pay the Zakat and some claimed to be prophets
“and several – hundred thousand wretched individuals rallied behind them. “The force of the enemies grew so much “that the number of the companions were no match in comparison. “A fierce storm of opposition swept throughout the land. “This scenario was far more dangerous than the one faced by Joshua, son of Nun (as).
“After the demise of Moses (as), Joshua was embroiled in a grave trial, “whereby they faced a tempestuous river and had no boats with which to cross it; “all the while the threat of the enemy lingered around them.
“Similarly, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was faced with the trial of the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa), “as well as a storm of opposition from the rebelling Arab tribes. “A second trial – which was in the form of false claimants of prophethood – “gave strength to the first trial.
“This trial was not anything less than the trial faced by Joshua, son of Nun, “but in fact was much more dangerous. “Thus, the Word of God gave strength to Joshua, wherein He stated; ‘the Lord your God will be with you wherever you go’ “and ‘Be strong and brave. Do not be discouraged.’
“This gave strength to Joshua and filled him with resolve and faith, “the likes of which develops when one is reassured by God. “Likewise, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) drew strength from God “when faced with a storm of rebellion. “Anyone who is familiar with this period of Islamic history can concur
“that the trial faced by Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was so grave, “that were it not for the Hand of God beside Abu Bakr, “and if Islam was not a religion sent by God and if Abu Bakr was not the true Caliph, “then on that day, Islam would have been annihilated.
“So, as was the case with Prophet Joshua (as), “Hazrat Abu Bakr also drew strength from God’s pure Word, “because God Almighty had previously foretold of this trial in the Holy Qur’an. “Thus, whosoever deliberates over the following verse, “will become certain beyond any doubt
“that this trial had already been mentioned in the Holy Qur’an; and that prophecy was: “(ARABIC) “Meaning that ‘Allah has promised the pious believers “that he would make them successors in the earth, “similar to the successors He made in the past and would appoint vicegerents in this Ummah,
“like he appointed vicegerents after Prophet Moses (as).” The Promised Messiah (as) has himself written this explanatory translation. The Promised Messiah (as) further says: “‘He would appoint vicegerents in this Ummah, ‘like he appointed vicegerents after Prophet Moses (as) ‘and he would establish for them their religion, (i.e. Islam)
‘which He has chosen for them, He would reinforce this religion ‘and give them in exchange security and peace after their fear. ‘They will worship Me, and they will not associate anything with Me’. “Deliberate over this verse which clearly states “that there will be a period of fear wherein peace would fade away.
“However, God will transform this period of fear into a period of peace and security. “Thus, this period of fear fell upon Joshua, son of Nun, “and just as the Word of God assured him, “in the same way, the Word of God assured Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra).”
The details of the remaining five aspects will be explained in the future, God Willing. Pray for the current state of conflict in the world. The situation continues to become increasingly perilous and now even threats of atomic warfare are being made. As I have mentioned previously on many occasions
That this will have horrendous consequences which the future generations will have to endure. It is only Allah Who can guide these people. Recite a lot of Durood (invoking salutations upon the Holy Prophet (sa)) these days and also Istighfar (seeking forgiveness). May Allah the Almighty forgive us of our sins
And grant wisdom and understanding to the leaders of the world. On one occasion the Promised Messiah (as) particularly drew the attention of the Jama’at towards reciting the following prayer: The Promised Messiah (as) stated that one should recite this whilst standing after the Ruku (bowing in Salat). There is a great need these days to extensively recite this prayer. May Allah the Almighty grant us the bounties and also protect everyone from all forms of punishment of the fire.
I will also lead a funeral prayer in-absentia today of respected Abu Al-Farj Al-Husni Sahib of Syria, who passed away on 13 February at the age of 90. His father, respected Muhammad Al-Husni Sahib was among the pioneer Ahmadis (in Syria). He accepted Ahmadiyyat through the (preaching) efforts of Maulana Jalaluddin Shams Sahib. Abu Al-Farj Al-Husni Sahib was the nephew of the first Amir of the Syrian Jama’at, Respected Munir Al-Husni Sahib and also served as the Naib Amir
During his time in office and afterwards as well. He was born in 1933; he was positively influenced by the virtues, piety and academic discussions with his uncle Munir Al-Husni Sahib as he would often sit in his company. He was 15 years old when, one day,
He was moved to tears upon hearing the recitation of the Holy Qur’an on the radio. He went to his uncle and said that he wished to learn more about Allah. He gave him a book of the Promised Messiah (as), and when he read it, a great transformation came about within him
And he went to his uncle saying that he wished to pledge allegiance. He had the good fortune of meeting three Caliphs; he was blessed with the opportunity of meeting the Second Caliph (rh) in 1955 when Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) visited Damascus
And he also had the opportunity of serving as part of Huzoor’s (ra) security. Then in 1972, he had the opportunity of travelling to Pakistan and spending a few months in the company of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III (rh) in Rabwah, during which time he was able to learn Urdu
And attain in depth knowledge regarding the Jama’at. In the same year, he was able to travel from Pakistan to Qadian. In 1986 he travelled to England on the occasion of Jalsa Salana and had the honour of an audience with Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV (rh).
Then in 2017, he was able to attend Jalsa Salana Qadian once again and also delivered a brief address in Arabic during the Jalsa. The deceased was virtuous, pious, sincere, and an elder whose actions were in accordance with his words. He did not have any children and his wife is not an Ahmadi.
The Sadr (president) of the Syrian Jama’at says, “I accompanied him in 2017 on a visit to Qadian. “He was quite weak, yet the degree of his passion was such that it seemed as if he was not walking; “rather it was as if he was soaring in the air.”
Initially he was reluctant to go because of his illness, but when I told him that he should visit, he said that now that the Caliph has given an order, or said that he should go, then there was no need to worry. Allah the Almighty bestowed His blessings
And both he and his wife were cured from their illness and weakness. Thus, by the grace of Allah the Almighty he travelled to Qadian, in fact he was also able to climb to the top of Minaratul Masih. It is said that he climbed to the top faster than the youths who were there,
Despite the fact that he had previously experienced difficulty in walking. Mousallam Aldroubi Sahib who is a doctor writes, “I, along with others are witness to the fact that the deceased was a friend of Allah “and from among the devotees of Syria. “He was a renowned tradesman in Damascus. “He was exemplary and well-known.
“He was very wise and intelligent. “He was regular in offering Tahajjud (voluntary pre-dawn) prayers. “He experienced true dreams, many of which were fulfilled, “including those pertaining to the various hardships and struggles faced by Syria. “When various missionaries travelled to Syria in order to study Arabic
“he would treat them very respectfully, firstly because they had been sent by the Caliph “and secondly because they had dedicated their lives for the sake of propagating the message.” Husam Al-Naqeeb Sahib, the former Sadr of Syria who currently resides in Turkey writes, “The deceased possessed many excellent qualities,
“the foremost of which was his love for the Promised Messiah (as) and his Caliphs. “I will never forget my trip to Qadian with him, a trip in which every aspect was a miracle. “I remained with him throughout our visit to Qadian,
“and he would constantly pray, ‘O God, bestow the Caliph with Your help and support ‘and bestow your blessings in his life and everything he does.’” He further writes, “Whenever someone was mentioning a directive from the Caliph in a gathering, “he would not allow anyone else to speak so that he could hear,
“understand and derive benefit from the directive in its entirety.” He was extremely selfless. It did not please him to hear others complimenting him, rather he would scold them saying to leave such things, because Allah and His community is all that matters and that they should speak about the Jama’at instead.
He always studied the books of the Promised Messiah (as). Aside from the last few years of his life when he was extremely weak, he never stopped studying Jama’at literature. He had a special attachment to Tafseer-e-Kabir by Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra).
Whenever someone asked him about the commentary of a verse in the Holy Qur’an, he would present the explanation given in Tafseer-e-Kabir. His nephew Muhammad Ammar Al-Husni Sahib who lives here in the UK says, “I was 14 years old when I used to go with him to offer the Friday prayer.
“While returning home with him, “I would ask him questions about things pertaining to the Jama’at along the way “and he would answer in great detail. “Jama’at literature was not available in Syria, “and so the deceased played a huge role in imparting Jama’at knowledge to its members.
“He had learned to read Urdu while visiting Rabwah “and would bring Urdu books back with him in order to read and understand them. “He would then translate them into Arabic “so he could help explain them to members of the Jama’at.” The deceased was selfless and never desired any official post
But preferred to always remain a servant of the faith. Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV (rh) wished to appoint him as the Amir, however he (Al-Husni Sahib) said that people might assert that the office of Amir has become an inherited post based on lineage and thus requested for someone else to be appointed,
And he would fully cooperate with whoever it was. Thereafter he cooperated with an Amir who was younger than him and was in fact exemplary in his cooperation. May Allah the Almighty grant the deceased forgiveness, elevate his station and accept all his prayers in favour of his wife and enable her to accept Ahmadiyyat.
After the prayers I will offer his funeral prayer in-absentia. All praise is due to Allah We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls
And from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him; and whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His servant and Messenger.
O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you. Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as one does to one’s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves
And evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful. You remember Allah; He too will remember you; call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.