Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2020
Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you.
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. I was previously narrating accounts in the of Hazrat Sa‘d (ra). Hazrat Sa‘d participated in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophet (saw) including the Battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq,
The Treaty of Hudaibiyah, the Battle of Khaybar and the Conquest of Mecca. He was among the best archers from among the companions of the Holy Prophet (saw). About Hazrat Sa‘d, it is mentioned in a narration that during one of the battles in which the Messenger (saw) of Allah was also present,
At one point, nobody was left with the Messenger (saw) of Allah except Hazrat Talha (ra) and Hazrat Sa‘d (ra). While describing the circumstances of departing for military campaigns with the Holy Prophet (saw), Hazrat Sa‘d (ra) states, “We would leave for a battle together with the Holy Prophet (saw)
“and our condition would be such “that we would not have anything available to eat except leaves of trees. “Our condition was such that our excrement was like that of camels or goats,” that is it was very dry and not soft at all. In another narration it is mentioned that he said,
“Our food in those days used to be the branches of a babul tree.” Babul is a type tree which has many thorny branches. Hazrat Sa‘d was the first person who shed blood in the way of Allah. He was also the first person to shoot an arrow in the cause of Allah.
This incident is from the Battle of Hazrat ‘Ubaidah bin Haris. Its details are as follows: An expedition took place during Rabi‘ul Awwal of 2 A.H., which is called the Battle of Hazrat ‘Ubaidah bin Haris. While mentioning this, Hazart Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra) has written in Seerat Khatamun Nabiyeen that,
I have previously narrated some parts of this incident or perhaps all of it, but nonetheless I will present it again here with reference to him. “In the beginning of the month of Rabi‘ul-Awwal, “the Holy Prophet (saw) dispatched a company of the Muhajirin, “comprising of seventy men mounted on camels,
“in the leadership of a close relative, ‘Ubaidah bin Al-Harith Muttalibi (ra). “The objective of this campaign was to forestall the attacks of the Quraish of Mecca. “As such, when ‘Ubaidah bin Al-Harith (ra) and his companions “covered some ground and arrived close to Thaniyyatul-Murrah
(Thaniyyatul-Murrah is the name of a place situated between Mecca and Medina (which the Holy Prophet (saw) passed through during his migration), “they suddenly noticed “that 200 armed young men had set up camp in the command of ‘Ikramah bin Abi Jahl.
“The two parties encountered one another and a few arrows were exchanged in a confrontation. “However, this group of idolaters then stood down from further conflict due to the fear “that the Muslims probably had hidden reinforcements at their disposal “and consequently, the Muslims did not pursue them.
“Albeit, two individuals from the army of the idolaters “named Miqdad bin ‘Amr (ra) and ‘Utbah bin Ghazwan (ra) “fled from the command of ‘Ikramah bin Abi Jahl and joined the Muslims. “It is written that they set out with the Quraish for this very purpose,
“so that they could find an opportunity to join the Muslims. “The reason being, that they were Muslims at heart, “but could not migrate out of fear of the Quraish due to their weakness.” In Jumadi-al-Ula, 2 A.H., the Holy Prophet (saw) assembled a party of eight Muhajirin
Under the command of Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Abi Waqas and sent them to Kharrar to obtain intelligence about the Quraish. Kharrar is an area in the Hijaz, located near Ju’fah. They reached there but did not confront the enemy. Then there is mention of the Sariyyah Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Jahsh
Which took place in the end of Jumadi-al-Akhir, 2 A.H. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) also took part in this battle. I have mentioned this incident before, nevertheless, I shall narrate it briefly with reference to Seerat Khatamun Nabiyeen. “Upon observing these very threats the Holy Prophet (saw) decided
“that the movements of the Quraish should be surveyed from a closer distance, “so that all the necessary intelligence with respect to them may be available on time “and Medina was safeguarded from all kinds of sudden attacks. “Hence, for this purpose, the Holy Prophet (saw) assembled a party of eight Muhajirin.
“As an act of wisdom, the Holy Prophet (saw) selected such men for this party “who were from the various tribes of the Quraish, “so that it was easier to obtain intelligence with regards to the hidden conspiracies of the Quraish. “The Holy Prophet (saw)
“appointed his paternal cousin, ‘Abdullah bin Jahsh (ra) as the commander of this party. “Upon ordering this Sariyyah, “the Holy Prophet (saw) did not even inform the commander of this party “as to where he was being sent and for what purpose. “Rather, upon their departure, the Holy Prophet (saw) handed him a sealed letter
“and said that, ‘this letter contains necessary instructions for you. ‘When you cover a distance of two days travel from Medina, ‘open the letter and act in accordance with the stipulated instructions’.” “When they had journeyed a distance of two days from Medina,
“‘Abdullah (ra) opened the instructions of the Holy Prophet (saw), which were as follows: ‘Go forth to the Valley of Nakhlah between Mecca and Ta’if, ‘and obtain information on the Quraish and return with news therefrom’.” “At the bottom of this letter, the Holy Prophet (saw) had written
“that after the objective of this mission became known, “if anyone from among his companions was hesitant in accompanying this party and desired to return, “then permission would be granted to do so. “‘Abdullah (ra) read out this guidance to his companions who unanimously affirmed that,
“We happily present ourselves for this service, none of us shall return.” “Then, this party proceeded to Nakhlah. “Sa‘d bin Abi Waqqas (ra) and ‘Utbah bin Ghazwan (ra) lost their camels en-route, “and were separated from their companions. “Despite their best efforts, they were unable to relocate their companions.
“The party of eight was now left with only six people.” Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra) has mentioned an orientalist who has stated this narration and attempted to create doubt. He writes with regards to Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas and his companion:
“Sa‘d bin Abi Waqqas (ra) and ‘Utbah (ra) intentionally let their camels loose “and used this as an excuse to remain behind. “Each and every life event of these devotees of Islam, “who were ready to sacrifice their lives, is a testimony to their valour and devotion.
“One of them was martyred at the hands of the disbelievers in the campaign of B‘ir-e-Ma‘unah, “while the other distinctly participated in many dangerous battles “and ultimately became the victor of Iraq. “Therefore, to doubt the sincerity of such people, “especially when that doubt is founded on self-concocted notions,
“is the work of Mr. Margolius alone. “It is ironic that in his book Mr. Margolius claims “that he has written this book being completely free from prejudice. “In any case, this small community reached Nakhlah and became engaged in their work.
“With the thought of concealing their classified mission, some of them shaved their heads, “so that travellers, etc., would not be alarmed in any way, “and so that they would consider them as being such people “who had come with the intention of ‘Umrah. “However, they had only just arrived there,
“when suddenly a small caravan of the Quraish also happened to arrive, “which was travelling from Ta’if to Mecca, and both parties encountered each other. (The situation was such (that despite their desire not to, and even though it was against their own will “the Muslims finally decided that the caravan should be attacked, “and the people of the caravan should either be taken captive or killed. “Therefore, they launched an attack in the name of Allah, “and as a result, one man from the disbelievers was killed, “and two were taken captive. “However, the fourth individual unfortunately escaped,
“and the Muslims were unable to apprehend him (and in this way, their decision proved unsuccessful). “Thereafter, the Muslims seized the goods of the caravan. “[The Muslims] swiftly returned to Medina with the captives and the spoils. “However, when the Holy Prophet (saw) found out
“that the Companions had attacked the caravan, he was extremely displeased and said: ‘I have not given you permission to fight in the sacred month.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) refused to accept the spoils. “On the other hand, the Quraish also raised a huge hue and cry, “that the Muslims had violated the sanctity of the Sacred Month.
“Since the person who had been killed, (was the son of a chieftain. (In actuality, he was not the son of a chieftain) Umar bin Al-Hadrami was a chieftain himself. “All the while, the disbelievers came to Medina to secure the release of their captives. “However, until now,
“Hazrat Sa‘d bin Abi Waqqas (ra) and Hazrat ‘Utbah bin Ghazwan (ra) had not returned. “On their account, the Holy Prophet (saw) greatly feared “that if the Quraish happened to seize them, they would not release them alive. “Hence, for this reason, the Holy Prophet (saw) refused to release the captives
“until they returned and said, ‘When my men safely reach Medina, I will release yours.’ “Therefore, when they both reached Medina, the Holy Prophet (saw) released both captives. “However, from among these two captives, one individual “was so deeply impressed during his stay at Medina,
“that (he became a Muslim) and was later martyred at Bi‘r-e-Ma‘unah.” Whilst describing the circumstances prior to the commencement of the conflict on the occasion of the Battle of Badr, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra) writes in Seerat Khatamun Nabiyeen:
‘The Holy Prophet (saw) began to swiftly advance towards Badr, and when he neared Badr, ‘motivated by some feeling, which narrations have not disclosed, ‘the Holy Prophet (saw) seated Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) behind himself, ‘and proceeded ahead of the Muslim army. ‘At that time, the Holy Prophet (saw) encountered an old bedouin,
‘from whom the Holy Prophet (saw) gathered during the course of conversation, ‘that the army of the Quraish had reached very close to Badr. ‘Upon hearing this news, the Holy Prophet (saw) returned ‘and dispatched Hazrat ‘Ali (ra), Zubair bin Al-‘Awwam (ra) and Sa‘d bin Abi Waqqas (ra) ‘to gather information.
‘When these people arrived at the Valley of Badr, ‘suddenly they noticed that a few Makkans were collecting water from a spring. ‘These Companions attacked this party, taking captive an Abyssinian slave ‘and brought him to the Holy Prophet (saw). ‘Then, the Holy Prophet (saw) gently inquired himself,
“At this time, where is the army positioned?” ‘He responded, “On the opposite side of the hillock before you.” ‘The Holy Prophet (saw) inquired, “How many men are there in the army?” ‘He responded, “A multitude, but I am unaware of the exact figure.” ‘The Holy Prophet (saw) said,
‘“Alright, then tell me how many camels are slaughtered daily for consumption?” ‘“Ten,” he responded. ‘The Holy Prophet (saw) turned to the Companions and said, “It seems as if they are a force of 1,000 men.” ‘This estimate actually turned out to be correct.’ I have mentioned this in detail previously.
With regards to the bravery of Hazrat Sa’d (ra) during the Battle of Badr, there is a narration that on the occasion of the Battle of Badr, despite being on foot, Hazrat Sa’d (ra) was fighting with the same valour as the cavaliers.
This is why Hazrat Sa’d (ra) was given the title Faris-ul-Islam i.e., the Knight of Islam. During the Battle of Uhud, Hazrat Sa’d (ra) was among those few companions who remained steadfast alongside the Holy Prophet (saw) in the moment of confusion. An incident during the Battle of Uhud
Of ‘Utbah bin Abi Waqqas, the brother of Sa‘d bin Abi Waqqas (ra) who was fighting on the side of the idolaters, and who launched an assault on the Holy Prophet (saw), Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV (rh) mentioned, stating: ‘Utbah was that wretched person who launched a fierce attack upon the Holy Prophet (saw)
‘and broke two of his lower teeth and greatly wounded his blessed countenance. ‘When ‘Utbah’s brother, Sa‘d bin Abi Waqqas (ra), who was fighting for the Muslims, ‘heard of this malicious act of ‘Utbah, he was filled with the desire to exact revenge. ‘He said, “The eagerness I had to kill my brother
“was perhaps greater than any other desire I had in my life. “Whilst breaking through ranks of the enemies, twice I went out in search of this evildoer “to make him perish at my own hands, and thus satisfy my heart’s desire.
“But every time he saw me, he would avoid me similar to the evasion of a fox. “The third time I wished to advance through, “the Holy Prophet (saw) very graciously said to me, “‘O servant of Allah, do you desire to lay down your life?’
“and thus I ended my pursuit in accordance with the wish of the Holy Prophet (saw)’.” On the occasion of the Battle of Uhud, whilst describing the moment when there only remained a few steadfast companions near the Holy Prophet (saw), Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra) has written:
‘The Holy Prophet (saw) would hand arrows to Sa‘d (ra) himself ‘and Sa‘d (ra) would continue to shower the enemy with arrow upon arrow. ‘At one instance, the Holy Prophet (saw) addressed Sa‘d (ra) saying, ‘“May my mother and father be sacrificed upon you – go on shooting arrows!”
‘Even to the very end of his life, ‘Sa‘d (ra) would recall these words of the Holy Prophet (saw) with great pride.’ In one narration it is mentioned that Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Abi Waqqas relates: “On the day of Uhud, the Holy Prophet (saw)
“took out arrows from his quiver, scattered them out for me “and said, ‘Shoot the arrows! May my parents be sacrificed for you!’” Hazrat Ali relates: “I never heard the Holy Prophet (saw) offer this prayer of his parents being sacrificed “for anyone but Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Abi Waqqas.”
On the occasion of the battle of Uhud, the Holy Prophet (saw) said to Hazrat Sa’d (ra): “May my parents be sacrificed for you! “Continue to fire arrows O formidable youth! Continue to fire arrows!” Here, it is also worth mentioning, a note has been added
That in history, aside from Hazrat Sa’d (ra), the name of Hazrat Zubair bin Al-Awam is also found regarding whom the Holy Prophet (saw) said, ‘may my parents be sacrificed for you!’ This is a narration from Bukhari. Mentioning the incident of the Battle of Uhud, Hazrat Sa’d (ra) relates that on the day of Uhud, the Holy Prophet (saw) made reference to both of his parents, saying may they be sacrificed for him.
Hazrat Sa’d relates that there was a man from among the idolaters who had caused trouble for the Muslims. The Holy Prophet (saw) said to him, i.e. to Hazrat Sa’d (ra), ‘Shoot arrows! May my parents be sacrificed for you!’ Hazrat Sa’d (ra) says: “I shot one arrow that did not have an arrowhead,
“into his side [of the idolator], as a result of which he died and he was left exposed. “I saw that the Holy Prophet (saw) laughed out of happiness. “In another narration, “this incident has been recorded in the following manner that this idolater, “whose name is mentioned as Haban in the books of history,
“shot an arrow that struck Hazrat Umm-e-Ayman in the lower region of her body, “whilst she was occupied in providing water for the wounded. “Upon this, Haban began to laugh. “The Holy Prophet (saw) gave an arrow to Hazrat Sa’d (ra), which struck the throat of Haban.
“He fell backwards leaving him exposed, as result of which the Holy Prophet (saw) smiled.” Regarding this Hadith [saying of the Holy Prophet (saw)] which is from Sahih Muslim, the Noor Foundation has translated it and added an explanatory note, which is very adequate and appropriate.
It states that this joy of the Holy Prophet (saw) was a result of the favour of Allah, in that He removed a dangerous enemy from the path with an arrow that did not even have an arrowhead. In one narration it is mentioned that on the day of the battle of Uhud,
Hazrat Sa’d (ra) fired one thousand arrows. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Abi Waqqas was among those companions, who signed as witnesses on the treaty, during the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. On the occasion of the conquest of Mecca, Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Abi Waqqas
Held one of the three flags of the Muhajireen [Muslim, who migrated from Mecca to Medina]. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) fell ill on the occasion of Hajjat-ul-Wada [the farewell pilgrimage]. Mentioning this, Hazrat Sa’d (ra) relates: “I fell ill in Mecca and was close to death. “The Holy Prophet (saw) came to visit me.
“I said to him, O Messenger (saw) of Allah! “I have a great abundance of wealth and only one daughter as the inheritor. “Am I permitted to give two thirds away as charity? “The Holy Prophet (saw) replied in the negative.
“I asked may I give half as charity? The Holy Prophet (saw) answered in the negative. “I asked if I may give one third as charity? “The Holy Prophet (saw) agreed to this but said that even this was too much. “Following this, he said: ‘Leaving your offspring in an affluent state
“‘is better than leaving them in poverty and for them to have to beg from people. “‘You will be rewarded for whatever you spend, “‘so much so that you will be rewarded even for the morsel of food you give to your wife to eat.’
“I said O Messenger (saw) of Allah! Will I be left behind in my migration? “The Holy Prophet (saw) said: ‘even if you are left behind, ‘your status and rank will be elevated ‘by the deeds you will perform to seek the pleasure of Allah.
‘I am certain that you will remain alive after my passing.’ “He further said: ‘so much so that some nations will benefit from you and some people will suffer loss’.” In another narration it is mentioned that following this, the Holy Prophet (saw) prayed in the following words:
“O Allah! Enable my companions to fulfil the purpose of their migration “and do not permit them to return unsuccessful.” There is a narration in which Hazrat Sa`d (ra) relates, ‘when I fell ill, the Holy Prophet (saw) came to visit me, ‘and asked, ‘have you left a will?’ I said yes.
‘He asked, ‘how much [have you left]?’ ‘I replied saying that all my wealth has been left in the way of Allah. ‘The Holy Prophet (saw) asked, ‘what have you left for your children?’ ‘I replied saying that they are wealthy. ‘The Holy Prophet (saw) said, ‘then pledge one tenth as your will.’’
Hazrat Sa`d (ra) narrates that he continued saying this and the Holy Prophet (saw) continued replying in the same manner – i.e. Hazrat Sa`d (ra) wished to give a greater amount in charity while the Holy Prophet (saw) was advising to give less,
To the extent that he said to decrease it to one third, and even that was a substantial amount. In any case, those who have knowledge of this and those in the field of jurisprudence [fiqh] have deduced from this narration
That no more than a third of one’s wealth can be given away as part of one’s will. Regarding this matter, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states: “Ahadith also support the fact “that distributing the remaining wealth, after fulfilling one’s expenses, “is not an Islamic injunction. “Thus, the Holy Prophet (saw) said: ‘Some of you bring all their wealth and donate it for charity [Sadqah], ‘but then go around begging from others. ‘Charity ought to be given on excess wealth.’ Similarly, the Holy Prophet (saw) said: ‘it is better for you to leave your heirs in an affluent state, ‘rather than leaving them destitute ‘so they are not left in a state where they have to go around begging from others.’ Similarly, it is narrated in the Hadith that Hazrat Sa`d (ra) bin Abi Waqas
Sought permission to distribute two thirds of his wealth but the Holy Prophet (saw) forbade him. He sought to distribute half but the Holy Prophet (saw) stopped him from that as well. Then he sought permission to distribute a third of his wealth upon which the Holy Prophet (saw) granted permission,
Saying ‘you can give a third, though even a third is a large amount.’ Thus, the notion that Islam commands any wealth which exceeds one’s needs ought to be distributed, is completely against Islam and is contrary to the practice of the Companions (ra); because according to the practice the Companions (ra) there were some
Who bequeathed tens of thousands of rupees as part of their inheritance at the time of their demise. It is stated in once narration that Hazrat Sa`d (ra) bin Abi Waqas relates: ‘when I fell ill in Mecca, the Holy Prophet (saw) came to visit me.
‘When he placed his hand on my chest, I felt the coolness of his hand upon my heart. ‘Placing his hand, he (saw) said ”You have an ailment of the heart. Go to Harith bin Kaladah, brother of Banu Thaqif; ”he is a physician.
”Tell him to take seven Ajwa dates from Madinah and crush them along with their pits ”and give it to you to drink as a medicine.” It is stated in one narration that the Holy Prophet (saw) appointed a specific person in Mecca to tend to Hazrat Sa`d (ra)
And stressed the fact that if Hazrat Sa`d (ra) passed away in Mecca, he should not be buried there, but instead he should be brought to Medina to be buried. Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) relates an incident of Hazrat Sa`d (ra) regarding hunting: “The Holy Prophet (saw) would not hunt himself,
“rather it is proven through Hadith that he would have others hunt for him. “Thus, during one expedition, he called Hazrat Sa`d (ra) bin Abi Waqas and said, “‘look, there is a deer, shoot it with an arrow.’ “When he was about to shoot the arrow,
“the Holy Prophet (saw) lovingly placed his chin on Hazrat Sa`d (ra)’s shoulder and said “‘O Allah! Make his aim flawless.’” “Allah Almighty enabled Hazrat Sa`d (ra) bin Abi Waqas the honour of conquering Iraq. Once during the Battle of Khandaq, the Companions (ra) went to the Holy Prophet (saw)
And said that there was a boulder in the ditch which would not break. The Holy Prophet (saw) went and struck the boulder thrice with a pick-axe, and with every blow, the boulder crumbled slightly; the Holy Prophet (saw) proclaimed Allahu Akbar [Allah is the greatest] in a loud voice
And the Companions (ra) also followed in raising the slogan. During this incident, while striking one of the blows, the Holy Prophet (saw) said ‘I have been shown the white castles of Madain falling.’ What he saw was fulfilled at the hands of Hazrat Sa`d (ra).
There were two great powers in the surroundings of Arabia; one was that of the Chosroes and the other was Caeser. Much of Iraq was under the control of the Chosroes and his royal palaces were situated in Madain. The famous battles of Madain, Qadisiyyah, Nahavand, and Jalula
Were fought under the leadership of Hazrat Sa`d (ra) bin Abi Waqas. The background to Madain is that it is located by the Tigris river, a little south of Baghdad in Iraq. Since many cities were established here one after the other,
The Arabs gave it the name of Madain, meaning a city consisting of many [smaller] cities. Qadisiyyah was also a city in Iraq where a famous battle was fought between the Muslims and the Persians, known as the Battle of Qadisiyyah. Present day Qadisiyyah is located fifteen miles from Kufa.
Nahavand is a city located in present day Iran and is seventy kilometers south of Hamadan, the capital of the region. Jalula is a city in present day Iraq which is located near the eastern corner of the Tigris river. A battle between the Muslims and the Persians was fought here.
It was named Jalula because the city became filled with the bodies of Iranians. In Iraq, during the Caliphate of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), Hazrat Musanna’ (ra) bin Haritha sought permission to attack, as the Persians constantly caused trouble on the border. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) granted permission,
And sent a large army with Hazrat Khalid (ra) bin Walid to assist. When Hazrat Abu Ubaida submitted to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) for reinforcements in Syria, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) sent Hazrat Khalid (ra) to help him and Hazrat Khalid (ra) bin Walid appointed Hazrat Musanna’ (ra) to deputise in Iraq.
However as soon as Hazrat Khalid (ra) left Iraq the campaign lost momentum. When Hazrat Umar (ra) became the Caliph, he returned attention towards the campaign in Iraq. Hazrat Musanna` (ra) had consecutively rendered defeat to enemies in Buwaib and other battles and taken hold of a large expanse of land in Iraq.
At that time, Iraq was under the control of the Chosroes. When the Persians saw the strength of Muslims in battle and their consecutive victories, it opened their eyes. They replaced their queen, Buran Dukht with Yazdegerd, the true heir of Chosroes.
Upon ascending the throne, he immediately united all the powers of the Iranian empire and kindled a fire of fury and revenge in the entire nation against Muslims. Under these circumstances, Hazrat Musanna’ was forced to leave the Arabian border. When Hazrat Umar (ra) came to know of these incidents,
He sent emissaries throughout Arabia, who delivered passionate addresses calling on the Muslims to take a stand against Chosroes. The result was that it stirred emotions in Arabia and resulted in people hearkening from all directions, ready to present themselves for the sake of Islam with their lives in the palms of their hands,
[as it were]; flocking to the royal court of the Caliphate. Hazrat Umar (ra) sought counsel as to who should be appointed to lead this expedition. Upon the suggestions of the people, Hazrat Umar (ra) prepared to lead it himself, however Hazrat Ali (ra) and other prominent companions were against this.
Subsequently, Hazrat Saeed bin Zaid’s name was proposed but in that very instance, Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf stood up and said, “O Leader of the Faithful! I know just the individual for this expedition.” Hazrat Umar (ra) enquired who it was
And Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf proposed the name of Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Abi Waqas. Upon this, everyone agreed with the proposal of Hazrat Sa’d (ra). Regarding Hazrat Sa’d (ra), Hazrat Umar (ra) stated: “He is a brave and fearless man; and an excellent archer.” Hazrat Musanna was waiting for Hazrat Sa’d (ra) along with 8,000 brave soldiers at Zi Qar, which is a place situated between Kufa and Wasat, but during this he time he passed away.
[Prior to his demise] he had appointed his brother Hazrat Muana as the commander of the army. According to the instructions he had received, Hazrat Muana met Hazrat Sa’d (ra) and conveyed to him the message of Hazrat Musanna. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) took an assessment of the strength of his army
Which consisted of approximately 30,000 soldiers. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) organised the army by dividing them under each flank and also appointed an officer for both. They then proceeded ahead and besieged Qadisiyyah. The Battle of Qadisiyyah took place towards the end of 16 AH. The disbelievers numbered approximately 280,000 and also had 30 elephants
And the Iranian army was under the command of Rustam. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) invited the disbelievers to Islam and for this he sent Hazrat Mughirah bin Shaiba. In response, Rustam stated that the Muslims were enduring hardship and they were only doing this in order to alleviate their condition.
Therefore, he said he would grant them provisions in such abundance that it will be plentiful for them. Hazrat Mughirah replied that they had answered the call of God’s Messenger (saw) and were inviting them to profess belief in the One God and His Prophet (saw).
If they were to accept this invitation then it would be better for them, otherwise the matter between them would settled by the sword, i.e. a battle. Upon hearing this, Rustam became enraged – it was they [Iranians] who instigated the battle,
The Muslims on the other hand did not want to fight and in fact called them towards Islam, but since they insisted on fighting, hence the Muslims said in that case the matter would be settled by the sword. – and since he was an idolater, he said,
“I swear by the sun and the moon, “before the light of day, we shall begin the battle and will destroy all of you.” Hazrat Mughriah replied, (ARABIC) “Allah alone is the source of all power.” After saying this, he mounted on his horse. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) had received instructions from Hazrat Umar (ra)
That they were to first invite them to Islam. Therefore, Hazrat Sa’d (ra) sent a delegation which included the famous poet and cavalier, Hazrat Amr bin Madi Qarb and Hazrat Asha’th bin Qais Qindi. When they saw Rustam, he enquired where they were going,
To which they replied that they were going to meet with his King [Wali]. Thereafter, this detailed conversation took place between the two. The members of this delegation stated that the Holy Prophet (saw) had promised them that they would be granted control of his land.
In reply, Rustam asked for a basket full of dirt and said, “Here you go, you can place our land on top of your head.” Hazrat Amr bin Madi Qarb quickly stood up and placed the basket of dirt in his sack, and stated that this was to serve as a sign to indicate
That they will indeed take control of their land. Thereafter, they went to the royal court of the King of Iran and conveyed to him the message of Islam. The king became enraged and ordered them to leave his royal court
And also stated that had they not come as emissaries, he would have had them killed. He then ordered Rustam to teach them a lesson they would never forget. It was a Thursday, after the Asr prayer when the battle commenced.
Hazrat Sa’d (ra) raised the slogan of Allahu Akbar [Allah is the greatest] three times and upon reciting this for the fourth time, the battle began. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) was unwell at the time and sat on an elevated secure post, directing his forces. Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) has also narrated this incident as follows:
During the time of Hazrat Umar (ra), Yazdegerd, the grandson of Khosrow Parviz ascended to the throne and began to make extensive preparations to fight against the Muslims. In response to this, Hazrat Umar (ra) sent an army under the command of Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Abi Waqas.
Hazrat Sa’d (ra) chose Qadisiyyah as the location for battle and also sent a map of the area to Hazrat Umar (ra). Hazrat Umar (ra) expressed his approval of the location but along with this instructed that it was his duty
To first send a delegation to the King of Iran and invite him to accept Islam. And so, upon receiving this instruction, he sent a delegation to meet Yazdegerd. When this delegation arrived at the royal court of the King of Iran, he asked his translator to enquire why they had come.
When he asked them this question, Hazrat Nauman bin Mukrrin, who was the leader of the delegation, stood up and after mentioning about the advent of the Holy Prophet (saw), he said, “The Holy Prophet (saw) has commanded us to spread the message of Islam “and invite the entire world to the true faith.
“In accordance to this commandment, we are here before you and invite you to Islam.” Yazdegerd became infuriated at this reply of his and said, “You are a nation that are like wild beasts and who eat the flesh of the dead.
“If it is owing to hunger and scarcity of provisions that has compelled you to fight “then I am willing to grant all of you with enough provisions of food and drink “that you will be able to comfortably live for the rest of your lives.”
Even though he was the one to instigate the fighting, but yet was levelling the accusation against the Muslims. In any case, he further stated, “I shall also provide you with clothes “and you can take all of these provisions and return to your country. “Furthermore, withdraw your men who are protecting your borders
“and allow me to continue expanding my territory as I please. “Why would you want to endanger your lives by engaging in a battle with us?” When he finished saying what he had to say, Hazrat Mughirah stood up on behalf of the Muslim delegation and said,
“Whatever you have said about us is absolutely true. “Indeed, we were a nation like wild beasts and would eat the flesh of the dead. “We would even eat snakes, scorpions, locusts and lizards. “However, Allah the Almighty bestowed His blessings upon us “and sent His Messenger (saw) to guide us.
“We accepted him and acted in accordance to what he said “and as a result a revolutionary change has taken place within us. “Thus, those ills which you have spoken of, no longer remain in us “and we are not going to be tempted by anything you offer.
“The battle between you and us has now commenced and the matter will be settled in the battlefield. “The temptation of offering worldly wealth and material cannot deter us from our objective.” When Yazdegerd heard this, he became extremely angry and told one of his servants to go and bring a sack of soil.
When the sack of soil arrived, he called the leader of the Muslim delegation to step forward and said that since they had rejected his offer, therefore they would receive nothing except for a sack of dirt. The companion earnestly stepped forward and lowered his head
And had the sack of soil placed on his back. He then sharply stood up and they all swiftly made their way out from the royal court. Whilst departing from there, he loudly said to the fellow members of the delegation,
“Today the king of Iran has handed us the soil of his land with his own hands. “They then mounted their horses and raced off. “When the king heard this, he was shocked “and ordered the servants of his royal court to go after them and bring back the sack of dirt
“because by giving them the soil of his land with his own hands was a bad omen. “However, by then they had travelled far off into the distance. “In the end, it turned out exactly as they had said “and within a few years, Iran came under Muslim rule.
“How did this extraordinary change come about within the Muslims? “This is because the Quranic teachings brought about “a revolutionary change in their morals and conduct. “It brought an end to their lowly way of life “and instead elevated them to possess the most excellent morals and character.
“As a result of this they were able to spread the message of Islam to the world “and by following the teachings of Islam, “they were able to convert others as well to become true Muslims. “They were never overawed by any kind of fear, danger or power.”
There are some accounts from the life of Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Abi Waqas which I will, God willing, narrate in the future sermon. I will lead some funeral prayers in absentia today as well. The first funeral is of respected Bushra Akram Sahiba, wife of Muhammad Akram Bajwah Sahib,
Who is serving as the Nazir Talim-ul-Qur’an and Waqf-e-Arzi in Pakistan. She passed away on 25th March 2020 at the age of 66: “Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.” Due to the current circumstances, I was not able to lead the funeral prayer at the time.
The deceased was a Moosia [part of the Nizam of Al-Wasiyyat]. She leaves behind two sons and one daughter. Bushra Akram Sahiba spent 15 years in Liberia with her husband, respected Muhammad Akram Bajwah Sahib. During this time, she had the opportunity to serve as the Sadr Lajna Imaillah Liberia.
During the war in Liberia, she stayed with her husband and children for 15 days in the army barracks whilst under detention. Muhammad Akram Bajwah Sahib writes, “Bushra Sahiba spent 37 years with a life-devotee (i.e. Akram Sahib) whilst demonstrating utmost “sincerity, patience and loyalty. Particularly, when I was appointed in Liberia as a missionary
“and was serving as the Amir [National President]. “For a period of 23 years of our stay there, she assisted me in works of Tabligh and Tarbiyyat. “She would also help serve the guests and also assist me in other Jama’at matters as well
“and also had the opportunity to serve as the Sadr Lajna Ima’illah of Liberia. “During the 15 years she spent Liberia, “she suffered from malaria and typhoid on numerous occasions “but despite this she exhibited utmost patience and proved to be a faithful companion.
“She provided her children with excellent moral training based on the principles of faith.” By the grace of Allah her children are very loyal and attached to the Jama’at. Mansoor Nasir Sahib, who is a life-devotee and is serving as the principal of the Shuhada School
Writes, “Continuously for three years while I was serving in Liberia on my own, “I was accommodated in their own home and afforded with great hospitality “and she took care of me like one of her own children or a younger brother.”
May Allah the Almighty enable her children to become the recipient of her prayers and also enable them to continue her good deeds. May He grant her His forgiveness and mercy. The second funeral is of Iqbal Ahmad Nasir Sahib Pirkoti of district Khairpur.
He passed away on 14th July 2020 at the age of 82: “Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.” His son, Akbar Ahmad Tahir Sahib, is currently serving as a missionary in Burkina Faso. He writes, “Iqbal Ahmad Nasir Sahib was the son of respected Mia Noor Muhammad Rafiq (ra),
“who was a companion of the Promised Messiah (as). “He was the paternal grandson of Mia Imam Din Sahib, “who was also a companion of the Promised Messiah (as) “and he was the nephew of Mia Pir Muhammad Sahib and Hafiz Muhammad Ishaq Sahib, “who were also companions of the Promised Messiah (as).
“He would always actively take part in all Jama’at activities “and for a long time served as the finance secretary. “He also had the opportunity to serve as the Zaim for Ansarullah, Imam-ul-Salat [leading prayers], “Murabbi-e-Atfal [moral training of children], etc.” He further writes, “Right from my childhood I observed
“that he would put some money aside in a box. When he was asked about this, “he said that he puts his Chanda money aside separately “so that he can present his Chanda on time. “He would carry out Tabligh with great passion and enthusiasm
“and he became the means of many blessed souls joining the Jama’at. “He was devoted to prayers, regular in his Salat and fasting and in offering the Tahajjud prayer. “Upon me continuously insisting him, he came to Burkina Faso in 2016 and during his time here,
“he attended all the various Jalsas and gatherings of the Jama’at. “He would passionately raise slogans in order to motivate the attendees “and also to seek the contentment of his heart “because for a long time there have been no Jalsas of the Jama’at in Pakistan,
“thus this was a desire that always remained in his heart.” He leaves behind his wife, Bashirah Beghum Sahiba, three daughters and three sons. The Ameer and missionary in-charge of Burkina Faso writes: “Although in the beginning when he came here he had difficulty with the language (as French is spoken in Burkina Faso),
“however, people were able to understand him owing to the love he showed everyone. “He would greet people with so much love that whoever met him would hold him in high regard. “Even the local people here spoke very highly of him at his demise.” He further writes: “After the deceased passed away, Bapena Sahib,
“our National Secretary Isha’at [Publications] shared his picture and wrote that “he met him during his stay in Burkina Faso and found him to be a truly amazing Ahmadi.” May Allah the Almighty shower his forgiveness and mercy on him and enable his children to become the recipients of his prayers.
His son who is a missionary serving there was unable to attend the funeral. The third funeral is of Ghulam Fatima Fahmida Sahiba, who was the wife of Muhammad Ibrahim Sahib, of Moolian Jattan in the district of Kotli, Azad Kashmir.
She passed away at the age of 72 on 18th July 2020 after a lengthy illness. Verily to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return. In 1944, her father performed the bai’at. His name was Naik Muhammad, but was commonly known as Kaleh Khan.
Prior to performing the bai’at he saw in a dream that he was going to meet a saintly gentleman. When he saw the saintly man he ran to him and embraced him. The saintly man said to him: “Kaleh Khan! When are you coming over to us?” Kaleh Khan sahib replied “I am already here.”
When later he saw the picture of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II (ra), he recognised him and said that he was the man he had seen in his dream. Subsequently he wrote a letter in order to perform the bai’at. After performing the bai’at his wife said that she also wished to perform the bai’at
And thereafter she too performed the bai’at. Both husband and wife were very sincere, as were their children, and the character of the late Fahmida Fatima Sahiba was a reflection of their moral training. She was regular in her five daily prayers, offering the tahajjud prayers and reciting the Holy Qur’an.
Her children often saw her awake in the nights, offering fervent supplications before God Almighty. When women were permitted [owing to the circumstances] to attend the Friday prayers, she would go to the mosque one hour before the Friday prayers in order to offer her voluntary prayers and offer supplications.
She was very courageous and patient. Her husband was kidnapped on two occasion in 1965 and 1971 war [between Pakistan and India]. On the first instance, for a long time there was no news whether her husband was alive.
It was thought that he had been martyred and his funeral prayer in absentia was also offered. Despite this, she was convinced that he was alive and that he would certainly return. Subsequently, Allah the Almighty bestowed His grace and her husband returned after being freed. Aside from her husband, respected Muhammad Ibrahim sahib,
The deceased is survived by four sons and two daughters. Three sons are life devotees [Waqf-e-Zindagi]. Muhammad Javed sahib is serving as a missionary in Zambia and was unable to go to Pakistan on his mother’s demise. May Allah the Almighty shower His forgiveness and mercy on the deceased
And may He enable her children to continue her virtuous deeds. The next funeral is of respected Muhammad Ahmad Anwar sahib Hyderabadi, who passed away on 22nd May  at the age of 94. “Verily to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.”
Ahmadiyyat entered his family through his grandfather Sheikh Daud Ahmad sahib. In their early years, Muhammad Ahmad Anwar sahib’s father sent him and his brother, Majeed Ahmad Sahib, for studies to Qadian. He also had the good fortune of giving the Adhan from the Minaratul Masih in Qadian.
From the outset, Muhammad Ahmad sahib remained in the company of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II (ra). After the partition [of India] he came to Rabwah with Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II (ra). He also served as the driver for Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III (rh). He later completed his education, first attaining a diploma in Physical Education
And then a M.A. in Urdu and Islamiat [Islamic studies]. After completing his graduation, he served in Taleem-ul-Islam College for a long time. From 1973-1976 he dedicated himself for three years and went to Gambia. From 1978-1986 he taught Islamic studies in a girls college in Nigeria. In 1988 he migrated from Pakistan to Germany
And in 2009 he moved to the UK and settled here. The deceased has four sons and two daughters, all of whom are married. He served as the Naib Sadr of the Qadha board in Germany and also served as Naib Auditor for Germany Jama’at.
His daughter, Amatul Majeed Sahiba says: “My father was highly devoted to his prayers. “He considered Salat, Qur’an, fasting and serving Khilafat as the sole purpose of his life “and would advise us of the same.” May Allah the Almighty shower His mercy and forgiveness on the deceased.
The last funeral is of respected Saleem Hasan Al-Jabi Sahib of Syria. He passed away on 30th June  at the age of 92, “Verily to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.” His daughter, Lubna Al-Jabi and granddaughter, Hiba Al-Jabi,
Who is the wife of Dr Bilal Tahir Sahib, both reside here in the UK. She writes: “Saleem Al-Jabi Sahib was born in the suburbs of Damascus in 1928. “Saleem Al-Jabi sahib was introduced to Ahmadiyyat at the age of 18 through “respected Abu Zahab Sahib, a modest Ahmadi farmer. “Upon this Al-Jabi sahib prayed
“and in a dream he saw that he was performing the bai’at of the Promised Messiah (as). “Subsequently Abu Zahab Sahib gave him the Arabic translation “of ‘The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam’. “Seeing the picture of the Promised Messiah (as), “he went to the Ameer [National President] of Syria Jama’at at the time,
“Munir Al-Hosni Sahib and performed the bai’at. “He faced severe opposition from his father and relatives, yet Al-Jabi Sahib remained steadfast. “He then had the opportunity to go to Pakistan “during the Khilafat of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II (ra). “He spent six years in Rabwah in the company of Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra).
“He gained religious knowledge and also learnt the Urdu language. “On the instructions of Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra), he married in Pakistan “and Hazart Musleh Maud (ra) led his Nikah. His wife was Pakistani.” His granddaughter Hiba Al-Jabi Sahiba writes: “Our grandfather would always advise us
“and take time out for our education and moral upbringing. “He would emphasise the importance of spiritual advancement and remaining attached to Khilafat.” His wife passed away a few years ago. He has six children, one of the children, Dr Naeem Al-Jabi Sahib was kidnapped a few years ago
And until now there is no information about his whereabouts. Waseem Al-Jabi, the father of Hiba Al-Jabi, is a member of the Jama’at and is living in Poland. Similarly, two daughters and two sons are in Syria. Hiba Al-Jabi Sahiba helps in the Jama’at here
And gives good advice especially in relation to the translation of books. She also helps her husband, Bilal Tahir in his translation work. May Allah the Almighty increase her in her sincerity and loyalty, and also increase her knowledge. His daughter, Lubna Abdul Khabir Al-Jabi writes:
“[Our father] would stop us from following wrongful customs and innovations. “He would advise us forge a connection with Allah the Almighty “and to perform tabligh [propagating the message of Islam]. “He would spend generously on the poor.” Many families in Lebanon and Syria performed the bai’at owing to Al-Jabi sahib,
Including some Christians as well. She further writes: “The last advice he gave to us “was to always remained firmly attached to Khilafat “and always act on the advice imparted by the Khalifa of the time, “[He advised] do not show negligence in matters of Tabligh, “offer supplications for everything
“and never worry about any injustice received in the way of the truth.” Umar Al-Aman Sahib, the National President of Lebanon Jama’at, writes: “Prior to accepting Ahmadiyyat, we would read the books of Saleem Al-Jabi sahib “which contained signs of the advent of the Imam of the Age [i.e. the Promised Messiah (as)]
“and his blessed Jama’at. When we had read these books, “he would tell us in detail about the Promised Messiah (as) and about his Jama’at. “He would then instruct us that we must perform the bai’at.” This was his own unique style; it is not necessary that this would be applicable in every situation.
Nonetheless, he performed tabligh in this manner, and owing to his preaching endeavours, many people accepted Ahmadiyyat. He would then advise them to leave his books and instead read the books of the Promised Messiah (as), the Khulafah and books of the Jama’at. He further writes: “As the pioneer Ahmadis in Lebanon,
“we performed the bai’at due to Al-Jabi Sahib. “We acknowledge this favour upon us and are thankful to him and offer prayers for him.” Mu’taz Al-Qazaq Sahib, who is Syrian but is currently residing in Canada writes: “When I was local president of a Jama’at in Syria,
“I had the opportunity to meet Al-Jabi sahib on many occasions. “Whenever Khilafat was being discussed, “he would always say that he would like to depart this world in the company of Khilafat.” Mir Anjum Parvez Sahib, who is a missionary and serving here in the Arabic desk, writes:
“Whenever he would receive a directive from the Khalifa, he would demonstrate complete obedience. “He would openly say that he would obey every command issued by the Nizam-e-Jama’at.” In 2011, he came to the UK from Syria to attend the Jalsa Salana. He would say that there was no greater honour for him
Than to depart this world in the company of Khilafat. Many people accepted Ahmadiyyat due to Al-Jabi sahib and the majority of them are loyal to the Jama’at and Khilafat. Many people have written letters to me stating that they learnt a lot from Al-Jabi Sahib and accepted Ahmadiyyat because of him.
Al-Jabi sahib would say: “Hazrat Maulana Ghulam Rasool Rajeiki said to me “that I ought to translate his book, Hayat-e–Qudsi, “so that the Arab people would become acquainted “with how the Companions of the Promised Messiah (as) were.” Thus, he translated Hayat-e-Qudsi in Arabic.
Arabic was his mother tongue, but aside from this he spoke Urdu to a good level and also Persian. He could also speak English to a basic level. In 2005 when I went to Qadian, he met me in a mulaqaat, which was very brief, but he met me with great humility.
He then met me in the UK at Jalsa Salana and said with great humility: “I have complete conviction in the truthfulness of Khilafat-e-Ahmadiyyat. “I am fully obedient to Khilafat and have the utmost regard for it. “Please pray for me that I always remain firmly attached to Nizam-e-Jama’at.
“May Allah the Almighty enable his children and his progeny to remain ever loyal to Khilafat and remain attached to it. May Allah shower His mercy and forgiveness on him. After the Friday prayers, as mentioned before, or perhaps I did not mention it earlier,
I will nonetheless, lead the funeral prayer in absentia of all the deceased members. All praise is due to Allah We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls
And from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him; and whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.
O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you. Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as one does to one’s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves
And evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful. You remember Allah; He too will remember you; call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.