Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2021
Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you.
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. and I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, The Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. The incident of the martyrdom of Hazrat Umar (ra) was mentioned in the previous sermon and some more details remain to be mentioned in this regard. From the narration that I presented from Sahih Bukhari,
It appears that the Fajr prayer was offered at the time Hazrat Umar (ra) was attacked and that he was present in the mosque at that time. However, in another narration we find that Hazrat Umar (ra) was immediately rushed home and that the prayer was offered later.
In this regard, the commentator of Sahih Bukhari, Allama Ibn Hajar, has added another narration under this Hadith and has written that Hazrat Ibn Abbas stated, “When Hazrat Umar (ra) started to bleed profusely and he became unconscious, “I carried him with the help of other individuals and took him home.
“He remained unconscious until daylight was visible. “When he regained consciousness, he looked in our direction and asked, “‘Have people offered their prayer?’ I replied, ‘Yes, they have.’ “Upon this, he said that the person who disregards their prayer is not a (true) follower of Islam.
“Hazrat Umar (ra) then performed ablution and offered his prayers.” The same is stated in at-Tabaqaat al-Kubra that Hazrat Umar (ra) was carried to his home and that Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Auf lead the prayers. It is also mentioned that Hazrat Abdur Rahman recited the two shortest Surahs (chapters) of the Holy Qur’an;
Surah al-‘Asr and Surah al-Kauthar. At another place, it is stated that Surah al-‘Asr and Surah al-Kafirun were recited. Mentioning the assassin of Hazrat Umar (ra), it is written in at-Tabaqaat al-Kubra that when Hazrat Umar (ra) was attacked, he said to Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas, “Go and find out who tried to assassinate me.”
Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas says that, “I left and when I opened the door of the house, “I saw a crowd of people who were unaware of Hazrat Umar’s (ra) condition. “I asked that who attacked “Hazrat Amir-ul-Mu’mineen (leader of the faithful) with a dagger. “They replied that the enemy of Allah
“and the slave of Mughirah bin Shu’ba, Abu Lu’lu’, stabbed him. “He had wounded others as well, but when he was caught, “he used the same dagger to take his own life.” In regards to whether the martyrdom of Hazrat Umar (ra) was the result of a conspiracy,
Or due to the personal enmity harboured by this individual, some of the later historians have written that the martyrdom of Hazrat Umar (ra) was not merely due to an individual’s personal enmity towards him. Rather, it was a conspiracy. In any case, we will read their opinions on this as well.
In relation to how a brave Khalifah such as Hazrat Umar (ra) was martyred, we usually find that historians and biographers remain silent after detailing the incidents of martyrdom and the impression is left that Abu Lu’lu’ Firuz assassinated him due to momentary rage and anger.
However, some contemporary historians and biographers have analysed this with great detail and they say that this could not have been an act of vengeance, resulting from the rage of a single individual. Rather, it was a conspiracy and Hazrat Umar (ra) was assassinated through a pre-planned scheme.
The renowned Persian commander, Hormuzan, who was living in Madinah and appeared to be a Muslim, was also part of this conspiracy. Modern-day writers have questioned prior historians and biographers as to why they have not discussed this killing in detail as being a conspiracy.
Albeit, there is one important book of history called ‘Al-Bidayah wa al-Nihayah’ in which it is only mentioned that Hormuzan and Jufainah were suspected to be involved in the killing of Hazrat Umar (ra). Hence, it is due to this uncertainty that biographers of Hazrat Umar (ra)
Have considered it to have been as a result of a conspiracy. One of these writers is Muhammad Raza Sahib. He writes in his book ‘Sirat Umar Faruq’, “Hazrat Umar (ra) never permitted adult prisoners to enter Madinah, “until Hazrat Mughirah bin Shu’bah, who was the governor of Kufa wrote a letter to him
“stating that he had a very skilled slave, and sought permission for him to come to Madinah. “Hazrat Mughirah bin Shu’bah said that he was experienced in many fields of work, “and was therefore of benefit to the people – “he was a blacksmith, craftsmen, and a carpenter.
“Hazrat Umar (ra) wrote to Hazrat Mughirah, permitting him to send him to Madinah. “Hazrat Mughirah placed a monthly tax of 100 dirhams upon him. “He went to Hazrat Umar (ra) and complained about the tax being too high. “Hazrat Umar (ra) asked what work he could proficiently do.
“In response, he informed Hazrat Umar (ra) which tasks he was skilled in. “Hazrat Umar (ra) stated that the tax placed upon him “was not higher than the works he was skilled in. “He therefore departed whilst angry at Hazrat Umar (ra).
“Hazrat Umar (ra) waited a few days and one day the same slave passed by him, “so he called him and said, ‘I have heard that you make a really good wind-powered millstone.’ “This slave turned his attention to Hazrat Umar (ra) “in a state of anger and displeasure and said,
“I shall make such a millstone for you that people will continue to talk about.” “When the slave turned away, “Hazrat Umar (ra) turned to his companions and said that this slave had just threatened him. “A few days passed and Abu Lu’lu’ hid a double-edged dagger in his cloth,
“the handle of which was in the middle, and attacked Hazrat Umar (ra), “as has been mentioned in the incident regarding the martyrdom of Hazrat Umar (ra). “One strike landed below his navel. “In one sense, Abu Lu’lu’ held malice and spite for Hazrat Umar (ra) “as the Arabs had conquered their land,
“enslaved him and caused his king to flee the country humiliated. “Whenever he would see young slaves he would go to them, stroke their heads “and emotionally say that the Arabs had destroyed their future generation.” When Abu Lu’lu’ made the resolve to kill Hazrat Umar (ra), he very diligently crafted the double-edged dagger,
Sharpened it and then covered it in poison. He then took it to Hormuzan and asked what he thought about the dagger. He answered, “I believe it will kill whoever you strike it with.” Hormuzan was among the commanders of the Persians. He was captured by the Muslims in Tustur and sent to Madinah.
When he saw Hazrat Umar (ra), he enquired about the whereabouts of his guards and gatekeepers, as has been mentioned before. The companions (ra) answered that he had no guard, gatekeeper, secretary or a treasurer, upon this he stated that he ought to be a prophet. Nevertheless, he later became a Muslim.
Hazrat Umar (ra) appointed 2,000 (dirhams) for him and gave him a place to reside in Madinah. In Tabqat ibn Sa’d, there is a narration on the authority of Nafi’ which states that Hazrat Abdur Rahman had seen the knife used to martyr Hazrat Umar (ra).
He stated that he saw the knife in the possession of Hormuzan and Jufainah and asked them what they used it for. They replied that they used it to cut meat because they do not touch the meat with their hands. Hazrat Ubaidullah bin Umar asked Hazrat Abdur Rahman
If he had in fact seen the knife in the possession of those two. He replied in the affirmative. Upon this, Hazrat Ubaidullah bin Umar took up his sword and killed both of them. Hazrat Usman (ra) called for Hazrat Ubaidullah bin Umar.
When he arrived, Hazrat Usman (ra) asked him what had incited him to kill the two individuals while they were living under oath of their protection. Upon hearing this, Hazrat Ubaidullah threw Hazrat Usman (ra) to the ground, at which point others arrived to protect Hazrat Usman (ra) from Hazrat Ubaidullah.
When Hazrat Usman (ra) had called for him, Hazrat Ubaidullah had placed his sword in its sheath, however, Hazrat Abdur Rahman strictly demanded him to remove his sword altogether which he did so. This is one narration that I have just mentioned in reference to Hazrat Usman (ra),
And Allah knows better to what extent it is true and authentic. Nonetheless, the mention of this killing has been recorded in other narrations as well. Saeed bin Musayyab narrates that when Hazrat Umar (ra) was martyred, Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr said that he passed by the killer of Hazrat Umar (ra),
I.e. Abu Lu’lu’, and he was whispering in the company of Jufainah and Hormuzan. When he suddenly went to them, they took to their feet and fled, dropping a dagger in their haste. It was a double-edged dagger with the handle in between.
He then told them to examine the dagger with which Hazrat Umar (ra) was martyred. Upon observing it, the dagger was identical to what was described by Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr. When Hazrat Ubaidullah bin Umar heard this from Hazrat Abdur Rehman bin Abi Bakr,
He set out with his sword and called out for Hormuzan. When Hormuzan came out, Hazrat Ubaidullah took him to see their horses and meanwhile he moved behind him. When Hormuzan was walking in front of him, he attacked him with his sword.
Hazrat Ubaidullah bin Umar stated that as soon as Hormuzan felt the force of his blade, he proclaimed, “There is no one worthy of worship except Allah.” Hazrat Ubaidullah also stated that he called upon Jufainah, who was a Christian from Hira and was sent to Madinah
As a helper of Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas to establish reconciliation between them. He used to teach the art of scribing in Madinah. When Hazrat Ubaidullah attacked him with his sword, he drew the symbol of a cross before his eyes. Then, Hazrat Ubaidullah went on to kill the daughter of Abu Lu’lu’,
Who claimed to be a Muslim. That day, it was Hazrat Ubaidullah’s intention to kill all the prisoners in Madinah. The Muhajirin stood against him and tried to stop him and rebuked him, but he swore by Allah that he would kill all the prisoners and ignored the Muhajirin
To the point where Hazrat Amr bin al-Aas continued to reason with him until he finally surrendered his sword to Hazrat Amr bin al-Aas . Then, when Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas came, they both took hold of each other from their forelocks.
But in any case, Hormuzan, Jufainah and the daughter of Abu Lu’lu’ were killed. This whole matter is presented to argue the fact that Abu Lu’lu’ was incited to kill Hazrat Umar (ra), and that all the narrations prove that the killing of Hazrat Umar (ra) was indeed planned.
This is what is recorded by those who believe that this was as a result of a conspiracy. Hormuzan planned to exploit Abu Lu’lu’s enmity for Hazrat Umar (ra) and further fuel the fire. They were both non-Arabs. On top of that, when Hormuzan was imprisoned and sent to Madinah,
He accepted Islam in fear that the Khalifah would have him killed. In the narration of Nafi’ which is recorded in Tabqaat ibn Sa’d, it is stated that Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Auf had seen the blade with which Hazrat Umar (ra) was martyred.
In the narration of Saeed bin Musayyab, which is recorded in al-Tabri, it is stated that Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr had seen the dagger and when he suddenly approached Abu Lu’lu’, Jufainah and Hormuzan which caused them to run away, the dagger dropped from them.
When Hazrat Ubaidullah bin Umar was informed of this by Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr, he immediately went and killed both of them and he became so consumed by vengeance that he also killed the daughter of Abu Lu’lu’. The dagger described by Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr
Was the exact same dagger used to martyr Hazrat Umar (ra). If Hazrat Ubaidullah bin Umar had not acted in haste, there may have been a chance that the culprits would be brought forth for questioning and through this investigation, their plot would come to light.
If all these factors are considered, the fact that this was a pre-meditated plan is as clear as day. And the one to carry out this plot to its completion and murder Hazrat Umar (ra) was Abu Lu’lu’.
All of this is claimed by those who believe that this was a conspiracy (to kill Hazrat Umar (ra)). Similarly, Dr. Muhammad Hussain Haikal, who is another historian, writes in his book that, “Ever since the Muslims were able to overcome the Iranians and Christians, “and took the reins of governing their nations,
“and forced the Persian emperor to flee after defeating him, “the Iranians, Jews and Christians were harbouring sentiments of malice and rancour “in their hearts for the Arabs in general, “but especially for Hazrat Umar (ra). “Even at that time, people had mentioned this malice and rancour
“and when they found out that the Abu Lu’lu’, who attacked Hazrat Umar (ra), was Iranian, “they recounted the time when Hazrat Umar (ra) said, “‘I had stopped you from dragging any faithless person into our home, ‘however, you did not heed my words.’
“The population of these non-Arabs and faithless people in Madinah was very small, “yet there remained a small following of people “whose hearts were brimming with anger and vengeance “and whose bosoms were raging with the fire of malice and rancour. “Who knows, perhaps these people conspired together
“and Abu Lu’lu’ acted in accordance with the plan hatched by these enemies of Islam “to satiate their thirst for expressing their malice and enmity. “They thought that by doing so, they could shatter the unity of the Arabs into pieces, “thereby weakening the strength of the Muslims.
“The sons of Hazrat Umar (ra) were very restless to uncover the truth. “They could have gotten to the bottom of the matter and uncover this secret “if Abu Lu’lu’ Feroz hadn’t committed suicide. “However, by committing suicide, “he took this secret to his grave but did this end the matter once and for all,
“leaving no other way of uncovering it?” This historian, who believed that this was all a scheme, further writes that, “On the contrary, destiny so decreed that “an Arab leader would learn of this scheme and bring it to light.
“When Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Auf saw the blade with which Hazrat Umar (ra) was martyred, “he said that he had seen that very blade the day before in the possession of Hormuzan and Jufainah. “He asked them what they would use the blade for.
“They replied that they would use it to cut meat because they do not touch meat with their hands. “Then, Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr said “that when he passed by the killer of Hazrat Umar (ra), Abu Lu’lu’, “he saw that Jufainah and Hormuzan were secretly conversing to him.
“When he suddenly approached them, they fled, at which time a dagger fell between them. “It had two blades with a handle in the middle. “Upon this, he stated that examine the dagger used to martyr Hazrat Umar (ra). “When people saw the dagger,
“they realised that it was the very same dagger described by Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr.” The historian further writes that, “As a result, there remained no doubt that both testimonies proved to be true, “and were in fact the most reliable from among the Muslims.
“They testified that the knife used to martyr Hazrat Umar (ra) “was in the possession of Hormuzan and Jufainah. “One of the witnesses stated that before Abu Lu’lu’ committed the murder, “he saw him plotting with the other two and according to both witnesses,
“this all happened on the night before Hazrat Umar (ra) was attacked in the morning. “In light of this, is there any doubt that the Leader of the Faithful “was the victim of a conspiracy that was spearheaded by these three people?
“It is also possible that there were other Iranians or people from other nations “that were conquered by Muslims, who were also part of this conspiracy. “When Hazrat Ubaidullah bin Umar heard the testimonies “of Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Auf and Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr,
“he perceived the entire world to be covered in blood. “In his heart, he was convinced that “every resident of Madinah who had come from a foreign land “was a part of this conspiracy and that they all had blood in their hands. “He immediately took his sword and first killed Hormuzan and Jufainah.
“It is narrated that he called out to Hormuzan and when he came outside, “he asked him to take a look at his horse, and then moved aside. “As Hormuzan passed by him, he struck him with his sword. “When the Iranian realised that there was an attack, he proclaimed,
“‘There is no god but Allah’ and fell to the ground. “It is narrated that Hazrat Ubaidullah bin Umar, who was the son of Hazrat Umar (ra), said, “‘Then I called upon Jufainah who was a Christian from Hira ‘and the suckling brother of Sa’d bin Abi Waqas.
‘It was due to this relation that Sa’d brought him to Madinah, ‘where he would teach others how to read and write. ‘When I struck him with my sword, he made a mark of the cross in front of his eyes.’ “Hazrat Abdullah’s other brother was no less enraged by the martyrdom of his father,
“and no one was more furious than the Mother of the Believers, Hazrat Hafsah (ra). “In any case, what they did was not permitted by the law; “no person has the authority to personally seek retribution and to take back their rights.
“Rather, the ultimate decision was left to the Holy Prophet (sa), and his successors after him. “They would arbitrate justly among people and would order for the criminals to be punished. “Thus, when Hazrat Ubaidullah learned about this plot “which ultimately resulted in the loss of his father’s life,
“he should have sought a decision from the Leader of the Faithful. “If this plot was proven to be true, then he would have ordered for them to be punished, “and if this plot did not prove to be true,
“or if the Leader of the Faithful, (i.e. the new Khalifah), had any doubt about it, “then he would have issued a lighter punishment “or he would have decided that Abu Lu’lu’ alone was to be held responsible. “In any case, what he did was not his lawful right.
“In short, it was not outside the realm of possibility “for this to have been a premeditated plot, “but owing to circumstances of that time, “it may not have been possible for Hazrat Usman (ra) “to conduct an investigation immediately. “But regardless of the circumstances, the early historians are silent about this.
“There is a debate amongst the historians of today regarding this, “based on the circumstances of that time, “and there seems to be some validity to their arguments, “because the plot did not just end here, “rather Hazrat Usman (ra) was also martyred as the result of a similar plot.
“This in fact further solidifies the point “that in an attempt to halt the growing strength and victories of Islam, “and in order to fulfil their burning desire for retribution, “there were external forces who hatched a plot and martyred Hazrat Umar (ra). “Allah knows best.”
It is recorded in Sahih Muslim that Hazrat Ibn Umar narrates, “I was with my father when he was attacked. “People praised him and said, “(ARABIC), “‘may Allah the Almighty grant you the best reward.’ “Upon this, he replied, ‘I am hopeful, but also afraid’. “The people asked him to appoint the next Khalifah.
“He said, ‘Shall I bear your burden in this life and when I have passed away as well? ‘I desire for my contributions to be equal in both, ‘meaning neither should I be held responsible, nor should I receive any reward.
‘If I were to appoint a successor, then this would be similar to he who was better than me ‘i.e. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) for he did appoint a successor ‘(even if he did then there would be no harm). ‘If I were to leave you without appointing a successor,
‘then you were also left without being appointed a successor by he who was better than me ‘i.e. the Holy Prophet (sa)’” The second example he gave was of the Holy Prophet (sa), who did not appoint his successor. Hazrat Abdullah says, “When he mentioned the Holy Prophet (sa),
“I knew that he would not appoint a successor.” In another narration recorded in Sahih Muslim, Hazrat Ibn Umar says, that he went to Hazrat Hafsah (ra) and she said, “Are you aware that your father will not appoint a successor?” He replied, “He will not do such a thing.”
Hazrat Hafsah (ra) said, “He will do so.” He says, “I vowed that I would speak to Hazrat Umar (ra) again.” He continues, “I remained silent until the next morning and did not say anything to him.” He continues, “I felt as if I was bearing the weight of a mountain
“because of this vow I had made. “I returned and went to Hazrat Umar (ra), who asked about the state of the people. “I told him the various things people were saying. “Then I said, ‘I have heard something in particular that the people are saying,
‘and I vowed to tell you. They think that you will not appoint a successor. ‘If someone grazes your camels or shepherds your sheep, ‘then he comes to you and simply leaves them, ‘then you would think that he has abandoned them. ‘Similarly, protecting people is even more important.’”
He says, “Hazrat Umar (ra) agreed with what I said and looked down for a short while. “Then he looked up, turning towards me, and said, “‘Allah the Most High will protect His faith. ‘If I do not appoint a successor,
‘then it would be similar to the Holy Prophet (sa) who did not appoint a successor. ‘If I do appoint a successor, ‘it would be similar to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) who did appoint a successor.’” Hazrat Ibn Umar, the son of Hazrat Umar (ra) said,
“By God, when Hazrat Umar (ra) mentioned the Holy Prophet (sa) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), “I knew that he would not hold anyone in the same esteem as the Holy Prophet (sa) “and thus, he would not appoint a successor.” Hazrat Miswar bin Makhrama relates that when Hazrat Umar (ra) was injured,
He was experiencing extreme pain. And in order to try and reassure him, Hazrat Ibn Abbas stated, “O Leader of the Faithful! If the situation has come to this, “then you have stayed in the company of the Holy Prophet (sa) and were an excellent companion.
“The Holy Prophet (sa) departed in a state whereby he was happy with you. “Thereafter, you stayed in the company of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) “and were an excellent companion to him and he departed in a state whereby he was happy with you.
“Then, you remained in the company of the companions and were an excellent support for them “and if you depart from them then indeed you will depart them in a state “whereby they will be happy with you.” Upon this, Hazrat Umar (ra) replied, “You mentioned regarding the companionship with the Holy Prophet (sa)
“and him being pleased with me is purely owing to the grace of Allah the Almighty. “Then, you mentioned regarding my companionship with Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) “and him being pleased with me and this was also owing to the grace of Allah the Almighty.
“As for my state of concern which you can see at present is for you and your companions. “I am not worried about myself, but I am concerned for you and your companions. “By Allah, even if I had an entire land worth of gold,
“I would give it as fidya in order to save myself from Allah the Almighty’s wrath.” Expounding upon the verse: “and that He will, surely, give them in exchange security and peace after their fear” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states,
“The Khulafah never had to face any such trial owing to which they had to experience fear. “And if they did, then this was transformed into a state of peace by God Almighty. “Undoubtedly, Hazrat Umar (ra) was martyred, “but when one ponders over the historical facts,
“it becomes evident that Hazrat Umar (ra) did not have any fear of him being martyred. “In fact, he would repeatedly pray, “‘O Allah! Grant me the station of martyrdom, and that too, in the city of Madinah.’ “Thus, a person who spent his entire life
“praying to be granted the station of martyrdom in Madinah, “how could anyone possibly claim “that he was made to experience fear at the time of his martyrdom “and the state of his fear was not transformed into a state of peace?
“If Hazrat Umar (ra) was fearful of being martyred and was then later martyred, “then it could have been said that God did not transform the state of fear into peace. “However, Hazrat Umar (ra) would pray, “‘O Allah! Grant me the station of martyrdom in Madinah.’
“Thus, in light of the incident of his martyrdom, “how could anyone claim that he feared being martyred? “In fact, since he did not fear being martyred and would pray for it, “and God Almighty accepted his prayer, “it is therefore evident that according to this verse, he never experienced any kind of fear.
“And, just as I have mentioned earlier, “this verse states that anything which the Khulafah have fear of can never occur. “Moreover, it is the promise of Allah the Almighty “that He shall give them in exchange security and peace after their fear. “However, if one does not even fear something,
“rather considers it to be a means of his honour and elevating his rank, “then it is futile to claim that he experienced fear “and to ask why was it not transformed into a state of peace.” This is a point which ought to be understood. Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) further states,
“When I read this prayer of Hazrat Umar (ra), “I thought to myself that this means, “in other words, that the enemy would have to attack Madinah “and the attack would be so intense that all the Muslims would be destroyed.
“Thereafter, the enemy would reach the Khalifa of the time and martyr him as well. “However, Allah the Almighty accepted the prayer of Hazrat Umar (ra) “but at the same time also created such means whereby the honour of Islam was safeguarded. “Thus, instead of an external attack being launched on Madinah,
“a wretched individual from within the city martyred him with a dagger.” Whilst mentioning Islamic teachings regarding the freeing of slaves, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) has also mentioned the martyrdom of Hazrat Umar (ra) and the factors which lead to it. Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states,
“The first injunction is that one ought to free the slaves “without seeking anything in return from them “and simply do it as an act of kindness. “If one is unable to do this, “then they should grant them freedom by taking something in recompense.
“If even then there is a slave who neither has the means to acquire his freedom “nor does the government to whom he belongs to show any interest “and his family members also show no concern “then he can give a notice (to his owner)
“and can acquire his freedom by fulfilling his payment through instalments. “(The prisoner who has been taken as a slave can fix his own instalments of payment). “In such a scenario, apart from the amount for the instalments,
“the rest of his earnings will belong to him and he will be considered as a free man. “(In other words, he will pay his instalments from whatever he earns “(which has been fixed to acquire his freedom
“(and the rest of his earnings will remain his own and this would be a form of freedom for him). “Hazrat Umar (ra) was martyred by a similar kind of slave, “who had entered into an agreement (to acquire his freedom).
“This slave had entered into an agreement with the Muslim man in whose possession he was in “and asked him to fix a payment in monthly instalments according to his means, “which he would gradually fulfil and thus acquire his freedom. “Subsequently, he fixed a small sum of money which he began to pay.
“One day, he complained to Hazrat Umar (ra) “that his owner had fixed a very large amount of payment and asked for it to be reduced. “Hazrat Umar (ra) assessed his income “and found that his actual income was far higher than the amount of income “which the instalments were based against.
“Upon this, Hazrat Umar (ra) stated that based on his actual income, “this instalment was very little and cannot be reduced. “This slave was extremely angered at this decision “and felt that since he belonged to Iran therefore the decision was issued against him
“and the decision had been made in favour of his owner who was an Arab. “And so, out of anger, he attacked Hazrat Umar (ra) the very next day with a dagger “causing such injuries which lead to his martyrdom.” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) further states,
“There are two things which lead one astray from right path; “either it is extreme malice or extreme love. “At times, one harbours extreme malice over a very minor issue. “Look at the time of Hazrat Umar (ra) “in that such a small incident lead to such a degree of malice
“that it ultimately caused great harm to Islam “and I feel that the repercussions of this incident are still felt to this day. “Once, a case was brought before Hazrat Umar (ra) “whereby someone’s slave was earning far more “than what he was paying to his owner (to acquire his freedom).
“Hazrat Umar (ra) called this slave and said to him that he should pay his owner more. “At that time there were very few people who possessed a specialised skill, “hence the blacksmiths and carpenters were greatly valued. “This slave would build flourmills to grind wheat and would earn a good amount.
“Hazrat Umar (ra) fixed 3.5 anna (a unit of currency formerly used in the subcontinent) “which he had to pay his owner. “Now, this is a very small amount, “however he felt that Hazrat Umar (ra) had made a wrong decision “and began to harbour malice in his heart against Hazrat Umar (ra).
“Once, Hazrat Umar (ra) asked him to make a millstone for him as well “and upon this he replied, ‘I will build a millstone which will function very effectively.’ “Hearing this response, someone said to Hazrat Umar (ra) that he was threatening him.
“(This seems to be similar to the incident that was narrated earlier or the same one, “(but nevertheless it is referring to the same slave). “Hazrat Umar (ra) stated that his words do not reflect (that he was issuing a threat).
“(In the earlier narration, Hazrat Umar (ra) himself stated that he had made a threat). “The companion stated that his tone was such that he was making a threat. “Following this, one day Hazrat Umar (ra) was offering his prayers “that this slave attacked him with a dagger and martyred him.”
Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) further writes, “That Umar (ra), who was the king of millions and ruler of a vast empire “and among the best guides of the Muslims, was killed for a mere 3.5 anna. “The fact of the matter is that whoever harbours enmity and rancour,
“they will not worry whether it is 3.5 Anna or 2 Anna. “They only wish to quench their thirst (for vengeance). “Their disposition becomes aligned in a way that they fuel their hatred. “In such a condition they do not see how their actions will affect themselves nor others.
“When Hazrat Umar’s killer was asked why he committed such a heinous act, “he replied that a verdict was passed against him and so he took revenge.” This particular detail has not been mentioned previously. Perhaps they had a short moment whilst they were capturing him
Wherein he stated why he killed Hazrat Umar (ra) and after this he killed himself. Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states, “Having mentioned this painful incident, “I have stated before that this incident has had an effect on Islam even until today. “Although death is always attached to man,
“however one usually does not expect death to overcome them when one is strong and healthy. “When one becomes weaker and their health declines, “people (around them) naturally become alert and begin to plan about the future. “They do not speak about this matter between themselves,
“but a driving force is created that stimulates people to prepare for the future. “For this reason, when a leader passes away, the people are vigilant and prepared. “Since Hazrat Umar (ra) was strong and healthy, despite being 63 years old, “the companions could not fathom
“that Hazrat Umar (ra) was soon to depart from among them. “For this reason, they were completely unaware of how to prepare for the future “when all of a sudden, the trial of Hazrat Umar’s (ra) demise befell them. “At that time, the community was not prepared to accept a new leader.
“Owing to this lack of preparation, “the people did not develop that relationship with Hazrat Usman (ra) as they should have. “For this reason, Islam was in a fragile state “and in Hazrat Ali’s (ra) time this condition became ever more precarious.” According to Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra),
This could also have been a reason for the dissention and discord which arose later on. During times of discord and conflict, it is necessary for a few people to stand guard. This is also mentioned by Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) in relation to the martyrdom of Hazrat Umar (ra). Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states:
“There is a clear command of the Holy Qur’an that for the safety of the Muslims, “half the people ought to remain on guard. “Although this has been mentioned in relation to war when a group of people need to be safeguarded,
“however from this one can infer that in order to protect against a smaller trial, “if a few people stand guard during prayers, then this is not objectionable. “Rather this will be a necessary procedure.” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states: “If in times of war, 500 people out of 1000 can stand guard,
“then at times when there is little danger, “can five or ten people out of 1000 not stand guard? “To say that there is no active danger is a futile argument. “What happened with Hazrat Umar (ra)? “He was leading the prayers and whilst the other Muslims were also occupied in prayer,
“a wretched individual thought this to be perfect opportunity to attack. “He stepped forward and struck with his dagger. “If after this incident, “someone says that standing guard during the prayers is contrary to its principles and sanctity “(i.e. contrary to the principles and sanctity of the prayer)
“then such an individual only exposes his own ignorance. “The example of such a person is like that of a foolish person who enters a battlefield “and when an arrow hits that person, blood begins to pour out, “as a result of which he runs away wiping away the blood and saying:
“‘O Allah! Please let this be a dream and not really an arrow that has struck me.’ “In history we find an incident “in which the companions did not take the necessary safety precautions, “as a result of which they suffered greatly. “When Hazrat Amr bin al-Aas went for the conquest of Egypt
“and he had conquered the area, when he would lead the prayers, “there would be no guards on patrol. “When the enemy saw that during this time (at prayer times), “the Muslims are completely oblivious. “Subsequently they organised a day “in which they sent a few hundred men fully armed
“precisely at a time when the Muslims were in prostration (sajdah). “As soon as they arrived they began severing the heads of the Muslims. “Historical accounts show that on this day, “hundreds of companions were either killed or injured. “One after another they would fall to the ground and this continued on.
“The people around them could not comprehend what was going on “until the Muslims had suffered greatly. “When Hazrat Umar (ra) learnt of this incident, “he admonished them saying: ‘Were you not aware ‘that you ought to have ensured for guards on patrol?’ “But little did Hazrat Umar (ra) know
“that the same incident would take place with him whilst he would be in Madinah. “After this incident, the companions ensured that during the prayers, “there would always be people on guard.” With regards to Hazrat Umar’s (ra) debt, I have mentioned about it previously as well. But further details regarding this are that
Hazrat Umar (ra) enquired about his debt from his son and stated, “Abdullah bin Umar, go and see how much debt I owe.” When he checked, the total amounted to 86,000 dirhams. Hazrat Umar (ra) said: “O Abdullah! If the wealth of Umar’s family is enough to pay for this,
“then pay my debt from there. “If this is insufficient, then ask from the Banu ‘Adi bin Ka’b. “If they are also not able to pay it off, then ask from the Quraish, but do not ask anyone else.” The companions knew that their leader, who lived a modest and simple life,
Never accumulated this enormous debt owing to spending on himself. They knew full well that this money was spent on the poor and needy and that is why he ended up in debt. For this reason, Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf said to Hazrat Umar (ra):
“Why do you not take this amount from the treasury and pay off your debt?” Hazrat Umar (ra) replied: “Heaven forbid! Do you wish that after I am gone, “you and your companions say that you left your own portion for the sake of Umar? “You will be able to console me now,
“but after me there will be such a situation that I will not be able to escape from.” Hazrat Umar (ra) then said to his son, Abdullah bin Umar (ra): “Take on the responsibility of paying my debt.” Thus, he accepted this responsibility. Hazrat Umar (ra) had not yet been buried
When his son called some members of the Shura (consultative body) and a few Christians as witnesses regarding his responsibility for paying the debt. After the burial of Hazrat Umar (ra), the Friday had not passed when Abdullah bin Umar (ra) took the amount owed and went to Hazrat Usman (ra).
He fulfilled this responsibility in the presence of a few witnesses. With regards to Hazrat Umar (ra) repaying debt, there is another narration mentioned in “Wafa al-Wafa”. Hazrat Ibn Umar (ra) narrates that when Hazrat Umar’s (ra) demise was imminent; he owed some debt. Hazrat Umar (ra) called Hazrat Abdullah and Hazrat Hafsa and said:
“I owe some money from the wealth given to me by Allah, “and I wish to meet Allah the Almighty in a state whereby I will be free from debt. “Thus, in order to pay off this debt, sell this house. (The house in which he resided.)
“If there is still something left to pay, then ask from the Banu ‘Adi. “Even then if there is an outstanding amount, ask from the Quraish, but do not ask anyone else.” After the demise of Hazrat Umar (ra), Hazrat Abdullah went to Hazrat Mu’awiyah, who purchased the house, which was known as Dar Al-Qada.
Hazrat Abdullah sold the house and paid off Hazrat Umar’s (ra) debt. For this reason, this house became known as (ARABIC), i.e. the house with which Hazrat Umar’s debt was paid. There are accounts remaining, and God Willing, I will continue to narrate them in the future. All praise is due to Allah
We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him;
And whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you.
Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as one does to one’s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful.
You remember Allah; He too will remember you; call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.