Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2021
Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you.
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. and I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. The accounts Hazrat ‘Umar’s (ra) acceptance of Islam were previously being mentioned. With regards to Hazrat ‘Umar accepting Islam, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) narrates: “Hazrat ‘Umar fiercely opposed Islam. “One day, the thought crossed his mind as to why not simply put an end to its founder. “As soon as this thought crossed his mind, “he took his sword and left his home in order to kill the Holy Prophet (sa). “One the way, someone asked him: ‘Where are you going ‘Umar?’
“Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) replied: ‘I am going to kill Muhammad [sa].’ “The person laughed and said: “‘You should first see what is happening within your own house. “‘Your sister and brother-in-law have already accepted him.’ “Hazrat ‘Umar replied: ‘this is a lie.’
“The individual responded by saying that he ought to go and investigate for himself. “Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) went there and found the door to be locked. “Inside, a companion was teaching the Holy Qur’an. “Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) knocked; his brother-in-law asked from inside: ‘Who is it?’ “Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) replied that it was ‘Umar.
“When they saw that it was Hazrat ‘Umar (ra), “they hid the companion who was teaching them the Holy Qur’an, “as they knew that Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) was a fierce enemy of Islam. “Similarly, they also hid the parchment of the Holy Qur’an in a corner and then opened the door.
“As Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) had already heard that his brother-in-law and sister had accepted Islam, “he immediately asked them why they took so long in opening the door. “His brother-in-law replied that at times it can take a while to open the door. “Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) said: ‘this is not the case
“‘and that a particular issue must have hindered you from opening the door. “‘I could also hear that you were listening to the words of a Sabi man.’ (The idolaters of Mecca used to call the Holy Prophet “Sabi” [i.e.one who had abandoned their old faith]) “His brother-in-law tried to brush off the matter,
“but Hazrat ‘Umar became infuriated and stepped forward in order to strike him. “However, out of love for her husband, Hazrat ‘Umar’s sister jumped between them. “As Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) had already raised his hand to strike “and his sister suddenly jumped in between, he was unable to hold back.
“It struck the nose of his sister with full force and blood started to flow from it. “Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) was a compassionate person. “Seeing that he had hit a woman, on top of that his own sister, “which was against the custom of Arabia,
“he tried to change the topic and said: ‘Right, tell me about what you were reading.’ “His sister understood that “Hazrat Umar (ra) had overcome with sentiments of kindness and said: “‘Go! I am not prepared to give something pure in the hands of a person like you.’ “Hazrat ‘Umar asked what he should do?
“His sister replied: ‘There is some water. Bathe, as only then I will hand it to you.’ “Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) took a bath and returned. “His sister then placed the sheets of the Holy Qur’an, “which they were listening to, in his hands. “As a change had already taken place within Hazrat ‘Umar,
“reciting the verses of the Holy Qur’an melted his heart. “Once he had completed reciting the verses, he spontaneously said: “‘I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah “‘and I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His Messenger.’
“Hearing this, the companion, who was hiding out of fear of Hazrat ‘Umar (ra), also came out. “Subsequently, Hazrat ‘Umar inquired as to where the Holy Prophet (sa) was residing in those days. “Due to the opposition, the Holy Prophet (sa) frequently changed homes during those days.
“He told him that these days, the Holy Prophet (sa) was staying in Dar al-Arqam. “Hazrat ‘Umar immediately left and with his sword out of its sheath, headed towards this place. “His sister became extremely anxious, “thinking that he might be heading there with bad intentions.
“She stepped forward and said: ‘By God! I will not let you go “‘until you reassure me that you are not going there to cause some mischief.’ “Hazrat ‘Umar replied: ‘I give you a solemn promise that I will not cause any disorder.’
“Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) approached the place where the Holy Prophet (sa) was staying “and knocked on the door. “The Holy Prophet (sa) and his companions “were sitting inside and were engaged a religious lecture. “One of the companions asked who it was? Hazrat ‘Umar replied: ‘it is ‘Umar.’
“The companions said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (sa)! “‘The door should not be opened, lest he causes some disorder.’ “Hazrat Hamza had recently accepted Islam and had the disposition of a warrior. “He said: ‘Open the door. I shall see to what he does!’ “Hence, one individual opened the door and Hazrat ‘Umar entered,
“upon this the Holy Prophet (sa) said: “‘Umar! Until when will you go on opposing me?’ “Hazrat Umar (ra) said, “O Messenger of Allah, I have not come in opposition, ““rather I have come to become your follower.” “That Umar (ra) who a few hours earlier was a staunch enemy of Islam
“and had left his home to kill the Holy Prophet (sa), “became the highest calibre of a believer within a single moment. “Hazrat Umar (ra) was not among the chieftains of Mecca, “but due to his courage he had a great influence over the youth.
“When he became a Muslim the Muslims raised slogans of ‘Allah is the Greatest’ [Allahu Akbar]. “Then came the time for prayer “and the Holy Prophet (sa) desired to offer his prayers, “but that same Umar (ra) who two hours previously left his home “to kill the Holy Prophet (sa),
“once again took out his sword, saying, “O Messenger of Allah! ““How can it be that God’s messenger (sa) and those who follow him pray in hiding ““whilst the idolaters of Mecca wander about freely? ““Let me see who will dare to stop us ““from offering our prayers in the vicinity of the Ka‘bah.”
“The Holy Prophet (sa) stated, “This passion is commendable indeed, ““but for the moment it is not suitable for us to go forth in such a state.”” Later on they were able to pray at the Ka‘bah, as has been mentioned previously. Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) has also mentioned this, stating:
“In the early period of Islam only two people were considered to be truly courageous – “one was Hazrat Umar (ra) and the other was Hazrat Hamzah (ra). “When both of these individuals entered the fold of Islam, “they expressed to the Holy Prophet (sa)
“that they were not happy to only worship Allah in their homes “when they also have a right over the Ka‘bah. “Hence, there was no reason for them not to attain this right of theirs “of worshipping Allah Almighty in the open. “Thus, the Holy Prophet (sa) –
“who would worship in his home to avoid being charged by the idolaters of spreading disorder – “went to the Ka‘bah for worship. “In that moment to one side of him was Hazrat Umar (ra) holding his sword, “and to his other side was Hazrat Hamzah (ra).
“So in this way, the Holy Prophet (sa) offered his prayers at the Ka‘bah in plain sight. “When news of Hazrat Umar (ra) accepting Islam spread amongst the Quraish, “they became extremely infuriated, “and with these sentiments they surrounded the house of Hazrat Umar (ra).
“Hazrat Umar (ra) came out to a large crowd that had surrounded him, “and certain overzealous individuals were prepared to attack him. “However, Hazrat Umar (ra) stood courageously and steadfastly in front of them. “Eventually, as this was happening, the chieftain of Mecca ‘Aas bin Waa’il arrived
“and having witnessed this crowd, he asked in a commanding tone, ‘What is going on?’ “The people replied, ‘Umar (ra) has become a Sabi.’ “Whilst assessing the situation, the chieftain said, “‘alright, but there is no need for this commotion, “‘I grant my protection to Umar (ra).’ “As was the custom of the Arabs,
“the people had no choice but to remain silent when he spoke, and they eventually dispersed. “Thereafter, Hazrat Umar (ra) remained in this protection for a few days, “as no one dared go against the protection of ‘Aas bin Waa’il.
“However, the honour of Hazrat Umar (ra) would not allow him to remain in this state for long. “Hence, not long had passed that he went to say to Aas bin Wa’il, “‘I remove myself from your protection.’ “Hazrat Umar (ra) states, ‘Thereafter I would find myself in confrontations
“‘and skirmishes in the streets (i.e. he would always get into fights).’ “But Hazrat Umar (ra) never backed down in front of anyone.” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) then states: “Observe just how staunch the enemies of the Holy Prophet (sa) were “and the change that took place within them.
“Not only were they reformed, they in fact reached the heights of spiritual ranks “that it would be impossible to recognise them (i.e. they were completely transformed to the point where they could not be recognised as the same people).
“When Hazrat Umar (ra) – who was ever-ready to oppose Islam (sa) and the Muslims – “had the honour of accepting Islam, such a transformation took place in him “that he was ready to put his life at risk for the benefit of the world “and was occupied day and night in service to Islam.”
It should be “for the benefit of religion he began to place his life in danger.” The Promised Messiah (as) states with regards to Hazrat Umar (ra) accepting Islam: “Observe just how beneficial Hazrat Umar (ra) proved to be.
“There was a time when he had not accepted Islam and remained in this state for four years. “Allah Almighty knows best the secret behind this. “Abu Jahl was searching for someone who would kill the Holy Prophet (sa). “At the time Hazrat Umar (ra) was well-known for his bravery and courage
“and he possessed great might. “They discussed amongst themselves and he took up the task of killing the Holy Prophet (sa). “Hazrat Umar (ra) and Abu Jahl signed a contract in which it was stated “that if Hazrat Umar (ra) kills the Holy Prophet (sa) “he would be rewarded with such and such amount.
“It is the power of Allah Almighty “that the same Umar (ra) who once went forth to slay the Holy Prophet (sa) later accepted Islam “and was himself martyred. “What an extraordinary era that was! “Hence, the contract was signed that he would be the one to kill him.
“After signing this, he would go about in search of the Holy Prophet (sa) “and spend the nights doing the same And go about the night as well hoping for an opportunity to kill him in secret). “He would enquire of the people as to when the Holy Prophet (sa) would be alone. “They would say that after half the night had passed “he would go to the Ka‘bah to offer his prayers.
“Hazrat Umar (ra) was delighted to hear this, so he went and hid in the Ka‘bah. “After a short while, “he could hear the sound of ‘There is no god except Allah’ emanating from the wilderness, “and it was the voice of the Holy Prophet (sa).
“Having heard his voice and understanding that he was making his way there, “Hazrat Umar (ra) sat even more diligently, “and decided that he would strike him with his sword when he lay in prostration, “severing his head from his shoulders. “As soon as the Holy Prophet (sa) arrived he began performing his prayers.
“Hazrat Umar (ra) relates what happened thereafter.” The Promised Messiah (as) states: “Hazrat Umar (ra) himself relates what subsequently took place, “‘the Holy Prophet (sa) wept so much as he supplicated during his prostration “‘that I was shaken to the core, to the point where the Holy Prophet (sa) even said,
“‘(ARABIC), “O my Lord, my soul and my heart prostrate before You.”’ “Hazrat Umar (ra) states, ‘Having heard these prayers, my heart was torn apart. “‘In the end my sword fell from my hand in awe of the truth. “‘I realised from witnessing the Holy Prophet (sa) in such a state that he was truthful
“‘and will indeed be successful, “‘yet the soul that incites to evil is indeed wicked and would incite over and over again. “‘When the Holy Prophet (sa) had completed his prayers and left, I pursued him. “‘The Holy Prophet (sa) heard my footsteps. The night was dark.
“‘The Holy Prophet (sa) asked, “Who is it?” I replied, “Umar.” “‘He then said, “Umar neither do you leave us in the night nor in the day.” “‘In that moment I sensed the scent of the Holy Prophet’s (sa) soul “‘and I felt as though he was about to curse me.
“‘I said, “Sir, do not curse me.”’ “Hazrat Umar (ra) states, ‘that time and that moment was for my acceptance of Islam, “‘until God Almighty enabled me to become a Muslim.’” This is an extract of the Promised Messiah (as) and there is another quote of the Promised Messiah (as)
Which also sheds further light on this. It mentions more or less the same details but with a slightly different conclusion. The Promised Messiah (as) states, “Prior to accepting Islam, Hazrat Umar (ra) would often meet with Abu Jahl. “In fact, it is mentioned that once Abu Jahl conspired to kill the Holy Prophet (sa)
“and for this he even fixed a reward. “Hazrat Umar (ra) was chosen to carry out this task “and so he sharpened his sword “and remained in search of the opportunity to carry this out. “Hazrat Umar (ra) came to learn that the Holy Prophet (sa) would go to the Kab’ah
“in the middle of the night every day to offer his prayers. “Subsequently, Hazrat Umar (ra) went to the Kab’ah and hid. “He then began to hear the words, “‘There is none worthy of worship except Allah’ coming from the direction of the jungle “and the sound started coming closer and closer
“until the Holy Prophet (sa) entered inside the Kab’ah and began to offer his prayers. “Hazrat Umar (ra) stated, ‘the Holy Prophet (sa) supplicated so profusely “‘that I no longer had the courage to strike my sword. “‘When the Holy Prophet (sa) concluded his prayer, he left and I walked behind him.
“‘When the Holy Prophet (sa) heard my footsteps, he enquired as to who it was. “‘I replied, “It is Umar!” “‘Upon this the Holy Prophet (sa) stated, “‘“O Umar! You do not leave me alone in the day nor in the night.”’
“Hazrat Umar (ra) stated, ‘I felt as if the Holy Prophet (sa) was going to pray against me “‘and so I stated, “as of today, I shall no longer cause you any hardship.”’ “Since the Arabs had great regard for their vows therefore the Holy Prophet (sa) took his word, “but the reality was that
“the time for Hazrat Umar’s (ra) [good fortune] had been decreed. (this is slightly different from the previous quote). “At that moment, the Holy Prophet (sa) felt that God will not allow him to go to ruin “and eventually Hazrat Umar (ra) became a Muslim “and immediately severed his ties of friendship and relations
“with Abu Jahl and the other opponents “and a new bond of brotherhood was established in its stead “with Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and the other companions “and not once did he ever think about those previous relations.” Then, mentioning Hazrat Umar’s (ra) acceptance of Islam in a similar manner –
Perhaps with a difference of just a few words – the Promised Messiah (as) states, “You will have heard of the incident “when Hazrat Umar (ra) went forth to kill the Holy Prophet (sa). “Abu Jahl had circulated a form of announcement amongst the people
“that whoever killed the Holy Prophet (sa), he will be granted great reward and honour. “Prior to him embracing Islam, “Hazrat Umar (ra) settled an agreement with Abu Jahl to kill the Holy Prophet (sa). “Following this he remained in search for the perfect opportunity. “Upon enquiring, he was informed that
“the Holy Prophet (sa) would go the Kab’ah in the middle of the night in order to offer his prayers. “Deeming this to be the perfect opportunity, “Hazrat Umar (ra) went in the evening and hid in the Kab’ah. “In the middle of the night, the words, ‘There is none worthy of worship except Allah…’
“began to emerge from the jungle. “Hazrat Umar (ra) decided that “as soon as the Holy Prophet (sa) would go into prostration, he would kill him. “The Holy Prophet (sa) began to offer his prayers with such anguish and fervency “and offered praise to Allah the Almighty in his prostrations in such a manner
“that Hazrat Umar’s (ra) heart was moved. “He lost all his courage “and the hand with which he sought to carry out the act of killing became completely lax (the softening of his heart has been described in this particular manner in this quote).
“Upon completing his prayer when the Holy Prophet (sa) left to go home, “Hazrat Umar (ra) followed after him. “The Holy Prophet (sa) heard footsteps and enquired who it was “and upon learning who it was, the Holy Prophet (sa) stated, “‘O Umar! Will you not leave me?’
“Fearing lest the Holy Prophet (sa) would pray against him, Hazrat Umar (ra) stated, “‘I have abandoned the plan to kill you, please do not pray against me!’ “Hazrat Umar (ra) would often say that “this was the very first night in which the love for Islam entered his heart.”
I have read out three different quotes; they are from January 1901, August 1902 and June 1904 or perhaps 1907. In all three quotes, the Promised Messiah (as) has mentioned about Hazrat Umar (ra) going to the Kab’ah in order to attack [the Holy Prophet (sa)]. It is possible that perhaps after this incident,
Having been overcome by Nafse Amarah [the state that incites to evil], he may have left during the day as well and that is when the incident involving his sister took place, which is generally quoted [in reference to his acceptance of Islam]. However, in any case, in all three instances,
The Promised Messiah (as) stated this particular incident. Since the Promised Messiah (as) also mentioned the subject of Nafse Amarah here, therefore it is possible that he was overcome by his emotions once again and left [to his sister’s house]. In any case, in both incidents,
Whether it be the one involving his sister and brother-in-law or going in the night to kill [the Holy Prophet (sa)], Hazrat Umar (ra) decided to do this due to the incitement of Abu Jahl and him fixing a reward. The Promised Messiah (as) states, “Abu Jahl has been described as Pharaoh,
“but in my view he was far worse than Pharaoh, because after all Pharaoh had proclaimed: “However, he [i.e.Abu Jahl] did not accept at all. “All of the disorder in Mecca was owing to him. “He was extremely arrogant, selfish and pretentious. “His real name was Amr. “Both Umars belonged to Mecca and it was the divine decree that one of them was drawn towards [the truth]
“whilst the other remained unfortunate. “Whilst his soul is burning in the hell-fire, “Hazrat Umar (ra), on the other hand, did not show stubbornness and eventually became a king.” Hazrat Ibn Umar (ra) relates that when Hazrat Umar bin Al-Khattab (ra) accepted Islam, the Holy Prophet (sa) tapped his hand on his chest three times
And recited the following prayer: “O Allah! Remove whatever malice is in his heart and replace it with faith.” The Holy Prophet (sa) offered this prayer three times. As was mentioned earlier that prior to his acceptance of Islam, Hazrat Umar (ra) extremely opposed the Muslims. However, upon accepting Islam,
His acceptance proved to be a means of victory for the Muslims and alleviating them from their hardships. Hazrat Abdullah bin Masud (ra) relates that they did not openly worship Allah until Hazrat Umar (ra) accepted Islam. Abdur Rahman bin Harith relates that Hazrat Umar (ra) stated, “The night in which I accepted Islam,
“I thought that who is the most severe in his enmity “towards the Holy Prophet (sa) from among the Meccans, “so that I may go to him and inform him that I have accepted Islam.” Hazrat Umar (ra) states further, “I thought it was none other than Abu Jahl.
“Thus, in the morning, I went to him and knocked on his door.” Hazrat Umar (ra) states, “Abu Jahl came to me and said, “‘O my nephew! Welcome. What brings you here?’” Hazrat Umar (ra) states, “I replied, ‘I have come to let you know
“‘that I have professed my belief in Allah and His Messenger (sa) “‘and testify to that which he has brought.’” Hazrat Umar (ra) states, “Upon this, he closed the door on me and said, “‘May Allah cause you and what you have believed in to be ruined.’” These were the words of Abu Jahl.
Hazrat Ibn Umar (ra) relates, “When my father, i.e. Hazrat Umar (ra), accepted Islam, “he asked the people that who among the Quraish had the habit of spreading news. “They informed him that it was Jameel bin Muammar Jumhi.” Hazrat Ibn Umar (ra) states, “Hazrat Umar (ra) went to him early in the morning
“and I also followed behind him in order to see what he did. “Even though I was quite young however I could understand everything (this is Ibn Umar (ra) saying this). “When Hazrat Umar (ra) reached him, he said, “‘O Jameel! Are you aware that I have accepted Islam
“‘and have entered the religion of Muhammad (sa)?’” Hazrat Ibn Umar (ra) states, “By God, Hazrat Umar did not have to repeat this statement of his “that he [i.e. Jameel] left with his cloak dragging across the floor “and Hazrat Umar (ra) also followed after him.”
Hazrat Ibn Umar (ra) states, “I followed after my father and saw that he, i.e. Jameel, “stood at the door of the Kab’ah and loudly exclaimed, ‘O people of the Quraish! (This was an announcement he made whilst standing at the door of the Kab’ah). “‘O People of the Quraish!’
“At the time people were sat in groups near the Kab’ah and all turned their attention towards him. “He then continued, ‘Let it be known that “‘Umar bin Al-Khattab has become a Sabi [one who leaves their previous faith].’” The narrator of this tradition states that Hazrat Umar (ra) from behind him said,
“He is lying for I have accepted Islam and I am not a Sabi. “And I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah “and that Muhammad (sa) is His servant and Messenger.” Upon this the Quraish leapt towards Hazrat Umar (ra).
They both began fighting with one another until the sun had completely risen. The narrator states that when Hazrat Umar (ra) became tired and exhausted, he sat down. The people stood around him. Hazrat Umar (ra) said to them, “you can do whatever you wish to do.
“But I swear by Allah that if we reach 300 in number, “then either we will leave Mecca for you or you will leave it for us.” In other words, they will then be able to freely do whatever they wanted. The narrator further states that the Quraish were still in their current state
That an elderly man came forward, who was wearing an embroidered upper garment made from Yemeni cloth. He came close to them and enquired what the matter was. They told him that Hazrat Umar (ra) had become a Sabi [i.e. one who leaves their previous faith]. To this he said, “So what if he has?
“If a person has chosen something for himself, then what concern is that of yours? “Do you think that the Banu Adi bin Ka’b will hand their people over to you? “Leave this person alone.” The narrator states that by God, they all immediately left him.
Hazrat Ibn Umar (ra) – Hazrat Umar’s (ra) son – states, “Long after my father had migrated to Medina, I asked him, “‘O father! On the day you accepted Islam, “‘who was the person in Mecca who admonished the people who were fighting against you “‘and he sent them away?’
“Hazrat Umar (ra) stated, ‘My dear son! It was ‘Aas bin Waail Sahmi.’” There is a narration mentioned in Bukhari in which Hazrat Ibn Umar (ra) relates, “One day, Hazrat Umar (ra) was sat at home in a state of fear. “In that instance, Abu Amr Aas bin Wail Sahmi came
“and was wearing an embroidered cloak and an upper garment made of silk with designs on its hems. “He belonged to the Banu Sahm tribe with whom we had an allegiance with “during the era of Jahiliyyah [era of ignorance prior to the advent of Islam].
“Aas bin Waail said to Hazrat Umar (ra), ‘What is this condition of yours?’ “Hazrat Umar (ra) replied, ‘your people think that “‘since I have become a Muslim they will now kill me.’ “Aas bin Waail stated, ‘No one will be able to get to you.’
“Hazrat Umar (ra) states that he felt assured after he said this. “Aas bin Waail then left and met the people. “The valley of Mecca at the time was full of people, “Aas bin Waail asked them where they were heading to.
“They replied, they were going to the son of Khattab who had forsaken his religion. “Upon this Aas bin Waail stated that they were not to go to him “and subsequently the people returned.” This mention of Hazrat Umar (ra) being fearful does not seem to be correct;
This would be against the disposition of Hazrat Umar (ra). Perhaps seeing Hazrat Umar worried, the narrator thought that he was fearful, as it was mentioned in an earlier narration that Hazrat Umar (ra) renounced his protection and this will be mentioned again later on as well.
Explaining the incident of Hazrat Umar’s (ra) acceptance of Islam, Hazrat Zain-ul-Abideen Waliullah Shah Sahib makes reference to ‘Aas bin Waail stating: “There is mention regarding the persecution of the few people “who accepted Islam prior to Hazrat Umar (ra). “Hazrat Umar (ra) would also have suffered persecution
“had ‘Aas bin Waail Sahmi not announced his protection. “‘Aas bin Waail was considered among the esteemed leaders of the Quraish “and belonged to the Banu Sahm tribe. “His ancestry is as follows: ‘Aas bin Waail bin Hashim bin Sa’id bin Sahm. “He died as a disbeliever prior to the migration.
“Hazrat Umar (ra) belonged to the Banu ‘Adi tribe who were allies to the Banu Sahm tribe. “Owing to this pledge of friendship and support, “‘Aas bin Waail thought it his moral responsibility to assist Hazrat Umar (ra).” However, as I mentioned earlier, Hazrat Umar (ra) renounced his protection soon after.
Regarding this, Hazrat Umar (ra) himself states: “I did not wish to see a Muslim persecuted but remain safe from it myself. (Hazrat Umar (ra) states) “I thought to myself that this is not right. “I should also suffer what the other Muslims are made to suffer.
(Hazrat Umar (ra) further says) “I waited until they were all gathered near the Ka’ba. “I then went to my uncle, ‘Aas bin Waail and said: ‘Listen to what I have to say’ “to which he replied: ‘What is the matter?’ I said: ‘I renounce your protection.’”
Hazrat Umar (ra) states: “Aas bin Waail said: ‘O my nephew! Do not do this.’ “I replied: ‘This is how it will be,’ to which he replied: ‘As you wish.’” Hazrat Umar (ra) then states: “From this time onwards, “either I would be beaten up or I would retaliate and fight,
“until a time came when Allah the Almighty established the honour of Islam.” Muhammad bin Ubaid narrates: “I remember that we were never be able to offer prayers inside the house of Allah “until Hazrat Umar (ra) accepted Islam. “When Hazrat Umar (ra) accepted Islam,
“he fought against the disbelievers to the extent that they eventually left us alone “and we began to offer prayers [in the haram].” Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas’ud says: “From the time Hazrat Umar (ra) became a Muslim, we were granted honour,” there were difficult times later as well,
But they would not consider those difficulties to be as severe as the ones they suffered previously, even though from history we know that even Hazrat Umar (ra) suffered persecution. Hazrat Abdullah bin Hisham (ra) states: “We were with the Holy Prophet (sa), who was holding on to Hazrat Umar’s (ra) hand.
“Hazrat Umar (ra) said to the Holy Prophet (sa): “‘O Messenger of Allah! You are dearer to me than everything except for my own self.’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) said: ‘No, by God in Whose hands is my life, “‘your faith can never be complete unless I become dearer to you than your own self.’ “Hazrat Umar (ra) said to the Holy Prophet (sa): “‘By God! You are now dearer to me than myself.’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) said: ‘Indeed now Umar.’” Meaning that this was now the true state of faith. With regards to Hazrat Umar’s (ra) migration to Medina,
Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas (ra) narrates that Ali bin Abi Talib (ra) said to him: “From among the Muhajireen, I do not know anyone who did not migrate discreetly, “except for Hazrat Umar bin Khattab. “When he decided to migrate, he took his sword, hung his bow across his shoulder,
“held arrows in his hand and went towards the Ka’ba. “The leaders of the Quraish were present in the vicinity of the Ka’ba. “Hazrat Umar (ra) calmly performed seven circuits of the Ka’ba, “and then went to Maqam-e-Ibrahim and offered his prayers with ease. “He then went to each tribe individually and said to them:
“‘May the faces become disfigured and their noses be rubbed in the dust! “‘Whoever wishes for their mother be separated from him, “‘for their children to become orphaned and for their wives to become widowed, “‘should meet me beyond this valley.’” Hazrat Ali (ra) then stated: “Aside from a few weak and helpless Muslims,
“nobody went after Hazrat Umar (ra). “Hazrat Umar (ra) imparted information to them and having guided them, “he set off on his journey.” Hazrat Umar (ra) openly declaring that he was about to migrate has only been mentioned in this narration by Hazrat Ali (ra),
Whereas majority of the biographers hold a different view to this. Muhammad Husayn Haykal has written a book about the life and character of Hazrat Umar (ra). In his book he has argued that with regards to the migration, the Holy Prophet (sa) had instructed to migrate from Mecca quietly and discreetly,
Lest the opponents became aware of it and try to stop them or hinder them. Therefore, in light of this clear instruction, how could it be that Hazrat Umar (ra) would disobey this instruction, especially given that in At-Tabaqat by Ibn Sa’d and Ibn Hisham,
It is written that Hazrat Umar (ra) migrated secretly along with the rest of the Muslims. Nonetheless, if one deems the narration of Hazrat Ali (ra) to be correct, then it could be the case that Hazrat Umar (ra) made this announcement, but did not migrate at that time;
I.e. he announced before the leaders of the Quraish in the vicinity of the Ka’ba that he would migrate, whoever wishes could try to stop him, but then he did not migrate at the time. Then later when it was time to migrate he migrated quietly.
Nevertheless, what Haykal has mentioned is also significant and as mentioned earlier, Ibn Sa’d in At-Tabaqat and Ibn Hisham have also stated this. It seems that in accordance with the command of the Holy Prophet (sa), Hazrat Umar (ra) also migrated quietly along with the other Muslims,
Because given the situation of Mecca at the time, it was not possible to migrate by announcing their intentions. In fact, we find that until the Conquest of Mecca, anyone who migrated had to do so in secret. Nonetheless, if the narration of Hazrat Ali (ra) is to be deemed correct,
Then it could be an action from his own part, but the apparent evidence suggests that this [narration] is not correct. Hazrat Bara bin Aazib (ra) narrates: “The first from among the Muhajireen to reach us was Hazrat Musab bin Umair (ra), “who belonged to the Banu Abd al-Dar tribe,
“followed by Hazrat Ibn Umm Maktum, who was blind and belonged to the Banu Fihr tribe. “After them it was Hazrat Umar bin Khattab (ra) along with 20 people on horseback. “We enquired from them about the Holy Prophet (sa) to which they said
“that he was behind them, (i.e. that he would come after a while). “Then after some time, the Holy Prophet (sa) came and Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was with him.” If this narration is correct, then it is very possible that Hazrat Umar (ra) would have mentioned about his migration before a gathering,
And vehemently announced that if anyone wished they could try to stop him, but then he migrated quietly, because in this narration it is stated that 20 people migrated with him. Nevertheless, Allah knows best. Upon arrival in Medina, Hazrat Umar (ra) stayed in Quba with Rifa’a bin Abdil Munzir.
Quba is an elevated area situated 3 miles from Medina and at the time, some families of the Ansar had settled there. The most eminent from among those families was that of Amr bin Auf. The leader of this family was Kulthum bin Hidam,
With whom the Holy Prophet (sa) stayed when he arrived in Quba. There are various narrations with regards to Hazrat Umar’s bond of brotherhood [Muakhaat]; according to one narration, the Holy Prophet (sa) established a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Umar (ra) and Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (ra). The bonds of brotherhood were formed twice,
Once in Mecca and once in Medina after the migration. In Mecca, the Holy Prophet (sa) established a bond of brotherhood between himself and Hazrat Ali (ra) and between Hazrat Umar and Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). Nonetheless, these bonds of brotherhood are two separate incidents. In Medina, the Holy Prophet (sa) established bonds of brotherhood
Between the Muhajirin and the Ansar. According to one narration, after the migration to Medina, the Holy Prophet (sa) established a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Umar (ra) and Hazrat Uwaim bin Sa’idah. According to another narration, the bond of brotherhood was established between Hazrat Umar bin Khattab (ra) and Hazrat Itban bin Malik.
According to yet another narration, the bond of brotherhood was established between Hazrat Umar (ra) and Hazrat Muadh bin ‘Afra. Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib has written that the bond of brotherhood was established between Hazrat Umar (ra) and Hazrat Itban bin Malik.
With regards to the commencement of the Adhan [call to prayer] there is a narration in which Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Zaid stated on the authority of his father: “We went to the Holy Prophet (sa) in the morning and narrated a dream to him (this was mentioned in relation to Hazrat Abdullah.
But as there is mention of Hazrat Umar (ra) here as well, I will narrate it briefly again, or mention in light of other narrations) “The Holy Prophet (sa) stated: ‘Indeed this is a true dream. “‘Go with Bilal, as he has a more powerful voice, and teach him what you have been taught.
“‘He should go and call [the Adhan].’” “He (i.e. Hazrat Abdullah bin Zaid) narrates: “‘“When Hazrat Umar bin Khattab (ra) heard the voice of Hazrat Bilal calling for the prayer, “‘“he went to the Holy Prophet (sa) in a manner whereby his cloak was dragging behind him
“‘“and said: “O Messenger of Allah! I swear by Him Who has sent you with the truth! “‘“I also saw [in a dream] exactly as he has just recited.”’” The narrator states that the Holy Prophet (sa) said: “All praise belongs to Allah! The matter is now confirmed.”
Whilst mentioning this incident, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states: “In the time of the Holy Prophet (sa), “there was a companion by the name Hazrat Abdullah bin Zaid. “Allah the Almighty taught him the words of the prayer through a vision “and accepting this vision to be true,
“the Holy Prophet (sa) established the practice of calling the Adhan for the Muslims. “Later on revelation of the Quran affirmed this fact. “Hazrat Umar (ra) states: ‘Allah the Almighty also taught me the Adhan, “‘but I remained silent on the matter for 20 days,
“‘thinking that perhaps someone had already mentioned to the Holy Prophet (sa),’ “because he thought that someone had already said something regarding this “and thought it was not necessary to mention again. “The following hadith of the Holy Prophet (sa) refers to this very matter: “‘(ARABIC) “‘meaning ‘a believer is taught something directly
“‘and at times they are taught through means of another.’” I will narrate the remaining accounts in the future, God Willing. At present, I would like to briefly draw your attention towards the fact that today is the last Friday of Ramadan. It should not be regarded merely as the last Friday of Ramadan,
Rather this Friday should be a source of opening new avenues for us in the future. We should strive in all those matters which we have been reminded of during the month of Ramadan and all the virtuous deeds which we were able to carry out during the month, and continue them even after Ramadan.
In fact we ought to try and excel in them. Otherwise, if we do not maintain these virtuous deeds and pious changes and do not excel in them, then there is no benefit in us simply passing through the month of Ramadan. Last Friday, I drew your attention towards reciting ‘durood’
[sending salutations upon the Holy Prophet (sa)] and ‘istighfar’ [seeking forgiveness from God]; this should not be limited to Ramadan alone and it should not be the case that after Ramadan is over, we become immersed in the world to such an extent that we abandon prayers and seeking forgiveness (istighfar);
I especially drew your attention to the fact that we must always bear this point in mind. We are passing through a time where the Dajjal [Antichrist] is using new ploys and the lure and attraction of this world has taken hold over most people,
And at times, even our children and youth become influenced by these things. When this is the case, it is vital for us to pray a great deal ourselves; may Allah Almighty save us from these satanic attacks and from those of the Dajjal.
We must stay closely attached to our children and after forming a special bond with them we must teach them about the existence of God Almighty and the beautiful teachings of Islam. Then, by establishing complete certainty within the hearts of our children,
We must attach them to God Almighty in such a manner that no action or deed of theirs, nor any thought contradicts the pleasure and teachings of God Almighty. They should have an answer to every worldly thought and strife. It should not be that they are unable to answer certain things
And thus become influenced by others; rather they should always have an answer whereby they can safeguard themselves from any sort of trial. This alone is the way to guarantee the progress and survival of our future generations and this alone is the right way of saving them from falling into trial.
However, this cannot happen until we ourselves adopt high standards of belief and certainty and until we reach a degree which behoves a believer. This will only be possible when we have a strong connection with God Almighty; when our prayers and worship become exemplary
And when we realise why we accepted the Promised Messiah (as) and the responsibility thereof. It is a great responsibility upon us, in that we must strengthen our faith and to constantly watch over our actions so that we become the means of saving our progenies.
The level of immorality and indecency that is prevalent today have hardly been witnessed before. These things have now reached every home through the television and the internet. Before the danger was outside of the homes, whereas now the threat is in the homes as well.
Children can secretly watch certain things without anyone realising what they are watching. Hence, there is a great need to be vigilant in this regard. Children of the elders of the Community or of pioneer Ahmadis or of those people who performed ‘bai`at’ [the oath of allegiance] themselves,
Joined the Community and accepted the Imam of the age; and who were prepared to, and made sacrifices in order to safeguard their faith, should always remember that they can only safeguard themselves if they watch over themselves and by giving precedence to their faith over worldly pursuits;
Only then can we save ourselves and our progenies. No matter which elder a family may be associated with or which elder they are the descendants of; merely belonging to the family of a pious person does not grant assurance that Allah Almighty will continue to bestow His favours upon them
Or that will be pleased with them. Everyone is responsible for their own deeds in order to attain the pleasure of Allah the Almighty. Only our own actions can save us; simply being related to someone or belonging to a certain family cannot save us.
Hence, we must always pray a great deal for this and should be mindful of our spiritual weaknesses. We must pray for the spiritual progress of our children and progenies more than praying for their worldly progress. We [already] pray a great deal for their worldly success,
But we should pray even more for their spiritual success. Similarly, those who have accepted Ahmadiyyat on their own must also align their thoughts and actions in this manner. It is only then that we and our progenies can survive. Thus, in the remaining days of Ramadan,
Pray that Allah the Almighty safeguards our faith and the faith of our progenies; may we increase in spiritually; may the standards of our worship remain at the highest levels even after Ramadan; may we establish a strong bond with Allah Almighty; may we remain protected from the schemes and ploys of the ‘Dajjal’ [Antichrist].
Attaining worldly luxuries and comforts should not be our only goal; in fact, [pray that] may Allah Almighty bestow upon us those religious and worldly blessings which will make us grateful and incline towards Him; and enable us to become a true worshiper.
Similarly, with regards to the Coronavirus pandemic, which has engulfed the entire world, I would like to draw your attention to pray especially in order to remain protected from it and also to beseech the mercy of Allah the Almighty. Furthermore, pray especially for Ahmadis residing in such countries
Which continue to oppose Ahmadiyyat and have made life difficult [for Ahmadis], may Allah the Almighty create ease for those Ahmadis. Ahmadis living in Pakistan should always pay special attention towards giving alms, carrying out good deeds and their prayers; during these days and even after.
God-willing, these prayers and efforts to attain the pleasure of Allah Almighty will frustrate and foil all plans and ploys of our opponents. (ARABIC) (‘O my Lord! Everything is dedicated to Your service! ‘My Lord, protect me, help me, and have mercy on me.’) (ARABIC) (‘O Allah! We make You a shield against enemies
‘and we take refuge in Thee from their evil’) These prayers should be recited often; however, it should also be remembered that merely repeating prayers is of no benefit. People write letters [to me] asking which prayers they should recite. To simply utter prayers will be of no avail
Until we offer Salat will full concentration and attention and do justice to it. We should continue offering prayers after Ramadan with the same care and attention as we did during this month. Only then will we become true recipients of Allah Almighty’s mercy and help.
Similarly, we should pray especially to be saved from every kind of trial. May Allah Almighty grant us the ability to successfully pass through the remaining four or five days of Ramadan and to be those who continue these virtues after Ramadan as well.
Also remember, that the more we widen the scope of our prayers, the more blessings of Allah Almighty we will receive. Thus, every Ahmadi should especially pray continuously for all sorts of hardships to be removed from all Ahmadis. In this way, without even realising,
A spirit of mutual love, brotherhood and togetherness will be created. Not only will we receive the blessings of Allah Almighty, but there will also be the practical benefit of increased love and affection. Pray for the Muslim Ummah in general;
They are ruining themselves in this life and in the hereafter by rejecting the Imam of the Age and are heading towards a detrimental path, may Allah the Almighty protect them. Pray for humanity at large; may Allah the Almighty guide them to the right path
And may they be saved from incurring the displeasure of Allah the Almighty. In any case, our duty is to pray, and continue to pray; during Ramadan and afterwards as well. May Allah Almighty grant everyone the ability to do so. All praise is due to Allah
We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him;
And whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you.
Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as one does to one’s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful.
You remember Allah; He too will remember you; call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.