Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2022
Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you.
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. and I bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, The Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. The accounts relating to the expeditions that were sent against the rebels during the era of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra) were being mentioned. According to the details with regards to the seventh expedition that was sent against the rebels,
It is stated that this expedition was led by Hazrat Khalid bin Sa’eed bin ‘Aas, who was sent to confront the rebellious apostates. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) tied the flag for Hazrat Khalid bin Sa’eed bin ‘Aas and sent him to Humqatain which was situated at the border of Syria.
An introduction of Hazrat Khalid bin Sa’eed bin ‘Aas is as follows. His name was Khalid and his title was Abu Sa’eed. His father’s name was Sa’eed bin ‘Aas bin Umayyah and mother’s name was Lubaynah bint Habbab, who was known as Umm-e-Khalid. Hazrat Khalid was among the early people to have accepted Islam.
According to some, he accepted Islam after Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and that he was the third or fourth Muslim. According to others, he was the fifth person to accept Islam. Prior to him, only Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib (ra), Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra),
Hazrat Zaid bin Haritha and Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas had accepted Islam. The incident of Hazrat Khalid’s acceptance of Islam is as follows. He saw in a dream that he was standing on the brink of a fire and that his father was trying to push him into it.
He then saw that the Holy Prophet (sa) was holding him from his back, lest he would fall in. Hazrat Khalid woke up in a state of anxiousness and said, “By Allah! This is a true dream!” Following this, he met with Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and he related his dream to him.
Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said, “A good fortune has been destined for you. “Allah the Almighty wishes to protect you. “This (i.e. the Holy Prophet (sa)) is the Messenger (sa) of Allah. “Follow him, for when you follow him after having accepted Islam, “he will protect you from falling into the fire.
“As a matter of fact, it is your father who will fall into this fire.” Hence, Hazrat Khalid presented himself before the Holy Prophet (sa). (At that time,) the Holy Prophet (sa) was at Ajyad in Makkah. Ajyad is situated adjacent to Mount Safa, where the Holy Prophet (sa) used to graze his sheep.
Hazrat Khalid submitted to the Holy Prophet (sa), “O Muhammad (sa)! What do you call us towards?” The Holy Prophet (sa) stated, “I call people towards God, Who is one and has no partner “and that Muhammad (sa) is His Servant and Messenger. “Furthermore, I call for you to abstain from worshipping these stones,
“who can neither hear or see, nor harm you or benefit you. “Moreover, they are unaware of who worships them and who does not.” Upon this, Hazrat Khalid submitted, “I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah “and I bear witness that you are the Messenger of Allah!”
The Holy Prophet (sa) was extremely happy at Hazrat Khalid’s acceptance of Islam. After having accepted Islam, Hazrat Khalid went into hiding. When his father came to know of his acceptance of Islam, he sent his other sons, who were not Muslims, in order to look for him.
Hence, they found him and brought him to their father. Hazrat Khalid’s father started to rebuke and beat him. He began hitting him repeatedly in the head with the stick that he was holding until he broke it, saying, “You have followed Muhammad (sa) “despite witnessing the opposition he is facing by his people
“and despite the fact that he speaks against their idols and the ills of their forefathers.” Hazrat Khalid replied, “By Allah, I follow Muhammad (sa).” Upon this his father became extremely enraged and said to him, “O foolish person, leave out of my sight and go where you please. I shall no longer feed you.”
Hazrat Khalid then said, “If you stop providing me with food, “then Allah shall grant me the provisions for my sustenance.” His father then expelled him from his home and said to his children that none of them should speak to him. Hazrat Khalid left and stayed with the Holy Prophet (sa).
Generally, he would remain on the outskirts of Makkah, away from his father, lest he be caught once more and be persecuted. The father of Hazrat Khalid severely persecuted the Muslims and was considered amongst the nobles of Makkah. Once, he fell sick, and due to the intensity of his illness he said,
“If Allah cures me of this illness “(it is not known if he said Allah or a name of one of the idols, in any case he said), “if I am cured of this illness then the God of Ibn Abi Kabshah “(i.e. Muhammad (sa)) shall no longer be worshipped in Makkah.
“I shall show such severity whereby I shall drive out all the Muslims from here.” When Hazrat Khalid learnt of this, he prayed (against his father), “O Allah, do not cure him.” Thereafter, he died of this illness. When the Muslims migrated to Abyssinia the second time, Hazrat Khalid was also among those who migrated.
Accompanying him was his wife, Umaimah bint Khalid Khuza’iyyah. Hazrat Khalid’s brother Hazrat Amr bin Sa’eed also migrated with him. During the Battle of Khaibar, Hazrat Khalid went from Abyssinia to the Holy Prophet (sa) alongside Hazrat Ja’far bin Abi Talib. He did not participate in the Battle of Khaibar,
But the Holy Prophet (sa) granted him a portion of the spoils of war. Thereafter, he participated in Umrah al-Qada’, the Conquest of Makkah, and in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophet (sa) such as the battles of Hunain, Ta’if, Tabuk, etc.
He was unable to participate in the Battle of Badr and remained remorseful of this fact. He said to the Holy Prophet (sa), “O Messenger (sa) of Allah, “we were unable to participate in the Battle of Badr.” The Holy Prophet (sa) replied, “Does it not please you
“that the people have only had the honour of migrating once whereas you have migrated twice?” In the book, “An Introduction to the Study of the Holy Qur’an,” Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II (ra) has counted Hazrat Khalid bin Sa’eed bin Aas’ name
As being among the list of scribes who would write down the revelations (of the Holy Qur’an). The Holy Prophet (sa) appointed Hazrat Khalid bin Sa’eed as the alms collector in Yemen. He remained in this post until the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa).
After the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa) he came to Madinah, and Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) asked him why he had returned. He answered that he would not work on behalf of anyone after the Holy Prophet (sa). It is mentioned that he delayed in pledging allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra),
And pledged allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) after the Banu Hashim had pledged allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). Later on, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) appointed Hazrat Khalid as the commander of armies on various occasions. Hazrat Khalid was martyred during the Battle of Marj al-Safar during the Khilafat of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra).
Some have narrated that seeing as the Battle of Marj al-Suffar commenced in 14 AH during the Khilafat of Hazrat Umar (ra), it is said that Hazrat Khalid was actually martyred in Syria, during the Battle of Ajnadain, 14 days prior to the demise of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra).
The details in Tarikh al-Tabari of Hazrat Khalid’s expedition against the apostates are as follows: “When Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) tied the flags for the battles to suppress the apostates “and appointed the commanders, “among those who were appointed was Hazrat Khalid bin Saeed.
“Hazrat Umar (ra) advised Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) against appointing him as a commander “and submitted that no services should be sought from him. “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said no (he disagreed with the view of Hazrat Umar (ra)) “and appointed Hazrat Khalid as the commander of an army to provide reinforcements in Tayma.
“Tayma is a well-known city located between Madinah and Syria. “Accordingly, when Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) instructed Hazrat Khalid bin Saeed to go to Tayma, “he said, ‘Do not move from your position, ‘invite those living in the near vicinity to meet you, ‘accept only those who have not yet become apostates
‘and do not fight until you receive further instructions from me, ‘except in the case that they fight against you.’ “Hazrat Khalid stayed in Tayma and many of the nearby communities joined his forces. “When the Byzantines learned of this great Muslim army, “they sought for reinforcements from the Arabs
“who were under their control to join them for the battle in Syria. “Hazrat Khalid informed Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) of the Byzantines preparations “and the aid they were receiving from the Arab tribes. “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) replied, ‘Advance against them. ‘Do not worry at all and seek help from Allah.’
“As soon as Hazrat Khalid received this reply, he advanced towards the enemy. “As he approached them, it so happened that the enemy was overcome by such awe “that they scattered in all directions and fled. “Hazrat Khalid then occupied the enemy’s territory.
“The majority of the people that had come to Hazrat Khalid accepted Islam. “Hazrat Khalid informed Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) about this victory. “In response, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) instructed, ‘Advance forward, but do not advance so much ‘that the enemy gets an opportunity to attack you from behind.’”
These are the only records found in the books of history regarding the involvement of Hazrat Khalid bin Saeed in the efforts against the apostates during the time of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). Apart from this, his role in the victories in Syria during the time of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra)
Will be mentioned at a later time. The eighth expedition against the rebellious apostates was that under the leadership of Turaifah bin Hajiz. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) tied a flag for Hazrat Turaifah bin Hajiz and instructed him to fight against Banu Sulaim and Banu Hawazin.
According to one narration, it is recorded that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) sent M’an bin Hajiz toward Banu Sulaim and Banu Hawazin. Nevertheless, in Al-Istiyab, ‘Alama ibn Abdul Barr has recorded the name of the father of Hazrat Turaifah and Ma’n as “Hajiz” with the letter “Za”,
While in Usdul Ghabah, ‘Alama Ibn Athir has recorded it as Hajir with the letter “Ra”. After being elected as the Khalifa, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) appointed Hazrat Turaifah bin Hajiz as governor over the Arabs of Sulaim that were firm upon Islam. He worked very sincerely and passionately.
He delivered such effective speeches that caused many Arabs from the Banu Sulaim to join him. In another narration, it is recorded on the authority of Hazrat Abdullah bin Abu Bakr (ra), “The condition of Banu Sulaim was such that after the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa),
“some of them became apostates and reverted to disbelief. “Some among them remained firm in their faith in Islam alongside the leader of their tribe, “Ma’n bin Hajiz, or according to others, his brother Turaifah bin Hajiz. “When Hazrat Khalid bin Walid departed to fight against Tulayhah,
“Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) wrote to Ma’n saying, ‘Take those from among Banu Sulaim with you ‘who are firm upon Islam and join Hazrat Khalid.’ “Hazrat Ma’n appointed his brother Turaifah bin Hajiz as leader in his stead “and went himself to join Hazrat Khalid.”
There is another narration also reported by Hazrat Abdullah bin Abu Bakr (ra): “A man from the Banu Sulaim came to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). “He was known as Fuja, though his real name was Ayyas bin Abdullah. “The name ‘Fuja’ has a connotation of surprise because this person
“would suddenly ambush travellers and settlements to attack and loot them. “For this reason, he was called Faja. “Nonetheless, he came to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and said, ‘I am a Muslim and I desire to wage Jihad against those disbelievers who have become apostates.
‘I request you to grant me a mount and your help.’ “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) provided him with a mount and some weapons.” The details of this event also appear in another narration, stating that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) provided him with two horses,
Or according to another narration, 30 camels, and enough weapons for 30 men and sent 10 armed Muslims to accompany him. This individual set forth from there and began stealing the wealth of any Muslim or apostate that crossed paths with him and killed all those who denied him. He treated everyone in this way.
He killed and martyred Muslims as well. He was accompanied by a man from Banu Sharid known as Najaba bin Abu Maisa. According to one narration, Fuja travelled towards his tribe, and along the way, recruited apostate Arabs. When his ranks increased,
The first thing he did was he killed his Muslim companions and stole their wealth. Thereafter, he began looting and went from one tribe to the next. There was a party of Muslims enroute to Madinah, and he also looted and killed them. First, he looted them, and then he killed and martyred them.
When Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) received news of him, he wrote to Hazrat Turaifah bin Hajiz, while some say that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) actually sent instructions to M’an. From there, Ma’n sent his brother, Turaifah. Nonetheless, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) wrote, “Fuja, God’s enemy, came to me and said that he was a Muslim.
“He requested me to provide him “with the means to fight against those who took up apostasy and therefore, “I provided him with a mount and weapons. “Now, I know for certain that this enemy of Allah approached Muslims and apostates alike, “stole their wealth and killed those that opposed him.
“Thus, take the Muslims with you and kill him or capture him alive and send him to me.” According to one narration, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) also sent Hazrat Abdullah bin Qais to help Hazrat Turaifah. Hazrat Turaifah bin Hajiz set out to combat this individual.
When the two parties came face to face, they fought with arrows alone. One arrow struck Najwa bin Abu Maisa and killed him. Upon seeing the bravery and steadfastness of the Muslims, Fuja addressed Hazrat Turaifah and said, “You are not more entitled than I.
“You are a commander appointed by Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) himself, “and I, too, am a commander appointed by him.” He tried, through his shrewdness, to halt the battle. Hazrat Turaifah said to him, “If you are truthful, then drop your weapons. “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) has sent me to capture you.
“Drop your weapons and come with me to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). “There it will be decided whether you have been made commander or not.” Fuja accompanied Hazrat Turaifah to Madinah. When the two of them came to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra),
Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) instructed Hazrat Turaifah to take (Fuja) to Baqi’ and burn him. He was given this punishment because this is exactly how he treated the Muslims. Hazrat Turaifah took him there, lit a fire and threw him into it. According to one narration, Fuja fled during the battle,
Hazrat Turaifah captured him after pursuing him and sent him to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). When he arrived before Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), there was a great fire prepared for him in Madinah. His hands and feet were tied and he was thrown into the fire. The ninth expedition against the rebel apostates
Was that under the command of Hazrat Ala bin Hazrami. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) entrusted one of the flags to Hazrat Ala bin Hazrami and instructed him to go to Bahrain. Bahrain was between Yamamah and the Persian Gulf and it included present day Qatar and the Island of the Bahranian Kingdom.
It was not the smaller Bahrain of today but used to be quite vast. The capital was called Dareen. During the time of the Holy Prophet (sa) Munzir bin Sawa was the King there, who entered the fold of Islam. In those days, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia were called al-Asa.
Hazrat Ala bin Hazrami’s background is that his name was Ala. His father’s name was Abdullah and he belonged to the Yemeni region of Hadhramaut. He had the honour of accepting Islam at its outset. One of Hazrat Ala bin Hazrami’s brothers, Amr bin Hazrami, was the first disbeliever to be killed by a Muslim
And his wealth was the first in the Islamic era to be distributed as Khums. It is recorded with regards to the initial factors leading to the Battle of Badr that one of them was his killing. One of Hazrat Ala bin Hazrami’s brothers, Amir bin Hazrami, was killed in the Battle of Badr
Whilst still in the state of disbelief. When the Holy Prophet (sa) sent letters to various kings inviting them to Islam, Hazrat Ala bin Hazrami was entrusted with the task of carrying the letter addressed to Munzir bin Sawa, the King of Bahrain. Thereafter, the Holy Prophet (sa) appointed him as a governor in Bahrain.
When Hazrat Ala bin Hazrami conveyed the message of Islam to Munzir bin Sawa, he accepted Islam. When Munzir received the message of Islam, he replied by saying, “I have pondered over this matter and I realised “that whatever I possess is for the world, not for the hereafter.
“(In other words he said that whatever he had was all worldly “(and he had not prepared at all for the hereafter). “When I pondered over your religion, I found it beneficial for both this world and the hereafter. “Therefore, there is nothing that can hinder me from accepting this faith.
“I am convinced of the truthfulness of Islam. “This faith contains the desire to live this life and also grants comfort after one’s demise.” He said, “I used to be astonished at those who accepted this (religion) “whereas now, I am astonished at those who reject it.
“When I learned of these beautiful teachings my perspectives changed entirely.” He continued, “The greatness of the law brought by the Holy Prophet (sa) “demands that he be honoured and revered.” Hazrat Ala remained the governor of Bahrain until the Holy Prophet’ (sa) demise.
He remained in the same post during the era of Hazrat Abu Bakr’s (ra) Khilafat and Hazrat Umar (ra) also kept him in the same post until he passed away during the era of Hazrat Umar’s (ra) Khilafat. According to Tabaqat ibn Sa’d, once the people of Bahrain
Complained to the Holy Prophet (sa) about Hazrat Ala bin Hazrami upon which the Holy Prophet (sa) removed him from his post and appointed Hazrat Aban bin Sa’eed bin Aas as the governor. After the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa) when apostasy and rebellion became rampant there,
Hazrat Aban returned to Madinah and relinquished his post. When Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) desired for him to return to Bahrain, he excused himself and stated that after the Holy Prophet (sa) he would not serve as a governor for anyone else. Upon this, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) reinstated
And sent Hazrat Ala bin Hazrami as the governor of Bahrain, a capacity in which he remained until his demise. Hazrat Ala was known as one whose prayers would be answered, regarding which there are various narrations. Hazrat Abu Hurairah used to say that he had been greatly influenced by his qualities
And the acceptance of his prayers. Among many other things, it is mentioned in one narration that once they departed from Madinah towards Bahrain when along the way they ran out of water. Hazrat Ala bin Hazrami prayed to Allah
Upon which he saw a spring flowing from under the sand and they all drank to their fill. Then, Hazrat Abu Hurairah states, “I accompanied Ala and his army from Bahrain towards Basra. “We were in Liyath when he passed away “(Liyath was the name of a village in the area of Banu Tamim).
“We were in an area where there was no water. “Allah the Almighty manifested a small cloud for us which brought forth rain upon us. “We washed his body and dug a grave for him with our swords. “We did not make the inner cavity of the grave at the time
“with the thought that we would return to do so, “however we were unable to locate his grave upon returning after some time.” There are varying opinions as to his demise; according to some, he passed away in 14 AH while according to others, it was in 21 AH.
It is recorded with regards to Bahrain’s state of affairs that it was under the reign of the kings of Heerah who were subordinate to the kings of Persia. Prior to Islam, Heerah was the royal seat for the kings of Iraq. The costal and trade cities of Bahrain had mixed populations;
They included Persians, Christians, Jews and Jaats. The Persians controlled the trade in the Arab lands. There was also a group of traders from India and Iran who had settled between the mouth of the Euphrates River and the coastal area of Adan.
These tradesmen also started marrying the local people and their progenies would be called Abna’. There were three large tribes and their sub-tribes residing in the environs of these coastal cities. One was Bakr bin Wa’il, the second was Abd al-Qais and the third was Rabi’iah.
Many of the families belonging to these tribes were Christian. Breeding horses, camels and sheep along with planting date orchards was their specialty. The people who oversaw all of these things were the local leaders who were trusted by the government of Heerah.
One of them was Munzir bin Sawa who lived in the Hajar district of Bahrain and governed over the tribe of Abd al-Qais which dwelled near Hajar. There were two delegations from Abd al-Qais which met the Holy Prophet (sa);
One went to the Holy Prophet (sa) in 5 AH and comprised 13 or 14 people while the second delegation from Abd al-Qais went to the Holy Prophet (sa) again in `Aam al-Wufood, or 9 AH and comprised 40 people including Jarut. Jarut was a Christian who became a Muslim upon going there.
According to one narration, this delegation had already accepted Islam before going to the Holy Prophet (sa). The Persians, Christians and Jews of Hajar had reluctantly agreed to pay Jizyah. The remaining dwellings and cities of Bahrain remained non-Muslim however from time to time, they would raise rebellion at every opportunity.
When Munzir bin Sawa accepted Islam, the Holy Prophet (sa) retained him as the ruler of Bahrain as per the customs of the time. After accepting Islam, he began inviting his people to the true religion and sent Jarut bin Mu’ala to the Holy Prophet (sa) in order to learn about the faith.
Upon reaching Madinah, Jarut learned about the Islamic teachings and commandments and then returned to teach people and propagate the religion and began acquainting them with the teachings of Islam. A few days after the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa), i.e. 11 AH, Munzir also passed away.
Upon this, Arab as well non-Arab tribes announced their rebellion. The Abd al-Qais tribe said, “If Muhammad (sa) was a prophet, he would not have died,” and thus they became apostates. Hazrat Jarut learnt of this development. Hazrat Jarut was considered among the nobles of his people.
He had travelled to Madinah to learn about Islam and migrated towards the Holy Prophet (sa) and was a good orator. Hazrat Jarut gathered all those who had become apostates and explained to them about the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa); he stood up to deliver a speech in which he said,
“O Abd al-Qais! I ask you one thing; if you know the answer then tell me, “and if you do not know then you do not need to tell me anything.” They replied that he may ask them whatever he wished. Hazrat Jarut said, “Do you not know that Allah’s prophets appeared in the past?”
The people replied, “Yes”, Hazrat Jarut said, “Do you have knowledge about them or have you ever seen them?” The people said, “We have not seen them; we only know about them.” This was the reply of the people. Hazrat Jarut said, “Then what happened to them?” The people said, “They passed away.”
Hazrat Jarut then said, “In the same way that they all passed away, “Muhammad (sa) has also passed away, and I declare ‘there is none worthy of worship, except Allah ‘and that Muhammad (sa) is His Servant and Messenger.’” After listening to his speech and the question and answers, they all said, “We also testify that aside from Allah, there is nobody worthy of worship, “and indeed Muhammad (sa) is His Servant and Messenger.
“We consider you to be our esteemed elder and accept you as our leader.” This is how they remained steadfast upon Islam and were saved from the wave of apostasy. The remaining Arab and non-Arab tribes became resolute on ending the authority of Madinah. The Persian government supported them
And gave charge of leading the rebellion to a prominent Arab chief. When Abban bin Saeed bin Aas – the representative of the Holy Prophet (sa) in Hajr – saw the dark clouds of rebellion rising up, he left for Madinah. Although some of the people from the Banu Abd al-Qais tribe accepted Islam (again),
However, the other tribes of Bahrain, led by Hutam bin Zubai’ah, remained firm on their rebellious stance. They adopted kingship and appointed Munzir bin Nu’man, who was from among the family of Munzir, as their king. According to one narration, when they wished to appoint Munzir bin Nu’man as their king,
A group of nobles and chiefs of the tribe went to see the Persian king. They requested permission to come in his presence, for which he granted them permission. They went before the king and offered praise that was befitting his status. The Persian king said, “O ye Arabs! What matter has brought you here?”
They replied, “Your highness! The person who the tribes of Quraish and Muzar “considered most honourable has passed away (this was referring to the Holy Prophet (sa)) “and now after him a person who is frail and has poor judgement has stood as his successor. “(They gave this opinion about Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra)).
“His governors have returned to their fellow companions in order to seek guidance. “Today, the area of Bahrain has slipped from their grasp; “except for a small party of the Abd al-Qais tribe everybody has left Islam. “According to us, they have no standing or repute.
“We have the upper hand over them in terms of infantry and cavalry. “Send someone to capture Bahrain, as there will be nobody to prevent him from taking over.” The Persian king said, “Who would you like for me to send with you to Bahrain?” They replied, “Whatever his royal highness deems suitable.”
The Persian king replied, “What is your opinion with regards to Munzir bin Nu’man bin Munzir?” They replied, “Your highness, we prefer him and would not like to appoint anyone other than him.” The Persian king then called Munzir bin Nu’man,
Who was just a youth and did not even have a fully grown beard yet. He adorned him with a robe of honour and gave him a crown. He was given 100 men as cavalry and a further 7000 men as infantry.
He was then ordered to go to Bahrain with the Bakr bin Wail tribe. Along with him were Abu Zubai’ah Hutam bin Zaid; his name was Shurih bin Zuba’iah and he belonged to the Banu Qais bin Tha’labah tribe; his title was Hutam; after having accepted Islam, he became an apostate;
And also with him were Zubyan bin Amr and Musma’ bin Malik. The first thing they tried to do was to sway Jarut and the Abd al-Qais tribe from Islam, but they were unsuccessful. Subsequently, Hutam bin Zubai’ah tried to subdue them with force.
He rallied together all those people who were foreign merchants or had not accepted Islam. The Abd al-Qais tribe gathered around their leader, Hazrat Jarut bin Mualla, along with their allies and slaves, which totalled 4,000 people. The Bakr bin Wail tribe camped near to them with their force of 9,000 Iranians and 3,000 Arabs.
Subsequently the two groups clashed in a fierce battle and the Bakr bin Wail tribe were dealt a blow; many people from this tribe as well as the Iranians were killed. Then a second severe confrontation (between the two camps) took place; this time the Abd al-Qais suffered great losses.
Each group would confront the other in this way and this battle lasted many days, in which a lot of people were killed. The people of the Abd al-Qais tribe sought a peace treaty from the Bakr bin Wail (tribe). The Abd al-Qais knew that at that point,
They stood no chance against the might of the Bakr bin Wail. Thus they suffered defeat and they retreated to their fortress called Juwatha, which was situated in Hajr. Juwatha is the name of a settlement in Bahrain, and this was where the first Friday Prayers was offered after the Prophet’s mosque.
In Sahih Al-Bukhari there is a narration from Hazrat Ibn Abbas (ra) wherein he states: Meaning “The first Friday prayers to be offered after the Holy Prophet’s (sa) mosque “was in the mosque of the Abd al-Qais in Juwatha in Bahrain.” The Banu Bakr bin Wail advanced along with their Iranian comrades and reaching their fort, they surrounded it and stopped any food provisions reaching them.
On this occasion, a man from the Banu Bakr bin Kilab, Abdullah bin Auf Abadi, whose name is also recorded as Abdullah bin Auf, composed some couplets; addressing Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and the people of Madinah, he expressed his helplessness and vulnerability and also spoke about their courage and patience.
Because it is a lengthy poem, I will read out its translation which is as follows. “O listener! Convey my message to Abu Bakr and the men of Madinah: “Will I receive any help from you for those young men in Juwatha who entered the night “whilst in a state of hunger and besiegement?
“Their blood has been spilt on every path as if they are rays of sunlight “which are causing every eye that looks upon it to be blinded. “The tribes of Banu Zuhl, Ijl, Shaiban and Qais “have besieged all of them through their oppression. “They are being led by Ghuroor.
“(Ghuroor’s actual name was Munzir bin Nauman bin Munzir). “He intends to unlawfully seize our wives and children. “When the siege they laid had intensified and prolonged, “they gained complete control over us and we were placed in a trial as a result.
“We put our trust in the Gracious God for we have witnessed His grace “being bestowed upon those who place their trust in Him. “Thus, we are content at the fact that Allah is our Lord and that Islam is our religion. “The conditions will return to normality eventually
“but the progeny of our forefathers have lost their senses, “hence we shall remain firm upon Islam and fight against them until one of us is killed. “We shall fight with the sharp swords, which cuts through the helmet and armour.” This was the message composed in the form of a poem which Abdi sent.
After reading this poem, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) became extremely emotional upon learning of the condition of Abd Al-Qais. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) called for Hazat Ala bin Hazrami and appointed him as the commander of the army and sent him along with 2,000 men from among the Muhajirin and Ansar towards Bahrain
In order to help Abd Al-Qais. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) also instructed them that, “Whichever tribe among the Arabs you pass, “encourage them to fight against the Banu Bakr bin Wail. “This is because they have come with Munzir bin Nauman bin Munzir, “who has been appointed by the king of Persia.
“The king has placed a crown on his head “and he intends to extinguish the light of Allah and they have killed the pious servants of Allah. “Thus, you ought to depart whilst reciting: (ARABIC) “That is, none has the power to refrain from evil nor perform a good deed,
“except through the help of Allah.” Hazrat Ala bin Hazrami set off and when he passed near Yamamah, Hazrat Thumama bin Uthal bin Hanifah and his men joined with him and also Qais bin Asim also joined the army of Hazrat Ala bin Hazrami along with his tribe, Banu Tamim.
Before this, Qais bin Asim was among those who refused to pay the Zakat and stopped sending the Zakat to Madinah, which had been collected by his tribe and instead retuned the money to its people. However, when Hazrat Khalid bin Walid defeated the Banu Hanifah in Yamama,
Qais bin Asim realised that it was better to reconcile and join the Muslims. And so, he collected the Zakat from his tribe, Banu Tamim, and joined the army of Hazrat Ala bin Hazrami. Hazrat Ala was taking his army to Bahrain from Dahna.
Dahna is situated in the area belonging to the Banu Tamim and lies between Basrah and Makkah. The narrator states that when they reached there, they received an instruction to camp there. However, the camels became uncontrollable in the night and ran away leaving them with no camels, provisions or tents.
Everything that had been loaded upon the camels was lost in the dessert. This incident occurred when everyone had dismounted from their camels and had not yet taken off their provisions that had been placed upon them. At that time, they were overcome by grief and sorrow.
Everyone had lost all hope of life and were expressing their final testimonies to one another. In that instance, a caller appointed by Hazrat Ala came and instructed everyone to gather in one place. They all gathered around him and Hazrat Ala stated, “What is this state of apprehension and desperation that I am observing?
“Why are you all so worried?” Upon this, people replied, “These are such a state of affairs “that we cannot be blamed for (having such a reaction). “Our camels have fled and our condition at present is such “that if we enter into the next day like this,
“we will all be completely destroyed even before the sun has fully risen.” Hazrat Ala stated, “O people, do not fear! Are you not Muslims? “Have you not come to do Jihad in the way of Allah? Are you not the helpers of Allah?” Everyone responded, “Indeed that is correct.”
Hazrat Ala stated, “Glad tidings are given to you “for Allah will never abandon such people who are in a condition like yours.” The Fajr Azan was called at the break of dawn and Hazrat Ala led the prayers. Some people performed Tayammum and offered their prayer as there was no water available,
Whilst others still had their ablution intact from before. When the prayer concluded, Hazrat Ala sat upon both knees and began to supplicate. Everyone else followed suit. Hazrat Ala raised his hands and began to fervently pray and everyone else did the same. They continued to pray until the sun had risen.
When a little bit of the sunlight appeared from the east, Hazrat Ala turned towards the rows of people and stated, “Is there anyone who can find out what this light is?” Someone went to find out and upon returning said, “This light is a mirage.
“(It was not actual water but a mirage from where the light was shining).” Hazrat Ala occupied himself in prayer once again and again saw that light emerge. Upon investigating it again, they were informed that it was a mirage. Then for a third time the light appeared
And this time the person who brought the news about it stated that it was water. Hazrat Ala stood up and everyone else also stood up. They came to the water and everyone drank from it and washed themselves. A spring had emerged from there. The sun had not fully risen yet
When the camels belonging to those people could be seen running towards them from every direction. They came and sat next to them. Everyone took hold of their mount and nothing was lost from their possessions. This was a miracle wrought through prayer in that Allah the Almighty produced a source for water there
And their camels also returned to them. The people also gave the water to their camels and they all drank from it to their fill and also their animals, and they also took some water along with them as well and rested comfortably.
Minjab bin Rashid states, “At the time, Hazrat Abu Hurrairah was with me. “When he had gone quite some distance ahead from where we were, “he asked me whether I knew the area where the water was. “I stated that I knew every inch of the area more than any other Arab.
“Hazrat Abu Hurrairah then asked me to take him where the water was. “Subsequently, I turned my camel and brought to the exact location where the water was. “However when we got there was no waterhole and not even any trace of water.
“I said to Hazrat Abu Hurrairah, ‘By God, even though I cannot see any water here ‘but even then I will say that this is precisely the place where we collected water from. ‘And I had never seen such clean and sweet water here before this day.’
“Even at that time our vessels were filled with water. “Upon this, Hazrat Abu Hurrairah stated, ‘O Abu Sahm! ‘By God, this indeed is that very location ‘and that is why I have come here and brought you with me.
‘I filled my vessels with water and had left them at the edge of the waterhole, ‘so as to find our whether this was a miracle of Allah ‘or simply as a result of water produced by rainfall.
‘Upon seeing this, indeed it is a miracle of Allah which He manifested in order to save us.’” Hazrat Abu Hurrairah then praised Allah and retuned from there and camped at Hajr. Hazrat Ala had written a letter to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) which stated:
“Allah the Almighty caused a water spring to emerge for us in the valley of Dahna, “even though there was no sign of water there. “He manifested a miracle for us after we had experienced great hardship and worry. “This is a lesson for us all in that we ought to praise Him.
“Thus, I request you to pray to Allah for us and seek help for those who serve the faith.” “This was the report that was sent by Hazrat Ala to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) “upon the incident of finding water there. “Hazrat abu Bakr (ra) praised Allah the Almighty, prayed to Him and then stated,
“the Arabs would often say regarding the valley of Dahna “that when Hazrat Luqman (as) was once asked by the people “as to whether they should dig in this land for water, “he told them not to dig and said to them that water will never emerge from there.
“Therefore, for a spring to emerge from there is a huge sign of Allah’s power “which we had never heard about from any nation of the past.” Thus, the companions would experience such miracles as well who would go on expeditions in the way of Allah the Almighty.
In any case, the remaining account shall, InshAllah, be mentioned in the future. All praise is due to Allah We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls
And from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him; and whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad (sa) is His servant and Messenger.
O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you. Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as one does to one’s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves
And evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful. You remember Allah; He too will remember you; call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.