Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2018
Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah.
I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah. Come to Prayer, Come to Prayer. Come to success, Come to success. Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is none worthy of worship except Allah. Peace be upon you all,
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah He is alone and has no partner and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His Servant and Messenger After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful. Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. From today, I will resume relating the accounts of the Companions [of the Holy Prophet (saw)], who participated in the Battle of Badr. The first Companion, who I shall mention about is Hazrat Sinan Bin Abi Sinaan,
Who belonged to the tribe of Banu Asad and was a confederate of the Banu ‘Abd ash-Shams. He participated in the Battle of Badr. He also accompanied the Holy Prophet (saw) in all of the Battles, that he faced, including Uhud, Khandaq and Hudaibiya.
There are varying opinions as to who performed the first Bai’at [oath of allegiance] during the Bai’at-e-Rizwan. According to some, it was Hazrat ‘Abdullah Bin ‘Umar, who performed the Bai’at. Whilst other have mentioned the name of Hazrat Salma Bin Akwa’ instead. However, according to Waqidi, it was Hazrat Sinann Bin Abi Sinaan,
Who first performed the Bai’at. Yet some others are of the opinion that it was the father of Hazrat Sinan who had the honour of performing the Bai’at first. In any case, it is recorded in history that when, at the occasion of the Bai’at-e-Rizwan, the Holy Prophet (saw) started taking the Bai’at,
Hazrat Sinan also extended his hand so that he could take his Bai’at. Upon this, the Holy Prophet (saw) asked, “What is it that you are pledging for?” Hazrat Sinan (ra) replied, “Whatever, you have intended.” Upon this, the Holy Prophet (saw) said, “What have I intended? Do you know?”
Since the Companions had been inspired by the company of the Holy Prophet (saw), he replied, “[You have intended] to attain victory or martyrdom.” Upon this the other people also started to say that, they also perform the Bai’at at the terms at which Hazrat Sinan (ra) is performing his Bai’at.
Hazrat Sinaan (ra) was from among the prominent Muhajir companions, [i.e. those who migrated to Medina from Mecca]. When Tulaiha Bin Khuwailid claimed prophethood, it was Hazrat Sinan who first informed the Holy Prophet (saw), by writing a letter to him as he was the governor of Banu Malik at that time.
The second Companion, whose account will be given is Hazrat Mahja, who was previously a slave of Hazrat ‘Umar. His father’s name was Salih. He became the first martyr during the Battle of Badr. He came from Yemen. In the beginning, he was brought before Hazrat ‘Umar as a prisoner.
At that time, Hazrat ‘Umar freed as an act of benevolence. He was from among the early Companions who migrated to Medina. He participated in the Battle of Badr. He had the honour, as mentioned before, that he was the first martyr of the Muslim army.
He was standing among the ranks, when an arrow hit him suddenly and he died as a result of it. Amir Bin Hazrami martyred him. It was his arrow that struck him. It is narrated by Hazrat Sa’ad Bin Musayyab that when Hazrat Mahja was martyred, he was uttering the following words: (Arabic)
That is: “I am Mahja and to my Lord I am returning.” Hazrat Mahja was among the people, regarding whom the following verse was revealed: “And drive not away those who call upon their Lord morning and evening, seeking His countenance.” Apart from him, the following companions were also included in this; Hazrat Bilal, Hazrat Sohaib, Hazrat Ammar, Hazrat Khabbab, Hazrat Utbah bin Ghazwan, Hazrat Aus bin Khauli and Hazrat Amir bin Fuhaira. This revealed verse does not mean that
The Holy Prophet (saw) used to, God forbid, repudiated the poor. His love, honour, respect and kindness for the poor was unparalleled and extraordinary and we can gauge this from the Ahadith [sayings of the Holy Prophet (saw)] as well as from the personal testimonies of the poor.
This verse actually serves as a response to those affluent and highly ranked people, who desired to receive more honour and respect. In response to that God Almighty stated that He has already commanded the Prophet (saw) that respecting and honouring those impoverished people,
Who have greatly excelled in terms of remembering Allah and worshipping Him, is more valuable in the sight of God Almighty than their personal wealth and family honour. In fact, a Prophet of Allah does as he is commanded by God. Hence, this verse actually serves as a response to those affluent individuals,
Who believed that their status was superior, and therefore states that the Prophet of Allah does not care for their honour and wealth. However, the poor and impoverished people are dear to him. Another Companion is Hazrat Amir bin Mukhallid. The name of his mother was Ammarah bint Khansaa.
He belonged to Banu Malik bin Najjar from the Khazraj tribe. He took part in the Battles of Badr and Uhud and he was martyred on the day of Uhud. Another companion is by the name of Hazrat Hatib bin Amr bin Abd-ish-Shams.
Abu Hatib was hit title and he belonged to the tribe of Banu Amir bin Loi. Asma bint Harith bint Naufal was his mother, who belonged to the tribe of Ashja’. Hazrat Sohaib bin Amr, Hazrat Saleed bin Amr and Hazrat Zakran bin Amr were his brothers.
Amr bin Hatib was among the children of Hazrat Hatib bin Amr and his mother’s name was Waita bint Alqamah. Before the Holy Prophet (saw) went to Dar-ul-Arqam [House of Arqam], he had accepted Islam through the preaching of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). He migrated to Abyssinia on two occasions.
According to one narration, the first person to reach Abyssinia during the first migration was Hazrat Hatib bin Amr bin Abd-ish-Shams. When he migrated from Mecca to Medina, he stayed at the house of Hazrat Jafa bin Abd-il-Munzir, the brother of Hazrat Abu Lababa bin Abd-il-Munzir.
He took part in the Battle of Badr along with his brother, Hazrat Saleed bin Amr, and he also took part in the Battle of Uhud. Hazrat Saleed bin Amr arranged the marriage between the Holy Prophet (saw) and Hazrat Sauda bint Zam’a. According to some, Hazrat Abu Hatib arranged this marriage.
The dowry on that occasion was four hundred dirham. The details of this marriage have been recorded in Tabaqat-ul-Kubra in the following manner that the first husband of Hazrat Sauda, Hazrat Sakran bin ‘Amr, who was the brother of Hazrat Hatib bin ‘Amr, who passed away in Mecca after having returned from Abyssinia.
When the Iddat [prescribed waiting period] of Hazrat Sauda came to an end, the Holy Prophet (saw) had a marriage proposal sent to her. Hazrat Sauda said, “My matter is in your hands”. Upon this, the Holy Prophet (saw) said that she should appoint a man from her tribe
So that he may give her into marriage to him. Subsequently, Hazrat Sauda appointed Hazrat Hatib bin ‘Amr. Thus, Hazrat Hatib gave Hazrat Sauda into marriage to the Holy Prophet (saw). Following Hazrat Khadija, Hazrat Sauda was the first lady whom the Holy Prophet (saw) took into wedlock.
He [Hazrat Hatib] also took part in the Bai’at-e-Rizwan at Hudaybiyyah. Then, there is a companion by the name of Hazrat Abu Huzaima bin Aus. The name of his mother was Amra bint Mas’ud. He is the brother of Hazrat Mas’ud bin Aus. Hazrat Mas’ud bin Aus also took part in the Battle of Badr.
He [Hazrat Huzaima] participated alongside the Holy Prophet (saw) in all battles, including the Battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq [trench]. He passed away during the Khilafat of Hazrat Usman (ra). Then, there is a companion by the name of Hazrat Tamim Maula Khirash. Hazrat Tamim was the freed slave of Hazrat Khirash.
The Holy Prophet (saw) established a bond of brotherhood between him and Hazrat Khabbab bin ‘Utbah, who was also a freed slave. He participated in the Battles of Badr and Uhud. Then, there is a companion by the name of Hazrat Munzir bin Qudamah. Hazrat Munzir bin Qudamah belonged to the tribe of Banu Ghanam.
He participated in the Battles of Badr and Uhud. According to Allama Waqidi, he was appointed for the care of the captives of Banu Qaynuqa. Then, there is a companion by the name of Hazrat Harith bin Hatib. His title was Abu Abdullah. His mother’s name was ‘Umama bint Samit.
He belonged to the Ansar tribe of Aus. He was the brother of Hazrat Tha’labah bin Hatib. Hazrat Harith bin Hatib and Hazrat Abu Lababa bin Abd-il-Munzir were walking towards the Battle of Badr alongside the Holy Prophet (saw) when, at Rauha, the Holy Prophet (saw) appointed Hazrat Abu Lababa bin ‘Abd-il-Munzir
As the governor of Medina and Hazrat Harith bin Hatib as the leader of the tribe of Banu ‘Amr bin ‘Auf and sent them back to Medina. However, considering both of them among the companions that participated in the Battle of Badr, they were also given a share of the spoils of war.
Including the Battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq [trench], he was also blessed to take participate alongside the Holy Prophet (saw) in the Bai’at-e-Rizwan. Since he was prepared and on his way to participate in the Battle of Badr and as he had wholeheartedly intended to participate,
The Holy Prophet (saw) counted him among those who took part in the Battle of Badr, even though he had sent him back having appointed him as the leader. During the battle of Khaybar, a Jew shot an arrow at him from the top of the fort,
Which struck the head of Hazrat Harith bin Hatib and resulted in his martyrdom. Another companion is by the name of Hazrat Tha’labah bin Zaid. He belonged to the Ansar tribe of Banu Khazraj. He participated in the Battle of Badr.
He was the father of Hazrat Thabit bin Al-Jiz’. Hazrat Tha’labah bin Zaid’s title is Al-Jiz. He is called Al-Jiz due to his strong heart, determination and resolve. The trunk of a strong tree is also called Jiz as well as the beam of a roof. Nevertheless, he possessed a strong heart, determination and resolve
And as a result of this, he was given the title of Al-Jiz. No narration of Hazrat Tha’labah bin Zaid has been preserved apart of these details. Another Companion is by the name of Hazrat Uqbah bin Wahab. He was also known as Ibn Abi Wahab.
He was from the tribe of Banu ‘Abd-is-Shams, who had an oath with ‘Abd Manaf. Including the Battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq [trench], he participated in all battles alongside the Holy Prophet (saw). When a Jewish delegation came to Medina in order to meet the Holy Prophet (saw),
The Holy Prophet (saw) preached to them, but they openly rejected his message. Hazrat ‘Uqbah bin Wahab was among the companions, who reprimanded them on their open rejection. This incident has been recorded in the following manner that once, Nu’man bin Adha, Bhari bin Amr and Sha’th bin ‘Adi came to the Holy Prophet (saw).
The Holy Prophet (saw) conversed with him and called him towards the way of Allah the Almighty. He invited him to Islam and admonished him about Divine Wrath. Their reply was similar to the Christians, saying, “O Muhammad (saw),
“whilst you try and incite fear in us, we are the sons of God and are His beloved.” The following verse was revealed by Allah the Almighty in relation to them: “The Jews and the Christians say, ‘We are sons of Allah and His loved ones.’ “Say, ‘Why then does He punish you for your sins? ‘Nay, you are only human beings among those He has created.’ “He forgives whom He pleases and punishes whom He pleases.
“And to Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and what is between them, “and to Him shall be the return.” According to Ibn Ishaaq, after the Holy Prophet (saw) invited the group to accepting Islam and warned them about associating partners with Allah,
They not only rejected the Holy Prophet (saw) but also his teachings. Upon this, Hazrat Maaz bin Jabl, Hazrat Saad bin Abada and Hazrat Uqbah bin Wahab said to them: “O Jewish people! Fear Allah! “We swear by Allah, you know that he is most certainly the Messenger of Allah.
“We witnessed how even before his claim to prophethood, “you would praise his qualities and character.” In reply Raafay bin Haraimla and Wahb bin Yahuza said, “Neither did we ever praise him before and nor has God revealed any scripture “after Moses (as) and nor will He ever reveal any scripture in the future.
“God has not sent any warner or bearer of glad tidings after Moses (as) “and nor will He send any now.” In other words, they completely denied everything even though there are prophecies in the Torah. This is the same case of some of the Muslim scholars of today, who reject the Promised Messiah (as).
First they would cry out for a Messiah to appear and now they say that no Messiah is to come. Another Companion is Hazrat Habib bin Aswad (ra). Hazrat Habib bin Aswad bin Saad was a freed slave from the Ansar tribe Banu Haram. He took part in the Battles of Badr and Uhud.
He left behind no children. We also find mention of him by the name of Khubaib. Another Companion is Hazrat Haseema Ansaari (ra). He belonged to the Banu Ashja tribe. He was a confederate of Banu Ghanam bin Maalik bin Najaar. He participated in the Battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq [trench]
And all other battles with the Holy Prophet (saw). He passed away in the era of Hazrat Muawiya bin Abi Sufiyan. Another companion is by the name of Hazrat Raafay bin Harith. His full name was Raafay bin Harith bin Sawad. He belonged to Ansar tribe of Banu Najjar.
He took part in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophet (saw), including the Battle of Badr, Uhad, Khandaq. He passed away during the Khilafat of Hazrat Usman (ra). Hazrat Raafay bin Harith had a son whose name was Harith. Hazrat Rukhaila bin Thalaba was a Companion, who took part in the Battle of Badr.
There are various versions of his name. Some said Rukhaila and others Rujaila or Ruhaila and so on. His father’s name was Thalaba bin Khalid. He took part in the Battles of Badr and Uhud. He was from a branch of the Banu Khazraj Tribe called Banu Bayaza.
He accompanied Hazrat Ali (ra) during the Battle of Siffin. Hazrat Jaabir bin Abdullah bin Rayaab was another Companion. Hazrat Jaabir is counted amongst the first six men who accepted Islam in Mecca from among the Ansaar. Hazrat Jaabir took part in all battles along with the Holy Prophet (saw) including Badr, Uhud and Khandaq.
He has also related sayings of the Holy Prophet (saw) [Hadith]. At the first Pledge at Aqabah, he was the first among the Ansaar to accept Islam. Some of the Ansaar met the Holy Prophet (saw) at night on the occasion of the first Pledge at Aqaba.
The Holy Prophet (saw) asked which tribe they were from. There were six from the Banu Najjar Tribe present and Hazrat Jaabir proceeded to provide full details in response. They were the following who all became Muslim: Asad bin Zarara,
Auf bin Haaris bin Raafay bin Afraa, Raafay bin Maalik bin Ajlaan, Qutbah bin Aamir bin Hudida, Uqbah bin Aamir bin Naabi bin Zaid and Jaabir bin Abdullah bin Riyaab. When all of these went to Medina, they preached to its people and told them about the Holy Prophet (saw).
Hazrat Saabit bin Aqram bin Thalaba was another Companion who took part in the Battle of Badr. His name was Hazrat Saabit bin Aqram bin Thalaba bin Addi bin Ajlaan. He was confederate of the Ansari Tribe Banu Amr Bin Auf.
In addition to Badr, he took part in all other battles with the Holy Prophet (saw). When the Holy Prophet (saw) arrived in Medina he told Asim bin Addi to make his home in the mosque. However Asim replied, “O Messenger of Allah, I shall not make this mosque into my home
“as Allah the Almighty has revealed what he intended to there, “however you may give it to Saabit bin Aqram as he has no home”. The Holy Prophet (saw) therefore allocated this home to him. He left behind no children. The place in the mosque that was allocated was probably part of the mosque vicinity,
Or right next to the mosque where perhaps prayers had once been offered. Anyways, I feel the translators have not translated this passage properly. Some accounts have context to them and so the Research Cell who send these notes they should do a little research before sending them.
They should not simply translate the notes and send them over like school kids. At the Battle of Mu’ta, after the martyrdom of Abdullah bin Rawaha, the flag of Islam was taken by Hazrat Saabit bin Aqram. He said, “O Muslims! Appoint someone from among you as your leader.”
The people responded, “We appoint you as our leader.” He said that he could not become the leader. Subsequently the people appointed Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed as their leader. This is related in Ibn Hisham’s Seerat Un Nabi (Life/ Biography of the Holy Prophet).
History relates that at the Battle of Mu’tah, when the Muslims first saw the enemy army’s larger numbers laced with weapons and arms, they thought it would be impossible to compete with them. It is narrated by Hazrat Abu Hurrairah that he had taken part in the Battle of Mu’tah.
He relates that when they saw the opposing enemy, with their large numbers, weaponry, horses, gold and silk, they felt it was not possible for the Muslims to challenge them – the sight of them left him bewildered. Upon this Hazrat Saabit bin Aqram said to him,
“O Abu Huraira! You are overcome as if you have seen a massive army.” Hazrat Abu Huraira replied that yes he had. Hazrat Saabit then said, “Did you not join us in Badr? “Did we not see victory despite the bigger numbers of the enemy?
“Indeed, we gained victory then through the Grace of Allah, and here too we will witness the same.” During the Khilafat of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), he left with Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed (ra) to face the rebels. When facing the enemy, Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed (ra) would not attack if
He heard the words of the Azan (the call to prayer in Islam) and if he did not hear the words of the Azan then he would proceed with the attack. When he arrived to face a tribe at the location of Buzakha, he sent forth Hazrat Okasha bin Mehsin
And Hazrat Saabit bin Aqram as informants to obtain intelligence about the enemy. Both of them were riding their horses and the name of Hazrat Okasha’s horse was Alzaram and the name of Hazrat Sabit’s horse was Al-Mahbar. They both confronted Tulayha and his brother Salama
Who had also come forth as informants for the other army. Tulayha faced off against Okasha and Salama faced off against Hazrat Sabit and the brothers martyred both of these companions. There is another narration from Abu Waqid Layswi: “We were about two hundred horsemen riding in front of the army
“and Hazrat Zaid bin Khitab was our Commander in Chief. Sabit and Okasha were in front of us. “It was unbearable to see them when we walked passed them.” As the army caught up to them after their martyrdom. “Hazrat Khalid and the rest of the Muslim army were behind us.
“We stood by the martyred until Hazrat Khalid arrived. “We buried them in their same blood stained clothes at the very location of their martyrdom “as per the instructions of Hazrat Khalid.” It is narrated that when Tulayha converted to Islam, Hazrat Umar (ra) said to him:
“I will not love you because you are the reason “for the martyrdom of Hazrat Okasha and Hazrat Saabit bin Aqram.” Those who had martyred them later became Muslims themselves. Tulayha responded: “O Leader of the believers: Allah Almighty honored them through my hands.” He did not have a progeny.
Muhammad bin Umar states: “Tulayha martyred Hazrat Saabit in 12 Hijri at the location of Buzakha.” Another Companion is by the name of Hazrat Salma bin Salama who took part in the Battle of Badr. He was amongst the Ansar and belonged to Banu Ashar from the Banu Aus tribe.
He was amongst the first to believe in the Holy Prophet (saw) when the news of his advent reached Medina. He participated in the first and second Bait-e-‘Aqbah. He had the honour of participating in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophet (saw), including the Battle of Badr.
Hazrat Umar (ra) appointed him as the ruler of Yamama during his Khilafat. Umar bin Qatadah states: “The Holy Prophet (saw) established a bond of brotherhood between “Hazrat Salma bin Salama and Hazrat Abu Sabra bin Abi Raham.” However, according to Ibn-e-Ishaaq, this brotherhood was established between
Hazrat Salma bin Salama and Hazrat Zubair bin Awam. He narrates an incident from his childhood: “Once, when I was young and was sitting amongst a few of my family members, “a Jewish scholar came there and started speaking about the Day of Judgment,
“reckoning and weighing of good and evil deeds and heaven and hell.” He stated: “The polytheist and idol worshippers shall be thrown in hell fire.” Since his family members were idol worshippers, they did not understand the concept of the dead being raised once again.
They asked this Jewish scholar: “Will the dead actually be raised once again “and will be held accountable for their actions in the hereafter?” They had no concept of the afterlife. He responded: “Yes.” They enquired: “Is there a sign for this?”
In response, he pointed towards Mecca and Yemen and stated: “A prophet will emerge from here.” The asked him: “When will this prophet emerge?” He pointed towards me. I was a child at the time. He pointed towards me and said: “If this boy lives on, then he shall surely see that prophet.”
Hazrat Salma says: “Only a few years had passed since this incident “that we heard about the advent of the Holy Prophet (saw) and we all accepted him.” All the idol and fire worshipers, everyone accepted him. “That same Jewish scholar was also alive at the time
“but he did not accept the Holy Prophet (saw) due to jealousy. “We said to him: ‘You were the one to inform us about the Holy Prophet (saw) advent ‘and now you are the one who is not accepting him.’ “His would respond by saying: ‘This is not the prophet I used to mention about.’
“He says that ultimately this person passed away in a state of disbelief.” During the Khilafat of Hazrat Usman (ra) when the discord increased significantly, Hazrat Salma bin Salama went into seclusion and devoted himself to the worship of God.
That is, he isolated himself in worship of God due to the increased conflicts and discords. There is a disagreement about the time of his demise. Some say he passed away in 34 Hijri and others say he passed away in 45 Hijri.
At the time of his demise, his was 74 years of age. He passed away in Medina. Then there is Hazrat Jabr bin Atiq who was a Companion who participated in the Battle of Badr. He participated in the Battle of Badr and in all the other battles with the Holy Prophet (saw).
He lived in Medina and remained there till the demise of the Holy Prophet (saw). Hazrat Jabr bin Atiq’s title was Abdullah. He had two sons – Atiq and Abdullah and one daughter named Umm-Thabit. The Holy Prophet (saw) established a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Jabr bin Atiq and Hazrat Khubbab bin Arat.
At the conquest of Mecca he was the flagbearer for Banu Mu’awiyah bin Malik. Hazrat Jabr bin Atiq passed away in 61AH during the era of Yazeed bin Mu’awiyah at the age of 71. It should be referred to as an era rather than Khilafat. Hazrat Thabit bin Tha’labah is the name of another Companion.
He was also called Thabit bin Jazr. He was present among the 70 Companions during the second Bai’at of Aqbah. He accompanied the Holy Prophet (saw) during the Battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq, Hudaibiyyah, Khaibar, the conquest of Mecca and during the Battle of Ta’if. He was martyred during the Battle of Taif.
Hazrat Thabit took part in the Battle of Badr along with his father, Hazrat Tha’labah. Another Companion is Hazrat Suhail bin Wahb. His name was Hazrat Suhail bin Wahb bin Rabi’ah bin Amr bin Amir Quraishi. His mother was Daad but she was more well-known as Baizaa.
For this reason, he was also known as Ibn Baizaa. Hence, in some books one may find his name to be Suhail bin Baizaa. He belonged to the Banu Fehr branch of the Quraish tribe. He accepted Islam in its early years.
After accepting Islam he migrated to Abyssinia and stayed there for a long time. When Islam began being preached openly he returned to Mecca and then went to Medina after the Holy Prophet (saw). Alongside Hazrat Suhail was his brother Hazrat Safwan bin Baizaa who took part in the Battle of Badr.
When he participated in the Battle of Badr he was 34 years of age. He accompanied the Holy Prophet (saw) in the Battle of Uhud, Khandaq and in all other battles of the Holy Prophet (saw). His other brother, Sahl participated in the Battle of Badr on the side of the idolaters.
Allamah ibn Hajr Asqilani writes that Sahl accepted Islam in Mecca but did not disclose it to anyone, so the Quraish took him along to Badr and was then imprisoned. Hazrat ibn Mas’ud wrote in testimony to him that he observed him praying in Mecca, and so he was released.
He later passed away in Medina and the Holy Prophet (saw) led his and Hazrat Suhail’s funeral prayer in the mosque. Hazrat Suhail bin Baizaa narrates that the Holy Prophet (saw) sat him behind on his mount on the journey to the Battle of Tabuk.
He says that the Holy Prophet (saw) exclaimed out loud, “O Suhail.” The Holy Prophet (saw) repeated this 3 times and every time Hazrat Suhail would reply, “Labbaik ya Rasulullah!” to the point where the other people also were able to hear this.
Subsequently, the people ahead rushed to him and those behind also drew closer to him. This was their manner of calling people and to draw everyone’s attention. The Holy Prophet (saw) there upon said, “He who bears witness that God Almighty has no partner, “He is One and there is none like unto Him,
“then God Almighty will save such a person from entering the Fire.” This is in a book of history which Muslims also read that this is also a definition of a Muslim, however their actions and edicts are in contradiction to this.
Hazrat Anas relates that we did not use to have any wine except for Fadikh i.e. the wine made from dates. He says that once I was stood giving Abu Talha and some others wine to drink when all of a sudden a person came and said, “Have you not received the news?.”
He asked, “Which news?” He replied, “Wine has been prohibited.” The people whom Hazrat Anas was giving to drink then said to Anas, “Anas, empty these jars.” After the man had given them the news they never asked about wine, nor did they ever drink it again. One instruction was issued
And they obeyed in such a manner that they never enquired about wine again. It is proven in another Hadith that with Hazrat Abu Talha was Hazrat Abu Dajjana and Suhail bin Baizaa who were drinking wine at the time.
In 9 Hijri, on the way back from the Battle of Tabuk he passed away and the Holy Prophet (saw) led his funeral prayer in Masjid Nabwi. At the time of his demise he had no offspring. Hazrat Ibad bin Abdullah bin Zubair narrates that Hazrat A’isha instructed
That the funeral of Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas should be passed through the mosque i.e. it should be brought to the mosque so that she too could perform the funeral prayer. The people found this request of Hazrat A’isha to be unsuitable and strange so Hazrat A’isha stated,
“How quickly do you forget that the Holy Prophet (saw) led the funeral prayer “of Suhail bin Baizaa in the mosque.” They were under the impression that it should be performed in an open space, so Hazrat A’isha corrected them by saying that it can be done so in the mosque.
Hazrat Tufail bin Harith was a Companion who alongside his brothers Hazrat Ubaidah and Hazrat Haseeb participated in the Battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq and all other battles with the Holy Prophet (saw). The Holy Prophet (saw) established the bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Tufail bin Harith
And Mundhir bin Muhammad and according to some narrations with Hazrat Sufyan bin Nasr. Hazrat Tufail passed away at the age of 70 in 32AH. Then there is another Companion named Hazrat Abu Saleed Usairah bin Amr. Usairah bin Amr was his name, and Abu Saleed was his title
And he was more well-known as Abu Saleed. His father, Amr, was also known by the title of Abu Kharijah. He was with the Holy Prophet (saw) in the Battle of Badr and all the other battles. He belonged to the Adiyy bin Najjar branch of the Khazraj tribe.
His father, Abu Kharijah bin Amr bin Qais was also a Companion who participated in the Battle of Badr. His son Abdullah narrated from him that the Holy Prophet (saw) forbid the eating of the meat of a donkey and at the time the pots were filled with the donkey meat being cooked in them,
So they emptied the pots right away. Hazrat Tha’labah bin Hatib Ansari was a Companion from Banu Amr bin Auf. He participated in the Battle of Badr and Uhud. He belonged to the Banu Amr bin Auf branch of the Aus tribe, as has been mentioned.
There are narrations stating that he participated in the Battle of Badr and some other battles. Hazrat Ummamah Bahli narrates that Tha’labah bin Hatib Ansari went to the Holy Prophet (saw) and said, “O Messenger of Allah, “pray to God Almighty that I am granted wealth.”
The Holy Prophet (saw) then said, “Alas, few are those who are grateful “and are unable to control their wealth.” He did not pray at the time. A little while later he approached him once again and asked, “Pray that I am granted wealth.” The Holy Prophet (saw) then answered,
“Is my example not sufficient for you with regards to the wealth you desire?” The Holy Prophet (saw) then said, “By the One in Whose Hand is my life, “if I said to the mountains to become gold and silver for me “and, it would indeed happen, however I do not do so.
“For one should not have much desire for such wealth.” For a third time he went to the Holy Prophet (saw) and said, “Pray to God Who sent you with the truth, that I am bestowed wealth.” The Holy Prophet (saw) thereupon prayed for Tha’labah to be granted wealth.
The narrator states that he had a few goats, but after this he was blessed so immensely that they increased just like ants and insects. It so happened that to take care of them he stopped offering his Zuhr and Asr prayers in the mosque, and did so at home.
Then the cattle increased even further and he stopped attending the Friday prayers. On Friday, the Holy Prophet (saw) would enquire about people and so he asked about Tha’labah. The people said that he has such a large herd of goats that the whole valley is filled with them.
This is why it takes him time to tend them. Regardless, the Holy Prophet (saw) expressed his sorrow over this. He expressed sorrow three times. Then when the verses of Zakat were revealed, the Holy Prophet (saw) sent two people to him to collect the Zakat.
When they went to Tha’albah, he did not give the Zakat and again made an excuse. He then said: “I was thinking that if you both collect the Zakat from other places “and before returning home you should pass by here.” The collectors then visited other people.
At one place a person presented the best camel he owned for Zakat. The collectors stated that they did not require their best possession, however the man replied that he was giving it out of his own happiness. Nonetheless, it is a lengthy account and he did not pay the Zakat.
The individuals who went to collect the Zakat returned and narrated the account to the Holy Prophet (saw), who said the following verse was revealed at that time: These were verses 75 – 77 of Surah Al Taubah. At that time a relative of Tha’albah was sitting in the gathering with the Holy Prophet (saw). Hearing this incident, he went to Tha’albah and said: “O Tha’albah! “Woe be unto you! God Almighty has revealed such and such verse.”
Tha’albah went to the Holy Prophet (saw) and said to him to accept Zakat from him. The Holy Prophet (saw) replied: “God Almighty has forbidden me to accept Zakat from you.” Thus, he left unsuccessful and failed in his endeavour. Then in the time of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) he brought his Zakat,
But he did not accept it from him. Similarly in the time of Hazrat Umar (ra) he again brought his Zakat, but Hazrat Umar (ra) refused to accept it saying that he could not accept something that the Holy Prophet (saw) rejected.
Then, when Hazrat Usman (ra) became Khalifa, he requested for his Zakat to be accepted, however, it was also rejected by Hazrat Usman (ra) and it was during Hazrat Usman (ra)’s Khilafat that he passed away. In regards to this incident, on the one hand it is said about Badri companions
That they will certainly enter paradise and on the other hand there is a lengthy account in which it was stated that his Zakat was not accepted. When I read this account a thought crossed my mind
And surely it would have occurred to you all when you heard it that how can this be possible? Perhaps this narration was wrong and could be about someone else. Allama Hajar Asqalani has mentioned this incident. He writes his own opinion regarding this incident by saying:
“If this incident pertaining to the acceptance of Zakat from a companion proves to be true “that it did indeed take place as mentioned, then in my opinion, “it would be inappropriate to attribute the person in the incident as Hazrat Tha’albah, “because he was a Badri companion.
“Regarding Badri companions, God Almighty has openly announced that they will be forgiven. “Furthermore, it is not possible for Hazrat Tha’albah to exhibit any sort of hypocrisy “or show weakness.” Allama Hajar Asqalani then writes: “From the reference of Ibn Qalbi it is evident that
“there are two different persons, and the Badri companion was martyred in the Battle of Uhud. “This claim is further strengthened from a further reference where Ibn Mardwiya has “narrated from Atiya, who narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas (ra), “that under the exegesis of the aforementioned verse,
“Ibn Abbas has recorded an incident in which there was a man by the name of Tha’albah bin Abi Haatib, “who was from among the Ansar. “In one of the gatherings he came and said that if God Almighty bestows His grace on him” Then the aforementioned lengthy incident was narrated.
“This person was Tha’albah bin Abi Haatib, whereas “regarding the Badri Companion it is unanimously agreed that he was called Tha’albah bin Haatib. “This fact is further proved by the statement of the Holy Prophet (saw) in which he said that
“anyone who took part in Badr and Hudaibiyah, no Muslim from among them would enter hell. “In addition to this, there is a Hadith e Qudsi in “which God Almighty stated regarding the Badri Companions that they can do as they please, “they have been forgiven.”
He further writes: “If a person has this sort of rank, “how will God Almighty reward the hypocrisy in his heart? “If one has hypocrisy in their heart, it is not possible for them to be admitted into paradise.” He continues by saying: “Furthermore, how can all these tidings be revealed
“regarding one who harbours hypocrisy in their heart. “Thus, this point is clarified that the person in “the incident is someone else, i.e. it was not Hazrat Tha’albah. “Rather he was martyred earlier “and the one mentioned in the incident was Tha’albah bin Abi Haatib.”
The reason why they was a mix up between the two was because the names sound similar; Tha’albah bin Haatib and Tha’albah bin Abi Haatib are two different people. This misconception can never arise regarding a Badri companion that he can commit such an act. May Allah reward Allamah Hajar Asqalani,
Who clarified the incident with great insight and clarity. He cleared the Badri Companion of the allegation that was being labelled against him using historical evidence. Then there is another companion by the name Hazrat Saad bin Usman bin Khaldah Ansari.
According to some people his name is Saeed bin Usman and he took part in the Battle of Badr. He was among those companions who left their post during the Battle of Uhud, however God Almighty forgave them all in the Holy Quran. He was the brother of Hazrat Uqbah.
On one occasion the Holy Prophet (saw) went to Bir-e-Ehaa at Harrah, which in those days was under the occupation of Hazrat Saad, and Hazrat Saad left his son Abadah, to supply water to the people. Hazrat Abadah was not able to recognise who the Holy Prophet (saw) was.
When Hazrat Saad returned and Hazrat Abadah narrated the description of the person who came, Hazrat Saad said that this was the Holy Prophet (saw) whom you did not recognise. He then urged his son to rush and meet him immediately. When he went after him, the Holy Prophet (saw)
Put his hand on Hazrat Abadahs head and prayed for him. Hazrat Saad bin Usman was 80 years old when he passed away. Another Companion is by the name of Hazrat Amir bin Umaiyyah, who was the father of Hazrat Hasham bin Amir.
He took part in the Battle of Badr and was martyred in the Battle of Uhad. He belonged to the tribe of Banu Adi bin Najjar. Hazrat Hasham bin Amir relates that the Holy Prophet (saw) was asked about the burial arrangements of those martyred in the Battle of Uhud,
The Holy Prophet (saw) instructed to dig a large grave and place two to three bodies in each. The Holy Prophet (saw) also instructed that the person who had memorised the Holy Quran the most should be buried first. Hazrat Hasham bin Amir relates that his father, Amir bin Umaiyyah,
Was lowered into the grave before the other two. Once, Hazrat Amir’s son, Amir, went to Hazrat Aishah (ra) and she said that he was indeed an excellent individual. His progeny however did not continue further. Another Companion is by the name of Hazrat Amr bin Abi Surha,
However Waqdi has recorded his name as Muamar bin Abi Surha. He belonged to the tribe of Banu Harith bin Fehr and his title was Abu Saeed. He passed away in 30 Hijri in Medina during the era of Hazrat Usman (ra).
His brother, Hazrat Wahab bin Abi Surah, was from among those who migrated to Abyssinia, and both brothers took part in the Battle of Badr. They also took part in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophet (saw), including the Battle of Uhud and the Ditch. His progeny did not continue on further.
When he migrated from Mecca to Medina, he stayed in the house of Hazrat Kulthoom bin Hadam. Another Companion is by the name of Hazrat Asma bin Hussain, who belonged to the tribe of Banu Auf bin Khazraj. His brother, Khubail bin Wabrah takes his name from his grandfather, Wabrah.
Hazrat Asma bin Hussain was Khubail bin Wabrah’s brother. Some have written that he took part in the Battle of Badr, however some are of the opinion that he did not take part. There are also varying opinion about his name; some have recorded his name as Khalifa bin Adi and also Kulaifa bin Adi.
He took part in the Battle of Badr and Uhud. Khalifa bin Adi bin Amr bin Malik bin Amr bin Malik bin Ali bin Biyaza was from among those Companions who took part in the Battle of Badr.
He embraced Islam prior to the Battle of Badr and the first thing he after that was take part in the Battle of Badr and was thus honoured to be counted among the Companions who took part in the Battle of Badr. He also took part in the Battle of Uhud
But thereafter there is no mention of him in any historical account. His name however reappears during the era of Hazrat Ali’s Khilafat wherein he took part in all the battles during that time. There is also no mention about the year of his demise in any account of history.
Hazrat Muaz bin Muiz was martyred during the incident of Bir-e-Mauna. His father’s name has been mentioned as Mais. He belonged to the tribe of Zarqi which was part of the Khazraj tribe. According to some narrations, he took part in the Battle of Badr and Uhud and was martyred during the incident of Bir-e-Mauna.
However, according to another tradition, he sustained an injury during the Battle of Badr and passed away later as a result of that injury. Alongside him, his brother, Aaiz bin Muiz also took part in the Battle of Badr. After the Treaty of Hudaibiyya, Ainia bin Hisan along with the tribe of Ghasfan attacked
The Holy Prophet (saw)’s camels which were grazing in a jungle and killed the person who was appointed to look after them and also took his wife and the camels along with them. When the Holy Prophet (saw) was informed about this incident,
He sent eight riders to pursue the enemy, Hazrat Muaz bin Maiz was also among them. According to a narration it states that Hazrat Abu Ayaash was among those eight riders. Before their departure, the Holy Prophet (saw) told Hazrat Abu Ayaash
That he should give his horse to someone who is a more skilled rider than him. Abu Ayaash replied, “O Prophet (saw) of Allah! I am the most skilled rider out of everyone.” He said that after saying that he had not travelled a mere 50 yards when suddenly his horse threw him off.
Abu Ayaash states that he was extremely worried because the Holy Prophet (saw) had stated that it would be better if he had given horse to someone else instead, however he had insisted that he was the most skilled out of them.
According to Banu Zariq, Hazrat Muaz bin Muiz or Aiz bin Muiz were given Abu Ayaash’s horse. Hazrat Sa’d bin Zaid Al-Ashari is another Companion, who belonged to the Ansar tribe of Banu Abdil Ashar. He took part in the Battle of Badr
And according to some he was also present on the occasion of Bai’at Aqabah. He took part in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophet (saw), including the Battle of Badr, Uhud and the Ditch. The Holy Prophet (saw) sent the prisoners from Banu Quraiza in his supervision
And in return of them he purchased horses and weapons from Najad. According to a narration, Hazrat Sa’d bin Zaid presented a sword from Najran to the Holy Prophet (saw) as a gift and the Holy Prophet (saw) then gave that sword to Hazrat Muhammad bin Musalma and said,
“Do Jihad in the way of God Almighty with this. “However, when people begin to dispute amongst themselves “then throw this on a stone and remain at home.” i.e. not to take part in any kind of discord or disorder. May God Almighty enable the Muslims of today to also adhere to this,
Who are currently killing one another. And may He establish the peace in the world. May God Almighty continue to elevate the status of the Companions and may He also enable us to perform virtuous deeds, offer sacrifices and lead our lives with sincerity and devotion. All praise is due to Allah.
We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him;
And whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you.
Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as one does to one ‘s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful.
You remember Allah; He too will remember you; call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.