Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2018
Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah.
I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah. Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is none worthy of worship except Allah. Peace be upon you all,
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah He is alone and has no partner and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His Servant and Messenger After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful. Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. In continuation of the accounts of the lives of the badri companions, today I will mention Hazrat Miqdad (ra) bin Aswad, whose original name is Miqdad (ra) bin ‘Amr. Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s father’s name was ‘Amr bin Tha’labah,
Who belonged to the tribe of Bani Tha’labah. However, Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was named with reference to Aswad Bin Yaghooth because he adopted him when he was a child. Hence, he came to be known as Miqdad (ra) Bin Aswad. Amr bin Tha’labah, the father of Hazrat Miqdad (ra), belonged to the tribe of Bahraa
Which is one of the tribes of Khuza’ah in Yemen. During the Era of Ignorance, Amr, i.e. the father of Hazrat Miqdad (ra), killed someone due to which he fled to Hadharamaut which is a coastal area, east of Aden, in Yemen.
There he became a confederate of the Kindah tribe due to which he was called Kindi. Amr later married a woman from that area from whom Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was born. When Miqdad (ra) grew older he had a fight with Abu Shimr bin Hajr Kindi
During which he cut off Shimr’s leg with his sword and then fled to Mecca and became a confederate of Aswad bin Abdi Yaghooth. Miqdad (ra) then sent a letter to his father upon which he also returned to Mecca.
Aswad then adopted Miqdad (ra), hence, he started to be referred to as Miqdad (ra) bin Aswad and was commonly known by this name. However, when the verse: (Arabic – Holy Quran 33:6) was revealed meaning, “Call them (the adopted children) by the names of their fathers.”
He then began to be called Miqdad (ra) Bin Amr. However, he was more renowned by the name of Miqdad (ra) bin Aswad. Thus, this is the commandment of Allah the Almighty: That is, even if they are someone’s adopted children, they in fact be called by the names of their actual fathers for the true lineage is considered to be from the father. Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s title was Abu Ma’bad but in addition this, Abu Aswad, Abu Umar
And Abu Sa’eed are also reported as his titles. Once, Hazrat Miqdad (ra) and Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf were sitting together and Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) asked why he was not married yet. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) replied, “Since you are asking me, why do you not marry your daughter with me?”
Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) became angry at that comment and rebuked him. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) complained about this incident to the Holy Prophet (saw) upon which the Holy Prophet (saw) stated that he will arrange for his marriage. After that, the Holy Prophet (saw) married Dhuba’ah, the daughter of his uncle,
Hazrat Zubair bin ’Abdul Muttalib (ra) to Hazrat Miqdad (ra). Hazrat Duba’ah (ra) was the daughter of Hazrat Zubair (ra) and Hazrat Aatiqah (ra) Bint Wahb. The Holy Prophet (saw) married her to Hazrat Miqdad (ra) and they had two children named Kareemah and Abdullah.
Abdullah was martyred during the Battle of Jamal whilst fighting from Hazrat Aishah (ra)’s side. The Holy Prophet (saw) once granted Dhuba’ah (ra) 40 wasaq dates from Khayber, which amounts to 250 mann which is around 600 kg. One of Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s son was Ma’bad.
Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s daughter, whilst describing his appearance, states that he was tall, of wheatish complexion, had a large stomach and had voluminous hair on his head. He used to dye his beard with henna which looked extremely beautiful. His beard was neither too long not too short.
He had black eyes and thin, long eyebrows. The account of Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s acceptance of Islam is as follows: Hazrat Abdullah bin Masud (ra) narrates that Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was among those first seven companions, who professed belief in Islam in Mecca. I have previously already mentioned the details of
This account in relation to Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir (ra). With regards to Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s migration towards Medina, it is stated that Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was among the Muslims, who migrated towards Abyssinia. However, a short while later, he returned to Mecca. When the Holy Prophet (saw) migrated towards Medina,
Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was not able to join in the migration. Hence, he remained in Mecca until the Holy Prophet (saw) dispatched an army under the leadership of Hazrat Ubaida (ra) bin Harith. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) and Hazrat Utbah (ra) bin Ghazwan joined the army under the command of Ikrimah bin Abi Jahl
With the intention of joining the Muslims whenever they would find an opportunity to do so. I have previously mentioned the details of this incident. However, I will briefly mention the details which Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra) has recorded in Seerat Khatam-un-Nabiyyeen [The Life and Character of the Seal of Prophets (saw)].
It is as follows: “Upon his return from the Ghazwah of Waddan, in the month of Rabi‘ul-Awwal, “the Holy Prophet (saw) dispatched a company of the Muhajirin, “comprising of seventy men mounted on camels, “in the leadership of a close relative, Ubaidah bin Al-Harith Muttalibi (ra).
“The objective of this campaign was also to forestall the attacks of the Quraish of Mecca. “As such, when Ubaidah bin Al-Harith (ra) and his companions covered some ground “and arrived close to Thaniyyatul-Murrah, they suddenly noticed that 200 armed young men “had set up camp in the command of ‘Ikramah bin Abu Jahl.
“The two parties encountered one another and a few arrows were exchanged in a confrontation. “However, this group of idolaters then stood down from further conflict due to the fear “that the Muslims probably had hidden reinforcements at their disposal and consequently, “the Muslims did not pursue them.
“Albeit, two individuals from the army of the idolaters named Miqdad (ra) bin Amr “and Utbah bin Ghazwan (ra) fled from the command of Ikramah bin Abi Jahl and joined the Muslims. “It is written that they set out with the Quraish for this very purpose,
“so that they could find an opportunity to join the Muslims. “The reason being, that they were Muslims at heart, “but could not migrate out of fear of the Quraish due to their weakness. “Moreover, it is possible that this very occurrence caused them to lose heart
“and they decided to step back considering this to be an evil omen. “History has not recorded whether this army of the Quraish, which was definitely not a trade caravan “and regarding which Ibni Ishaq has used the words Jamun Azeem (i.e., a grand army), “set out in this direction with a specific objective.
“However, it is definite that their intentions were not favourable. “It was due to the Grace of God that upon finding the Muslims vigilant “and upon witnessing some of their own men joining the Muslims, they lost courage and retreated. “Moreover, a practical benefit which the Companions derived from this campaign was
“that two Muslim souls were delivered from the tyranny of the Quraish.” At the time of the migration towards Medina, Hazrat Miqdad (ra) stayed at the home of Hazrat Kulthum (ra) bin Hidam. The Holy Prophet (saw) formed a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Miqdad (ra) and Hazrat Jabbar (ra) bin Sakhr.
The Holy Prophet (saw) granted Hazrat Miqdad (ra) a place to stay in the area of Banu Hudaila, which is a branch of the Ansar tribe of Khazraj. Hazrat Ubay (ra) bin Ka’b invited him to stay in this area. The incident that is found in the Ahadith in relation to three companions,
Who would set aside some goat’s milk for the Holy Prophet (saw), but one night one of them ended up drinking it all, in fact is in regards to Hazrat Miqdad (ra). Hazrat Miqdad (ra) relates, “Two companions of mine and I migrated to Medina and our ears
“and eyes were severely affected due to the difficulties we had to endure. “We presented ourselves before the companions of the Holy Prophet (saw) “in order to stay with one of them, however no one took us in. “Hence, we went to the Holy Prophet (saw) and he took us to his home.
“The Holy Prophet (saw) had three goats in his house and permitted us “that we could obtain their milk for all of us.” He further states, “We obtained the milk from the goats “and each one of us would drink his share “and we would also keep a portion aside for the Holy Prophet (saw).”
He further narrates, “The Holy Prophet (saw) would come at night and say (Arabic), “in such a tone, so that it would not disturb anyone who was asleep, “but one who was awake would still be able to hear.” He states, “Following this, the Holy Prophet (saw) would go to the mosque and pray
“and after that he would take his share of milk and drink it. “One evening, Satan approached me after I had already had my share of milk.” That is, an evil thought entered his heart. “Satan stated that the Holy Prophet (saw) visits the Ansar and they present him with gifts
“therefore he is not in need of this small amount of drink which had been kept as his share.” He says, “Following this, I drank the portion of milk I had kept aside for the Holy Prophet (saw). “Once it had entered my stomach,” The Arabs had their unique way of expressing things,
“I realized that there was no possibility of obtaining it again.” He says, “Satan made me feel ashamed and said that ‘May misfortune befall you. ‘What have you done? You have taken the share of Muhammad (saw). ‘When he comes and would not find it, he will pray against you and you will be destroyed
‘and your life in this world as well as the hereafter will be ruined.’” What was it that made Hazrat Miqdad (ra) entertain such a thought? In fact it was Satan who placed in the heart of Hazrat Miqdad (ra) that the Holy Prophet (saw)
Will now pray against him, whereas the Holy Prophet (saw) is a mercy for mankind, so why should he have to pray against him over such a trivial matter? Hence, this thought itself was a mere Satanic thought to suggest that the Holy Prophet (saw) would pray against him.
Hazrat Miqdad (ra) then says, “The thought came to mind that the Holy Prophet (saw) “would pray against me and I would perish and I would be in ruin in this life and the next. “I was wrapped in a cloth, but if I covered my feet with it, my head would remain uncovered,
“and if I covered my head with it, my feet would remain uncovered and I could not sleep. “The other two companions had fallen asleep and had not acted as I had,” i.e. drank the milk. “The Holy Prophet (saw) then arrived and said ‘Peace be upon you’, as was his habit.
“He then entered the mosque and offered his Nawafil (voluntary) prayers. “Thereafter, he came towards his drink,” i.e the glass of his which contained milk “and opened its lid but found nothing inside it. “The Holy Prophet (saw) raised his head towards the sky and I was observing this as I lay awake,
“and I thought to myself that he would now pray against me and I would perish. “However, he said, (Arabic) i.e. ‘O Allah, feed the one who gives me food, ‘and grant drink to one who provides me a drink.’”
Hazrat Miqdad (ra) says, “When I heard this I took my cloth and wrapped it tight over myself. “Since I was fully awake, I then went out with a knife where there were goats standing outside “and went towards the healthiest looking one, “so that I could slaughter it for the Holy Prophet (saw).
“When I reached there I realised that its udders were full of milk, “rather all of the goats’ udders were full of milk. “I then brought a utensil from the house of the Holy Prophet (saw) “and they would never have expected that it would be filled to the top with milk.
“I then milked the goats to the point where the froth had reached the brim “and the bowl was completely filled. “I then went to the Holy Prophet (saw) and he asked, ‘Did you all drink your portion of milk tonight?’ “I replied, ‘Do not ask this question O Messenger (saw) of Allah
‘and please take this milk.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) then drank some of the milk and handed it back to me. “I then said, ‘O Messenger (saw) of Allah, have more.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) then drank some more and again handed it to me.
“When I felt that the Holy Prophet (saw) was full and had drank the milk to his fill, “I sensed that I had also become a recipient of the prayer of the Holy Prophet (saw).” i.e. the Holy Prophet (saw) had prayed to God to feed whoever feeds him
And to give drink to one who gives him something to drink. “Thus, I had received [of the blessings] of the prayer of the Holy Prophet (saw) “and had also some of the milk to drink, and so I began to laugh uncontrollably to the point “where I fell to the ground in laughter.
“The Holy Prophet (saw) then said, ‘O Miqdad (ra), is this some kind of light-hearted act of yours?” When the Holy Prophet (saw) saw him laughing in this manner, he said it seemed to him as if he had done something in a light-hearted manner.
“I replied, ‘O Messenger (saw) of Allah, this is what happened ‘and this is what I did as a result,’” i.e. he then related the entire incident. “The Holy Prophet (saw) the said, ‘This is a mercy from God Almighty, why did you not inform me
‘of this earlier so that we could wake our two companions ‘to also drink and to partake of this mercy?’ “I replied, ‘By He Who has sent you with the truth, after you received this mercy ‘and I partook of it alongside you, I no longer worried as to who else would receive this,
‘I only worried for myself as I was the one who committed this error.’” Hazrat Miqdad (ra) participated in the battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq and all other battles alongside the Holy Prophet (saw). Hazrat Miqdad (ra) is mentioned as one of the archers of the Holy Prophet (saw).
Hazrat Abdullah bin Masud (ra) states, “During the Battle of Badr, “I witnessed a particular moment in which Hazrat Miqdad bin Aswad (ra) said something “that if it had happened to me, the blessings of it would be even dearer to me “than all the pious deeds I have carried out.
“It so happened that Hazrat Miqdad (ra) went to the Holy Prophet (saw) “as he was praying against the disbelievers, and said, ‘O Messenger (saw) of Allah, we shall not utter what the people of Moses (as) said to him, ‘that is: (Arabic) – ‘Go thou and thy Lord and fight.
‘Certainly not! Rather, we shall fight on your right and on your left ‘and in front of you and behind you.’ “I saw that the blessed countenance of the Holy Prophet (saw) began to glow with joy “and he was really pleased with what Hazrat Miqdad (ra) had said.”
Some of the details of this account have been mention in Seerat Khatam-ul-Nabiyeen with reference to the Battle of Badr. It states that, “When the Holy Prophet (saw) learnt about the plans of the enemy, “he proceeded towards Badr, in order to determine what their intentions were
“and if it was to attack then to defend against them. “The Holy Prophet (saw) stopped at a place near Rauha and it was from this very place “that the Holy Prophet (saw) sent two Companions named Basees and Adiyy towards Badr, “in order to gather intelligence with respect to enemy movements;
“and instructed that they return swiftly with intelligence. “Proceeding forth from Rauha’ when the Companions reached Zafran, “passing through one side of the Valley of Safra, which is only one Manzil short of Badr, “news was received that a powerful army of the Quraish was advancing from Mecca.
“Since the time for maintaining secrecy had now passed, the Holy Prophet (saw) “gathered all of the Companions and informed them of this news. “Then he sought their council as to what should be done. “Some Companions submitted, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Taking into consideration our apparent means,
‘it seems more appropriate to confront the caravan, ‘because we have not yet fully prepared ourselves to fight the army.’ “When the Holy Prophet (saw) left from Medina, “many of the companions had no idea that this could even result in battle. “In fact, all they knew was that there was a caravan approaching
“and they had set out to determine its intentions and if this caravan seeks to attack against them “then they will fight back as it would only be a small caravan. “Hence, when the companions left medina, none of them thought “that they were leaving to engage in a full battle with an army.
“In any case, when the Holy Prophet (saw) asked them about their opinion, “some of them stated that since they cannot fight against the army “therefore better not to engage in battle with army. “However, the Holy Prophet (saw) did not approve of this suggestion.
“On the other hand, when the most eminent from among the Companions heard this suggestion, “they would stand up and deliver passionate addresses and submitted that, ‘Our lives and our wealth belong to God. ‘We offer ourselves to serve on any front.’
“As such, Miqdad (ra) bin Aswad, who was also known as Miqdad (ra) bin Amr said: ‘O Messenger (saw) of Allah! We are not like the disciples of Moses (as) ‘so that we should tell you, ‘Go thou and thy Lord and fight, and here we sit.’
‘Rather, we affirm that you may go wherever you wish, we are with you, ‘and shall fight to your right, and to your left, and in front of you and behind you.’ “When the Holy Prophet (saw) heard this address, his blessed countenance began to glow with joy.
“Yet, despite this, the Holy Prophet (saw) waited for a comment from the Ansar, “and desired that they should also say something. “This was because the Holy Prophet (saw) thought that the Ansar perhaps believed “that according to the Bai‘at at Aqabah, their obligation was to stand up in defence only,
“in the case that Medina was attacked. “Hence, despite such passionate addresses, the Holy Prophet (saw) would continue “to seek counsel as to what should be done. “Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh (ra), chieftain of the Aus, understood this desire of the Holy Prophet (saw) “and submitted on behalf of the Ansar: ‘O Messenger of Allah!
‘Perhaps it is our counsel that you seek. ‘By God! when we have believed in you as being truthful, and have placed our hands in your hand, ‘then go forth wherever you desire, we are with you.
‘We swear by that Being, Who has sent you with the truth, that if you order us to dive into the sea, ‘we shall dive into it, and not a single one of us shall hold back. ‘God-willing, you shall find us steadfast in battle and shall witness from us
‘that which shall be the delight of your eyes.’ “When the Holy Prophet (saw) heard this address he was over overjoyed and said: (Arabic). ‘Go forth then in the name of Allah, because Allah has promised me ‘that He shall definitely grant us victory over one of these two parties,’”
I.e., the army and the caravan. ‘I swear by God that at this very time I am witnessing the places ‘where the enemy men shall fall after being slain.’” In another narration regarding the Battle of Badr it is stated that Hazrat Miqdad (ra)
Was the first person who fought whilst on horseback and the name of his horse was Sabhah. In one narration it is stated that during the Battle of Badr, the Muslims had 2 horses. Hazrat Ali (ra) states: “During the Battle of Badr we had two horses;
One belonged to Zubair bin A’wam and the second belonged to Miqdad (ra) bin Aswad. According to Ibn-e-Hisham, in the Battle of Badr the Muslims had 3 horses; one belonged to Hazrat Marsad (ra) bin Abu Marsad, whose name was Subul, one belonged to Hazrat Miqdad (ra) bin Aswad and it was called Ba’zajah
And one belonged to Hazrat Zubair (ra) bin A’wam, whose name was Ya’soob. Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra) has analysed various historical sources and written in Sirat Khataman Nabiyyin that during the Battle of Badr, the Muslims only had two horses.
In some books it is recorded that the Muslims had three and as mentioned, there are others which state the number to be five. Nonetheless, whether there were two, three or five horses, it is a proven fact that there was no comparison
Between the arms owned by the Muslims when compared to that of the disbelievers. When compared with the equipment owned by the disbelievers, it could be said that the Muslims were unarmed in contrast. However, despite all of this, when they stood up against their enemy,
The Muhajireen and the Ansar fulfilled the pledge they had made with the Holy Prophet (saw). Hazrat Miqdad (ra) bin Amr Kindi was a confederate of the Banu Zuhra tribe and he participated in the Battle of Badr alongside the Holy Prophet (saw).
On one occasion he asked the Holy Prophet (saw): “O Messenger of Allah (saw)! “If I come up against one of the disbelievers and a fight ensues between us in “which he manages to cut one of my hands, but then that disbeliever runs away
“and seeks shelter behind a tree saying that he accepts Islam for the sake of God, “should I kill him then?” The Holy Prophet (saw) replied: “You must not kill him.” Hazrat Miqdad (ra) said: “O Messenger (saw) of Allah! Even if he has cut off one of my hands
“and then claimed to be a Muslim?” The Holy Prophet (saw) replied, “You must not kill him, for if you do, “he would attain that rank which you were given prior to the time you killed him” i.e. the disbeliever who was killed would be granted the rank the Muslim enjoyed after professing belief
And the Muslim would in turn be given the rank of the disbeliever prior to him reciting the Kalima. “Thus, the Holy Prophet (saw) was presented with a hypothetical scenario “in which a disbeliever cuts the hand of a Muslim, then seeks shelter behind a tree “and recites the Kalimah,
“saying that he accepts Islam for the sake of God, should one still go after him. “To this the Holy Prophet (saw) replied in the negative and said that if he still killed him, “then the disbeliever would become a believer and the believer – “despite professing belief [in Islam and the Holy Prophet (saw)]
“would be in the place of that disbeliever. “This is the status of a person who recites the Kalima “and this right has been established by the Holy Prophet (saw). “[In contrast] ponder over the actions of the so called scholars and Islamic Governments.
“If only they would analyse their own conditions and see in light of this hadith, “whether they are acting believers or disbelievers? “The camels belonging to the Holy Prophet (saw) were being grazed outside of Medina “by a shepherd and his wife, who were of the Banu Ghaffar tribe.
“Uyainah bin Hissan from the Banu Fuzarah tribe, “along with some men on horseback from the Banu Ghatfan tribe attacked the shepherd. “They killed the shepherd and took his wife and the camels with them. “Hazrat Salamah (ra) bin Akwa was the first to learn about them
“and the slave of Hazrat Talha bin Ubaidallah also went behind them on horseback. “They reached Thaniyatul Wida’a, which is the name of a valley. “There are varying opinions regarding this valley; some are of the opinion
“that it is an area outside of Medina, and this is where the people would go to bid farewell “to those travelling towards Mecca. “According to another narration, this was an area outside of Medina in the direction of Syria “and on the return from the Battle of Tabuk,
“the people of Medina came to receive the Holy Prophet (saw) here. “Similarly, [it is said that] the Holy Prophet (saw) accompanied some armies up “to this point before sending them off to their expedition. “Nonetheless, when Salamah (ra) bin Akwa arrived there, he saw Uyainah and his fellow accomplices.
“He climbed a hillock near Medina called Sil’ah and raised the slogan: ‘Ya Sabahah,’ “which was the slogan for help. “Then Hazrat Salamah (ra) let a burst of arrows and gave chase after them. “He managed to divert the direction they were heading. “Upon hearing the cries of Hazrat Salamah (ra), the Holy Prophet (saw)
“made an announcement to leave and confront the enemy immediately. “The cavalry responded to the call of the Holy Prophet (saw) “and the first from among them was Hazrat Miqdad (ra). “When the Holy Prophet (saw) planned for the conquest of Mecca, “he decided to keep the entire plan a secret.
“Even though the Companions (ra) were making all the preparations to depart, “however, it was not common knowledge that the intended direction was Mecca. “During this time, a Badri Companion, Hazrat Hatim (ra) bin Abi Balta’h, out of his simplicity “and innocence, secretly wrote a letter which outlined the plan
“and gave it to a woman who was from Mecca. “The woman took the letter, but the Holy Prophet (saw) received news of this “and sent Hazrat Ali (ra) along with two companions; “one of whom was Hazrat Miqdad (ra), to go after the woman and retrieve the letter.
“Hazrat Ali (ra) narrates: “The Holy Prophet (saw) sent myself, Zubair (ra) and Miqdad (ra) and said: ‘Go to Raudatu Khaakh. ‘There will be a woman travelling on a camel and will have a letter which you must retrieve.’ “Hence, we travelled swiftly on horseback and reached the woman.
“We asked her to hand over the letter, however, she replied that she did not have any letter. “We then said that she would have to produce the letter, “otherwise we would have to remove her clothes [to search for it]. “She then removed the letter from the ties within her hair,
“which we took back to the Holy Prophet (saw). “The [aforementioned] companion had written this letter to the disbelievers out of his simplicity. “Since the entire plan was kept a secret, this would have disclosed all the plans. “Nonetheless, God Almighty informed the Holy Prophet (saw) about the letter, “which was then retrieved.
“Musa bin Yaqoob narrates from his paternal aunt, who in turn narrated from her mother “that the Holy Prophet (saw) would give Hazrat Miqdad (ra) 15 wasq of barely “from the produce of Khayber on a yearly basis – “this is equal to approximately 56.25 mann [ancient unit of measure] annually –
“and we sold this through Mua’wiyya bin Abi Sufyan for 100,000 dirhams. “This was an annual income. “Perhaps this amount was a few years of produce, or it was regular produce “that was sold because 56 mann alone could not be of that value. “Hazrat Miqdad (ra) also participated in the Battle of Yarmuk
“and in this battle he was the Qari [reciter of the Quran]. “After the Battle of Badr, the Holy Prophet (saw) established the practice that during the battle, “Surah Al Anfal ought to be recited. “Even after the demise of the Holy Prophet (saw), this practice was upheld.
“During one expedition, the Holy Prophet (saw) appointed Hazrat Miqdad (ra) “as the leader of the army for that expedition. “When he returned, the Holy Prophet (saw) asked: ‘O Abu Ma’bad (ra)! ‘How was your experience as leader of the army?’ “He replied: ‘O Messenger of Allah! When I departed,
‘I began to feel as if everyone was a servant of mine.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) replied: ‘O Abu Ma’bad! This indeed is the case, ‘except for the one whom Allah the Almighty safeguards from the evils of this position.’ “Miqdad (ra) stated: ‘There is no doubt in this.
‘I swear by the One Who sent you as a Prophet, ‘I do not even wish to be appointed leader over two people. ‘This was an experience in which I felt as if everyone became my slaves, ‘therefore I have come to the conclusion
‘that I never wish to be appointed a leader over even two people.’” This was the level of their righteousness, in that if one is appointed to an office, it could develop a sense of arrogance within them, therefore one did not even wish to be appointed as a leader over two men.
Thus, everyone from among us who is appointed over another ought to be mindful of this. Firstly, one should never desire [to be made a leader], but then when one is appointed in a position of authority, they ought to pray to God Almighty to safeguard them from the evils of their position,
That may God never allow arrogance to develop within them and they should always seek the blessings of God. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was with Hazrat Ubaidah (ra) bin Jarrah during the siege of Homs and also participated in the conquest of Egypt.
In 20 AH, when the leader of the Muslim Army, Hazrat Amr (ra) bin A’as requested the Khalifa for reinforcements, Hazrat Umar (ra) dispatched an army of 10,000 soldiers and 4 officers, one of whom was Hazrat Miqdad (ra) – to help the Muslim army.
Hazrat Umar (ra) wrote to them saying: “Each one of these officers is equal “to 1000 men of the enemy.” In fact, as soon as the reinforcements arrived, the battle shifted in favour of the Muslims and in a short space of time, the land that once belonged to the Pharaoh’s,
Began to proclaim the Oneness of God. Jubair bin Nufair relates: “Hazrat Miqdad (ra) bin Aswad once came to see us regarding a matter. “We said to him: ‘May Allah grant you peace and a healthy life. ‘Please do sit with us until we have finished attending to the matter you requested of us.’
“He said: ‘I am astonished at the condition of the people. ‘I have just passed by a people who are desiring things which would lead to strife. ‘They thought that God Almighty would put them into trial in the same manner ‘in which He tried the Holy Prophet (saw) and his companions.’
“Hazrat Miqdad (ra) further said: ‘I have heard the Holy Prophet (saw) say ‘that fortunate is the one who is safeguarded from all discord. ‘The Holy Prophet (saw) repeated this three times and then said that if one experiences hardship, ‘then they ought to show patience.’”
Thus, one should not pray for any hardship or to be put in a trial. However, if they experience any hardship then they ought to demonstrate patience and remain steadfast as opposed to showing cowardice. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was of a heavy stature but would still take part in Jihad.
Once Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was sitting next to a goldsmith’s jewellery chest and appeared to be even larger than the chest. Someone once said to him that God Almighty had granted him exemption from participating in the Jihad as he was of an extremely heavy build, similarly as mentioned earlier
That his daughter also stated that he had a very large stomach. However, Hazrat Miqdad (ra) replied that the following command in Surah Bahus – which is another name for Surah al-Taubah as it mentions the hypocrites and exposes their secret plans – has made it obligatory upon him, which is: “Go forth, light and heavy.” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) has explained the term Khifafan [light] and Thiqalan [heavy] and stated that in this verse, the Muslims have been instructed to go forth for Jihad in the way of God Almighty and not allow any hindrance to come in their way.
The terms, Khifafan [light] and Thiqalan [heavy] have multiple meanings; it could mean whether one is old or young, alone or in a group, on foot or on a mount, armed on unarmed or possessing adequate provisions. In light of the multiple connotations of the words, Hazrat Miqdad (ra) interpreted
This to be light or heavy in build and thus fulfilled his desire of participating in the Jihad. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) had a very large stomach and a Christian slave of his once stated that he would make an incision into his abdominal area and remove all the fat.
They also had a procedure in those days to remove the fat just as it is done nowadays as well. In any case, he cut his stomach and removed the fat and then re-stitched his stomach back together. However, this procedure resulted in Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s demise.
He perhaps contracted an infection and could not recover. Upon witnessing this, the slave ran away. In another narration from Abu Faid, it states that Hazrat Miqdad (ra) passed away due to drinking Castrol oil. Karima, the daughter of Hazrat Miqdad (ra) stated that Hazrat Miqdad (ra) passed away in Juruf,
Which is situated three miles from Medina and people carried his body on their shoulders and brought it back to Medina. Hazrat Uthman (ra) led his funeral prayer and he was then buried in Jannat-ul-Baqi. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) passed away in 33 AH at the age of approximately 70.
Ibn Buraida relates from his father that the Holy Prophet (saw) stated that God Almighty commanded him to love 4 people and that He also loves these 4 individuals. The Holy Prophet (saw) was asked about who these 4 individuals were and he replied –
This narration is from Ibn Majah and in various times has been reported in a different manner but this particular narration mentions this. that it was Ali (ra), which he repeated three times, and then stated that the names of Abu Zhur (ra), Salman (ra) and Miqdad (ra).
Hazrat Ali (ra) narrates that the Holy Prophet (saw) stated that every prophet has been granted 7 noble companions. The narrator states that perhaps the word used was guardians instead of companions. However, the Holy Prophet (saw) stated that he was granted 14.
He states that they asked who these individuals were and the Holy Prophet (saw) stated that it was Hazrat Ali (ra), his two sons, Hassan (ra) and Hussain (ra), Jaffar (ra), Hamza (ra), Abu Bkar (ra), Umar (ra), Musab bin Umair (ra), Bilal (ra), Salman (ra), Ammar (ra), Miqdad (ra),
Hudhaifah (ra), Abu Zhur (ra) and Abdullah bin Masud (ra). This narration is from Sunan Tirmadhi. One of the verse of Surah Al-An`am in the Holy Quran is as follows: (Arabic – Holy Quran 6:53) “And drive not away those who call upon their Lord morning and evening, “seeking His countenance.
“Thou art not at all accountable for them nor are they at all accountable for thee, “that thou shouldst drive them away and be of the unjust.” In relation to this verse, Hazrat Sa’d (ra) states – this narration is also recorded in Ibn Majah –
That this verse was revealed regarding 6 individuals, one of them was him i.e. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) himself), Ibn Masud (ra), Suhaib (ra), Ammar (ra), Miqdad (ra) and Bilal (ra). Hazrat Sa’d (ra) states that the reason for this was that the Quraish said to the Holy Prophet (saw)
That they cannot allow themselves to be subordinate to these individuals therefore drive them away. The narrator further states that God Almighty revealed to the Holy Prophet (saw) what He desired for him to respond, which was: (Arabic) “And drive not away those who call upon their Lord morning and evening, “seeking His countenance.”
In any case, whatever the context was behind the revelation of this verse, however this was the response that the Holy Prophet (saw) gave to them. According to a narration, Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was the first companion who for the sake of God Almighty, took part in battle on horseback,
Which has briefly been mentioned before as well. Once Hazrat Miqdad (ra) went towards Baqi, which was a graveyard, to answer the call of nature and entered a wilderness. In those days, they would tend to the call of nature after 2-3 days as they had very little food available and their stool would be
Like the small droppings of a camel. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was sitting when he noticed a mouse. The mouse took out a Dinar from a small hole and then went back into the hole and took out another Dinar and continued to take out the Dinar until there were 17 Dinar.
Thereafter, he took out a piece of red cloth. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) states that he pulled the piece of cloth and found another Dinar, and thus there were now 18 Dinar in total. He took these coins and went to the Holy Prophet (saw) and related the entire incident
And submitted, “O Prophet (saw) of Allah! Please accept this as Sadaqah [charity/alms].” The Holy Prophet (saw) replied, “This is not Sadaqah; you can keep it “and God Almighty shall grant blessings to this wealth for you.” The Holy Prophet (saw) then stated that perhaps he had put his hand into the hole,
“however Hazrat Miqdad (ra) submitted, “By God, Who has granted you honour “by bestowing the truth upon you, “I did not put my hand inside the hole, “in fact God Almighty provided this for me just as I mentioned.”
Jubair bin Nufair relates that they were once sat in a gathering along with Hazrat Miqdad (ra) and someone walked by and said, “How blessed are those eyes, “which have beheld the Holy Prophet (saw). “By God, it is an ardent desire of my heart that we also be granted the opportunity
“to witness what you did.” He was referring to the Companions (ra) and wished that he also was able to witness what they did. Upon hearing this, Hazrat Miqdad (ra) became angry. The narrator states that with great astonishment he said to Hazrat Miqdad (ra) that the individual had spoke with good intention.
Hazrat Miqdad (ra) turned to him and said, “What exactly is it from that era “which has instilled this desire in this individual that he too be part of that era “which God Almighty kept him away from.”
He then further states, “Who knows that if he were granted the opportunity to be in that era, “what his condition would have been! By God, there were “also those who witnessed the era of the Holy Prophet (saw) “and yet were cast into hell by God Almighty
“because they failed to accept the truthfulness of the Holy Prophet (saw). “Thus, who knows what would have been the condition of this individual “because had he not accepted the truth, he would have been thrown into the hell-fire.” He then further states, “Why do you not praise Allah the Almighty
“for He granted you life in an age “where you recognise your Lord Alone and do not commit any Shrik; “you affirm your belief in the Holy Prophet (saw) “and accept the truthfulness of the Shariah [religious law] he has brought “and God Almighty has saved you from trial through others.”
The people of that era had to endure great trials, however God Almighty had saved them from such trials and thus they ought to be grateful to God Almighty. Then he stated, “By God, the Holy Prophet (saw) “was sent by God Almighty during the era of ignorance
“and during the era of Fitrat-e-Wahy, which was one of the most difficult periods “after the period of any other prophet.” Fitra refers to the prolonged period between one prophet and the next in which the revelation that is specifically granted to a prophet is not revealed.
And so, he stated that in this period where there was no revelation and the Holy Prophet (saw)’s advent had not taken place was a very prolonged period and Shirk had become widespread. He stated, “This was a very difficult period; people would worship idols “and would not grant superiority to anything above them.
“The Holy Prophet (saw) then came with a clear sign “which distinguished between truth and falsehood. “Likewise, it drew distinctions between even a father and son “in that one would consider their father, “son or brother as a disbeliever, “until God Almighty did not open their hearts to accept the truth.
“Such a person would remain anxious over their loved ones, “for they would know that unless they did not accept the truth, they will enter hell.” i.e. those who accepted Islam would then be concerned about their relatives
Because they knew that if they did not accept and opposed the truth then they will be cast to hell. “It was for this reason that God Almighty stated: (Arabic – Holy Quran 25:75) “And those who say, ‘Our Lord, grant us of our wives and children the delight of our eyes’”
Thus, one should always offer this prayer so that the future progenies also remain firm on faith and be thankful to Allah the Almighty for the blessings He has granted them. Hazrat Anas (ra) relates that the Holy Prophet (saw) once heard someone reciting the Holy Qur’an out aloud
And stated, “This individual has the fear of Allah within him”. This individual was in fact Hazrat Miqdad (ra) bin Amr. May God Almighty also grant us the true understanding of Islam and enable us to do true justice of being among the Ummah of the Holy Prophet (saw)
And instil the fear of God Almighty within us. All praise is due to Allah. We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds.
Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him; and whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.
O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you. Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as one does to one ‘s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves
And evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful. You remember Allah; He too will remember you; call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.