Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2018
Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah. Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.
There is none worthy of worship except Allah. Peace be upon you all, I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah He is alone and has no partner and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His Servant and Messenger After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed.
In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful. All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful. Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path
The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings, those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. Hazrat Ammar bin Yassir was an early and devout companion of the Holy Prophet (saw). His father, Hazrat Yassir, was of qahtani descent. He was originally from Yemen.
He came to Mecca, along with his two brothers, Haris and Malik, searching after a brother of theirs. Haris and Malik returned to Yemen, while Hazrat Yassir took up residence in Mecca and became a confederate of Abu Huzaifah Makhzumi. Abu Huzaifah married him to his bondswoman, Hazrat Sumayya.
Hazrat Ammar was born out of that wedlock. Hazrat Ammar and Hazrat Yassir stayed with Abu Huzaifah until his demise. Upon the advent of Islam, Hazrat Yassir, Hazrat Sumayya, Hazrat Ammar and his brother Hazrat Abdullah bin Yassir accepted Islam. Hazrat Ammar bin Yassir narrates:
“I met with Hazrat Sohaib Bin Sinaan at the gate of Dar-e-Arqam. “The Holy Prophet (saw) was in Dar-e-Arqam at the time. “I asked Sohaib: ‘What is your purpose of coming here?’ and he replied: ‘What is your purpose?’. “I replied: ‘I wish to go to the Holy Prophet (saw) and listen to his words.’
“Sohaib said: ‘I have the same intention.’” Hazart Ammar narrates: “We presented ourselves before the Holy Prophet (saw). “He told us about Islam and we accepted Islam. “We stayed there until night and then departed Dar-e-Arqam in secret.” Thirty people had preceded them in accepting Islam prior to Hazrat Ammar and Hazrat Sohaib.
It is narrated in a hadith of Sahih Bukhari that Hazart Ammar bin Yasir said: “I saw the Holy Prophet (saw) at a time when there were only five slaves, “two women and Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique with him.” Hazart Musleh Mau’ood (ra), once while speaking on these companions, stated:
“God Almighty enabled some members of the most noble of the households of Mecca to serve [Islam]. “Likewise, many from among the poor also rendered extraordinary services for Islam. “Hence, you can see that Hazrat Ali was from among one of the most noble of households.
“Hazrat Hamza was from among one of the most noble of households. “Hazrat Umar was from among one of the most noble of households. “Hazrat Usman was from among one of the most noble of households. “Compared to them, Hazrat Zaid, Hazrat Bilal, Samrah, Khubab, Sohaib, Aamir, Ammar
“and Abu Fukaihah were considered to be among the less renowned households. “In other words, people from more renowned households “as well as less renowned households were chosen to become the servants of the Holy Qur’an.” At another occasion, he stated: “Hazrat Sumayya was a bondswoman.
“Abu Jahl used to persecute her severely so that she may abandon her faith. “However, when her firm faith in Islam remained unshaken and he was unable to perturb her faith, “one day, Abu Jahl, while angry at her, pierced her womb with a spear and martyred her.
“Hazart Ammar, who was the son of Sumayya, “also used to be placed on hot sand and persecuted severely.” Urwah bin Zubair narrates and it is recorded in history that: “Hazrat Ammar bin Yassir was among those weak people of Mecca, “who used to be persecuted so that they may revert from their faith.”
Muhammad bin Umar states that: “Those weak and helpless individuals “who have been mentioned in the Holy Quran are those who had no other family in Mecca “and neither anyone to protect them and they did not possess any power.
“The Quraish would severely persecute them in the intense scorching heat in the middle of the day, “so that they may abandon their faith. “Similarly, Umar bin Al-Hakam says that such cruelties were inflicted “upon Hazrat Ammar bin Yassir, Hazrat Sohaib and Hazrat Abu Fuqaiha
“that they were coerced to utter such words, which they did not believe to be true. “However, the enemies tortured them and compelled them to utter such words.” Similarly, in the narrations we find that Muhammad bin Ka’b Qurzi relates: “A person told me that he saw Hazrat Ammar bin Yassir wearing trousers.
“He said that he saw bruises and scars on Ammar’s back. “I asked him what these were. “Upon this, Hazrat Ammar said, ‘these are the signs of the torture of the Quraish of Mecca, “‘which they inflicted upon me under the burning sun at the middle of the day’.”
Amr bin Maimoon narrates that the idolaters burnt Hazrat Ammar with fire. When the Holy Prophet (saw) passed by Hazrat Ammar, he put his hand on his head and said: [Arabic] “That is, O fire! Be cold and become a means of safety for Ammar as you were for Abraham!”
Then, we find in a narration that Hazrat Uthman bin Affan relates: “The Holy Prophet (saw) and I were passing through the valley of Mecca. “The Holy Prophet (saw) was holding my hand. “We reached Abu Ammar, Ammar and his mother while they were being tortured.
“Hazrat Yasir enquired: ‘Will we always be treated in this manner?’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) said to Hazrat Yasir: ‘Be patient!’ “He also offered this prayer that ‘O Allah! Forgive Yasir and his family “‘and You have most certainly done so.’”
In other words, God Almighty had informed the Holy Prophet (saw) that they had been forgiven as a result of the difficult and severe circumstances they were facing. In a narration we find that the Holy Prophet (saw) passed by the family of Ammar while they were being tortured.
The Holy Prophet (saw) said: “O family of Ammar! Rejoice, “as you have most certainly been promised paradise.” In another narration it is mentioned that the Holy Prophet (saw) passed by the family of Yasir. Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud relates; “In the very beginning, “there were seven people who professed their belief in Islam;
“the Holy Prophet (saw), Hazrat Abu Bakr, Hazrat Ammar and his mother Hazrat Sumaiyyah, “Hazrat Sohaib, Hazrat Bilal and Hazrat Miqdad. “God Almighty had made arrangements for the protection of the Holy Prophet (saw) “through his paternal uncle, Abu Talib “and Hazrat Abu Bakr was afforded protection through his people.”
It is possible that the numbers mentioned in the traditions are incorrect as it has previously been mentioned that thirty people had already entered the fold of Islam at the time Hazrat ‘Ammar became a Muslim. Nevertheless, he relates that these were the [seven] people
And as they were at the forefront, they were inflicted with many cruelties. He relates that: “Hazrat Abu Bakr was protected through his people. “The remaining people were captured by the idolaters. “They would shackle them in steel chains and leave them burning under the sun.
“There was none among them, apart from Bilal, who did not follow their wishes. “Bilal had devoted himself for the sake of God. “He used to be tortured due to his race. “The people of Quraish would hand him over to the children, “who would then drag him through the streets of Mecca.
“However, he would continuously utter the words Ahad, Ahad [Allah is One, Allah is One]. “The idolaters would torture Hazrat Ammar by sinking his head into water.” In other words, they would sink his head into water and then beat him.
This is a similar kind of torture that is inflicted nowadays by the enemy on people or by certain governments to those who are under accusation of committing a crime. However, Hazrat Ammar was tortured far greater.
In a narration we find that the Holy Prophet (saw) met Hazrat Ammar, who was crying at that time. The Holy Prophet (saw) started to wipe away the tears from the eyes of Hazrat Ammar and said that the disbelievers captured you and used to sink your head in water,
As a result of which you uttered such and such words to them. If they ask you again, you should utter the same words to them. The details of this can be found in ‘The Life and Character of the Seal of Prophets.’
In accordance with the narrations, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib has mentioned that Ammar, his father Yasir and his mother Sumaiyyah were severely tortured by Bani Makhzum, to whom Sumaiyyah was enslaved at some point, the accounts of which make the body tremble.
Once, when the community of these devoted Muslims was being inflicted with physical cruelties, the Holy Prophet (saw) coincidentally happened to walk towards this direction. The Holy Prophet (saw) looked towards them and said in an emotional manner that [Arabic] ‘O family of Yasir! Remain patient
‘as God has prepared paradise for you as a reward for these difficulties.’ In the end, Yasir passed away as a result of this torture. Furthermore, the barbaric Abu Jahl mercilessly pierced a spear through the thigh of the elderly Sumaiyyah, which penetrated her body and reached her private parts.
Hence, this innocent lady quivered and gave her live on the same spot. Now, only Ammar remained. They also subjected him to severe torture and grief and said to him that: “Until you reject the Holy Prophet (saw), we will continue to torture you in this manner.
“Hence, in the end, Ammar was unable to bear it and said some unpleasant words “as a result of which, the disbelievers let him go. “However, following this, Ammar immediately went to the Holy Prophet (saw) “and started to weep profusely.” The Holy Prophet (saw) enquired: “What is the matter Ammar?”
He replied: “O Prophet of Allah (saw)! I have perished. “These tyrants tortured me to such an extent that I uttered some words in relation to you, “which were incorrect.” The Holy Prophet (saw) said: “What is the state of your heart?” He replied: “O Prophet of Allah (saw)! My heart still believes
“and is still saturated with the love of Allah and His Messenger (saw) as it was before”. The Holy Prophet (saw) said: “Then that is fine. May God forgive this mistake of yours.” In one of his books, Chashma Ma’rafat, the Promised Messiah (as) has quoted some extracts
From a book on the life of the Holy Prophet (saw), written by a Hindu, Parkash Devji. The Promised Messiah (as) advised his Jama’at to buy this book and read it as it was written by a non-Muslim. Following this, the Promised Messiah (as) said that he was going to include some of the writings
Of the Hindu to give an overview of the book. The Promised Messiah (as) wrote [quoting from the book of Parkash Devji]: “The Holy Prophet (saw) endured the cruelties that were inflicted upon him however he could. “However, it would be unbearable for him to see his companions suffering.
“The Holy Prophet (saw) was able to endure the cruelties that were inflicted upon him. “However, the sufferings of his companions caused him great pain and he would become restless. “Severe cruelties were inflicted upon these poor believers. “They would capture these poor people, take them into the jungle, take off their clothes,
“lay them down on the burning sand and place rocks on their chests. “Their tongues would fall out as a result of suffering in the burning heat “and being subdued by the weight. Many gave their lives due to this torture. “One person among these victims was Ammar,
“who exhibited great courage and patience in the face of these cruelties.” In fact, one should say Hazrat Ammar. The Promised Messiah further states: “He was tied, laid down on that very rugged floor, “rocks were placed on his chest “and he was commanded to insult the Holy Prophet (saw).
“They treated his old father in the same manner and his poor wife, “whose name was Sumaiyyah, was unable to bear this torture. “She uttered a humble prayer as a result of which the clothes of this innocent and faithful lady, “whose husband and son were tortured before her eyes,
“were taken off and she was tortured in an utmost shameless manner, “that even to describe it one feels ashamed. “In the end, this faithful lady suffered severely as a result of this torture and passed away.” Hence, this is the summary mentioned by the Promised Messiah (as) from the book of this Hindu,
Which he penned about the life of the Holy Prophet (saw) and his companions. Sufiyan relates a narration from his father that Hazrat Ammar (ra) was the first person who set up a mosque for worship in his house. Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir (ra) stayed in the house of
Hazrat Mubashar bin ‘Abdul Munzir (ra) when he migrated to Madina. The Holy Prophet (saw) established a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Huzaifah bin Al-Yeman (ra) and Hazrat Ammar (ra). The Holy Prophet (saw) also granted Hazrat Ammar (ra) a piece of land for his residence.
Ata bin Rabah states: “Abu Salma and Umme Salma migrated “and Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir also went with them as he had an alliance with them. “Hazrat ‘Amar bin Yasir was Hazrat Umme Salma’s foster brother.” ‘Ikrama narrates: “Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas said to him [Ikrima]
“and ‘Ali bin ‘Abdullah, his own son: ‘Go to Abu Sa’eed Khudhri and listen to what he says.’ “We went to meet him and saw that he was watering his garden with his brother. “When they saw us they sat down on the ground with their legs crossed [in a comfortable manner]
“and then said: ‘During the construction of the Prophet’s mosque, ‘we would carry each brick separately and ‘Amar bin Yasir would bring two bricks at a time.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) walked past him and removed the dust off of Hazrat Ammar’s (ra) head “and said: ‘What a pity! The rebellious group will kill him.
‘Ammar will call them towards God and they will call him towards fire.’ “Hazrat Ammar would always pray: ‘I seek refuge with God Almighty from the evil ploys.’” ‘Abdullah bin Abi Huzail narrates: “When the Messenger of God (saw) “was constructing his mosque, everyone was carrying the bricks and stones.
“The Holy Prophet (saw) and Hazrat Ammar were also doing the same. “Hazrat Ammar was reciting the following couplet: [Arabic]” That is: ‘We are Muslims who build Mosques.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) would also repeat those words. “Hazrat Ammar was sick before this and some people said that Ammar will surely die today
“because he was working in a state while recovering from illness and weakness. “Upon hearing this, the Holy Prophet (saw) dropped the bricks from Hazrat Ammar’s hand “and instructed him to rest.” So these people did not want to be deprived from offering their service even in a state of severe weakness.
Hazrat Umm-e-Salma narrates: “The Holy Prophet (saw) stated: ‘Ammar will be killed by a rebellious group.’” Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir was with the Holy Prophet (saw) during the battle of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq and all other battles. He also took part in Bait-e-Rizwan, which was the covenant taken at the time of the treaty of
Hudaibiya when the Holy Prophet (saw) sent Hazrat Uthman (ra) to Mecca as an ambassador. The disbelievers of Mecca did not let Hazrat Uthman (ra) enter and false news of his martyrdom became widespread amongst Muslims at the time. Upon hearing this, the Holy Prophet (saw) gathered all the Muslims under an acacia tree.
Whilst addressing everyone the Holy Prophet (saw) stated: “I wish to take an oath from all of you “this day that everyone will be ready to offer their lives “and no one will turn their backs and will not leave this place.” It is narrated that the companions
Were falling upon each other to take this oath [on the hands of the Holy Prophet (saw)]. When this oath was taking place, the Prophet (saw) placed his left hand upon his right hand and stated: “This is the hand of Uthman because if he was here he would not remain behind.”
In any case, later the news of Hazrat Uthman turned out to be false and he returned. However, at the time, the Muslims promised to offer their lives but they will avenge the initially reported martyrdom or the killing of Hazrat Uthman by the disbelievers who was sent as an ambassador.
Hazrat Hakam bin Utaibah narrates: “It was between sunrise and midafternoon when the Holy Prophet (saw) arrived in Madina. “Hazrat Ammar said: ‘We should create a place of shade for the Holy Prophet (saw) ‘where he can sit down, take rest and offer prayers.’
“Hence, Hazrat Ammar gathered some rocks and set the foundation of Masjid Quba. “This was the very first mosque constructed and Hazrat Ammar was the one who did this.” Hazrat Ibn-e-‘Umar says: “I saw Hazrat Ammar in the battle of Yamama. “He was standing on a high mound and was calling upon the Muslims.
“He was a very brave man. “He said: ‘O Muslims! Are you running away from paradise? I am Ammar bin Yasir, come towards me.’” Hazrat Ibn Umar states: “I was watching him “and noticed that one of his ears was cut deeply and was dangling.
“Despite all of this, Hazrat Ammar was engrossed in the battle.” In reference to the same injured ear, Tariq bin Shahab states: “Someone from the Banu Tamim tribe taunted Ammar about his mutilated ear. “Hazrat Ammar responded by saying, ‘You have abused my finest ear.’”
That is, you are mocking me for the ear that was sacrificed in battle for the sake of God Almighty. ‘This ear of mine is my best ear.’ Hazrat Khalid bin Walid narrates: “Hazrat Ammar and I had a conversation “during which I used some rather strong words.
“Hazrat Ammar went to the Holy Prophet (saw) to complain about me. “I also got there at the time he was complaining to the Holy Prophet (saw) about me. “I treated him rather harshly there as well. “The Holy Prophet (saw) sat there silently and did not utter a single word.
“Hazrat Ammar began crying and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (saw), ‘do you not see Khalid’s condition?’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) raised his head and said: ‘Whoever possesses enmity towards Ammar, ‘then God will become such a person’s enemy and whoever holds a grudge against Ammar,
‘then God will hold a grudge against such a person.’ Hazrat Khalid bin Walid said: “There was nothing dearer to me at “that moment apart from finding a way to please Hazrat Ammar.” Hazrat Khalid says: “I met Hazrat Ammar and apologised to him and he became happy with me.”
The details of this have been recorded in one place where Ashtar narrates that he heard Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed saying that: “The Holy Prophet (saw) sent me in a delegation during a battle. “With me was also Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir. “During this expedition we reached a group of people
“among whom one household was speaking about Islam. “Hazrat Ammar said that these particular people are those who believe in the Oneness of God, “but I did not pay any great attention to this and treated them like everyone else. “Hazrat Ammar kept warning me that when he meets the Holy Prophet (saw)
“he will mention this to him. “Then Hazrat Ammar went to the Holy Prophet (saw) and mentioned everything, “but when he saw that the Holy Prophet (saw) was not supporting him, that is, “he remained silent, Hazrat Ammar returned with tears in his eyes.”
Khalid bin Waleed says that: “The Holy Prophet (saw) called me and said: ‘O Khalid, do not reproach Ammar because whosoever reproaches him ‘God Almighty will make him pay for his reproaching. ‘And whosoever holds any malice in his heart against Ammar
‘and deems him a fool, will himself be a fool in the sight of God.’” Hazrat Ali relates that “I was sat with the Holy Prophet (saw) “when Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir asked to come forward.” The Holy Prophet (saw) allowed him to do so and said: “Welcome O pure and chaste person!”
Thus, this was the honour that the Holy Prophet (saw) gave him. Hazrat Aisha relates that the Holy Prophet (saw) said: “Whenever Ammar had to settle between two decisions he would always adopt the wiser option.” Hazrat Amr bin Sharhabeel narrates that the Holy Prophet (saw) said that:
“Faith is running through the veins of Ammar bin Yasir.” That is, he is completely immersed in faith. Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir is counted among those whom God Almighty had granted refuge against Satan. Ibrahim relates from Alaqamah that he said: “I went to Syria and the people said that
‘Hazrat Abu Dardaa used to say was that person among you whom ‘God Almighty had protected against Satan, as the Holy Prophet (saw) had mentioned himself?’” This was regarding Hazrat Ammar. When the Holy Prophet (saw) was making preparations to conquer Mecca he did not disclose this mission,
And even though the Companions were preparing for it, it was not eminent that Mecca was about to be invaded. In this time a Companion who had fought in the Battle of Badr by the name of Hatib bin Baltah handed a secret letter out of his naivety and
Without any ill intention to a lady who had come from Mecca to send back to Mecca. He had mentioned all of the preparations for the invasion of Mecca in the letter. The lady took the letter and went on her way. God Almighty informed the Holy Prophet (saw) of this,
So he sent Hazrat Ali and three other people, among whom was Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir, to pursue that woman and intercept the letter. Whilst describing this incident Hazrat Khalifatul Masih I (ra) states that: “A woman named Sarah “who was a citizen of Mecca, who had been brought up by the Bani Hashim family,
“had come to the Holy Prophet (saw) in Medina “when he was preparing to leave for the conquering of Mecca. “The Holy Prophet (saw) asked her if she had accepted Islam and escaped from Mecca. “She replied: ‘No, I have not come as a Muslim, but because I am in need.
‘I have been brought up by the family of the Holy Prophet (saw) ‘and for this reason I come so that you may help me financially.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) asked of the people and they gave some clothes and money etc. “after which the lady returned to her hometown.
“When she was about to depart, Hatib, a Companion who had fought in the Battle of Badr, “gave her ten Dirhams and said he wished to give her a letter “which she must hand to the people of Mecca. She agreed to do so and took the letter.
“In this letter Hatib wrote to the people of Mecca that the Holy Prophet (saw) “has decided to conquer Mecca, so be careful. “That lady was yet to leave Medina when the Holy Prophet (saw) was informed “through divine revelation that she had taken the letter.
“Hence, the Holy Prophet (saw) immediately sent Hazrat Ali (ra) and Hazrat Ammar with a group to “pursue her and get hold of the letter “and if she refused to hand it over then she should be punished. “Thus, this delegation caught up with her on route.
“She refused and swore that she did not have a letter with her, “to which Hazrat Ali (ra) drew his sword saying: ‘We have not been lied to, ‘through divine revelation we have been informed that you surely have the letter with you.’
“Out of fear of the sword she took out the letter from her hair. “When the letter arrived and they realised it was from Hatib, he was summoned. “The Holy Prophet (saw) asked him why he did this? “He replied: ‘By God, ever since I accepted Islam I have not disbelieved.
‘The only thing is that there is no one to defend or protect my tribe in Mecca ‘and the only benefit I could get from writing this letter ‘was that I did not want the infidels to harm my tribe.’
“Hazrat Umar wished to kill Hatib but the Holy Prophet (saw) forbade him from doing so and said: ‘God Almighty has expressed His pleasure with the people who took part in the Battle of Badr ‘and said that whatever happens, He will forgive them.’
“Thus, this error of his was out of ignorance and not to cause harm to the Muslims.” Hazrat Umar once appointed Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir as the governor of Kufa and sent the following instructions to the people of Kufa:
“I have now sent Ammar bin Yasir as the Ameer and ibn Mas’ud as the teacher and minister. “I have also assigned to ibn Mas’ud the running of the Baitul Maal (the treasury). “The two of them are among the honoured Companions of the Holy Prophet (saw) “who participated in the Battle of Badr.
“Therefore, obey them, follow their orders and comply with everything they say. “I have given preference to Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas’ud over myself. “I have sent ‘Uthman bin Hunaif and appointed him in Al-Sawad” – an area in Iraq which has been named Sawad due to its fertile land and verdure.
Then, after some complaint from the people of Kufa, Hazrat Umar (ra) dismissed Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir from there. Hazrat Umar (ra) later on asked him: “Was my dismissing of you unpleasant for you?” Hazrat Ammar replied: “As you have asked, “at the time when you appointed me it was unpleasant for me,
“yet you still appointed me and it was out of obedience I accepted it. “It was also unpleasant for me when I was dismissed. “Of course it did not please me but I remained silent and obeyed wholly even when being dismissed.” To the extent that he only expressed what was in his heart
When Hazrat Umar (ra) himself enquired about it. When the mischievous hypocrites and rebels caused a revolt in Medina against Hazrat ‘Uthman, unfortunately out of his naivety Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir was also misled and deceived by them, although he did not physically support them in any way.
Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II (ra) says: “There were only three residents of Medina “who supported the rebels; one was Muhammad bin Abi Bakr, who was the son of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). “Historians are of the view that since people showed him respect due to his father,
“he began to think that he held a position of rank as well. “Except for this, neither did he hold any worldly precedence, “nor did he benefit from the company of the Holy Prophet (saw) “and nor did he gain special religious education afterwards.
“He was born in the days of hajjatul wada [the last Hajj performed by the Holy Prophet (saw)] “and was still a suckling baby at the time when the Holy Prophet (saw) passed away. “He was only four when Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) passed away
“and was unable to benefit from the upbringing of this exemplary man either. “The second person was Muhammad bin Abi Huzaifah. “He was not from among the companions either. “His father had been martyred in the battle of Yamamah “and Hazrat Usman (ra) had taken his upbringing upon himself. He had nurtured him from childhood.
“When Hazrat Usman (ra) became Khalifah, he asked him for a post but Hazrat Usman (ra) refused. “He then asked for permission to go out and take up some form work. “Hazrat Usman granted him permission, so he went to Egypt. “Upon reaching there, he joined the supporters of Abdullah bin Saba
“and began inciting people against Hazrat Usman (ra). “When the rebels of Egypt attacked Medina he came along with them. “However, after having come some distance, he returned, “and was not present in Medina at the time of this conflict. “The third person was Ammar bin Yasir, who was one of the companions.
“The reason he fell to deception was because he was not very informed in the field of politics. “When Hazrat Usman (ra) sent him to Egypt so that he could return with a report “on the administration of its governor, Abdullah bin Saba welcomed him “and turned him against the governor of Egypt.
“Moreover, since the governor had bitterly opposed the Holy Prophet (saw) “in his days of disbelief and had accepted Islam after the victory of Makkah, “Ammar bin Yasir was quickly ensnared by them.” Meaning that since the Governor was once a hostile enemy of the Holy Prophet (saw)
And due to his own love for the Holy Prophet (saw), he became influenced by those who were conspiring against Hazrat Usman (ra) and his governor. Ammar bin Yasir thought that since he [i.e. the governor] was opposed to Islam previously, His heart may not have accepted Islam fully.
For this reason he was acting in the manner that he was. “Nevertheless, after creating suspicion against the governor, “Abdullah bin Saba slowly made him suspicious of Hazrat Usman (ra) as well. “However, Ammar bin Yasir did not practically participate in the rebellion.
“Although he was present in Medina when it was attacked, apart from sitting quietly at home “and not taking part in opposing the rebels, “practically, he did not take any part in the rebellion.” Thus his only weakness that he did not actively oppose the rebels that attacked Medina.
“However, he was completely innocent of the crimes committed by the rebels.” In the Khilafat of Hazrat Ali (ra), Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir fought alongside Hazrat Ali (ra) in the Battle of Siffin and in the Battle of Jamal. Abu Abdur Rahman Al Salami narrates:
“In the Battle of Siffin, we fought alongside Hazrat Ali (ra). “I saw that wherever Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir would go, “the companions of the Holy Prophet (saw) would follow him, as if he was a flag for them.” Abdullah bin Salama says: “I saw Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir in the Battle of Siffin”
This is the battle that took place between Hazrat Ali (ra) and Ameer Muawiyya, the governor of Syria at the time. Abdullah bin Salama states: “[In the battle of Siffin] Hazrat Amar bin Yasir had aged, “yet he had a tall stature and a wheat like complexion.
“Hazrat Ammar had a spear in his hand but his hand was shaking. “Hazrat Ammar said: ‘By Him in Whose hand is my life! ‘I have fought with this spear in three battles ‘alongside the Holy Prophet (saw) and this is the fourth.
‘By Him in Whose hand is my life! Even if these people beat us and make us retreat to ‘the date tree of Hajar, even then I will believe that ‘we are on the right path and these people are in the wrong.’”
Abu Al-Bakhtri relates that on the occasion of the Battle of Siffin, Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir (ra) said “Bring me milk to drink because the Holy Prophet (saw) had told me “that the last drink I have in this world will be milk.” Thus, milk was brought and Hazrat Ammar drank it
And then went forth to fight until he was martyred. In another narration it states that when milk was brought before Hazrat Ammar (ra), he laughed and said: “The Holy Prophet (saw) stated that the last drink I have would be milk.”
And so he was happy at the fact that he was being martyred in such a state. On the occasion of the Battle of Siffin, Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir (ra) said: “Paradise lies under the lustre of the sword and the thirsty shall reach the spring. “Today, I shall meet my loved ones
“and today I shall meet the Holy Prophet (saw) and his Companions.” Abdul Rehman bin Abzi relates from his father that while travelling towards Siffin, at the edge of the River Euphrates, Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir (ra) said: “O Allah! If I knew that by throwing myself off of this mountain
“is the most desirable act in Your sight then I would I have done so. “If I knew that You will be most pleased with me lighting a great fire and throw myself into it “then I would have done so.
“O Allah! If I knew that that You would be pleased with me by leaping into the water “and drowning myself in it then I would have done exactly that. “I am only taking part in this battle in order to attain Your pleasure.
“I desire that You do not cause me to fail and I only seek to attain Your pleasure.” Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir was martyred by Abu Waadya Mazni. He threw a spear at him as a result of which he fell and another person then attacked Hazrat Amaar and severed his head.
Both of them then went to Muawiya arguing, each one claiming to have killed him. Hazrat Amar bin Al-Aas, he was a companion and at the time took the side of Muawiya due to certain misunderstandings, nonetheless he was with Muawiya and his piety can be gauged from what he said at the time.
Hazrat Amar bin Al-Aas said: “I swear by God that you both are arguing over fire.” In other words, they had martyred Hazrat Ammar and both who were claiming to be the one who martyred him were in actuality arguing over the hell-fire.
When Hazrat Muawiya heard Hazrat Amar bin Al-Aas say this and the other two men had also retuned, he said to Hazrat Amar bin Al-Aas: “I have never witnessed before what you have just said now. “People have sacrificed their lives for us
“and yet you are saying to them that they are arguing over fire?” Hazrat Amar replied: “I swear by God this is precisely the case. “I swear by God that you also knew him and I wish that I have died twenty years earlier
“and not witness such a time where we are fighting with one another.” Hazrat Ammar passed away during the era of Hazrat Ali’s (ra) Khilafat during the Battle of Safeen in Safar 37 Hijri at the age of 94. The age of 91 and 93 are also reported according to some estimates.
Hazrat Amaar bin Yasir was buried in Safeen. Yahya bin Aabis relates that at the time of when Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir was martyred, he said to bury him in the same clothes as he would be worthy of admiration. Hazrat Ali (ra) buried him in the same clothes.
Abu Ishaaq states that Hazrat Ali (ra) lead the funeral prayer of Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir and Hashim bin Atba and kept Hazrat Amaar bin Yasir closer to him and Hashim was placed in front of Hazrat Amaar. He then recited the Takbeerat over both of them 5, 6 or 7 times in a row.
These were the Companions who fought for the truth and sacrifices their lives for it. May God Almighty elevate their station. There are a few more accounts and narrations regarding him and I will, God Willing, mention these in the future. All praise is due to Allah.
We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him;
And whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you.
Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as one does to one ‘s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful.
You remember Allah; He too will remember you; call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.