Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2018
Peace be upon you all, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah. Come to Prayer Come to success Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.
There is none worthy of worship except Allah. Peace be upon you all, I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah He is alone and has no partner and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His Servant and Messenger After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed.
In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful. All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful. Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path
The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings, those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. Recently I have describing some of the Companions of the Holy Prophet (saw), who participated in the Battle of Badr.
Some of them are well described in history while many get only a brief reference. However, their great stature and place in history is confirmed as they participated in the battle of Badr. Thus, they should be mentioned, even if only in a few lines.
Many of the companions I will mention today will only be described very briefly. First of these is Hazrat Subaib bin Qais bin Eesha. His grandfather’s name has been variably written as Absa or Easha. He was from among the Ansar [inhabitants of Medina] and belonged to the tribe Khazraj.
He participated in battles of Badr and Uhad. His mother’s name was Khadija bint Umar bin Zaid. He had a son called Abdullah who died in early childhood, whose mother belonged to the tribe Banu Jazara. He had no other children. Hazrat Ibada bin Qais was his brother.
He had another brother called Zaid bin Qais. The second name is that of Hazrat Unais bin Qitada who died during the Battle of Uhad. Some historians write his name as Anas. However, the correct name is Anees. Both Muhammad bin Ishaq and Muhammad bin Umar have written Anees.
He was with the Holy Prophet (saw) during the Battle of Badr and was martyred during the Battle of Uhad. He also did not have any children. According to one tradition, Hazrat Khansa bint Khuddam was married to him at the time of his martyrdom.
Then there is companion by the name of Hazrat Malail bin Wabra. Different versions of his name are recorded, but Ibn Ishaq and Abu Naeem have both written his name as Malail bin Wabra bin Abdul Karim bin Khalid bin Ajla.
On the other hand, Umar and Kalbi have written it as Malail bin Wabra bin Khalid bin Ajla, omitting Abdul Karim. He also belonged to the tribe Khazraj, his branch was Banu Ajlan. He took part in the Battle of Badr and Uhad, both.
He had two children, Zaid and Habiba whose mother was Umm Zaid bint Nazla bin Malik. His progeny did not last beyond his children. He was known as Khalid Bin Ajlan. According to one tradition, he accompanied the Holy Prophet (saw) in the Battles of Badr, Uhad and all the other battles.
Another companion was Hazrat Naufil bin Abdullah bin Nazla. He was martyred during the Battle of Uhad. Some have written his name as Naufil bin Salba bin Abdullah bin Nazla bin Malik bin Ajlan. He participated in the battles of Badr and Uhad. His lineage did not last either.
Another companion is Hazrat Wadee’a bin Amar. Ibn Kalbi has written his name as Wadee’a bin Umar bin Yasaar bin Auf, whereas Abu Ma’shar calls him Rafa bin Amar bin Jarraad. He belonged to the tribe Banu Juhaina which was aligned with Banu Najar.
He took part in battles of Badr and Uhad. Hazrat Rabee’a bin Amar was his brother. Then, there is a companion by the name Hazrat Yazeed bin Munzir bin Sarh bin Khunas. He belonged to the tribe of Banu Khazraj and he participated in the Bai’at [pledge of allegiance] taken at ‘Uqba.
The Holy Prophet (saw) formed a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Yazeed bin Munzir and ‘Amir bin Rabi’ah. He participated in the battles of Badr and Uhud. He had no children at the time of his death. His brother, Maqir bin Munzir, also participated in the Bai’at taken at ‘Uqba as well as
The battles of Badr and Uhud. Then, there is a companion by the name Hazrat Khawarja bin Humayyar Ashja’i. Many differing opinions with regards to his name can be found in history. Ibn Ishaq has mentioned his name as Khawarja bin Humayyar, Musa bin ‘Uqba has mentioned his name as Haritha bin Humayyar,
Waqidi has mentioned his name as Hamza bin Humayyar. There is also a difference of opinion with relation to the name of his father. Some have stated his name as Humayyar, whereas others have written it as Jumaira and Jumair. Nevertheless, everyone agrees on the fact that he belonged to the tribe of Ashja’,
Which was an ally of the tribe of Banu Khazraj. His brother’s name is ‘Abdullah bin Humayyar, who participated alongside him in the battle of Badr. Then, we find a mention of Hazrat Suraqa bin ‘Amr. He was an Ansari [inhabitants of Medina) His name is Suraqa bin ‘Amr bin ‘Atiya bin Hansaa Ansari.
He passed away in Jamadi-ul-Awwal [fifth month of the lunar calendar] in the eighth year of Hijra during the battle of Mu’tah. His full name was Suraqa bin ‘Amr bin ‘Atiya bin Hansaa Ansari. The name of his mother was ‘Utaila bint Qais. Suraqa belonged to the renowned tribe of the Ansar, Banu Najjar.
There are differing opinions in relation to his acceptance of Islam. According to some, he accepted Islam a short while prior to the migration of the Holy Prophet (saw) to Medina. Whereas, according to others, he accepted Islam a short while after the Holy Prophet (saw) had migrated.
The Holy Prophet (saw) formed a bond of brotherhood between Nahja Maula ‘Amr and Suraqa bin ‘Amr. He participated in the battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq and Khaybar. Furthermore, he was also blessed to be in the company of the Holy Prophet (saw) on the occasion
Of the treaty of Hudaibiyah as well as ‘Umrat-ul-Qadha [the first pilgrimage to Mecca]. Hazrat Suraqa bin ‘Amr was among those fortunate companions, who were blessed with the opportunity to partake in the Bai’at-e-Ridhwan. He did not have any progeny and as I mentioned earlier,
He was martyred in the eighth year of Hijra during the battle of Mu’tah. Then, there is a companion Hazrat ‘Abbad bin Qais. He also passed away in the eighth year of Hijra [migration to Medina] during the battle of Mu’tah. There are some differing opinions in relation to his name as well.
His name can be found as ‘Abbad bin Qais bin ‘Eisha. Similarly, the name of his grandfather is also mentioned as ‘Abasa. Hazrat ‘Abbad was the paternal uncle of Hazrat Abu Dardaa. Hazrat ‘Abbad rode together with the Holy Prophet (saw) during the battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq and Khaybar.
He also participated in the treaty of Hudaibiyah and was martyred in during the battle of Mu’tah. Then, there is Hazrat Ab-uz-Zayyah bin Thabit bin Nu’man. He passed away in the seventh year of Hijra. In one narration, his name has been mentioned as ‘Umair bin Thabit bin Nu’man bin Umayyah bin Imra-ul-Qais.
According to another narration it is Nu’man bin Thabit bin Imra-ul-Qais. He was known by his title Ab-uz-Zayyah. He participated in the battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq as well as in the treaty of Hudaibiyah. He was martyred in the seventh year of Hijra during the battle of Khaybar.
It is narrated that a Jew struck him and severed his head, as a result of which he was martyred. Then, there is Hazrat Ansa. He passed away during the battle of Badr. However, there are different opinions in relation to this
As some say that he was alive until the Khilafat of Hazrat Abu Bakr. Nevertheless, he was a freed, Abyssinian slave of the Holy Prophet (saw). His name was Ansa and it can also be found as Abu Ansa. Similarly, according to some, his title was Abu Masrooh.
Hazrat Ansa accepted Islam in its early stages and migrated to Medina at the time of migration. He became the guest of Hazrat Sa’d bin Khaithma. For as long as he was alive, his favourite activity was to serve the Holy Prophet (saw).
He was so obedient that it is narrated in relation to him that even when he used to take a seat, he would do so after seeking permission from the Holy Prophet (saw). He fought alongside the Holy Prophet (saw) in the battle of Badr. Then, there is Hazrat Abu Kabsha Sulaim.
His title is Abu Kabsha. He passed away during the Khilafat of Hazrat ‘Umar. According to some, his name was Salama. He was a freed, Persian slave of the Holy Prophet (saw). He is a companion who participated in the battle of Badr. He was born in the area of Aus.
There are various narrations regarding his birthplace and lineage. Some consider him to be Persian, others consider him to be Dausi and others consider him to be from Mecca. He accepted Islam in the very early stages and migrated to Medina after receiving permission to do so.
He fought alongside the Holy Prophet (saw) during every battle, including the battle of Badr. When Hazrat Abu Kabsha migrated to Medina, he stayed with Hazrat Kulthum bin Al-Hadaam. According to another narration, he stayed with Hazrat Sa’d bin Khaithma.
Hazrat Abu Kabsha passed away on the first night after Hazrat ‘Umar was elected as Khalifa. This was on the twenty second Jamadi-uth-Thani [sixth month of the lunar calendar] in the thirteenth year of Hijra. Then, there is Hazrat Marsad bin Abi Marsad.
He passed away during the month of Safar in the third year of Hijra. He was a companion who participated in the battle of Badr. He was an ally of Hazrat Hamza bin Abd-il-Muttalib. He participated in the battle of Uhud along with his father.
He accepted Islam in its initial stages and migrated to Medina prior to the battle of Badr. The Holy Prophet (saw) formed a bond of brotherhood between him and Hazrat Aus bin Samit. On the day of [the battle of] Badr, he approached on a horse, whose name was Sabal.
Ibn Ishaq has written that Hazrat Marsad (rh) was the leader of that group of soldiers, which the Holy Prophet (saw) send to Raji’. This incident took place during the month of Safar in the third year of Hijra. According to some, Hazrat ‘Asim bin Thabit was the leader of that group.
The incident of his martyrdom is as follows. Banu ‘Azl and Qarah pretended to have accepted Islam and requested the Holy Prophet (saw) to send them some teachers in order to provide them with religious education. Upon this, the Holy Prophet (saw) sent them a group of people.
There is a difference of opinion found on this matter in the narrations as to whether it was sent in the leadership of Hazrat Marsad, (rh) or Hazrat ‘Asim, (rh). These people had barely reached the place of Raji’,
When Banu Huzail approached them with bare swords and said that: “We do not wish to kill you. “Rather, we wish to receive a ransom from the people of Mecca “and we promise to protect your lives.” Upon this, Hazrat Marsad, Khalid and ‘Asim (rh) said that: “We do not trust your promise.”
Hence, all three gave their lives fighting them. Then, there is a companion by the name Hazrat Abu Marsad bin Qannas bin Al-Hussain Ghanwi. He passed away in the twelfth year of Hijra [migration to Medina]. According to some people, his title was Abu Hisn. He was a resident of Syria.
He accepted Islam in its very early stages and migrated to Medina after seeking permission to do so. The Holy Prophet (saw) formed a bond of brotherhood between him and Hazrat ‘Ibada bin Samit. When Abu Marsad (rh) and his son, Marsad migrated to Medina, both of them stayed with Hazrat Kulthum bin Al-Hadam.
According to some, both of them stayed with Hazrat Sa’d bin Haitham. Hazrat Abu Marsad was with the Holy Prophet (saw) in all the battles. He has the status in history for the following incident: Hazrat Hatib bin Abi Baltah sent a letter to the Meccans to secretly inform
Them [of the Holy Prophet’s plan] with the thought of protecting his children there. God Almighty informed the Holy Prophet (saw) about this so he sent three riders after the woman who was taking this letter and they took it from her. Hazrat Abu Marsad was one of the three riders.
It is narrated from Hazrat Ali: “The Holy Prophet (saw) sent Abu Marsad Ghanwi, Zubair and I “as we were able to ride a horse and the Holy Prophet (saw) said, ‘Go until you reach the place called Roza-e-Khaakh, ‘there you will be find a woman from amongst the idol worshippers
‘who has the letter from Hatib bin Abi Baltah to the Idol worshippers.’” This is mentioned in Bukhari. Hazrat Abu Marsad has narrated a hadith [tradition] from the Holy Prophet (saw) which is mentioned in Muslim and Baghwi. He states: “I heard the Holy Prophet (saw) saying:
‘Do no sit on graves and do not pray in their direction.” He passed away during the Khilafat of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) in the 12th Hijri at the age of sixty-six. There is a companion named Hazrat Suleet bin Qais bin ‘Amar. He passed away in 14th Hijri.
His full name was Hazrat Suleet bin Qais bin ‘Amar bin ‘Ubaid bin Malik. After accepting Islam, both Hazrat Sulaeet bin Qais and Hazrt Abu Salma destroyed the idols of the family of Banu ‘Adi bin Najjar. At the occasion of the Holy Prophet (saw)’s migration to Medina
When he was entering the city on his camel, every tribe desired that he would stay at their home. When the Holy Prophet’s (saw) camel reached the house of Banu ‘Adi, and they were his maternal uncles because Salma bint ‘Amr, mother of ‘Abdul Mutalib, was from this tribe,
At that time Hazrat Suleet bin Qais and Aseerah bin Abu Khuwarjah tried to stop the Holy Prophet (saw) but he stated, “Leave my camel as it is moving under divine guidance.” That is, it will stop wherever God desires. Hazrat Suleet took part in the battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq
And all the battles with the Holy Prophet (saw). He passed away in 14th Hijri during the Khilafat of Hazrat ‘Umar at the battle of Jisr in Abi Ubaid. Hazrat Mujazar bin Ziyaad was martyred during the battle of Uhud. Mujazar was his title which means ‘a person possessing a heavy body’.
The Holy Prophet (saw) established brotherhood between Hazrat Majzar and ‘Aaqil bin Buqair. It is mentioned in another place that the Holy Prophet (saw) established brotherhood between Hazrat Mujazar and Hazrat ‘Ukasha bin Mehsin. Hazrat Majzar participated in the battle of Badr and the battle of Uhud.
Ibn-e-Ishaaq narrates, “The Holy Prophet (saw) had prohibited the killing of Abu Bakhtari “because he prevented people of Meccan from tormenting the Holy Prophet (saw). “In exchange, the Prophet had stated, ‘Do not kill him’. “Abu Bakhtari would not cause any suffering to the Holy Prophet (saw)
“and he was amongst those who protested against the pact of the Quraish “against the Banu Hashim and the Bani Mutalib.” Hazrat Mujazar once came across Abu Bakhtari and said: “The Holy Prophet (saw) has prevented us from killing you.” Abu Bakhtari’ friend, who had left Mecca with him, was with him at the time.
His name was Janaza bin Mulayha and he was from the Banu Lais tribe. Abu Bahktari’s name was ‘Aas. He enquired, “What instructions do you have for my friend?” Hazrat Mujazar responded, “I swear by God, we will not spare your friend. “The Prophet (saw) has instructed us only about you.”
He responded, “If we are going to die then we shall die together. “I cannot bear the thought of Meccan women talking about this “and saying that I abandoned my companion to save my own life.” Both of them prepared for a fight with Hazrat Mujazar and he killed Abu Bhakhtari.
Hazrat Mujazar came to the Holy Prophet (saw) and said, “I swear by the One Who “ordained you with the Truth, I tried my utmost to take him as a prisoner “and I bring him to you but he was unwilling. At last, he fought me and I took his life.”
Hazrat Mujazar’s children were in Medina and also in Baghdad. It is narrated by Abi Wajziah, “The three men, amongst the Martyrs of Uhud, “who were buried in a single grave were Mujazar bin Ziyaad, “Nu’man bin Malik and ‘Abdah bin Hassas.”
However, another narration also states, “Hazrat Aneesah bint ‘Adi came to the Holy Prophet (saw) “and stated: ‘O Messenger of Allah (saw) my son ‘Abdullah, ‘who fought in the battle of Badr, was martyred in the battle of Uhud.
‘It is my desire that I bury my son near our home so that I remain close to him.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) allowed her to do so and also it was decided “that along with Hazrat ‘Abdullah, his friend Hazrat Mujazar “shall also be buried in the same grave.
“Hence, both friends were wrapped together in one single of sheet of cloth “and were carried to Medina on a Camel. “Abdullah was bulkier and more well-built than Mujazar who was slim and slender.” It is mentioned: “People were astonished to notice
“that they both weighed the same when people took them off of the camel. “The Prophet (saw) stated: ‘Their deeds have made them both equal to each other.’” Hazrat Hubbab bin Munzar Bin Jumuh was a companion who passed away during the Khilafat of Hazrat ‘Umar (ra).
He was with the Holy Prophet (saw) during Badr, Uhud, Khandaq and all other battles. He remained resolute alongside the Holy Prophet (saw) during the battle of Uhud and took the Oath of Allegiance upon his demise. Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad sahib writes about him in Seerat Khatam Al-Nabiyyeen:
“The location where the Muslim army was staying was not great, “so Hazrat Hubbab bin Munzar asked the Holy Prophet (saw): ‘Have you selected this location due to Divine Guidance ‘or it was selected merely on the basis of military tactics.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) responded: ‘There has been no Divine guidance regarding this matter
‘so you can share your suggestion freely if you wish.’ “Hazrat Hubbab bin Munzar stated: ‘In that case this is not a good location in my view. ‘It would be better to move forward and occupy the spring located closest to the Army of the Quraish. ‘I am aware that this spring produces good quality
‘of water and it is usually sufficient in quantity.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) appreciated this suggestion. “Since the Quraish were on the other side of the hill and this spring was unoccupied, “the Muslim army moved forward and occupied it. “However, as it has been recorded in the Holy Qur’an,
“this spring did not produce much water and the Muslims experienced this shortage. “It also happened that the location in the valley where the Muslims were situated was not good “because there was too much sand and would not allow one’s feet to settle properly.
“Then by the Grace of God it rained a little and this gave Muslims the opportunity “to create a reservoir to contain water and sand became more firm “and their feet would not cave in the sand. “On the other hand, the enemy ground became muddy and their water became somewhat dirty and impure.
“Hazrat ibn ‘Abbas (ra) states: Hazrat Gabriel descended upon the Holy Prophet (saw) and said: ‘Hazrat Hubbab bin Munzar’s suggestion is correct.’ “The Prophet (saw) stated: ‘O Hubab your advice was wise.’” At the time of the Battle of Badr, Hazrat Hubbab bin Munzar
Was carrying the flag of the Khazraj tribe. He was thirty-three years old at the time. Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad sahib (ra) further writes about him in Seerat Khatam Al-Nabiyyeen: “When the Holy Prophet (saw) was notified by his informants about the army of the Quraish
“that they were closing in, he dispatched one of his Companions named Hazrat Hubbab bin Munzar “and instructed him to gauge the numbers and strength of the enemy. “He also advised him: ‘If you find out that the strength and numbers of the enemy is great
‘and the situation is dangerous for the Muslims, then do not mention openly rather, ‘just mention that privately so it does not affect the morale of the Muslims.’ “Hubbab went there secretly and returned shortly thereafter “and updated the Holy Prophet (saw) about everything.”
Yahyah bin Sa’ad narrates: “On the day of Quraizah and the day of Al-Nazeer, “when the Holy Prophet (saw) sought counsel from people, “Hazrat Hubbab bin Munzar stood up and said: ‘I am of the opinion that we settle down in the midst of the army camps’”
That is, go to the location closest to the army in order to obtain intelligence and carry out better surveillance. The Holy Prophet (saw) accepted his suggestion. He passed away during the Khilafat of Hazrat Umar (ra). When the Holy Prophet (saw) passed away and how Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) controlled that entire situation
And the condition of the Companions (ra), it is mentioned: “After praising the Lord, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) stated: ‘Look! ‘Whoever worshiped Muhammad (saw) should know that Muhammad (saw) has surely passed away ‘and whoever worshipped Allah should keep in mind that Allah is alive and shall never pass away.’
“And Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) recited the following verse: “(Arabic – Holy Quran 39:31) ‘Surely thou wilt die, and surely they too will die.’ “Then he recited the following verse: (Arabic – Holy Quran 3:145) ‘And Muhammad is only a Messenger. Verily, all Messengers have passed away before him.
‘If then he die or be slain, will you turn back on your heels? ‘And he who turns back on his heels shall not harm Allah at all. ‘And Allah will certainly reward the grateful.’” Sulaiman mentions that upon hearing this, people cried so extensively that they began to weep convulsively.
Sulaiman further relates that: “Other Ansar companions gathered “around Hazrat Sa’ad Bin Ubaidah at the house of Bani Sa’adah and said to him, ‘There shall be one leader amongst us, and one leader amongst you.’ “Hazrat Abu Bakr, Hazrat Umar Bin Khattab and Hazrat Abu Ubaida bin Aljarah came to them.
“Hazrat Umar was about to speak when Hazrat Abu Bakr instructed him to stop. “Hazrat Umar would say, ‘I swear by Allah, I had prepared a speech for what intended to say ‘and I was pleased by it, but I was afraid that Hazrat Abu Bakr ‘would not be able to deliver a similar speech.’
“After that Hazrat Abu Bakr delivered a speech “which was more eloquent than the speech of any other person. “During his speech he also stated, ‘We are the leaders whilst you are the ministers.’ “Upon hearing this Hubbab Bin Munzar said, ‘It can never be so, by God it can never be so.’”
I am mentioning this because the name of Hubbab Bin Munzar has been mentioned here. Upon hearing this Hubbab Bin Munzar said, “It can never be so, by God it can never be so. “By God we will never do so. “There will be one leader from amongst us and one leader from amongst you.”
That is to say that there would be one leader amongst the Quraish and one leader amongst the Ansar. Hazrat Abu Bakar replied, “No, we are the leaders and you are the ministers because the Quraish “hold precedence over all of Arabia in caste, and in lineage are ancient Arabs.
“Therefore, take initiation at the hand of Umar or Abu Ubaidah.” Hazrat Umar said, “No, rather we will take initiation at your hand because you are our chief, “the best amongst us and you were dearer to the Holy Prophet (saw) than any of us.”
After saying this he held the hand of Hazrat Abu Bakr and took initiation at his hand, others followed and; therefore, at that moment everyone else also took initiation at his hand. Hazrat Hubbab bin Munzir narrates “Hazrat Jibrael (as) came to the Holy Prophet (saw) and said:
‘Out of these what is more preferred to you; that you remain in this world with your companions, ‘or to return to your Lord where you will be granted everlasting provisions in paradise ‘that have been vouchsafed to you. ‘Furthermore, all that which you desire and everything that is a means of providing
‘satisfaction to you have also been promised.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) turned to his companions and asked: ‘What is your opinion?’ “The Companions said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, we prefer that you stay with us ‘so that you can inform us of the weaknesses of our enemies;
‘then pray to God Almighty to grant His succour to defeat them; ‘likewise, you can confer to us divine revelation.’” The Holy Prophet (saw) then turned to Hubbab bin Munzir and said, “What is your opinion? You are very quiet.” At this Hubbab bin Munzir replied, “O Messenger of Allah!
“You should choose that path which God Almighty has preferred for you.” Hazrat Hubbab says that: “The Holy Prophet (saw) accepted this statement of mine.” Then there was a companion Hazrat Rifaa bin Raafi bin Malik bin Ujlan who was from among the Ansar. He passed away under the early rule of Ameer Muawiyyah.
Hazrat Raafi bin Malik bin Ujlan’s was known as Abu Muaz and his mother was Malik bint Ubay bin Salool, who was the sister of the chief of the hypocrites, Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salool. He was present during the Bai’at Uqbah as well as the Battle of Badr, Uhud, Ditch, Bait e Rizwan
And all other battles in which the Holy Prophet (saw) took part in. Two of his brothers, Khallaad bin Raafi and Malik bin Raafi took part in the Battle of Badr. Hazrat Muaz narrates on account of his father – Hazrat Rifaa bin Raafi, who took part in the Battle of Badr
That Hazrat Jibrael (as) asked the Holy Prophet (saw) his perception about those companions who took part in the Battle of Badr? The Holy Prophet (saw) said: “The best among the Muslims” or words to this effect. Hazrat Jibrael replied: “In the same manner, those angels that took part
“in the Battle of Badr are also superior in rank.” This hadith is found in Bukhari. With regards to how angels participated in the Battle of Badr, Hazrat Zainul Abideen Waliullah Shah Sahib has explained this incident in his commentary of Bukhari, “God Almighty states in the Holy Quran: (Arabic)
“And remember the time when thy Lord revealed to the angels, saying, ‘I am with you; so give firmness to those who believe. ‘I will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve. ‘Smite, then, the upper parts of their necks, and smite off all finger-tips.’
“Darbul A’naaq, Darbur Riqaab and Darb Kulla Banaan means “a striking with full force and keeping the target in sight.” There are two or three similar narrations. Regarding these Shah Sahib writes: “This chapter deals with the presence of angels [in the Battle of Badr] and seeing them.”
The reality of the matter is that it was in the form of divine revelation/vision. “And them fighting in battle is also of the same nature. “In other words the battle was of the equivalent for angels and not with arrows and muskets.
“The angels did not use arrows or swords and one can only see them through one’s spiritual eye “and not with the physical eye. “The Holy Prophet (saw) has witnessed this as well as the Companions and other Saints.” Whilst elaborating on how angels partake in battle, Shah Sahib writes:
“The tribe of Quraish became enraged after the incident at Nakhlah “and this became the cause of further battles in which the disbelievers “were to perish according to divine prophecy. “The nature of angels is different to ours and their way of battle is unique.
“During the Battle of Badr the enemy camped on a high stony mound “and the Holy Prophet (saw) camped at the foot of that hill. “The scarce numbers of the Muslims were concealed for the enemy. “Due to the winds blowing it rained heavily. “Every arrow that the companions fired landed on its target successfully.
“The enemy were perplexed to see the companions fighting with such resolve and determination. “All this was due to the divine influence of the angels “and was vouchsafed to the Holy Prophet (saw) in the following words: (Arabic) ‘And remember the time When you implored the assistance of your Lord, and He answered you,
‘saying, ‘I will assist you with a thousand of the angels, following one another.’” He further writes, “The acceptance of the prayer of the Holy Prophet (saw) “ensured that the certain measures fall in place at the appointed time. “If one ponders over these events, one can witness the power and influence of the angels.”
He then further writes, “Who was it that enabled the Holy Prophet (saw) to leave Mecca “under precarious circumstances, whilst keeping the Meccans ignorant of the events? “Having chased the Holy Prophet (saw) up to Cave Thaur, “who was it that made them turn back empty handed?
“Who enabled the Holy Prophet (saw) to safely reach Medina, “which was to become an important center for the progress of Islam?” He also writes, “After the migration to Medina, Hazrat Abbaas remained in Mecca “in his state of idolatry, but at the same time had sympathy for the Holy Prophet (saw)
“and informed him of the ploys of the Meccans. “In other words, through Hazrat Abbas, the angels exerted their influence.” This is how the angels work. “Behind all these incidents is the work of the angels. “The victory and success of the battles in which the Holy Prophet (saw)
“fought in is an exegesis of the faith inspiring verse: (Arabic).” Shah Sahib then further writes, “I was taught every chapter of Sahih al Bukhari “by Khalifatul Masih I, Hazrat Maulana Nooruddeen Sahib (ra). “Likewise I listened to lectures delivered on the Holy Quran and also studied it.
“With regards to angels, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih I (ra) stated, “‘Nooruddeen has also experienced communion with angels. ‘The entire system of angels is very vast. ‘For each ability and faculty of man there is an assigned angel such as for sight, hearing, touch, ‘temperament, knowledge, wisdom and all mental abilities.
‘Without the assistance of angels these faculties are redundant, rather they become harmful. ‘All of man’s abilities and faculties only function with the help of angels.’” He further writes, “An arrow, bullet or taking an aim, can only accurately reach the target “when one’s mind and intellect are intact
“and one can determine the distance of how far or close something really is. “Moreover, one needs to be in control of their senses and emotions, “otherwise the target will be missed.” He writes that Hazrat Khalifatul Masih I (ra) used to say, “Angels have been appointed for every physical and mental faculty.
“Whether one is in a state of belief or disbelief, they have relationship with every person “and with each faculty to a certain degree. “The Holy Quran mentions that they were 3000 at the time of the Battle of Badr “and 5000 in the Battle of Uhad.
“This difference in number is due to the importance of the situation. “During the Battle of Badr the enemies were few in number as compared to the Battle of Uhad “and thus there was more danger and therefore the greater the number of angels “promised to be sent for protection. God Almighty states: (Arabic)
“The promise of divine help from God Almighty’s attributes of being the Almighty and All-Wise “both necessitates perfect planning and complete might and strength “in which all the means of granting help are closely linked to one another. “There exists an aspect of continuity and divine commandment, “and they are strengthened through strong divine planning.”
Thus, this is the deeper meaning wherein God Almighty stated that He sent angels who fought. However, it does not mean that the angels were physically fighting because according to some there are narrations stating that the wounds inflicted by the angels [upon the enemy]
Were completely different in appearance to the ones inflicted by the Companions, this is completely wrong. The truth of the matter is that they direct the human faculties and ensure they are utilised in the best manner. When all of this is happening through the influence of the angels
Then it is as if it is they who are actually fighting. Hazrat Yahya relates from Muaz bin Rifaa bin Rafi that Hazrat Rifaa was from among those who took part in the Battle of Badr and his father, Hazrat Rafi, was among those who had taken the Bai’at at Uqbah.
Hazrat Rafi used to say to his son, Hazrat Rifaa, that: “For me, taking part in the Battle of Badr “was a more honourable and of greater significance than taking Bai’at at Uqbah. “Being part of the Battle of Badr was a huge honour.”
Hazrat Rifaa bin Rafi also took part in the Battle of Jaml and Sifeen alongside Hazrat Ali. According to a narration when Hazrat Talha and Hazrat Zubair left for Basra along with the army, the wife of Hazrat Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib, Umme Al-Fazl bint Harith informed the Hazrat Ali of their departure.
Upon this Hazrat Ali said, “I am astounded at the fact that people attacked Hazrat Usman “and martyred him and yet without any compulsion they took my Bai’at; “I did not force them to take my Bai’at. “People took the Bai’at and Talha and Zubair also took the Bai’at
“and now they have left for Iraq with an army.” Hazrat Rifaa bin Rafi commented on this, “When the Holy Prophet (saw) passed away, “we assumed that we, the Ansar, were more deserving of Khilafat “for we helped the Holy Prophet (saw) and we have a very high status in faith.
“However, you all said that ‘We, the Muhajireen, are from amongst the first [to accept Islam] ‘and we are friends and have close relations with the Holy Prophet (saw), ‘therefore for the sake of God Almighty, do not hinder us from Khilafat.’ “Thus, you know well that at that time we left Khilafat with you.
“We never argued with you over this and took the Bai’at of Khilafat showing complete obedience. “The reason for this is because we witnessed that the truth is being practiced, “the Book of God is being followed and Sunnah [practice] of the Holy Prophet (saw)
“is being established therefore we have no reason to not be content with this. “What more could we want. “We took your Bai’at and then we never turned our backs from this. “You are far better than those who oppose you now, therefore give us your instructions.”
Just as he said this, Hajaj bin Wazia Ansari came and said, “O Leader of the faithful! “We must seek to take action against this issue before it is too late. “My soul will never be at ease if I was overcome with fear.
“O people of Ansar, help the Leader of the Faithful once again “just as you did so for the Holy Prophet (saw). “I swear by God that this support will be just like the support we offered the first time around, “but that support of course is superior.”
In any case, he died during the early period of Hazrat Amir Muawiyah’s leadership. This was the description of the Companions. I wish to say something in reference to the last Friday Sermon and further elaborate on a particular incident.
It was mentioned in regards to Hazrat Amaar that Hazrat Amar bin Aas expressed great sorrow and concern at his demise because he had heard the Holy Prophet (saw) state that “Amaar would be martyred by a rebellious group.”
Hazrat Amar bin Aas showed great concern because at the time he was on the side of Amir Muawiyah and it was the army of Hazrat Amir Muawiyah which martyred Hazrat Amaar. Nevertheless, people raise the question that if he was from among the those who rebelled
Then why is so much respect given to his name. Also, Hazrat Amir Muawiyah has been given a significant status in the literature of the Jama’at. Firstly, in regards to the status of the Companions (ra), it is not for us to determine the fate of the Companions.
Due to whatever misunderstanding and error those unfortunate circumstances arose, that matter should be left with God Almighty alone, and the Muslims in fact have faced the consequences of that too. These questions also arose in the minds of those at the time
And indeed they would have also prayed in order to alleviate this concern as to what had occurred since there were Companions on both side who were fighting one another. They indeed must have prayed for guidance as well and God Almighty surely would have granted them guidance too.
Thus, according to a narration, Abu Zoha relates that: “Amar bin Shirajeel Abu Maisra, “who was from amongst the best students of Hazrat Abdullah bin Masood, “saw in a dream that there is a beautiful garden full of greenery in which there are a few tents. “One belonging to Hazrat Amaar bin Yaasir
“and there were a few other tens in which Dhul Qilaa was also there. “Abu Maisra enquired as to how this was possible for they had fought against one another. “He then heard a sound saying, ‘They found their Lord to be Most-Forgiving, ‘and hence they are now together.’”
Thus, these matters are now with God Almighty. It is not for us to entertain these issues and it is because of these wars and the fact that Muslims continued to dwell over these issues that it has caused great divide amongst them and we are witnessing the impact of this even today.
These incidents should be a lesson for us and instead of dwelling over them, rather we should be seeking ways to establish unity. I once mentioned an account related by Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) which was in reference to Amir Muwaiya. Upon this someone from one of the Arab countries wrote to me and said:
“He was the leader of a murderous and rebellious group “therefore why do I say his name with such respect.” Therefore, this narration in which the dream was mentioned is a sufficient enough response in that God Almighty is Most-Forgiving and Ever Merciful.
We should focus on reforming our conditions and affairs instead of commenting about them. The Promised Messiah (as) also in certain places has praised Hazrat Amir Muawiyah. Therefore, we too, rather than commenting on the errors of these noble men should instead take lessons from it.
In regards to Hazrat Amir Muawiyah it is also mentioned that once when a battle was taking place between him and Hazrat Ali and the discord was increasing, a Christian king sought to launch an attack on the Muslims considering their condition to be weak.
When Hazrat Amir Muawiyah learnt of this news, he said, “If this is what you think “then remember that if you launch an attack, “I will be the first general fighting under the flag of Hazrat Ali. “I will fight with him against you. “Therefore come into your senses and act accordingly.”
Thus, such is the status of these people. May God Almighty enable us to remain as one and remain established on being united and excel in our good deeds. All praise is due to Allah. We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone
And we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him; and whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path.
And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you. Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other
And to do good to others as one does to one ‘s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful. You remember Allah; He too will remember you;
Call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.