Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2020
Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you.
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. In the previous sermon, I was relating the accounts from the life of Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra). Today, I shall present the remaining accounts from his life. There was a battle that took place which is known as the Battle of Yarmuk.
The reason why it was called ‘Yarmuk’ is because Yarmuk is the name of a valley that lies in the outskirts of Syria. One of the most major battles in Syria was fought in 15AH on the plains of Yarmuk at the banks of the Yarmuk River.
The Roman army, led by Vahan, brought close to 250,000 soldiers onto the battlefield, while the Muslims numbered around 30,000, which also included one thousand companions of the Holy Prophet (saw), one hundred of whom had participated in the Battle of Badr. Upon mutual consultation, the Muslims temporarily withdrew their forces from Homs.
They said to the Christians of Homs that, “As we are temporarily withdrawing our protection from you, your jizyah – i.e. the taxes collected from you – “is being returned to you as we are unable to fulfil the obligations “for which the jizyah was levied.”
Hence, that jizyah was returned to the people of Homs, which amounted to several hundreds of thousands. When that amount was being returned, the Christians would cry on account of the honesty and justice of the Muslims and would pray from rooftops that, “O merciful Muslim rulers! May God bring you back again.”
When the Muslims withdrew from Homs, the Romans were further encouraged, and they arrived at Yarmuk with a large army and camped there to fight the Muslims. However, in their hearts, they were afraid of the strength the Muslims drew from their faith.
So, they also wished for some diplomatic resolution and tried to form a treaty. Hence, the Roman commander Vahan sent a Roman emissary named George to the Muslim army. When he reached the Muslim army, they were offering the maghrib prayer. When he saw the Muslims, prostrating before God with great humility,
It left a deep impression upon him. He asked some questions to Hazrat Abu ‘Ubaidah (ra), one of which was, “What is your view of Jesus?” Hazrat Abu ‘Ubaidah recited the following verse of the Holy Qur’an: [Arabic, Holy Qur’an 4:172] “O People of the Book, exceed not the limits in your religion,
“and say not of Allah anything but the truth. “Verily, the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, was only a Messenger of Allah “and a fulfilment of His word which He sent down to Mary, and a mercy from Him. “So believe in Allah and His Messengers, and say not ‘They are three.’
“Desist, it will be better for you. “Verily, Allah is the only One God. “Far is it from His Holiness that He should have a son. “To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. “And sufficient is Allah as a Guardian.” Thereafter, he read the following verse:
[Arabic, Holy Qur’an 4:173] ‘Surely, the Messiah will never disdain to be a servant of Allah, ‘nor will the angels near unto God.’ When George, who had come as a representative of the opposing army, heard these teachings of the Holy Qur’an, he said indeed these were the qualities of the Messiah (as).
He also said that their Messenger (saw) was true and thus accepted Islam. Thus, he did not wish to return to his army. However, Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) said that the Romans will think that the Muslims have broken their pact, therefore he should return.
Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) advised that he could return the following day with the emissary that was be sent from the Muslim army to them. Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) called the Christian army towards Islam and presented to them the Islamic teachings of equality, brotherhood and morals.
The following day, Hazrat Khalid (ra) went to them. However, his visit was not fruitful and preparations for a battle commenced. Muslim women were at the rear of the army, who gave water to the soldiers, tended to the wounded and encouraged the soldiers during the battle. Hazrat Asma’ bint Abi Bakr,
Hazrat Hind bint ‘Utbah, who accepted Islam on the occasion of the conquest of Mecca and was the wife of Hazrat Abu Sufyan and also Hazrat Umm-e-Aban, etc., were among these women. Addressing the Muslim women prior to the battle, Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) said,
“O Mujahidat [female soldiers]! Pull out the pegs from the tents and take them into your hands. “Fill your cloaks with rocks and stones and give encouragement to the Muslims to fight. “Tell them that today is the day of combat and they are not to turn their backs.
“If you see the Muslims gaining victory, remain seated in your places “and if you see the Muslims retreating, strike their faces with these pegs, “and pelt them with stones and send them back into the battlefield. “Lift your children up and tell them to go
“and sacrifice their lives for their families and for the sake of Islam.” Following this, Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) addressed the men in the following manner, “O servants of Allah! Come forward in support of God “as He will help you in return and grant you steadfastness. “O servants of Allah!
“Be patient as this is the very means of becoming pure from any form of disbelief, “the means of pleasing God and the means of washing away one’s stain of humiliation. “Do not break your ranks, do not be the ones who instigate the battle, raise your spears, secure your guard,
“and remain engaged in the remembrance of God so that He may fulfil His will.” They were instructed that they must not be the ones who initiate the fighting, but once the battle commences then they should not turn their backs from it.
The opposing army placed a golden cross at the front of its army and their glistening armour was reflecting into the eyes of the Muslim army. They were covered in iron from head to toe; that is, they were fully clad in armour.
On that day, they also wore chains around their ankles so that they could not retreat; thus they would either kill or be killed. Their priests were reading extracts from the Gospel to rouse their emotions. The army of the disbelievers advanced like waves of the ocean.
Theirs was an army of around 200,000 to 250,000 soldiers, whereas the Muslims were only thirty thousand. Nevertheless, the battle commenced. At first, the Romans had the upper hand and started to push the Muslims back. The Christians had secretly received information
As to who among the Muslim army were companions of the Holy Prophet (saw). They positioned some of their skilled archers on a hill and instructed them to specifically target the companions with their arrows. They knew that once the prominent men were killed, the remaining army will subsequently become disheartened
And they would flee from the battlefield. As a result of this, several companions were killed and some lost their eyes. Seeing this, ‘Ikrimah, the son of Abu Jahl, who had accepted Islam at the time of the conquest of Mecca and who said to the Holy Prophet (saw) on that occasion that,
“Pray that Allah enables me to atone for my previous sins.” In other words, may Allah enable him to atone for his past deeds. He then went with some of his companions to Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) and said, “The Companions (ra) [of the Holy Prophet (saw)] have offered great sacrifices.
“Allow us who joined the fold of Islam later to also partake in the blessings. “We will attack the core of the army and kill the Christian generals.” Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) replied, “This is a very dangerous assignment. “Whichever young fighter goes to attempt this will be killed.”
Ikrimah (ra) said, “This is true, however what other choice do we have? “Would you like for us youths to stay safe and for the Companions (ra) to be killed?” Since he had accepted Islam, he was instilled with a passion and yearning to sacrifice his life for the sake of Allah the Almighty.
Ikrimah repeatedly asked for permission for him and 400 other fighters to attack the core of the enemy army. Eventually, Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) granted permission upon the insistence of Ikrimah. Thus, they attacked the core of the army and were successful, however, the majority of the youths were martyred in this attack.
The Muslims managed to push the Byzantine forces back towards the trenches they had dug. Since they had shackled themselves together lest anyone runs away, the Byzantine soldiers fell in the trenches in large numbers. If one would fall, they would take ten others with them.
Whilst retreating, 80,000 of the disbelievers drowned in the Yarmuk River, whereas 100,000 Byzantine soldiers were killed in the battlefield. 3000 Muslims were martyred. This was the Battle of Yarmuk. With regards to the Battle of Yarmuk, in particular the conclusion of it, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) writes: “When the battle finished,
“the Muslims went in search of Ikrimah and those with him [who launched the attack]. “They discovered that 12 of them were severely injured including Ikrimah. “Upon seeing the grave condition of Ikrimah, one Muslim soldier said to him: “‘O Ikrimah! I have a water bag with me, drink some water from it.’
“Ikrimah turned his head and saw that Hazrat Fazl (ra) – “the son of Hazrat Abbas (ra) was lying injured near to him. “Ikrimah said to the Muslim soldier, “‘My honour would not permit me to quench my thirst and live, “‘whilst those people and their progeny, who assisted the Holy Prophet (saw)
“‘at a time when I was his staunch enemy to die of thirst. “‘therefore first give the water to him (i.e. Hazrat Fazl bin Abbas). “‘If there is any left, then bring it for me.’ “The Muslim soldier then went to Hazrat Fazl (ra), “but he indicated that another injured Muslim ought to be given water first, “as he was more in need than he was.
“The Muslim soldier then went to him, “but he also stated that another injured Muslim was more in need of water, “therefore he ought to go to him first. “Accordingly, whichever injured soldier he would go to, they would send him to the next person “and none would drink the water.
“When the Muslim soldier went to the last injured soldier, he had already passed away. “He then went to the next injured soldier “and eventually returned back to Ikrimah, yet they all had passed away.” The people of Syria belonged to different religions, spoke different languages and were of various ethnicities.
Hazrat Abu Ubaidah bin Jarrah (ra) upheld justice and established equality between them. Peace and order was restored and each citizen was granted religious freedom. He established the essence of the Islamic teachings by telling them: “You are all the children of Adam and are brothers to one another. “Therefore, as humans, everybody is equal.”
A common allegation that is raised is that people were compelled to accept Islam, however this is incorrect. Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) granted religious freedom to the Romans. He ensured each tribe was given their due rights and established law and order. Owing to the conduct of Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra),
The Arabs of Syria who were Christians, accepted Islam. As mentioned earlier, they accepted Islam due to preaching or upon seeing the good conduct of the Muslims and not through compulsion. Aside from this, the Romans and the Christians also accepted Islam owing to his high morals.
A few days prior to the victory at Yarmuk, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) passed away and Hazrat Umar (ra) was elected as the Khalifa. Hazrat Umar (ra) appointed Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) as the governor of Syria and as the Commander of the army.
When Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) received these instructions from Hazrat Umar (ra), the battle was at its peak intensity and owing to this Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) did not mention about the letter. When Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (ra) came to know of it as Hazrat Khalid (ra) was the Commander up until then
He asked Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) why he did not disclose the instructions [of Hazrat Umar (ra)], Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) replied: “We were confronting the enemy and I did not wish to cause you any distress.” When the Muslims gained victory at Yarmuk and Hazrat Khalid’s (ra) army was preparing to depart for Iraq,
Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) kept Hazrat Khalid (ra) with him for a while. When Hazrat Khalid (ra) was about to depart, he said to the people that they should rejoice that an Ameen [Custodian] of this ummah had been placed as a governor over them, i.e. referring to Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra).
Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) responded: “I have heard the Holy Prophet (saw) say that Khalid is a sword from among the Swords of God.” Thus, both commanders departed on a note of mutual love and respect. This is the level of righteousness of a [true] believer
In that they never had any desire for fame or glory, nor did they wish for any position or office. They only wished to attain the pleasure of Allah the Almighty and to establish God’s Sovereignty on the earth. Thus, these people are excellent models for us
And every office bearer, in fact every Ahmadi ought to bear their example in mind. The conquest of Jerusalem is also linked to Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra). The Muslim Army advanced towards Palestine under the command of Hazrat Amr bin ‘Aas (ra). When he conquered the cities of Palestine, he reached Jerusalem and besieged it.
Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) also joined him with his contingent. The Christians had retreated into their forts, but becoming frustrated by this they wished to settle into a treaty on the condition that Hazrat Umar (ra) would come himself for this treaty.
Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) informed Hazrat Umar (ra) about the demands of the Christians. Thus, in Rabi al-Awwal of 16 Hijri, Hazrat Umar (ra) left Medina and appointed Hazrat Ali (ra) as the Ameer in his absence. He reached Jabiyah, which was a settlement in the peripheries of Damascus.
Upon his arrival he was greeted by the commanders of the various contingents of the Muslim army. Hazrat Umar (ra) asked: “Where is my brother?” The people asked: “O Leader of the Faithful! Who are you referring to?” He replied: “Abu Ubaidah.” He was informed that he was on his way.
Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) arrived on his camel, he offered the greeting of peace and enquired about Hazrat Umar’s (ra) wellbeing. Hazrat Umar (ra) then requested everyone else to leave and he set off with Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) to his residence.
When he reached his home he saw that apart from one sword, a shield, a mat and a bowl, the house was empty. Hazrat Umar (ra) said: “O Abu Ubaidah! You could have acquired some amenities.” i.e. that he ought to have some things at home. Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) replied:
“O Leader of the Faithful! Then one could be inclined towards comforts.” Meaning that he could have acquired some commodities, but then one would be inclined towards comforts and luxuries, that is why he did not wish to acquire any. On this occasion an extraordinary incident took place
Which was regarding the Adhan of Hazrat Bilal (ra) and has been narrated before as well. After the demise of the Holy Prophet (saw), Hazrat Bilal (ra) stopped calling the Adhan. During one occasion when the time for prayer approached, the people urged Hazrat Umar (ra) to instruct Hazrat Bilal (ra) to call the Adhan.
On the instructions of Hazrat Umar (ra), Hazrat Bilal (ra) called the Adhan and everyone was overcome with emotion. People began to weep and from among them, Hazrat Umar (ra) wept the most because the Adhan reminded him of Holy Prophet’s (saw) time.
With regards to the Byzantine attempt to recapture Syria, it is written that in 17 AH, the Byzantine forces launched a last attempt to recapture Syria. The Christians, Iranians, Bedouins and Kurds residing in the areas of northern Syria, Al Jazira, northern Iraq and Armenia, went to the Heraclius [Byzantine Emperor]
And appealed to him for help against the Muslims. He sent an army of 30,000 soldiers for this task. Even though Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas (ra) had conquered most of the Al Jazira region, however up until then, he did not have rule over the Bedouins.
Furthermore, the Byzantine Emperor still had a strong naval presence. Seizing the opportunity, he sent a large naval fleet to attack whilst the Bedouins raised a large army and besieged Homs. Some cities in northern Syria also rebelled. Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) sent a letter to Hazrat Umar (ra) asking for reinforcements.
Hazrat Umar (ra) immediately ordered Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas (ra) to send reinforcements from Kufa. Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas (ra) sent an army from Kufa under the command of Qaqah bin Amr, however despite all this, the Muslim army was heavily outnumbered as compared to the Byzantine forces.
Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) delivered a passionate address before the soldiers of the army saying: “O Muslims! Whoever remains steadfast today and lives to see the light of day “will be granted victory and wealth. “But whosoever is killed will be granted the fortune that is martyrdom,
“and I bear witness that I heard the Holy Prophet (saw) say “that whoever dies in a state whereby he is not an idolater, “he will certainly enter paradise.” A battle ensued between the two sides. After a short while, the Byzantine army suffered losses and retreated to Marj al-Debaj,
Which is the name of a mountainous area in the frontier area of Syria, situated approximately 10 miles from the town of Masisa. Following this, the Byzantine Emperor never managed to launch another attack to capture Syria. Taun Amwas is a name of a valley which is six miles from Ramla
In the direction of Baitul Maqdas. According to the books of history, it was named Taun Amwas because the outbreak of the plague started from here. Countless deaths occurred in Syria as a result of this plague; according to some there were around 25,000 deaths.
The details of this incident are found in a narration of Bukhari. Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas (ra) relates that when Hazrat Umar (ra) reached Saragh. (Saragh is the name of a village near the valley of Tabuk, which is situated near the borders of Syria and Hijaz
And was at distance of approximately 13 days of travel from Medina. In the old historical sources [the distances] were given like this, however it equates to approximately 1,000 miles). When Hazrat Umar (ra) reached Saragh, he met the commander of the armies, Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) and his fellow companions.
They informed Hazrat Umar (ra) that there was an outbreak of a plague in Syria. In order to seek counsel on the matter, Hazrat Umar (ra) invited the early Muhajireen to present their suggestions. However, there was a difference of opinions amongst the Muhajireen.
Some of them were of the opinion that they should continue on with their journey and not turn back, whilst the others suggested that the noble Companions of the Holy Prophet (saw) were present in the army and therefore,
It was not appropriate for them to be taken into an area where there was a plague and it was better to return. Hazrat Umar (ra) then told the Muhajireen to leave and invited the Ansar to present their suggestions. Just like the Muhajireen, the Ansar also had a difference of opinions.
Hazrat Umar (ra) then invited the elders of the Quraish, who had accepted Islam at the occasion of the conquest of Mecca and then came and settled in Medina. All of them unanimously expressed their opinion of taking everyone back
And that there was no need to enter an area where there was an outbreak of the plague. Accepting their suggestion, Hazrat Umar (ra) announced to return. Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) then asked that was it possible for one to escape from what God had decreed.
Replying to Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra), Hazrat Umar (ra) stated, “O Abu Ubaidah (ra)! I wish it was someone else who had uttered what you have said. “Indeed, we are moving away from one decree of God to another.” (They were moving away from one decree but towards another decree of God).
Hazrat Umar (ra) further stated, “Say you have some camels and you reach a valley which has two sides; “one is a lush green area full of vegetation, while the other is a dry and barren land. “Now, would it not be in accordance to the decree of God
“if you were to take your camels to graze in the area with lots of vegetation, “and on the other hand, it will also be according to the decree of God “if you decided to take them to the dry and barren land.”
The narrator of the tradition states that in the meanwhile, Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf came, who was not present earlier owing to some other work he was engaged in. Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf submitted, “I have the answer to this issue. “I once heard the Holy Prophet (saw) say that
“if one learns about the outbreak of a disease in a certain area, they should not travel there. “And if the disease has emerged in an area which one resides in, “then they shouldn’t leave the area in order to escape from it.”
Upon hearing this, Hazrat Umar (ra) expressed his gratitude to Allah the Almighty and returned from there. In regards to Taun Amwas, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states, “When Hazrat Umar (ra) travelled to Syria, “he was welcomed by Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) and the Muslim army.
“At the time, the plague there, which is known as the Taun Amwas, became widespread, “and the companions suggested that since there was an outbreak of a plague, “therefore he should return. “Accepting their suggestion, Hazrat Umar (ra) made the decision to return.
“When Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra), who would tend to accept things as they were, “came to learn of this decision, “he stated, ‘Are you running away from the decree of God?’ “Hazrat Umar (ra) replied, ‘I am going from one Divine decree to another.’ “In other words, there are two types of Divine decrees;
“one is specific and the other is of a general nature, both decrees belong to God. “Thus, Hazrat Umar (ra) stated that he was not running from the decree of God, “rather he was going from one decree to another. “It is mentioned in history
“that when Hazrat Umar (ra) learnt of the outbreak of the plague, “he gathered people in order to seek counsel from them “and asked that the outbreak of the plague would often occur in Syria, “therefore what did the people there do. “They told him that when the plague spreads,
“people disperse here and there which subsequently weakens its impact. (in other words, they would move to open areas instead of staying in the city). “In relation to this suggestion, “Hazrat Umar (ra) stated that God Almighty has established a general law, i.e. one who leaves an area where there is an outbreak of plague
And travels to an open area is saved. “Thus, since this was also in accordance with the divine law, “therefore, he was not violating any law of God, rather he was moving from one decree to another. “That is, he was moving from a specific law to a general law of God Almighty.
“Hazrat Umar (ra) stated that “thus it cannot be said that he was running away from the divine decree, “rather he was moving from one law of God to another. “Although Hazrat Umar (ra) returned to Medina, “however, he was extremely concerned as the plague was continuing to spread.
“One day, Hazrat Umar (ra) wrote a letter to Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) “stating that he required some important work from him, “therefore upon receiving the letter he should return to Medina immediately. “Furthermore, Hazrat Umar (ra) stated that if he received this letter at night, “he should not wait for it to be morning,
“and if he received the letter in the morning, he should not wait for night to fall. “When Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) read the letter, “he stated, ‘I know the reason why the Leader of the Faithful needs me. “‘May Allah bestow His mercy upon Hazrat Umar (ra)
“‘for he wishes to extend the life of that that which is no longer going to remain.’ “In other words, Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) understood why Hazrat Umar (ra) was concerned. In reply to the letter, Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) stated, “‘O Leader of the Faithful!
“‘After reading the letter, I have understood what you desire, “‘but please do not call me back and allow me to remain here. “‘I am one of the soldiers from among the Muslim army. “‘Whatever has been decreed will come to pass but how can I leave them.’
“When Hazrat Umar (ra) read the letter, he began to cry. “At the time, Hazrat Umar (ra) was sitting amongst the Muhajireen and they submitted, “‘O Leader of the Faithful! Has Abu Ubaidah (ra) passed away?’ “Hazrat Umar (ra) replied, ‘No, but there is a chance he may.’
“Hazrat Umar (ra) wrote another letter to Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) “and instructed him to take the Muslims out of that area to a more pleasant atmosphere. “Whenever any Muslim solder would pass away “and attain the status of martyrdom as a result of dying from the plague,
“Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) would begin to cry and he would pray to Allah to grant him martyrdom. “According to one narration, it states that at the time, he would pray as follows, “‘O Allah, is there no share in this for Abu Ubaidah to partake?’ i.e. to attain martyrdom.
“One day, a small pustule developed on Hazrat Abu Ubaidah’s (ra) finger and he prayed, “‘I hope that Allah shall bestow His blessings through this small affliction. “When something is filled with blessings, even if it is small it becomes immense.'”
Arbaz bin Sariya relates, “when Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) fell ill as a result of the plague, “I went to Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) and he stated to me, “‘I have heard the Messenger (saw) of Allah say “‘that one who dies as a result of the plague is a martyr;
“‘one who dies from illness of the stomach is a martyr; “‘one who dies as a result of drowning is a martyr; “‘one who dies as result being crushed under a roof that falls through is also a martyr.'” In the final moments of his life, Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) said to the people,
“I impart upon you one piece of advice and if you adhere to it, you will greatly benefit from it: “observe the Salat, pay the Zakat, keep the fasts of Ramadan, continue to give Sadqah, “perform the Hajj and Umrah, urge one another to do good,
“treat your leaders well and do not seek to deceive them “and do not allow [the desire of] women to become a reason for you to neglect your obligations. “If a person remains alive for a thousand years,
“even then he will one day have to depart from this world just as I am departing from this world. “Death has been decreed for every single person by Allah. “Everyone shall one day die, however wise is he who is ever ready for death “and continues to make provisions for that day.
“Convey my Salam to the Leader of the Faithful [Hazrat Umar (ra)] “and let him know that I fulfilled all my trusts.” Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) then stated, “in accordance with my decision, bury me here.” Thus, the grave of Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) is situated in the valley of Baisan in Jordan.
According to some narrations, Hazrat Abu Ubaidah bin Jarah (ra) was travelling from Jabiyyah towards Baitul Maqdas to offer his prayer when he passed away. And according to another narration, he passed away in Faihal which is in Syria and his grave is in an area near Baisan.
During his final days, Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) appointed Hazrat Muadh (ra) bin Jabal as his representative. When Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) passed away, Hazrat Muadh (ra) bin Jabal states, “O People, I have never seen anyone more pure-hearted, “free from malice, loving and compassionate individual
“than the one who has passed away from among us today. “Pray that may Allah bestow His mercy upon him.” Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) bin Jarrah passed away in 18 AH and he was 58 years of age at the time. Once, Hazrat Umar (ra) sent Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) 400 Dirhams and 400 Dinar
And told his emissary to take note of what Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) did with that wealth. And so when this emissary took the wealth and gave it to Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra), he distributed it all amongst the people. The emissary narrated the entire event to Hazrat Umar (ra) and he stated,
“We are thankful to Allah for He raised people like Abu Ubaidah (ra) in Islam.” On one occasion, Hazrat Umar (ra) asked his companions to express their desire for something. One of them replied, “I wish this house be filled with gold, “so I could spend it in the way of Allah as Sadqah.”
Another one stated, “I wish this house be filled with pearls and rubies, “so I could spend it in the way of Allah as Sadaqah.” Hazrat Umar (ra) then asked them to further express what they desired. They submitted, “O Leader of the Faithful,
“we do not understand as to what it is that we should desire?” Hazrat Umar (ra) stated, “I wish that this house be filled “with people like Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) bin Jarah, Hazrat Muadh (ra) bin Jabal, “Salim Maula Abu Hudhaifah (ra) and Hazrat Hudhaifah (ra) bin Yaman.” Thus, how fortune were these people,
Who attained the pleasure of Allah the Almighty in this world and in the hereafter. Hazrat Abu Ubaidah’s (ra) account come to an end here. I will lead some funeral prayers [in absentia]. The first is of a Shaheed [martyr] who was martyred only a few days ago;
Professor, Dr. Naeemuddin Khattak Sahib, son of Fazal Din Khattak Sahib of the Peshawar district. On 5th October, at half past one in the afternoon, opponents [of the Community] fired at him and he was martyred: “Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.”
At around half past one, after teaching his lesson at the Superior Science College where he taught, he left and was on his way home when two people riding a motorcycle drove by and shot him, and he was martyred on the spot: “Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.”
He was 56 years of age. He was associated with the teaching profession for 25 years. He completed his Masters in Philosophy from the Qaid-e-A`zam University after which he travelled to China on a scholarship and obtained his PhD in Micro Environmental Biology. After this, he served in the Islamiyyah College University.
He also taught at Peshawar University. He was a member of the panel which interviewed those students who had applied for PhD. Various academic institutions across Pakistan would invite him to deliver lectures. He was mostly involved in academia. Ahmadiyyat was established in his family
Through his paternal grandfather Ruknuddin Khattak Sahib, who was from the Karak district, as well as his paternal grandmother Bibi Noor Namah Sahiba, who also accepted Ahmadiyyat. Her father’s name was Sher Zaman, who was a companion of the Promised Messiah (as).
He was given a kurta [shirt] as a gift by the Promised Messiah (as) upon returning from Qadian, and this tabraruk remains in the family’s possession to this day. [Naeemuddin Khattak Sahib’s] father, Fazal Din Sahib, was a livestock veterinary doctor and retired as a Deputy Director. He was also a well-known poet.
His mother Mahboobatur Rahman Sahiba was the Deputy Director of the Education Department and continued to serve at this post till her retirement. This family was made to endure opposition for many years. The Shaheed’s father-in-law, Bashir Ahmad Advocate, who was the President of the Chini Payan Jama’at in Peshawar was kidnapped in 2019
And his whereabouts remain unknown even to this day as he was never located. The Shaheed possessed many great virtues. He would offer services to the Jama’at – though he was a well learned person he would always be available to perform security duty. He was particularly known for his hospitality.
He was compassionate, he helped the poor and had a loving relationship with every member of his family. He was focused on education and would constantly advise Ahmadi children to obtain an education. He also ensured that his own children were well educated.
His wife, Sadia Bushra Sahiba says that one week before his martyrdom, the Shaheed went to Rabwah, and when he visited Bahishti Maqbarah he expressed his desire of being buried there, but with this he also stated that perhaps he was not worthy of this desire to be fulfilled.
However, Allah Almighty fulfilled this desire of his in such a way that he was buried in Rabwah. Naeemuddin Khattak Sahib’s brother-in-law, Dr. Munir Ahmad Khan who currently serves at the Tahir Heart Institute [in Rabwah] says that, Naeemuddin Sahib told him that there was a professor who was opposed to the Jama’at
And he would show pictures of Naeemuddin Sahib and his children to opponents of the Jama’at and would encourage these opponents to kill them. Banners inciting opposition were also put up outside his home. His brother-in-law says that when Naeemuddin Sahib came to meet him a week before his martyrdom,
He invited him to sit and eat with them, however he said that he would eat from the langar [kitchen of the Promised Messiah (as)], for the delight and blessings in eating from the langar of the Promised Messiah (as) cannot be found anywhere else. [He said that] he would eat with them another time.
Naeemuddin Khattak Sahib is survived by his wife Sadia Naseem Sahiba, three daughters and two sons. One of his daughters is married, while the other two are still studying. One of his sons is an engineer and the other is studying in first year. Their names are Kaleemuddin Khattak and Nooruddin Khattak;
Nooruddin Khattak is studying in first year and Kaleemuddin is an engineer. Another one of his relatives who is also serving the Jama’at is Naveed Ahmad Sahib, Amir Jama’at Peshawar who is his brother-in-law. May Allah Almighty grant the deceased His forgiveness and mercy and grant his family the strength to remain patient.
The second funeral is of Usama Sadiq who was a student of Jamia Ahmadiyya Germany; he was the son of Muhammad Sadiq Sahib. A few days ago he drowned in the Rhine River in Germany and passed away: “Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.”
He was 20 years of age at the time of his demise. His family was from Chak Sikandar Gujrat, Pakistan. He was the youngest amongst his siblings; he is survived by five sisters and one brother along with his parents. From his paternal side, Ahmadiyyat was introduced in the family
During the time of Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) when his grandfather and his two brothers accepted Ahmadiyyat. Later, the two brothers left Ahmadiyyat, however his grandfather remained steadfast in Ahmadiyyat. From the maternal side, Ahmadiyyat was introduced through his great grandfather Hazrat Shah Muhammad Sahib (ra)
And his father Hazrat Langar Muhammad Sahib (ra) who were companions of the Promised Messiah (as). They pledged allegiance at the hands of the Promised Messiah (as) in 1903 in Jehlum. In 1989, conditions for the Jama’at in Chak Sikandar became very dire and there were many riots against Ahmadis.
The deceased’s parents were also made to face a great deal of opposition. His mother was also attacked, and his father was tried with a false lawsuit which continued for seven years. Then they moved to Germany; [Usama Sadiq] had obtained his primary education in Pakistan,
And then after coming to Germany he entered Jamia and he had just completed his third year. However, it was ordained by the decree of Allah Almighty that he be called back to Him. He father says that no matter how much he compliments him it will not be enough,
For he achieved a great deal in the span of a short life. Along with being a student he was a model child; much of his time was devoted to his studies. Due to the Coronavirus, he spent the last six months at home. Along with offering Salat in congregation,
He also kept all the fasts in Ramadan and would lead the congregational Tarawih prayers as well. After the holidays, he was preparing to return to Jamia, however he passed away. His mother says that he possessed innumerable virtues. He was extremely responsible in his work and aimed to finish it quickly.
He was of simple nature; he was quiet and spoke only when necessary. He was very obedient to his parents and was resolute in whatever he intended to do. He was very disciplined and farsighted. He tried to become proficient in various languages and was thus particularly focusing on Arabic, Persian, English and German.
The National Secretary for Tabligh in Germany Farid Sahib writes that Usama possessed many virtues, one of which was his passion for participating in Tabligh activities [propagating the message of Islam]. Two days before his demise, he had finished travelling to East Germany for three consecutive days for flyer distribution.
Whenever he was asked to distribute flyers he never refused and would participate enthusiastically. Suhaib Nasir Sahib, a missionary who graduated from Jamia Germany says that though Usama Sadiq was four years junior to him, he was an example for him in worship. Usama Sadiq would often sit in the first row of the mosque
And would often arrive in the mosque before the start of prayer and offer nawafil [voluntary prayers]. Then, even after the prayer, he would occupy himself in the remembrance of Allah. He was one of those students who would be the first to enter the mosque and the last to leave.
Similarly, he would sit in the front row for Friday prayers as well. He was very serious about his studies in Jamia. May Allah Almighty grant the deceased His forgiveness and mercy and elevate his station [in heaven]. May He grant his parents and siblings the strength to remain patient.
The next funeral is that of Saleem Ahmad Malik Sahib. He was previously part of the department for education of the government here, or in educational institutions. And after his retirement, he served as a teacher in Jamia Ahmadiyya [UK]. He passed away at the age of 87 on the 24th September,
“Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.” His grandfather, Hazrat Malik Nooruddin Sahib (ra) and his father Hazrat Malik Aziz Ahmad Sahib (ra) were both companions of the Promised Messiah (as). His mother narrated an incident of his father, that once, many family members on the paternal side of Malik Sahib
Had passed away due to a certain illness, and so his mother (i.e. the grandmother of Saleem Malik Sahib) informed Hazrat Maulwi Hakim Nooruddin Sahib (ra) about the state of her child. Hazrat Maulwi Hakim Nooruddin Sahib (ra) immediately went to their home to see him
And said that the likelihood of the child’s survival is very low, and only prayers can now save him. Thereafter, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih I (ra) went to the Promised Messiah (as) and made a request for prayers.
It was at the stairs of Masjid Aqsa that he met the Promised Messiah (as) and made the request. Thereupon, the Promised Messiah (as) said, “Let us go now and see the child.” Hence, the Promised Messiah (as) went to his house and after entering he placed his hand on the child’s forehead, saying,
“God willing, this child will be fine.” Thus, it was the miracle of the prayers of the Promised Messiah (as) that the child recovered, and he i.e. the father of the deceased, lived to the age of seventy. Saleem Malik Sahib gained his primary education in Qadian and after the partition,
He moved to Sialkot where he studied in college. Thereafter he moved to Karachi where he pursued his studies in the field of science. He moved to the UK in 1960 and was a professor of geological chemistry for many years at Reading University. He had the honour of serving in various departments
From the very early days of the Jama’at in the UK. He was appointed as the national Ta’lim-o-Tarbiyyat [education and moral training] secretary, he served many years as the Umoor-e-Kharijah [external affairs] secretary for many years, and he also rendered great services in department of the Jama’at for international relations.
He twice had the opportunity of going to Pakistan and preparing the report along with the Human Rights Committee that investigated the state of affairs of the Ahmadis. Every year a large-scale expo is organised in different countries. Saleem Malik Sahib had the opportunity to set up and organise the stall [in this expo]
About the Jama’at in the UK and Spain in 1992. When Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV (rh) formed a committee in 1997 with regards to establishing Jamia Ahmadiyya [in UK], he also included Saleem Malik Sahib in it. Likewise, he was also part of the committees prior to the commencement of Jamia Ahmadiyya UK.
When Jamia Ahmadiyya UK was established, he was appointed as the Chief Administrator, and he served in this capacity until 13 November 2005. He had the opportunity to teach English and History to the Jamia Ahmadiyya students, which he continued to do up until his demise.
When Islamabad was purchased, upon the instruction of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV (rh), Saleem Malik Sahib had the opportunity of setting up a library there. He was very religious, regular in offering prayers and in fasting, extremely loving to others, eloquent in speech, a caller unto God, hospitable,
And a pious man who was an ardent lover of Khilafat, with a real bond of loyalty and sincerity. He is survived by his wife, three daughters and many grandchildren. His nephew Mian Abdul Wahhab Sahib says that Saleem Sahib told him that when he moved to London in 1960,
His father Malik Azeez Ahmad Sahib who was unwell, gave some advice to his son. Firstly, to never lose his connection with the Jama’at. Just because he was going to the UK, it did not mean that he should immerse himself in all its attractions.
Secondly, to always pay Chandah [monetary contribution] on time and at the full rate, for this is also necessary in purifying the soul. Thirdly, if anyone asks him help, he should never refuse, no matter how much difficulty it left him in. Saleem Sahib said that he always acted upon this advice of his parents.
His nephew further writes that although the deceased did not mention this himself but he later found out that once, one of his friends was in need of a large sum of money, so Saleem Sahib sold his house to fulfil the person’s needs. Later, God Almighty then blessed him with an even bigger house.
Academically, he was a very knowledgeable person. When I met him at the beginning when I was not yet acquainted with him, I thought he was perhaps an ordinary Ahmadi who taught English as his English language was good. But later I realised that he greatly excelled in his sincerity and devotion,
That he was prepared to serve the Jama’at at all times and that he had an extraordinary bond of love with Khilafat. In terms of his knowledge, he was a walking encyclopaedia. He had a grasp on every subject, history in particular. Similarly, he had keen interest in both English and Urdu literature,
But he would never boast about his knowledge. He would always encourage others to increase their religious, worldly, political and secular knowledge. He also had many connections within the Pakistani community which he always put to use for the benefit of the Jama’at.
When Saleem Malik Sahib was serving as the External Affairs Secretary [of the Jama’at] he maintained a strong relationship with Lord Avebury, and it was through him that the rapport with the Jama’at was established. Furthermore, Saleem Malik Sahib played a key role in my first visit to the Houses of Parliament.
Marwan Sarwar Gill, the missionary in Argentina says, “Saleem Sahib was well-respected among all Jamia students, including myself, “owing to his academic character. “It was only after graduating that a personal relationship was established. “When I was appointed in Argentina he was extremely pleased and would tell me,
“‘You are a pioneer missionary, so you have a lot of work to do. “‘You have to illuminate the Jama’at’s name, preach in an excellent manner, “‘but most importantly to learn the local language. “‘You should learn it to the level where your articles are published in newspapers.'”
He had a very keen interest in this on an academic level. Likewise, Jamia students and missionaries, including Marwan Sahib, have written that he would often invite his students to his home and then take them to his personal library. He would then say,
‘As a gift for coming to my house, you can take any book you please. That is my gift to you.’ He would always say that, “Jamia Ahmadiyya is no ordinary institute “and the Khalifatul Masih has many expectations from it. “Therefore, the Waqifeen-e-Zindagi [life devotees]
“who have an association with this institute ought to attain an extraordinary level of knowledge.” Marwan Sahib also writes, “Before I left for Argentina, Saleem Sahib gave me advice “that I should master the language to the extent “that my articles in Spanish are published [in newspapers].
“He also told me to continue writing letters to him, “and if I ever became lazy in doing so, he would contact me himself.” May Allah grant the deceased forgiveness and mercy, and enable those he leaves behind, his children and his progeny
To maintain the same bond of dedication and sincerity with Khilafat and the Jama’at. After the prayer I shall lead their funerals in absentia. All praise is due to Allah We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone
And we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him; and whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path.
And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you. Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other
And to do good to others as one does to one’s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful. You remember Allah; He too will remember you;
Call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.