Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2020
Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you.
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. I was narrating accounts about Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) in the previous sermon and I will continue to do so today as well. Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) was extremely charitable and used to spend generously on others.
Owing to this he often had to take loans as well. When the people who had loaned him the money pressured him to return the money, he hid in his home for a few days. Upon this, these individuals went to the Holy Prophet (saw)
And requested him to ask Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) to pay back the loan. The Holy Prophet (saw) sent an individual to Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) and called for him. When the debt of Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) surpassed the value of his belongings,
The Holy Prophet (saw) said that God will have mercy on the person who does not seek his portion. Accordingly, some individuals forgave his debt. However, some individuals still demanded for it to be paid back. Upon this, the Holy Prophet (saw) distributed his entire belongings among those individuals,
But still there was some debt outstanding. The way it transpired was that each lender received a small portion of their money, but they demanded for the remaining portion to be paid back as well. Upon this, the Holy Prophet (saw) said to leave the matter for the time being
As there is nothing more to give, therefore they ought to take that amount. When Hazrat Mu’adh was left with nothing, the Holy Prophet (saw) sent him to Yemen and said that Allah will soon compensate your loss and enable you to pay off your debt.
On this occasion, the Holy Prophet (saw) also said to Hazrat Mu’adh: “O Mu’adh! You have a lot of debt. “Therefore, if you are presented with a gift, you may accept it. “I permit you to do so.” The Holy Prophet (saw) said that he was permitted to accept presents.
Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) relates that when the Holy Prophet (saw) sent him to Yemen – under normal circumstances there is nothing wrong in accepting gifts and it is said that giving each other gifts increases the love between people, and so one ought to give gifts.
However, since Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) was sent as a representative of the Holy Prophet (saw), he specifically instructed him that if he is presented with any gifts in his capacity as a representative, then he is permitted to spend it on himself. The reason for this [instruction] was that
These gifts were generally given for the treasury [Bait al-Maal], or for the Holy Prophet (saw). Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) relates that when the Holy Prophet (saw) sent him to Yemen, the Holy Prophet (saw) walked outside with him in order to give him some guidance.
Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) was seated on his mount and the Holy Prophet (saw) walked alongside him. When the Holy Prophet (saw) completed what he had to say, he added: “O Mu’adh! It is possible that we may not meet in the coming year
“and it is also possible that you pass by my mosque and my grave.” Hearing this, Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) started to weep profusely because he was parting from the Holy Prophet (saw). Following this, the Holy Prophet (saw) turned his blessed face towards Medina and said:
“The righteous from among my people are near and dear to me, “whoever they may be and wherever they may be.” It is stated in one narration that on this occasion, the Holy Prophet (saw) said to Hazrat Mu’adh (ra), “soon you shall go to those who are Ahl-e-Kitab [people of the book].
“When you reach them, invite them to bear witness that “there in none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. “If they accept this, then inform them that Allah has prescribed for them the five daily prayers.
“If they accept this, then inform them that Allah has prescribed for them the giving of alms, “which should be taken from their wealthy and given to their poor. “If they accept this as well, then beware; do not take alms from their most valuable possessions,
“rather adopt the middle course with regards to taking from their wealth. “And beware of the supplications of the oppressed, “for there is no barrier between them and Allah.” The Holy Prophet (saw) specifically advised him to be cautious of the prayers of those who have been oppressed,
Because there is no barrier between their pleas and Allah. The Holy Prophet (saw) sent Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) to Yemen as a Qadi [judge]. Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) would teach [the people of Yemen] the Holy Qur’an and matters of faith and would also settle their disputes. Those who collected Zakat in Yemen
Would send whatever they had collected to Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra). The Holy Prophet (saw) had entrusted five companions to oversee matters in Yemen; Hazrat Khalid bin Sa`eed (ra), Hazrat Muhajir bin Umayyah (ra), Hazrat Zaid bin Labid (ra), Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra), and Hazrat Abu Musa Ash`ari (ra).
The administering of matters in Yemen was entrusted to these five companions, according to this narration, Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) relates that when the Holy Prophet (saw) sent him to Yemen, he instructed, ‘for every 30 cattle, take a one-year-old calf as Zakat ‘and for every 40 cattle, take a two-year-old calf
(the Holy Prophet (saw) was stipulating the prescribed rate of Zakat and the threshold on which Zakat becomes obligatory) ‘and from every person who has reached the age of maturity, take one dinar ‘or the equivalent in Muwafirah,’ which was the name of a Yemeni cloth.
In fact, Muwafirah was the name of a tribe which made this cloth, and thus the cloth was named after them. This narration is from Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal. Allamah ibn Ishaq states that Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) had a slight limp. When he went to Yemen, he led the people in prayer,
And whilst doing so, he extended his leg – meaning he must have placed it before him or extended it to the right or to whichever side his foot was impaired – and [those following him in prayer] also extended their legs in the same manner.
When he had finished leading the prayer, Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) said, “you have done well to follow exactly as I have done, however you should not do this in future. “I am compelled to extend my leg owing to my condition.”
What he meant was that the obedience which they had shown by doing exactly what he did was indeed praiseworthy. This in fact was true obedience, as whatever the Imam does should be followed precisely. However, he was compelled to act in this way [i.e. to extend his leg],
And this was not the practice of the Holy Prophet (saw). Whoever was not compelled [by an ailment or injury] should offer their prayers according to the commandments, teachings and practice adopted by the Holy Prophet (saw). Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) conducted business in Yemen using money from Bait al-Maal [the treasury]
And repaid his debts with the profits he made. He was the first person to conduct business with the wealth given in the way of Allah Almighty; and this was done with permission from the Holy Prophet (saw). He also accepted gifts as a result of which he eventually had thirty livestock animals.
Thus, he used this wealth according to the permission granted by the Holy Prophet (saw), which most certainly was for the purpose of repaying his debts. He conducted business only to the extent of using the profits to repay his debts. Or if he did not use the profits himself,
It is also possible that if there was any surplus profit, he would retain it as remuneration for his work; for the advice he gave in spending wealth and the efforts which he made. The Holy Prophet (saw) had given him permission for this, which is why he took it and repaid his debts.
This fact seems the most correct in that he would take a certain amount from the profits made as remuneration or he took a set amount from the profit. Nevertheless, his actions were in line with the permission granted by the Holy Prophet (saw). After the demise of the Holy Prophet (saw),
When Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) went to perform Hajj, he met Hazrat Umar (ra), who had been appointed by Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) to oversee matters pertaining to the Hajj. Hazrat Umar (ra) and Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) met on the day of tarwiyyah. They embraced each other
And expressed their condolences to one another for the demise of the Holy Prophet (saw). Then they both sat on the ground and began conversing. It is written in Al Isti`ab, a book of history, that Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) was very generous,
And it was due to this generosity and benevolence that he fell into debt. He went to the Holy Prophet (saw) and requested him to ask those whom he owed to forgive his debt. This is the same incident mentioned earlier but from another source.
The Holy Prophet (saw) made this request to those who he owed money to, but they refused to forgive the debt. Had they agreed to forgive the debts of Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) for anyone’s sake, it would have been for the sake of the Holy Prophet (saw),
As his rank and status was the greatest. Thus, it could only have been for his sake that one would forgive the debts owed to them or would present financial sacrifices. However, as mentioned earlier, some people refused and said, “O Messenger of Allah, we will take the debt owed to us.”
Then, in order to repay these debts, the Holy Prophet (saw) sold off the properties of Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) and Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) was left with nothing. In the same year as the Conquest of Mecca,
The Holy Prophet (saw) sent Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) as a Governor [Amir] for an area of Yemen. Here it becomes clear that he was sent in the capacity of a Governor; thus, any gifts he received in this capacity would have been considered a part of the treasury.
He was the first person to conduct business from the treasury using the wealth given in the way of Allah. He remained in Yemen until the Holy Prophet’s (saw) demise, by which time he had become affluent. During this period, his business became profitable and whatever portion he would take led him to become well-off.
Later, when he returned [to Madinah], Hazrat Umar (ra) said to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), ‘He (Hazrat Mu’adh (ra)) should be summoned and aside from the necessities he requires, ‘the rest of his wealth should be taken off him. ‘The Holy Prophet (saw) only granted him permission for the sake of repaying his debts
‘and now his debts have been repaid. ‘He should keep the basic necessities he requires; ‘however, he should not have accumulated wealth (according to Hazrat Umar’s (ra) estimation). ‘Thus, aside from what is required, all other wealth should be returned.’ The matter was then presented before Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra).
The degree of love which Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) had for the Holy Prophet (saw) did not allow him to bear that he should make a decision contrary to something for which the Holy Prophet (saw) had granted permission. Thus, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said, “the Holy Prophet (saw) sent him,
“and I shall not take anything back from him “unless he wishes to return it to me himself, as I will not take anything from him. “He went upon the instructions of the Holy Prophet (saw) “and accepted gifts and other things with his permission. [Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) continued:] “Unless he offers it to me himself, I shall not ask him to.”
Hazrat Umar (ra) then went to Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra). Hazrat Umar (ra) was a very resolute when it came to certain principals, so he went to Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) and mentioned this all to him. Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) replied, “The Holy Prophet (saw) sent me
“so that I may fulfil my requirements, so I shall not give anything of it.” It is also established through the various accounts and the biographies of his life that if he ever did pass through times of prosperity, they would only last for a few days,
As he would regularly distribute his wealth among the people. We shall see in the accounts later on just how he would distribute it. Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) thereafter went to Hazrat Umar (ra) and said, “I accept what you said.” Previously he said to Hazrat Umar (ra) that he would not give a thing,
But after some time he went to Hazrat Umar (ra) and said he accepted and consented to what he had asked and would act according to what he said, “for I saw a dream”. He must have gone [to him] after some time because there is then mention of the dream.
He continued, “I saw in the dream that I am drowning in water “and you [i.e. Hazrat Umar (ra)] rescued me.” Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) then went to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), related everything to him and vowed, “I shall not hide a single thing from you.”
Meaning from where and how he received the money . Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said, “I shall not take a thing from you. “Yes, you have related all of this to me and accounted for everything, “but I shall take nothing from you and I have given it all to you as a gift.”
Hazrat Umar (ra), who was also present, said, “This is the best solution.” When he came to know of this that now the Khalifa of the time has made a decision even after he [Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra)] offered it all himself, Hazrat Umar (ra) said to Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) that this is good,
And he accepted it out of complete obedience. It did not matter to him as to why it was being taken, all that mattered was that after the demise of the Holy Prophet (saw), the decision should rest with the Khalifa of the time
As to whether he should be able to spend it or not, or whether he could keep the wealth or not. Prior to this Hazrat Umar (ra) was insisting that the wealth should be taken [from Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra)],
But when Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) made his decision that he would not take it from him and that he would give it all back to him as a gift, Hazrat Umar (ra) had nothing more to say and remained silent, then said, “Of course, this is the best solution in this affair.”
Here, there is further clarification that God Almighty did not draw his attention to this until the needs of Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) had been fulfilled. Furthermore, with the passing of Holy Prophet (saw), Hazrat Mu‘adh’s (ra) needs were also fulfilled, he was granted prosperity and his debts were paid off.
Only then did God Almighty turn his attention to this matter through a dream that he should now suffice on his own property. Now he should no longer accept gifts in the capacity of being the Governor, nor spend out of the treasury.
He did not remain there for long after this, but in any case, this was a brief explanation. Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) relates that when the Holy Prophet (saw) sent him towards Yemen, he asked, “How will you deal with a case when it is brought before you?”
He answered, “I shall decide in accordance with the Book of Allah.” The Holy Prophet (saw) then asked, “And if you do not find the command in the Book of Allah?”, to which Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) replied, “I shall decide in accordance with the practice [Sunnah] of Allah’s Messenger (saw).”
The Holy Prophet (saw) then asked, “And if you do not find the instruction in the sunnah of the Messenger (saw) of Allah?” Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) answered, “I shall form my opinion according to my reasoning “and shall not show any carelessness in this regard.” Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) states
That when the Holy Prophet (saw) had listened to these three things, he hit his hand upon my chest and said, “All praise belongs to Allah. “All praise belongs to Allah Who has enabled the ambassador of the Messenger (saw) of Allah “to become a source of joy for him.”
Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) narrates that when the Holy Prophet (saw) sent him to Yemen, he instructed him not to adopt a life of comfort and ease, because the servants of Allah do not live a life of worldly comforts. This further clarifies that
The Holy Prophet (saw) was aware that Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) was very generous and that he would spend the wealth from gifts and trade to help those in need. Even so, after giving permission for this, the Holy Prophet (saw) advised him not to live a life of comfort,
Instead, it was merely to fulfil his [basic] needs. So he admonished him to refrain from this. Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) relates, “When I placed my foot in the stirrup as I was about to depart to Yemen, “the Holy Prophet (saw) gave me a final piece of advice, saying,
“‘Meet people in a courteous manner, meet the people in a courteous manner.’” Look at the state of the Muslims nowadays, are they behaving themselves in this manner when they celebrate ‘Milad-un-Nabi’ [birthday of the Holy Prophet (saw)]? The true essence of celebrating this
Is to follow the example of the Holy Prophet (saw) and to act upon his teachings. When he sent Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) as the governor of Yemen, he described his status in the following words, Meaning, “Surely I send to you the best of my people.” Ibn Abi Naji‘ narrates that the Holy Prophet (saw) appointed Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) as the governor of Yemen, stating to the people of Yemen, “Indeed I have sent to you a governor who is the most knowledgeable of my people
“and the most well-versed in the matters of faith.” In a Hadith of Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, it is mentioned that Hazrat Mu‘adh (ra) relates, “The Holy Prophet (saw) gave me ten instructions, saying, “‘The first is to not associate any partners with Allah, “‘even if you are killed or thrown into the fire.
“‘Secondly, to not disobey one’s parents, even if your house and wealth is taken from you. “‘You should not disobey your parents, no matter what happens, “‘and regardless if you receive nothing from them. “‘The third advice is to not miss any obligatory prayer knowingly, “‘for one who abandons an obligatory prayer on purpose
“‘deprives himself from the support and protection of God Almighty.’ “He then said: ‘Never consume alcohol, for this is the root of every indecency. “He then stated, ‘abstain from sin and disobedience, ‘because sin draws the displeasure of God Almighty.’ “He then said: ‘When facing the enemy in battle, you must not flee.
“‘If you confronted by the enemy then you should not run away out of fear, “‘even if the people are killed.’ “He then stated, ‘If the people are afflicted with an epidemic such as the plague, “‘they should remain wherever they are.'”
If they reside in an area where there is an outbreak of the plague, then the Holy Prophet (saw) has instructed that one should remain where they are. The Holy Prophet (saw) further stated, “Spend on your family according to your means, “fulfil their rights and do not show any negligence in their moral training,
(even if he had to show a little strictness in their moral training then he should do so to ensure for a good upbringing), “instil the fear of God in them.” These were the ten things the Holy Prophet (saw) advised him about.
Hazrat Ibn Umar (ra) narrates that the Holy Prophet (saw) said to Hazrat Mu’adh (ra), “I shall grant you advice like a kind-hearted brother. “I advise you to instil the fear of Allah in you, visit the sick, “fulfil the needs of the widows and the elderly, comfort those who are in need,
“dispense justice, speak the truth, “and never allow your fear of being rebuked stop you in matters relating to God. “This is the advice I give to you.” On one occasion, Hazrat Umar (ra) asked his companions to express their desire for something. One of them replied, “I wish this house be filled with gold,
“so I could spend it in the way of Allah as Sadqah.” Another one stated, “I wish this house be filled with pearls and rubies, “so I could spend it in the way of Allah as Sadaqah.” Hazrat Umar (ra) then asked them to further express what they desired. They submitted, “O Leader of the Faithful, “we do not understand as to what it is that we should desire?” Hazrat Umar (ra) stated, “I wish that this house be filled with people like Hazrat Abu Ubaidah bin Jarah (ra),
“Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra), Salim (ra), the freed slave of Abu Hudhaifah (ra) “and Hazrat Hudhaifah bin Yaman (ra).” I have mentioned this narration previously as well and this time it has been narrated with reference to Hazrat Mua’dh bin Jabal (ra).
Hazrat Mua’dh (ra) lived in Yemen for two years, from 9 AH to 11 AH. “On one occasion, Hazrat Umar bin Khattab (ra) placed 400 dinar in a money pouch “and told one of his emissaries to take it to Hazrat Abu Ubaidah bin Jarrah (ra). This account was mentioned in a previous sermon
With reference to Hazrat Abu Ubaidah bin Jarrah (ra) but I did not mention the entire account, however I shall narrate the full account now. And remain there for a while and to take note of what he did with it. And so, the emissary went to Hazrat Ubaidah bin Jarrah (ra)
With the small pouch of money and said, “The Leader of the Faithful (ra) has given this to you “and said you may use it to fulfil any need you may have with it.” Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) replied, “May Allah bestow His mercy upon him.”
He then called one of his maidservants and told her to give 7 dinars to such and such person, 5 to such and such, 5 to such and such and in this way he distributed the entire amount. In other words, he called his maidservant
And asked her to distribute all the wealth to the various houses, who perhaps were in need of it. The emissary returned to Hazrat Umar (ra) and related the entire incident. Hazrat Umar (ra) had prepared another pouch for Hazrat Mua’dh (ra)
Which contained an equal amount of money that was sent to Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra). Hazrat Umar (ra) told the emissary to give the pouch to Hazrat Mua’dh (ra) and again instructed him to remain in his house for a while and observe what he did with it.
And so, the emissary took the pouch and went to Hazrat Mua’dh (ra) and said, “The Leader of the Faithful (ra) has said “that you may use this to fulfil whatever needs you may have.” Hazrat Mua’dh (ra) replied, “May Allah bestow His mercy upon him.” Hazrat Mua’dh (ra) then called his maidservant
And told her to give a certain amount to such and such house and a certain amount to such and such house. Whilst Hazrat Mua’dh (ra) was distributing the wealth, his wife entered and said, “By God, we are also in need of it for there is nothing in the house.
“Please keep something for us as well.” (This narration further clarifies the earlier narration regarding making a profit and receiving gifts). His wife stated that they had nothing at home and thus they too were in need of it. By then all the money had been distributed and only 2 dinars remained in the pouch
Which Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) handed over to his wife. The emissary returned to Hazrat Umar (ra) and related the entire incident. Hazrat Umar (ra) was extremely pleased by this and stated, “Indeed, Hazrat Ubaidah (ra) and Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) are like two brothers.”
In other words, this attribute of spending [on others] was shared by both. Is it narrated by Shuraih bin Ubaid, Rashid bin Sa’d, etc. that when Hazrat Umar (ra) reached Saragh, which is the name of a settlement situated near the valley of Tabuk,
He was informed that there was a very severe outbreak of a plague in Syria. Subsequently Hazrat Umar (ra) announced, “I have been informed that there is a very severe outbreak of the plague in Syria.
“Thus, if I am about to die and Abu Ubaidah (ra) is alive then I shall appoint him as the Khalifah. “And if Allah the Almighty asks me as to why I appointed him as the Khalifa of the Muslim Ummah, “I will submit that I heard His Messenger (saw) say
“that every prophet is granted a Custodian [for his Ummah] “and the Custodian [of his Ummah] is Abu Ubaidah bin Jarrah.” This narration has been previously mentioned as well. However, people expressed their concern over this and enquired as to what would happen to the prominent members of the Quraish, i.e. the Banu Fehr.
Hazrat Umar (ra) then stated, “If my demise is imminent and Abu Ubaidah bin Jarrah has also passed away, “then I shall appoint Mu’adh bin Jabal as the Khalifa. “If my Lord, the Glorious and Exalted were to ask me as to why I appointed him,
“I will submit that I heard His messenger (saw) say that on the Day of Judgment, “Mu’adh bin Jabal will walk ahead of the scholars of faith.” This was the lofty status Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) occupied in regards to his knowledge. In the Battle of Yarmuk in 15 AH,
Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) and Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) were appointed commanders on the right flank of the army. The Christians attacked with such intensity that the right flank of the army broke away from the rest of the army and consequently the soldiers became dispersed. Upon witnessing these circumstances,
Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) displayed great courage and remained resolute. He stepped down from his horse and said that he would now fight on foot and if there was anyone who could do justice by fighting on a horse, then his horse was at their service.
Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal’s (ra) son was also present in the battlefield and he said, “I shall do justice to it because I can fight better on horse.” And so, both father and son, penetrated into the Byzantine forces and fought so valiantly that the Muslims who had initially lost their footing
Were now able to regroup and thus by defeating the enemy, their state of fear was transformed into victory for the Muslims. Abu Idrees Khaulani narrates that when he entered into the mosque in Damascus, Syria, he saw a young man with bright shining teeth and people were sat around him.
Whenever people had a difference of opinion on a matter they would present the matter to him and would give precedence to his opinion on the matter. When I enquired about him, I was informed that he was Hazrat Mua’dh bin Jabal (ra). The next day in the afternoon,
I went again and saw that he was already there before me and was offering his prayers. I waited and when he finished his prayer, I went before him and expressed my ‘Salam’ [greeting of peace]. I then said, “I swear by Allah, I love you for His sake.”
Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) asked, “Do you swear by Allah?” I replied, “Yes, I swear by Allah.” Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) again asked, “Do you swear by Allah?” I again replied, “Yes, I swear by Allah.” Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) then took hold of the corner of my cloak
And pulled me towards himself and said, “Rejoice, for I have heard the Messenger (saw) of Allah say, ‘Allah the Exalted states: “‘Those who show love to one another for My sake, those who sit with one another for My sake, “‘those who meet one another for My sake
“‘and those who spend their wealth for one another for My sake, “‘will most surely be granted My love.'” In other words, Allah the Almighty’s love will become incumbent for them. In one of the narrations its states that Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) had two wives.
When it would be the turn of one wife, he would not even take water to drink from the other wife’s house, such were his standards of justice. In another narration it states that Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) had two wives. When it would be the turn of one wife,
He would not even perform the ablution in the house of the other. Both of his wives passed away in Syria owing to the plague and both were buried in one grave. Whilst they were being buried, Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) drew a lot to decide who would be lowered into the grave first.
This was the level of justice he possessed. In another narration in Siyar Al-Sahaba, it states that Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) had two wives who passed away due to the Plague of Amwas (this was a plague that spread during that era) and it is also reported that one of his sons, Abdur Rahman,
Who took part in the Battle of Yarmuk alongside Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra), also passed away due to the Plague of Amwas. When Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) passed away due to the Plague of Amwas, Hazrat Umar (ra) appointed Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) as the governor of Syria.
I previously mentioned the details in relation to Amwas which was the name of a settlement situated 7 miles from Yarmla in the direction of Jerusalem. Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) also passed away due to the Plague of Amwas in the same year. Kathir bin Murrah relates that
During the period of his illness, Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) told them, “I have heard the Holy Prophet (saw) say something which till now I have kept hidden from you. “I heard the Holy Prophet (saw) say that “entrance into paradise will become incumbent for one who states,
“‘There is none worthy of worship except Allah.’” In another narration its states that Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) stated, “The only reason why I did not inform you of this Hadith “was lest you solely relied on this and abandon all other good deeds.”
When the plague spread in Syria, Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) also became ill due to the plague and owing to his illness was overcome with a state of unconsciousness. When he regained consciousness, he stated, “O Allah, cause this affliction [i.e. the plague] to take over me.
“I swear by Your honour that indeed You are aware that I love You.” Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) again fell unconscious and when he regained consciousness, he again offered the same prayer. Nearer to the time of his demise, Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) asked if it was morning
And was informed that it was not morning yet. When morning arrived, Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) was subsequently informed and he said, “I seek refuge in Allah from the night whose morning takes one to the hell-fire. “I welcome death and to meet my beloved who comes after a long time.
“O Allah, You indeed know that I fear You, but today I am in hope. “I do not love the world and seek a long life so that I can dig streams and plant trees, “rather so that I may endure the intense thirst of midday and the difficulties of my circumstances
“and sit in the company of those scholars who remain occupied in Your remembrance.” In another narration it is mentioned that when Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) was close to his demise, he began to cry. Some people asked him why he was crying as he was a companion of the Holy Prophet (saw).
He replied: “I am not crying because I fear death, nor am I crying because I am departing this world. “The reason why I am crying is because there are only two groups of people: “those who are heaven bound and those who are hell bound,
“and I do not know from which of these two groups I will be raised up again after death. “I only fear Allah the Almighty and that is why I am crying.” In Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal there is a narration of Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) in which he states:
“I heard the Holy Prophet (saw) say: “‘Very soon you will migrate to Syria and it will be conquered at your hands. “‘But then you will suffer from an outbreak of a disease which will consist of boils and blisters “‘and will spread in such a manner whereby nobody would be able to escape it.
“‘Allah will grant martyrdom to some people through this and will purify their deeds.’ “O Allah! If it is true that indeed Mu’adh bin Jabal “heard these words from the Holy Prophet (saw), “then grant him and his family a large share from it [i.e. from the prophecy about the plague].”
Thus, they all [i.e. Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) and his household] suffered from this plague and not a single one [from his family] survived. When the boil of the plague became visible on Hazrat Mu’adh’s (ra) index finger, he would say that this pleased him greatly and that even if he were given red camels,
It would not please him more. In Tabari it is stated that a boil developed in the palm of his hand. He would look at his boil and kiss the back of the same hand, saying: “There is nothing in this world that I would exchange for this.”
Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal (ra) passed away in 18 AH. There are varying opinions with regards to his age at the time of his demise. His age has been recorded as 33, 34 or 38 years old. The total number of narrations by Hazrat Mu’adh (ra) is 157.
Two of these Hadith are such that are found in both Bukhari and Muslim. The next companion whose accounts I shall relate is Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra). Hazrat Abdullah (ra) belonged to the Banu Salamah clan of the Khazraj tribe of the Ansar.
His father’s name was Amr bin Haram and his mother’s name was Rabab bint Qais. Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra) was born approximately 40 years before the migration. In other words, at the time of the migration to Medina, he was 40 years old.
Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra) was the father of the renowned companion, Hazrat Jabir bin Abdillah (ra). Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra) was the brother in law of Hazrat Amr bin Jamuh (ra). Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra) took part in the Second Pledge at Aqabah
And he was among the 12 chiefs appointed by the Holy Prophet (saw). He took part in the Battles of Badr and Uhud, and was martyred in the latter. According to some narrations, Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra) was the first Muslim to be martyred during the Battle of Uhud.
With regards to how he accepted Islam, Hazrat Ka’b bin Malik (ra) narrates: “We had agreed to meet with the Holy Prophet (saw) at Aqabah in middle day of Ayyam-e-Tashreeq” which is the last three days of Hajj, from the 11th up to 13th Dhul-Hijjah. As mentioned before, Aqabah is situated between Mecca and Mina.
“when we completed the Hajj, “the appointed night approached in which we had promised to meet with the Holy Prophet (saw). “We went with Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra), “who was one of the leaders and recognised chiefs of our tribe. “We had concealed our plan from the idolaters who were with us.
“We said to him, ‘O Abu Jabir! You are our noble chief and among the leaders from us.’” He was known by his title of Abu Jabir. He further narrates: “We said to him: “‘O Abu Jabir! You are our noble chief and among the leaders from us.
“‘We do not wish for you to become the fuel of the hellfire.’ “We then invited him to accept Islam “and informed him about the plan to meet with the Holy Prophet (saw) at Aqabah. “He accepted Islam and took part in the Pledge at Aqabah.
“He was also appointed as one of the [twelve] chiefs [during the pledge at Aqabah].” Hazrat Jabir bin Abdillah (ra) narrates that he along with his father and two maternal uncles were all part of those who pledged allegiance at Aqabah. A narrator, Ibn Uainah states
That one of them [i.e. the two uncles] was Hazrat Bara bin Ma’rur (ra). I have narrated the details about the Second Pledge at Aqabah from Seerat Khatamun Nabiyeen previously in relation to one companion, in fact it was in relation to two companions.
I will mention some parts about the Pledge at Aqabah from Seerat Khatamun Nabiyeen which are related with Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra): “In Dhul-Hijjah of 13 Nabawi, on the occasion of Hajj, “many hundreds of people from the Aus and the Khazraj came to Mecca. “Among them, there were seventy such people
“who had either become Muslim or now desired to become Muslims, “and came to Mecca in order to meet the Holy Prophet (saw). “On this occasion, since a collective and private meeting was necessary, “after the rites of Hajj, the middle dates of the month of Dhul-Hijjah were set for this purpose.
“On that day near the middle of the night, “all these people were to come “and meet the Holy Prophet (saw) in the same valley as last year, “so that a private meeting could be held in peace and complete attention. “The Holy Prophet (saw) ordered the Ansar that,
“‘Do not come as a group, but arrive in pairs of one or two to the valley at the appointed time. “‘Do not wake the sleeping and do not wait for the absent.’ “Therefore, when the appointed date arrived, during the night,
“when about a third of the night had passed, the Holy Prophet (saw) left his home. “He took his uncle ‘Abbas along with him, who was still an idolater, “but loved the Holy Prophet (saw) and was a chieftain of the Hashim dynasty. “Both of them reached this valley,
“and it was not long before the Ansar began to arrive in pairs of one and two. “These were seventy souls from the Aus and the Khazraj. “In the very beginning, ‘Abbas began the discourse saying: “‘O party of the Khazraj! Muhammad (saw) is revered and beloved within his dynasty.
“‘To this day, his dynasty has always remained responsible for his protection, “‘and in times of danger has always come forward. “‘But now, Muhammad (saw) intends to leave his homeland and reside with you. “‘As such, if you wish to take him,
“‘you must protect him in every way, and will have to face every enemy. “‘If you are prepared for this, then well and good, “‘otherwise give a forthright answer, for true speech is good.’ “Al-Bara’ bin Ma‘rur (ra), an aged and influential man from the tribe of the Ansar, said:
“‘Abbas, we have heard your address, “‘but we would like to hear the Holy Prophet (saw) from his own blessed tongue, “‘that he may expound the responsibility which he wishes to put upon us.’ “Upon this, the Holy Prophet (saw) recited a few verses from the Holy Qur’an
“and described the teachings of Islam in a brief address. “Whilst alluding to Huququllah [the rights due to Allah] “and Huququl-‘Ibad [the rights due to God’s creation] “the Holy Prophet (saw) said, ‘With regards to myself, all I desire is that, “‘just as you protect your dear ones and your kindred,
“‘if need be, you deal with me in the same manner.’ “When the Holy Prophet (saw) had completed his address, as per the custom of Arabia, “Al-Bara’ bin Ma‘rur (ra) took the hand of the Holy Prophet (saw) into his own, and said,
“‘O Messenger of Allah! We swear by the God Who has sent you with the truth “‘that we shall protect you with our lives'” They pledged to do this, but one person asked the Holy Prophet (saw) that when he will be granted victory, will he leave them? “The Holy Prophet (saw) laughed and said,
“‘your blood shall be mine, your friends shall be my friends and your enemies shall be my enemies.’ “Upon this, ‘Abbas bin ‘Ubadah Ansari (ra) looked to his companions and said, “‘O People! Do you understand the purpose of this treaty and pledge? “‘This means that you should prepare yourselves to confront everyone,
“‘no matter who they may be and irrespective of their background, “‘and should be ready to offer any sacrifice.’ “The people said, ‘Yes, we understand, “‘but O Messenger of Allah! What shall we receive in exchange for this?’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) said,
“‘You will receive the paradise of Allah, which is the greatest of all His rewards.’ “Everyone said, ‘We agree to this bargain. O Messenger of Allah (saw), extend your hand.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) brought forth his blessed hand, “and this group of seventy devotees were sold at the hand
“of the Holy Prophet (saw) in a defensive pact. “The name of this Bai’at is ‘The Second Bai’at at ‘Aqabah’. “When the Bai’at had taken place, the Holy Prophet (saw) said: “‘Moses (as) appointed twelve chiefs among his people “‘who served as their supervisors and protectors.
“‘I also wish to appoint twelve chiefs from among you “‘who shall be your supervisors and your protectors. “‘They shall be like the disciples of Jesus (as) unto me, “‘and they shall be answerable to me regarding the people. “‘As such, propose the names of worthy men before me.’
“Therefore, twelve men were proposed, who the Holy Prophet (saw) approved, “and appointing each as a supervisor to one tribe, he explained to them their duties. “For some tribes, the Holy Prophet (saw) appointed two chiefs.” In any case, Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra) was also appointed as one of these twelve chiefs.
According to one narration, during the Battle of Uhud, when Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salul, who was the leader of the hypocrites in Medina, rebelled, Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra) tried to advise him and those with him. Hazrat Jabir bin Abdillah (ra) narrates:
“My father, Abdullah bin Amr and my maternal uncle were martyred during the Battle of Uhud. “My mother (according to other narrations it was his aunt, who was the wife of Hazrat Amr bin Jamuh (ra)) “was taking their bodies back to Medina on a camel when a messenger from the Holy Prophet (saw)
“announced that the deceased should be buried where they were slain. “Subsequently both of them were taken back and buried where they fought [and were killed].” In another narration, Hazrat Anas bin Malik (ra) states: “During the Battle of Uhud, “[false] news reached the people of Medina that the Holy Prophet (saw) had been martyred.
“Upon hearing this news, the people became anxious and restless. “One Ansari woman made her way towards Uhud “and on the way she saw the bodies of her father, son, husband and brother laying on the floor.” The narrator continues: “I do not know whose body she came across first.
“She asked who are these people? “She was informed that they were the bodies of her father, her brother, her husband and her son. “She asked: ‘How is the Messenger of Allah (saw)?’ “The people informed her that the Holy Prophet (saw) was standing before her.
“She went to the Holy Prophet (saw) and held on to his mantle, saying: “‘O Messenger of Allah (saw)! May my parents be sacrificed for your sake. “‘Seeing you alive and well, I have no worry for any departed one.'” Two or three years prior to his Khilafat,
Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV (rh) would deliver speeches during Jalsa Salana on the topic of the life and Character of the Holy Prophet (saw) and also about expeditions. He related an incident about Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra), which I will narrate here.
He stated that the sister of Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra) (i.e. the wife of Hazrat Amr bin Jamuh), like her brother, had immense love for the Holy Prophet (saw). Her husband was martyred in this battle, her brother was martyred in this battle and also her son was martyred in this battle.
However, the joy of learning about the well-being of the Holy Prophet (saw) overpowered any grief of her departed ones. Hazrat Aisha Siddiqa (ra) narrates: “I was going towards the battlefield to enquire about the situation. “On the way I met Hind, the wife of Amr bin Jamuh,
“holding the reins to a camel which she was taking towards Medina. “I asked her about the situation in the battlefield. “She replied: ‘Alhamdolillah [All praise belongs to Allah] all is well. “‘The Holy Prophet (saw) is alive and well.’ “In the meantime, I noticed the camel was loaded with something.
“I enquired what was loaded on the camel to which she replied: “‘It is the bodies of my husband, Amr bin Jamuh, my brother Abdullah bin Amr and my son, Khallad.’ “Saying this she tried to return towards Medina, however the camel sat down and refused to move.
“When it eventually stood up, it refused to go in the direction of Medina. “She then moved the reins in the direction of Uhud, “to which the camel began moving without any reluctance.” Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV (rh) then says: “This was condition of this woman and her love for the Holy Prophet (saw).
“At the same time the Holy Prophet (saw) ordered the companions “to search for the bodies of Amr bin Jamuh (ra) and Abdullah bin Amr (ra) “and for them to be buried in the same grave, as they had love for each other in this world also.”
The Holy Prophet (saw) held both of them in high regard. In one narration it is stated that when Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra) was about to depart for the Battle of Uhud, he called his son Hazrat Jabir (ra) and said: “O my son! I believe I will be among the foremost martyrs.
“By Allah! Aside from the Messenger of Allah (saw), “there is no one dearer to me from among those I leave behind than you. “I have some debt, repay that debt for me. “I also command you to show kindness and benevolence to your sisters.” Hazrat Jabir (ra) relates:
“The next morning, my father was the first to be martyred and the enemy cut off his nose and ears.” Hazrat Jabir (ra) narrates: “When the Holy Prophet (saw) came for the burial of the martyrs of Uhud, “he said: ‘bury them in the state they are in as I am a witness over them.
“‘No Muslim who was injured in the way of Allah will come before Allah on the Day of Judgement “‘except with blood flowing from their wounds. “‘The colour of the blood will be saffron but will smell like musk.'” In other words, that they will be among the chosen ones of Allah the Almighty.
There is no need to bathe them or bury them in special clothes, as they ought to be buried in the way they were martyred. Hazrat Jabir (ra) states that his father was wrapped in a single sheet. The Holy Prophet (saw) would ask who knew the most Qur’an [from memory]?
Whilst the martyrs of Uhud were being buried, the Holy Prophet (saw) would enquire who knew the most Qur’an from those being buried. When they would indicate towards someone, the Holy Prophet (saw) would instruct to lower him into the grave before his compatriots.
In other words, those who knew more of the Qur’an were buried first and about Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (ra), the people would say that he was the first to be martyred on the day of Uhud. At the time, the people were discussing that Abdullah bin Amr was the first to be martyred.
Sufyan bin Abd Shams was the one who martyred him. The Holy Prophet (saw) had lead his funeral prayers before the second attack and instructed for Abdullah bin Amr (ra) and Amr bin Jamuh (ra) to be buried in the same grave as they had love and respect for each other.
The Holy Prophet (saw) instructed that those who had a close bond in this world ought to be buried in the same grave. It is stated that Abdullah bin Amr (ra) had a reddish complexion and did not have hair towards the front [of his head].
He was not very tall, whereas Amr bin Jamuh (ra) was tall and for this reason both were easily recognisable and were buried in the same grave. God willing, I shall narrate the remaining accounts in the future sermon. All praise is due to Allah
We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him;
And whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves to be w o rshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you.
Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as one does to one’s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful.
You remember Allah; He too will remember you; call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.