Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2020
Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace be upon you all
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. Today, I will continue with the accounts of the badri [those companions who took part in the Battle of Badr] companions. The companion who I will speak about today is Hazrat Sohaib (ra) bin Sinaan.
The name of Hazrat Sohaib’s father was Sinan bin Malik while his mother’s name was Salama bint Qa’eed. Hazrat Sohaib was from Mosul. Hazrat Sohaib’s father or his uncle was the governor of Al-Ubullah for the Chosroes.
Al-Ubullah is a city on the banks of the Tigris river which later came to be known as Basra. The Romans attacked that region and took Hazrat Sohaib as a prisoner when he was a child. According to Abul Qasim al-Maghrabi, the name of Hazrat Sohaib
Was ‘Umairah but the Romans gave him the name of ‘Sohaib’. Hazrat Sohaib had a deep reddish complexion, he was neither tall nor short and had thick hair. He grew up among the Romans, and had a speech impediment. A man named Kalb bought him from the Romans and brought him to Mecca.
‘Abdullah bin Jud’an then bought him and set him free. Hazrat Sohaib remained with ‘Abdullah bin Jud’an in Mecca until his death, and subsequently the Holy Prophet (saw) was divinely commissioned by God Almighty. According to one narration, the children of Hazrat Sohaib said
That when Hazrat Sohaib reached the age of maturity, he fled the Roman Empire and came to Mecca where he became a confederate of ‘Abdullah bin Jud’an and remained with him until his death. Regarding Hazrat Sohaib, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states, “One of the slaves was Sohaib.
“He was captured and brought from the Roman Empire. “He was a slave of ‘Abdullah bin Jud’an who later set him free. “Sohaib also believed in the Holy Prophet (saw) “and endured various kinds of hardships as a result of this.”
Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) has stated this in light of the allegation of the disbelievers which has been mentioned in the Holy Quran, in that they would allege that the Holy Prophet (saw) composed the Qur’an with the help of slaves or others. One answer to this allegation is that these very slaves faced hardships
And persecution due to their conversion to Islam. Thus, did these slaves help the Holy Prophet (saw) in order to be afflicted by hardships? Moreover, they not only helped him secretly, they also helped him openly as well and then endured all the hardships and persecution with steadfastness.
Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) has explained that this allegation was completely baseless. It was the faith of those believers in the Holy Prophet (saw) and God Almighty that kept them steadfast. They learnt Islam from the Holy Prophet (saw) and believed in the Revelation from Allah the Almighty.
Nonetheless, this was the background to the aforementioned extract. Hazrat ‘Ammar bin Yasir (ra) states, “I met Sohaib at the door of ‘Dar Arqam.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) was also present there. “I asked him, ‘What is your intention?’ Sohaib asked me,
‘What is your intention?’ I said, ‘I want to go to Muhammad (saw) and listen to his words.’ “Hazrat Sohaib said, ‘This is also my intention.’” Hazrat ‘Ammar states, “Both of us then went to the Holy Prophet (saw) “and he preached the message of Islam to us. “So, we both accepted Islam.
“We spent the whole day there until night fell. Then, we left in secret.” Hazrat ‘Ammar and Hazrat Sohaib accepted Islam after more than thirty people. Hazrat Anas (ra) narrates that the Holy Prophet (saw) said, “Four people have excelled others in accepting Islam.”
“I [i.e. the Holy Prophet (saw)] have taken the lead from among the Arabs. “Sohaib has taken the lead from among those of the Roman Empire. “Salman has taken the lead from among the people of Persia. “Bilal has taken the lead from among the people of Abyssinia.”
Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud narrated that the first seven individuals who professed to be Muslims were; the Holy Prophet (saw), to whom the law was revealed, Abu Bakr, ‘Ammar, his mother Sumayyah, Sohaib, Bilal and Miqdad. The Holy Prophet (saw) was protected through his paternal uncle, Abu Talib
And Allah the Almighty protected Abu Bakr through his tribe. I have already elaborated on this in my previous sermon that this is the understanding of the narrator. Otherwise, the Holy Prophet (saw) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) were also made a target of these cruelties. Even though they remained somewhat protected in the beginning,
They were later subjected to these cruelties. The narrator says that the others were seized by the idolaters, shackled in iron chains and burnt in the heat of the sun. There was none among them, who did not succumb to the demands of their masters with the exception of Bilal, whose circumstances were such
That he had completely resigned himself to the Will of God and held no worth in the eyes of the society around him. They would seize him, hand him to the youths, who would then drag him around the valleys of Mecca. However, Bilal would repeatedly say “Ahad, Ahad” [God is one, God is one].
Nevertheless, as I have mentioned, all of them endured cruelties but each one of them displayed steadfastness in their faith. Nonetheless, the narration we find in relation to Hazrat Bilal indicates that he was subjected to severe persecution. Then, it is narrated that Hazrat Sohaib was among those believers,
Who were considered to be weak and was tortured in Mecca because of his belief. These believers also had to go through many hardships. According to one narration, Hazrat ‘Ammar bin Yasir would be tortured to such an extent that he would have no recollection of what had happened.
The same was the case of Hazrat Sohaib, Hazrat Abu Fa’id, Hazrat Aamir bin Fuhaira and other companions. The following verse was revealed in relation to these companions: [Arabic] “Then, surely, thy Lord – to those who fled their homes after they had been persecuted
“and then struggled hard in the cause of Allah and remained steadfast – “aye, surely, after that thy Lord is Most Forgiving, Merciful.” According to one narration, the last individuals to migrate to Medina were Hazrat ‘Ali (ra) and Hazrat Sohaib (ra) bin Sinan,
Who migrated in the middle of Rabi’-ul-Awwal [third month in the Islamic calendar]. The Holy Prophet (saw) was staying in Quba and had not yet set off for Medina. In one narration it is mentioned that when Hazrat Sohaib set off to migrate towards Medina, a party of idolaters pursued him.
He subsequently dismounted, emptied his quiver and said: “O party of the Quraish! You know that I am among your most skilful archers. “By Allah! You will not be able to reach me until I fire all of my arrows at you.
“I will then fight you with my sword until I am left empty handed. “Therefore, you may do as you please. “If it is my wealth you desire, I will tell you where it is and you may then leave my path.” These people replied in the affirmative.
Hence, Hazrat Sohaib told them [where his wealth was] and when he presented himself before the Holy Prophet (saw), the Holy Prophet (saw) said that this transaction had been profitable for Abu Yahya. (i.e. it had been beneficial for him). The narrator says that upon this, the following verse was revealed: [Arabic]
‘And of men there is he who would sell himself to seek the pleasure of Allah; ‘and Allah is Compassionate to His servants.’ According to one narration, Hazrat Suhaib (ra) went to the Holy Prophet (saw) after migrating from Mecca to Medina.
At the time he was in Quba and with him were Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Umar (ra). At the time they all had fresh dates in front of them, which were brought by Hazrat Kulthum bin Hidam. On the way, Hazrat Suhaib (ra) contracted an eye infection,
(i.e. he had an ailment of the eye), but was also suffering from starvation and was very tired from the journey. Hazrat Suhaib (ra) rushed towards the dates when Hazrat Umar (ra) said, “O Messenger (saw) of Allah, look at Suhaib (ra), he has an eye infection and is eating the dates”.
The Holy Prophet (saw) replied in a light hearted manner saying, “You are eating the dates despite your eye infection, “(i.e. he had swollen eyes with tears running down?)” Hazrat Suhaib (ra) then said, “I am eating whilst using the side of my eye which is healthy”. Upon hearing this, the Holy Prophet (saw) smiled.
Hazrat Suhaib (ra) turned to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and said, “You promised me you would take me with you in the migration, but you went without me.” He then turned to the Holy Prophet (saw) and said: “O Messenger of Allah,
“you also promised to take me along with you on the migration, but you also left without me. “The Quraish captured and me detained me, so I had to buy my freedom “and that of my family by giving up my wealth.” The Holy Prophet (saw) replied, “This was a very beneficial trade indeed”.
Thereafter, God Almighty revealed the verse: [Arabic] “And of men there is he who would sell himself to seek the pleasure of Allah; “and Allah is Compassionate to His servants.” Hazrat Suhaib (ra) said, “O Messenger (saw) of Allah, “I took with me one mudd [approximately 0.5kg] of flour as provisions for my journey,
“which I prepared at Abwah until I reached you.” This was all he had to eat in this journey. In this regard, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) writes: “Suhaib (ra) was a prosperous merchant and in Mecca he was considered a reputable person,
“but despite the fact that he was wealthy and was no longer a slave, “the Quraysh continued to beat him even after his release to the extent that he would pass out. “When the Holy Prophet (saw) left Mecca and migrated to Medina,
“Suhaib (ra) also wanted to migrate, but the Meccans stopped him from doing so. “They said that he was not permitted to take the wealth he had earned in Mecca with him. “Suhaib (ra) offered to surrender all his property and earnings “and asked whether they would then let him go.
“The Meccans accepted the arrangement. “Suhaib (ra) handed everything over to them and reached Medina empty-handed “and met the Holy Prophet (saw). “The Holy Prophet (saw) said to him, ‘Out of all the transactions you have ever made, ‘this was the best.’ “In other words, he previously used to earn money by trading goods,
“but this time he traded money in return for his faith. “After Hazrat Suhaib (ra) migrated from Mecca to Medina, the Holy Prophet (saw) “established a bond of brotherhood between him and Hazrat Harith bin Simmah (ra). “Hazrat Suhaib (ra) participated in the battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq
“and all other battles alongside the Holy Prophet (saw). “Hazrat ‘Aaiz bin Amr (ra) narrates that Hazrat Salman (ra), Hazrat Suhaib (ra) “and Hazrat Bilal (ra) were sat amongst a group of people when Abu Sufyan bin Harb walked past.
“They said to him, ‘Allah the Almighty’s sword has not yet struck the necks of the His enemies’. “Upon this, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said, ‘Is this how you speak about the leaders ‘and chieftains of the Quraish?’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) was informed of this incident, to which the Holy Prophet (saw) said,
‘O Abu Bakr (ra)! Perhaps you have angered them. ‘If this is the case, then you have also angered God Almighty.’ “Therefore, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) went back to those people and said, ‘O my brethren, perhaps you are aggrieved because of me.’
“To this they replied, ‘No, O Abu Bakr (ra), may Allah grant you forgiveness.’ “Hazrat Suhaib (ra) relates, ‘Whatever battle the Holy Prophet (saw) was present in, ‘I too participated. ‘Whatever pledge of allegiance the Holy Prophet (saw) took, I too was there.
‘Whatever expedition the Holy Prophet (saw) sent forth, I too was part of it. ‘Whatever battle the Holy Prophet (saw) departed for, I was alongside him. ‘I was to his right or to his left. ‘Whenever the people perceived a threat from in front, I would go ahead
‘and when they sensed danger from behind, I would go behind them. ‘I never allowed the enemies to get through me and to reach the Holy Prophet (saw), ‘up until he departed from this world.’ i.e. until the Holy Prophet passed away. “In his advanced years, Hazrat Suhaib (ra) would gather people around him
“and mention interesting incidents of his achievements in battle. “Hazrat Suhaib (ra) was not a native speaker, “i.e. his language [Arabic] was not as eloquent as the Arabs. “Zaid bin Aslam relates from his father, ‘I went with Hazrat Umar (ra) ‘until he entered the garden of Hazrat Suhaib (ra) in Aliya.
‘When Hazrat Suhaib (ra) saw Hazrat Umar (ra) he said ‘Yannas, Yannas’. ‘Hazrat Umar (ra) thought he was saying An-Nas [people] ‘so he said what has happened to him that he is calling people.’” The narrator then says, “I replied saying that he was calling his servant whose name was Yuhannas,
“and he calls him in this way due to the impediment in his speech.” Hazrat Umar (ra) then said, “O Suhaib (ra), (then they began to discuss certain matters) “I see only three short-comings in you. “If they were not present in you I would not give any person superiority over you.
“I see that you associate yourself with the Arabs, whereas your language is foreign, “you say that your appellation is Abu Yahya, which is the name of a prophet, “and you waste your money when spending.” Hazrat Suhaib (ra) answered, “As for what you said about me wasting money,
“the truth is that I spend only where it is required and not unnecessarily. “Regarding my appellation, it was the Holy Prophet (saw) “who gave me the title of Abu Yahya, therefore I shall never renounce it. “As for my affiliation with the Arabs, the Romans had enslaved me when I was young,
“so that is why I learnt their language, but I belong to the tribe of Namir bin Qasit.” Hazrat Umar (ra) had great love for Hazrat Suhaib (ra) and thought very highly of him. When Hazrat Umar (ra) sustained an injury, he mentioned in his will that Hazrat Suhaib (ra)
Will lead his funeral prayer and he will also lead the Muslims in prayer for three days until the members of the electoral committee chose the Khalifa. Hazrat Suhaib (ra) passed away in the month of Shawwal 38 A.H., but according to some he passed away in 39 A.H.
At the time of his demise, Hazrat Suhaib (ra) was 73 years of age, whilst according to other narrations, he was 70 years old and was buried in Medina. The next companion whose accounts will be mentioned is Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi.
Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi belonged to the Banu Harith clan of the Khazraj tribe of the Ansar. His father’s name was Rabi bin Amr and mother’s name was Huzaila bint ‘Inabah. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) had two wives; Umrah bint Hazam and Habiba bint Zaid.
Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi had two daughters; one of the daughters name was Umme Sa’d – which has also been reported as Umme Saeed – however her real name was Jameela. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi was able to read
And write even during the Jahaliyyah period [era of ignorance prior to the advent of Islam], when not many could do so at the time. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) was one of the chieftains of the Banu Harith and Hazrat Abdullah (ra) bin Rawaha was also one of the chieftains of this tribe along with him.
Hazrat Sa’d (ra) was present during the occasions of the first and second Pledge at Aqabah. After the migration to Medina, the Holy Prophet (saw) established a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Sa’d (ra) and Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf.
In a narration of Sahih Bukhari in which Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf relates that when he arrived in Medina, the Holy Prophet (saw) established a bond of brotherhood between him and Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi. Upon this, Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi stated, “I am the wealthiest amongst the Ansar,
“therefore I shall give you half of my wealth and whichever of my two wives you like, “I will separate from her for you. “Once her Iddat [a fixed period of time before a women can remarry] has passed, you can marry her.”
Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf replied to Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi that he did not require anything, all he needed to know from him was whether there was a marketplace where people could trade. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) informed him that there was a marketplace of the Banu Qaynuqah.
Subsequently, early next morning, Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) went there and purchased cheese and clarified butter. Similarly, he went to the marketplace every morning. Not long had passed that once Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) came before the Holy Prophet (saw) and had a mark of saffron on him.
In those days, they would mark saffron to serve as sign that one had just got married. In any case, the Holy Prophet (saw) asked if he had married and he replied in the affirmative. The Holy Prophet (saw) enquired who he got married to
And he replied that it was with a women belonging to the Ansar. The Holy Prophet (saw) then asked how much dowry he gave and he stated that he gave gold the size of a nugget, or he said a nugget of gold. Upon this, the Holy Prophet (saw) stated
That he should hold a Walima [a ceremony after the consummation of marriage], even if it be for a single sheep. In other words, he was told to arrange for a Walima according to his means. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi participated in the battles of Badr and Uhud
And was martyred during the Battle of Uhud. On the day of Uhud, the Holy Prophet (saw) stated, “Who will bring me news of Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi?” “I will”, someone submitted. And so, this individual went forth and began searching for him among those who had been slain.
Upon seeing this individual, Hazrat Sa’d (ra) asked him how he was and he replied, “I have been sent by the Messenger (saw) of Allah, so I can inform him about your condition.” Hazrat Sa’d (ra) stated, “Convey my Salaam [i.e. greeting of peace] to the Holy Prophet (saw)
“and inform the Holy Prophet (saw) that I have received 12 spear wounds “and those who engaged in battle with me have been condemned to the hellfire, “(in other words, whoever came up against him was killed.) “And tell my people that if the Holy Prophet (saw) is martyred
“while a single one of them is still alive, “then remember that they shall have no excuse to offer before God Almighty.” It is stated that it was Hazrat Ubay (ra) bin Ka’b who went to enquire about the condition of Hazrat Sa’d (ra).
According to another narration it states that Hazrat Sa’d (ra) told Hazrat Ubay (ra) bin Ka’b, “Let my people know that Sa’d bin Rabi says they ought to fear Allah the Almighty “and the pledge they took at the hands of the Messenger (saw) of Allah on the night of Aqabah.
“By God, they shall have no excuse before God if the eyes of even one of them was still flickers,” “(i.e. if any one of them was still alive) and the enemy was to reach the Holy Prophet (saw).”
Hazrat Ubay (ra) bin Ka’b narrates that he was still by the side of Hazrat Sa’d (ra) when he passed away. His body was covered in wounds and when he returned and presented himself before the Holy Prophet (saw) and informed of him the conversation he had
And the condition he was in, the Holy Prophet (saw) stated, “May Allah the Almighty have mercy upon him. “In his lifetime and even after his demise, he continued to serve Allah and His Messenger (saw).” Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi and Hazrat Kharjah (ra) bin Zaid were buried in one grave.
Hazrat Sahibzada Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra) mentions the account of Hazrat Sa’d (ra)’s martyrdom in the following manner: “Now the Holy Prophet (saw) had also descended into the battlefield “and the work of tending to the bodies of the martyrs was underway.
“At the time, the sight that was before the Muslims was one to bring forth tears of blood. “(i.e. after the battle had finished, despite his own injuries, the Holy Prophet (saw) “(went around the battlefield, and advised on “(how to take care of the body’s of the martyrs and organised the burials.
“(Nonetheless, the scene before the Muslims was one of horror, “(so much so that it can be said it would bring forth tears of blood.) “Seventy Muslims were laying in the field of battle smothered in dust and blood, “and they displayed a horrific scene of the barbaric Arab tradition known as Muthlah.”
Not only had they been martyred, their limbs had been cut and their bodies had been disfigured [by the disbelievers]. He further writes: “Among the casualties, there were only six Muhajirin “and the rest were all from the Ansar. “The number of men slain from among the Quraish was twenty-three.
“When the Holy Prophet (saw) came to the body of his paternal uncle and foster brother, “Hamzah bin ‘Abdil-Muttalib (ra), he was stunned because Hind, “the barbaric wife of Abu Sufyan had severely spoiled his dead body. “For some time, the Holy Prophet (saw) stood there silently,
“and signs of grief and anger were evident upon his countenance. “For a moment’s time, the Holy Prophet (saw) even thought to himself “that until these bloodthirsty beasts of Makkah were not given a taste of their own medicine, “perhaps they would never come to their senses, but then the Holy Prophet (saw) refrained
“from this idea and exhibited patience. “As a matter of fact, after this, the Holy Prophet (saw) prohibited “the custom of Muthlah (i.e. to disfigure corpses) in Islam forever, “and said that the enemy may do as it pleases, but the Muslims should “in any case refrain from such a barbaric practice,
“and follow a course of virtue and benevolence. “Safiyyah bint ‘Abdil-Muttalib (ra), the paternal aunt of the Holy Prophet (saw), “loved her brother Hamzah (ra) very dearly. “Upon hearing news of the defeat of the Muslims, she had also come out of Madīnah. “The Holy Prophet (saw) instructed her son Zubair bin Al-Awwam (ra)
“not to show his mother the body of his maternal uncle, “but how could a sister’s love allow her to sit at rest? “(Although her son told her not to see the body of Hazrat Hamza “(as it had been severely disfigured.) ‘Let me see the body of Hamzah (ra),’ she insisted,
‘I promise to demonstrate patience and shall not utter a word of complaint or lament.’ “Hence, she went and upon seeing the body of her brother said: [Arabic] – “To Allah do we belong and to Him shall we return.” “After this, she did not say a word.”
He further writes: “The Quraish had more or less meted out the same barbaric “treatment to the bodies of other Companions as well. “Hence, the body of ‘Abdullah bin Jahash (ra), “the paternal cousin of the Holy Prophet (saw) had also been severely disfigured.
“As the Holy Prophet (saw) would move from one body to the other, “signs of pain and anguish would become more and more evident upon his countenance. “It was perhaps at this occasion when the Holy Prophet (saw) said, ‘Someone go and inquire about the state of Sa‘d bin Ar-Rabi‘, chief of the Ansar.
‘Is he alive or has he been martyred? During battle I saw ‘that he was perilously surrounded by the lances of the enemy.’ “Upon the instruction of the Holy Prophet (saw), Ubayy bin Ka‘b (ra), “a Companion from among the Ansar began to search for Sa‘d (ra) here
“and there on the battlefield, but to no avail. “Finally, he began to exclaim in a loud voice, and called out the name of Sa‘d (ra) again and again, “but no sign of him could be found. “Losing hope, he was about to return when he suddenly thought
“that he should call out with the name of the Holy Prophet (saw), “and perhaps in this manner a clue may be found.” Initially he only called him out by name, but then thought perhaps he could call out saying that the Holy Prophet (saw) had sent him.
“As such, he began to call out, ‘Where is Sa‘d bin Ar-Rabi‘? ‘The Messenger (saw) of Allah has sent me to him.’ “At the sound of this, an electric current surged through the half-dead body of Sa‘d (ra),
“(although he was near to death, upon hearing the name of the Holy Prophet (saw), he became alert;) “suddenly becoming alert, but in a very soft voice, he responded, ‘Who is it? I am here.’ “When Ubayy bin Ka‘b (ra) peered into the distance, amongst a pile of dead bodies,
“he caught sight of Sa‘d (ra), who at the time was in his final breaths, giving up his life. “Ubayy bin Ka‘b (ra) said, ‘The Holy Prophet (saw) has sent me so ‘that I may inform him of your condition.’ “Sa‘d (ra) responded: ‘Submit my greetings of peace to the Messenger (saw) of Allah,
‘and tell him: May Allah grant you the spiritual reward which is given to all the Prophets of God ‘due to the sacrifice and sincerity of their followers to a greater extent ‘than all the other Prophets, and grant you the delight of your eyes.
‘Convey my greetings of peace to my Muslim brethren as well and tell my people ‘that if the slightest injury is inflicted upon the Holy Prophet (saw) ‘while even a breath of life remains within them, ‘then remember that they shall have no excuse before God.’ “After these words, Sa‘d (ra) gave his life.”
Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) has also mentioned this account in his own words and states: “There is an incident that took place on the occasion of the Battle of Uhud. “After the battle, the Holy Prophet (saw) sent Hazrat Ubay (ra) bin Ka’b to go
“and enquire about the state of those who had been wounded. “Whilst searching for the wounded, Hazrat Ubay (ra) bin Ka’b reached Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi, “who had been severely injured and was almost breathing his last. “Hazrat Ubay (ra) bin Ka’b asked him if he had any message
“he would like him to convey to his relatives and dear ones. “Hazrat Sa’d (ra) smiled and said, ‘I was waiting for a Muslim to come, ‘who I could deliver my message to. ‘Place your hand in mine and promise me that you will certainly convey my message.’
“The message he then gave was as follows, ‘Convey my Salaam to my Muslim brothers ‘and tell my people and my relatives that the Messenger (saw) of Allah is the greatest trust ‘bestowed upon us by God Almighty and we ought to protect this trust with our very lives.’
‘I must now depart from this world, and hand over this trust to you. ‘Let it not be that you show weakness in this regard.’” After narrating this account, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) stated, “Ponder, at such a time when one feels as if they are about to die,
“one entertains all kinds of thoughts in their heart. “He thinks about the circumstances his wife would have to face, “or who will tend to the needs of his children, etc. “However, this companion did not convey any such message of this kind and simply
“said that he is departing this world whilst he was striving to protect the Holy Prophet (saw) “and they ought to do the same and follow after him. “To protect the Holy Prophet (saw) was the greatest task.” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) continues, “It was this very strength of faith that enabled them,
“[i.e. the Muslims] to bring about a revolution in the world “and topple the rule of the Romans and Persians. “The Roman emperor was astonished as to who these people were. “Likewise, Chosroes wrote to one of his generals and told him “that if he cannot even defeat the Arabs,
“then he should return and instead sit at home wearing bangles. “He also stated to his general that the Arabs were such people that would eat ordure “and yet he could not even stop them. “In other words, he considered them to be extremely lowly people
“who would have nothing to eat and would instead eat ordure. “In reply, the general stated that they did not appear as mere mortals, “but rather were like a force that would come galloping over the swords “and spears such was their passion and vigour, and therefore how could they defeat them?
“On one occasion Umme Sa’d, the daughter of Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi’ “came to see Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), “who laid down one of his own cloths for her [to sit]. “Hazrat Umar (ra) asked Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) who she was. “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) replied:
‘She is the daughter of the one who was better than you and I.’ “Hazrat Umar (ra) enquired: ‘O Khalifat Ar-Rasul [Caliph of the Messenger (saw)]! ‘Who was that person?’ “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) replied: ‘He is the one who passed away in the lifetime of the Holy Prophet (saw)
‘and received his place in paradise, whereas you and I are still here today.’” Hazrat Jabir (ra) bin Abdullah relates that the wife of Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi’ along with her two daughters came to see the Holy Prophet (saw) and said:
“O Messenger (saw) of Allah! These two are the daughters of Sa’d bin Rabi’, “who fought alongside you in the Battle of Uhud and was martyred. “Their paternal uncle has taken all their inheritance. “(i.e. their uncle had taken all the wealth that was left by Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Rabi’, “(leaving them with nothing.)
“Furthermore, their Nikah [Islamic marriage] cannot take place until they have some money.” The Holy Prophet (saw) replied: “Allah the Almighty will reveal His verdict regarding this matter.” Subsequently the verses regarding inheritance [of a deceased person] were revealed. The Holy Prophet (saw) then called their uncle
And instructed him to give one third of the wealth of Sa’d to his daughters, and to give one eighth to their mother and the remainder will be his share. Whilst making reference to this incident, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib has shed light on this in Sirat Khataman Nabiyyin:
“Sa‘d (ra) was an affluent man and possessed a distinct status within his tribe. “He did not have any male offspring, only two daughters and a wife. “Until now, no new injunctions regarding the division of inheritance “had been revealed to the Holy Prophet (saw).
“As such, inheritance was divided among the Companions according to ancient custom, “whereby if the deceased did not have any male offspring, his paternal relatives “would take possession of the inheritance and the widow “and daughters would be left empty handed. “Therefore, upon the martyrdom of Sa‘d bin Ar-Rabī‘ (ra),
“his brother took possession of all the inheritance, and his widow “and daughters were left completely without support. “Troubled by this distress, the widow of Sa‘d presented herself before the Holy Prophet (saw) “along with her two daughters, and expressed her grief whilst relating the entire account.
“This painful account hurt the pure disposition of the Holy Prophet (saw), “but since no injunctions had been revealed to the Holy Prophet (saw) “from God in this respect, the Holy Prophet (saw) said, ‘Wait for some time ‘and a verdict shall be given according to the injunctions which are revealed by God.’
“As such, the Holy Prophet (saw) supplicated to God, and it was not long before a few of “the verses regarding inheritance were revealed to the Holy Prophet (saw), “which have also been vouchsafed in Sūrah An-Nisā’ of the Holy Qur’ān. “At this, the Holy Prophet (saw) called the brother of Sa‘d (ra)
“and instructed him to give two-thirds of the inheritance to the daughters of Sa‘d (ra), “one-eighth to his sister-in-law, and to keep whatever remained thereafter. “From then on, new laws on the division of inheritance were instituted, “whereby a wife is entitled to one-eighth of her husband’s inheritance if he has children,
“and one-fourth if he does not have any children; and a daughter is entitled to a portion “equivalent to half of her brother from the inheritance of her father, “and if she has no brothers then two-thirds or half (depending on the circumstances);
“and a mother is entitled to a sixth portion of the inheritance of her son, “if he has children, and a third if her son does not have any children. “Similarly, the portions of other heirs were also fixed
“and in this way the natural right of a woman, which had been snatched from her was returned.” Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra) has written a note saying: “At this occasion, it would not be irrelevant to note that from among the salient features “of the teaching of the Holy Prophet (saw), one distinction
“is that he fully safeguarded all the rightful and legitimate rights of women. “As a matter of fact, the truth is that before and after the Holy Prophet (saw), “there has been no individual in the history of the world “who safeguarded the rights of women as he did.
“In matters of inheritance, marriage, spousal relations, divorce, “in the right of owning personal estate, in the right of using one’s personal estate, “in the rights of education, in the rights of child custody and upbringing, “in the right of participating in national “and domestic affairs, in the matter of individual freedom,
“in religious rights and obligations; in every religious and worldly field “where a woman can possibly tread, “the Holy Prophet (saw) has accepted all her legitimate rights “and has proclaimed that the protection of her rights is a sacred trust “and duty vouchsafed to his community.
“It is for this very reason that the women of Arabia considered the advent “of the Holy Prophet (saw) to be a message of salvation.” He further writes: “I am compelled to digress from my subject matter, “(as women’s rights was not subject under discussion),
“otherwise, I would have elaborated that the teaching of the Holy Prophet (saw) “with respect to women truly stands upon such a lofty pedestal that no religion “and no civilization has been able to reach it. “Most definitely, this beautiful statement of the Holy Prophet (saw) is based “on such a deep truth that: [Arabic]
“Among the things of this world, the things for which my disposition has been leavened “with love are women and fragrance, but the delight of my eye is in Salat, “i.e., the worship of Allah.” Today, there are people who raise their voices in defence of women’s rights
And focus their attention on some superficial matters, which have nothing to do with freedom at all. Instead some raise allegations against the Islamic teachings in which there are certain restrictions, but these are only in place to uphold the honour of women,
For the sake of peace at home and for the moral training of the next generation. In actuality, the teachings of Islam are such that it grants women freedom and safeguards their rights. May Allah enable the world to understand this reality and be safeguarded from all evil and immorality,
And may our women also understand the true reality of these teachings, as at times they can be influenced by society and perceive their proposed model of freedom to be correct. May they understand the true essence of the Islamic teachings and also the rank and honour
Bestowed to women by Islam, because no other religion has granted such honour, nor has any so called women’s rights organisations or movements. May Allah enable men to also safeguard the rights of women in accordance with the teachings of Islam, so that a peaceful society can be established.
After this I would like to briefly speak about the present situation and also urge everyone to pray. Everyone should pray to Allah the Almighty to remove the Coronavirus pandemic from the world, but also for people to be granted wisdom and foresight
So they can realise that the only chance of future prosperity is for them is to submit to the One God and to fulfil the rights of others. It is through sacrifices that one can truly eradicate the evils and disorder. May Allah grant wisdom to the governments
So they can run the affairs of their country based on justice. These days there is unrest and disorder in USA, may every Ahmadi be saved from its ill effects and may the people present their demands and attain their rights through the correct means. If African-Americans are causing damage and disorder in their homeland,
Then they will only be causing harm to themselves. Many African leaders have also said the same that they should not cause damage and destruction to their own country. Indeed, they should to strive to get their rights, but should do so in the correct manner and remaining within the parameters of the law.
They can protest, but causing damage to their own properties will be of no benefit, instead it is detrimental to their own cause. Therefore, those carrying out the protests should ponder over this. The government should also understand the situation that, simply using force to respond to this
Is not the answer and neither is using force the solution to solving problems. In fact, governments can only function when all citizens are given their due rights. It is only through this that peace and prosperity can prevail and not without this.
Irrespective of how powerful a government may be, if there is unrest amongst the people, the government cannot remain established. Nevertheless, may Allah remove all the unrest and disorder throughout the world; may governments fulfil the rights of its citizens and may the citizens obtain their rights
By pursuing their demands whilst remaining within the parameters of the law. Similarly, the government of Pakistan should also reflect upon this and not increase persecution and injustices against Ahmadis simply due to fear of the Mullahs [clerics]. Rather, they ought to run their government by upholding justice and learn the lessons from the past.
By using the issue of Ahmadiyyat and perpetrating cruelties against Ahmadis, neither has previous governments remained established nor can they do so in the future. Therefore, they ought to abandon the thought that through this issue they can extend their time in government.
Indeed, owing to this persecution, Ahmadiyyat has spread and progressed throughout the world, and God-Willing, it will continue to do so in the future. This is the Will of God Almighty and no one has the power to stop it. Nonetheless it is our prayer that may Allah remove all injustices, unrest and disorder;
And due to the current pandemic that is widespread, may people pay heed to it and bring about a transformation within themselves. May we, as Ahmadis, be granted the opportunity to fulfil the rights of our worship and also the rights owed to mankind even more than before,
So that we may become the recipients of the love of Allah and be able to witness success and progress. All praise is due to Allah We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone
And we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him; and whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path.
And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you. Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other
And to do good to others as one does to one ‘s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful. You remember Allah; He too will remember you;
Call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.