Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2020
Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you.
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. In the previous sermon, I spoke about Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf. Some parts were left to be narrated, which I will narrate today. Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf had a long- standing friendship with Umayyah bin Khalf.
There is a detailed narration about this in Sahih Bukhari, in which Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf narrates that he wrote a letter to Umayyah bin Khalf stating that, “Umayyah would look after my property in Mecca and I would look after his in Medina.
“When I wrote my name as ‘Abdur Rahman’, Umayyah said, ‘I do not know any Abdur Rahman. “Tell me and write down for me your name “by which you went during the pre-Islamic period of ignorance [Jahiliyyah].’ “So, I wrote my name as Abd Amr.
“When he came to participate in the Battle of Badr, I went up the hill to protect him “once all the people had gone to sleep, but somehow Bilal (ra) saw him. “Hence, Hazrat Bilal (ra) went to a gathering of the Ansar “and standing among them he said, ‘Umayyah bin Khalf is nearby;
“if he escapes, then my life will be in danger.’ “So, a group of people who were with Hazrat Bilal (ra) went out to follow us (i.e. Hazrat ‘Abdur Rahman and Umayyah Bin Khalf because he went out to protect him and to offer him refuge).”
Anyway, he further states that, “Being afraid that they would catch us, “I left Umayyah’s son behind for his sake to keep them busy with fighting him (i.e. those Muslims who were pursuing them would become busy with fighting the son
And they themselves would gain some lead over them and he will take Umayyah to a safe place). “However, they killed him, (i.e. they killed his son) “and they did not let my ploy succeed and carried on following us. “Umayyah was of a heavy build, so he was unable to escape quickly.
“Eventually, when they approached us, I told him to sit down. “So, he sat down and I laid myself on him to protect him “but they killed him by piercing him with their swords underneath me “and one of them also injured my foot with his sword.”
Further details of this incident are recorded in Tarikh Al-Tabari as follows: Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf narrates, “Umayyah bin Khalf was my friend in Mecca. I used to go by the name Abd Amr at the time. “While still in Mecca I accepted Islam and I was given the name Abdur Rahman.
“After that, whenever he used to meet me, he would say, “‘O Abd Amr! Do you disregard the name given to you by your father?’ “I used to say, ‘Yes,’ upon which he would say, ‘I do not recognise any Rahman. “It would be better if you proposed a different name.
“And so, I will address you by that name because you do not respond to your old name. “And I will not address you by the name of something I am not aware of.’” Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf further narrates,
“Whenever he used to call me by the name Abd Amr, I would not respond. “I said, ‘O Abu Ali! You choose whatever you wish in this regard “but I will not respond to this old name.’ “Umayyah bin Khalf then said, ‘Well, in that case Abd Ilaah would be a better name for you.’
“I said, ‘Fine!’ Hence, whenever we used to meet each other after that, “he would address me by the name Abd Ilaah. “I would respond to him and talk to him until the day of the Battle of Badr arrived “and I passed by who was standing and holding his son, ‘Ali bin Umayyah’s hand.
“I was holding a few chin armours, which I had acquired and I was walking with them. “Upon seeing me, he called out to me saying, “‘O Abd Amr!’ However, I did not respond to him. Following this, he said ‘O Abd Ilaah!’ “Upon this I replied and enquired what he wanted.
“He responded, ‘Am I not better than these chain armours you are carrying?’ “I said that if this is the case then come. “I threw away the chain armours in order to give him refuge “and grabbed hold of his and his son, Ali’s hand.
“Upon this, he said that ‘I have never seen a day such as this one’” Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf further relates, “I took both of them and set off, “whilst walking in between father and son, holding them by the hand. “Umayyah asked me,
“‘O Abd Ilaah! Who is it among you that has the sign of an ostrich feather on his chest? “I replied that it was Hamza bin ‘Abd-il-Muttalib. “Umayyah said, ‘he is responsible for our state.’ (i.e. this terrible state that they were in was due to him).” Nevertheless, he further relates,
“I was walking along with him when Bilal (ra) saw me with them. “Umayyah was the one who used to torture Hazrat Bilal (ra) in Mecca “so that he would leave Islam. “He used to take him to the plain stones in Mecca “and once they had become extremely hot under the sun,
“he would place him on top upon his back. “He would then ask for a large rock, which would be placed upon his chest. “Following this, he would say that he will continue to be punished “until he left the religion of Muhammad (saw). “However, despite this torture, Bilal (ra) continued to say, ‘Ahad, Ahad’.
“That is, He is One, He is One. “Therefore, when he saw him, that is when Hazrat Bilal (ra) saw Umayyah, “he started saying that ‘Umayyah bin Khalf is the chief of the disbelievers “and that I will not survive if he is spared.’”
Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf said, “O Bilal! Both of them are my prisoners.” Upon this, Bilal (ra) once again repeated that he will not survive if he was spared. Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf again said to Hazrat Bilal (ra) that “O Ibn Sauda! Do you not hear [what I am saying]?”
Upon this, Bilal (ra) once again said, “I will not survive if he is spared.” Following this, Hazrat Bilal (ra) said the following words in a loud voice, “O Ansar! This is Umayyah bin Khalf, the chief of the disbelievers. “I shall be destroyed if he is spared.”
Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf states, “Following this call of his, “people surrounded us from all sides and trapped us and I began to protect him. “One individual struck his son with the sword and he fell to the ground. “At that moment, Umayyah screamed in such a loud manner
“that I had never heard the like thereof before. “I told him to run but he was unable to do so. “[I said that] ‘by Allah! I am unable to assist you in any manner.’ “In the meantime, the attackers struck both of them with their swords
“to such an extent that they killed them both.” Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf used to say that may Allah the Exalted have mercy on Bilal (ra) because not only did I lose my chain armours but he also forcefully took my prisoners from me.
Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf also took part in the Battle of Uhud. When the Muslims lost their positions on the day of the Battle of Uhud, Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf remained steadfast beside the Holy Prophet (saw).
On the day of the battle of Uhud, Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf sustained twenty-one wounds. His foot was wounded to such an extent that he began to walk with a limp and also lost two of his front teeth.
Hazrat Ibn ‘Umar relates that during Sha’ban [eighth month of the Islamic calendar] in 6 AH, the Holy Prophet (saw) sent a delegation consisting of 700 men towards Daumat-ul-Jandal under the leadership of Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf. The Holy Prophet (saw) wrapped a black turban around Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf’s head
With his blessed hands and placed the loose cloth at the end of the turban between his shoulders. Following this, the Holy Prophet (saw) said, “O Abu Muhammad! I am receiving news of danger from Daumat-ul-Jandal. “An army is gathering there in order to attack Medina.
“Set off into this direction, striving in the cause of Allah. “Seven hundred Mujahideen [people who strive in the cause of God] will accompany you. “Once you reach Daumat-ul-Jandal, “you should first present the message of Islam to their chief and their tribe of Kalb. “However, in case a battle breaks out,
“you should be mindful of not being deceitful and dishonest with anyone, or breaking your oath. “Do not kill children or women and purify the world from those rebelling against God.” War was permitted only with these conditions. Hence, when Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf reached Daumah,
He invited them towards Islam for three days and they rejected his call for three days. Following this, Asbagh bin ‘Amr Kalbi, who was their chief and a Christian, accepted Islam. Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf wrote to the Holy Prophet (saw), informing him of the entire events.
The Holy Prophet (saw) stated that he should marry the daughter of this chief, Tumazir. And so, Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf married her and then returned with her to Medina. Tumazir was later known by the name Umm-e-Abu Salma.
‘Umar bin ‘Abd-il-‘Aziz relates that in 14 AH, on the occasion of the battle of Jisr, when Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) was informed of the martyrdom of Hazrat ‘Ubaid (ra) bin Mas’ud – I have previously mentioned the Battle of Jisr. An elephant of the Persian forces trampled over him.
Nevertheless, when Hazrat Umar (ra) was informed of this and became aware of the fact that the people of Persia sought a man from the people of Chosroes and made him their king, he invited the Muhajireen and the Ansar for Jihad. Hazrat Umar (ra) departed from Medina and stayed in Sirar.
This was the name of a mountain in Medina, located at a distance of three miles from Medina on the way to Iraq. Nevertheless, he stayed there and sent ahead Hazrat Talhah (ra) bin ‘Ubaidullah towards Ahfas. Hazrat Umar (ra) appointed Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf
As the commander of the right flank of the army, and Zubair bin ‘Awam as the leader of the left flank of the army and appointed Hazrat Ali (ra) as his representative in Medina. Hazrat Umar (ra) took suggestions from the Muslims and all of them gave their suggestions to go to Persia.
When this army departed, Hazrat Umar (ra) did not consult anyone until they reached Sirar. When he reached Sirar, it was then that he consulted them. When Hazrat Talhah (ra) returned, he also held the same opinion as the others.
Hazrat Talhah (ra) was not present at first, but when he returned, he agreed to head forward. However, Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf was among those people, who suggested to Hazrat Umar (ra) to not advance forward and stating the reason for this, he said, “before this day,
“I had never expressed to sacrifice my parents for anyone but the Holy Prophet (saw) “and I will never do so in the future. “However, today, I say to you that may my parents may be sacrificed for you, “leave the final decision regarding this matter in my hands.”
Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf said this to Hazrat ‘Umar (ra), who was the Khalifa at that time. He stated, “You should stay at Sirar and send forth a large army. “From the beginning until this moment, you have already observed what Allah the Exalted has decreed in relation to your army.
“If your army were to suffer defeat, it will not be the same if you were defeated.” Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf then stated the reason for this and said, “‘if you were to be killed in the beginning, or were defeated, I am fearful that the Muslims will
“neither be able to exalt Allah again, “nor give the testimony of لا الہ الا اللہ [there is no God but Allah].” Whilst these discussions were taking place, Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) was searching for an individual, who could be sent as the commander of the army.
During this time, Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) received a letter from Hazrat Sa’d (ra), who was appointed to oversee the revenue from the sadaqah in Najd at that time. After listening to Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf, Hazrat ‘Umar (ra) then asked who should be entrusted with this responsibility.
Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf stated, ‘you have already found the individual.’ Hazrat ‘Umar asked that who is he? Hazrat ‘Abd-ur-Rahman replied, ‘it is the lion of the alluvial land, Sa’d bin Malik.’ That is, he is a very brave person and an excellent commander. He should be made commander and sent forth.
The other individuals also supported this opinion. This is also a reference from Tarikh Al-Tabari. The Holy Prophet (saw) gave accommodation in Medina to a number of tribes and the companions. He provided the tribe of Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf
A place to dwell in a land beside the Mosque of the Prophet which was clustered with date trees. Furthermore, he granted Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf and Harat Umar (ra) some land. Later, Hazrat Zubair (ra) then purchased this land from the family of Hazrat Umar (ra), namely from his children.
The Holy Prophet (saw) even vouchsafed to Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf that when the Muslims shall conquer Syria, he shall have such and such portion of a land. Thus, when the Muslims were victorious in Syria during the caliphate of Hazrat Umar (ra),
Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf was given those lands promised to him and that area which was promised to him was known as Salil. Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf also had the honour of leading the prayer with the Holy Prophet (saw) in the congregation. Hazrat Mughirah (ra) relates,
“I participated alongside the Holy Prophet (saw) in the battle of Tabuk.” He says, “The Holy Prophet (saw) “had gone to answer the call of nature prior to the Fajr prayer, “so I carried the leather bag which contained water for him.
“When the Holy Prophet (saw) returned and came close to where I was standing (as he was stood at some distance), “I began pouring the water onto his hands, “so he washed both his hands three times and then washed his blessed face. “Thereafter, he began taking out his arms from his outer garment,
“but the sleeves were too tight “so he placed his hands inside the garment to uncover his arms and washed them up to his elbows. “He then cleaned [his feet] by wiping over his leather socks. “He then set forth, and I too walked with him
Until we found the people had ushered Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf forward “and he was leading them in prayer. “The Holy Prophet (saw) had reached during the second of the two rak’aat [units of prayer], “i.e. one rak’at had already passed by that time and the second rak’at of the Fajr prayer
“when he joined the lines of prayer in congregation. “When Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf concluded the prayer with salam [salutation of peace], “the Holy Prophet (saw) stood up to complete his prayer, “which caused the Muslims to be anxious “and they began increasing in performing the tasbih [glorification of God].
“When the Holy Prophet (saw) had completed his prayer, he turned to the people and said, “What you did what was right’, or ‘You did well’” (the Holy Prophet (saw) expressed his delight over the fact that they began the prayer on time, by saying that they did well).
Hazrat Mughriah (ra) further relates, “When the Holy prophet (saw) and I reached, “I desired to make Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf step back “but the Holy Prophet (saw) instructed me not to and to therefore allow him to lead the prayer. After the prayer the Holy Prophet (saw) stated,
“‘Indeed, every prophet in his lifetime “has the opportunity to pray behind a pious person from among his followers.'” This was another great honour he was given by the Holy Prophet (saw), that is to say that not only did the Holy Prophet (saw) commend him for leading the prayer,
But he also said that the fact he prayed behind him was testimony that he was a pious man. In another account it is mentioned that Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf would offer lengthy prayers before the Zuhr prayer i.e. voluntary prayers, and when he would hear the call to prayer,
He would immediately make his way for the congregational prayer. Another narrator says that he witnessed Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf performing circuits around the Ka’bah whilst supplicating to God to save him from the miserliness of the self. Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (ra) relates, “The year Hazrat Umar (ra) was elected Khalifa,
“he appointed Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf as the Ameer for the Hajj.” Abu Salama bin Abdir Rahman narrates that Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf once went to the Holy Prophet (saw) in complaint about the lice infestation, and pleaded, “O Messenger (saw) of Allah, permit me to wear silk clothing”
(the simple cotton clothing for some reason had a lot of lice at the time, perhaps after it had spread from his hair. It was not going away and so he requested permission to wear silk clothing to protect against this). So the Holy Prophet (saw) granted him permission to wear it.
After the demise of the Holy Prophet (saw) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), when Hazrat Umar (ra) was elected Khalifa, Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf came to Hazrat Umar (ra) along with his son Abu Salama. Abu Salama was wearing an upper garment made of silk,
And so Hazrat Umar (ra) asked, “What is this you are wearing?” Hazrat Umar (ra) then placed his hand near the collar area of Abu Salama and tore the shirt. Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf then asked Hazrat Umar (ra), “Are you not aware that the Holy Prophet (saw) granted me permission?”,
To which Hazrat Umar (ra) replied, “The Holy Prophet (saw) only granted you permission to do so “because you complained to him about the lice infestation, “and this permission was not extended to anyone else.” Sa’d bin Ibrahim relates that Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf would often wear a cloth,
Or once wore a cloth which was worth 400-500 dirhams, i.e. he experienced such a time as well when he would wear an extremely expensive cloth. Just observe the grace of Allah, that in spite of having no possessions after the migration, he was then able to wear the most expensive of clothes
And God Almighty blessed him with many properties. During the final illness of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), he appointed Hazrat Umar (ra) as the Khalifa. When he had made this intention, he called Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf and asked for his opinion about Hazrat Umar (ra).
Hazrat AbdurRahman (ra) bin Auf answered, “O Khalifa of the Messenger (saw), “according to the view of others, he may be even better than your view of him, “but he can be rather strict in his temperament.” Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) then said, “The reason why he possessed this is that
“he would see me being lenient and so he would be rather strict to keep things balanced.” Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) continued, “When he is given this responsibility, “he shall abandon many of his practises such as this “and you shall not witness the same strictness in him.”
Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) then said, “O Abu Muhammad, I have observed him closely “that whenever I would express my displeasure at someone in a certain matter, “Hazrat Umar (ra) would counsel me to show leniency to them (in those moments he would advise to show lenience),
“and whenever I would show lenience to someone, he would advise me to be strict.” Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) then said, “O Abu Muhammad, “do not mention what I have told you to anyone else.” Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf replied, “Okay”.
After the conquest of Mecca, the Holy Prophet (saw) sent some delegations to various locations. Hazrat Khalid (ra) bin Waleed was sent to the Banu Jazima. During the period of Jahiliyyah [era of ignorance prior to the advent of the Holy Prophet (saw)],
The Banu Jazima had killed the father of Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf and also Faqih bin Mughira, who was the paternal uncle of Hazrat Khalid (ra) bin Waleed. During this visit, out of error, Hazrat Khalid (ra) bin Waleed killed one of the men from that tribe.
When the Holy Prophet (saw) learnt of this news, he expressed his displeasure. The Holy Prophet (saw) paid the blood-money and also compensated for everything that Hazrat Khalid (ra) had taken from him. When Hazrat Abdul Rahman (ra) bin Auf found about this act of Hazrat Khalid (ra) bin Waleed,
He said to him (i.e. Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf said to Hazrat Khalid (ra) bin Waleed), “Did you kill him because they had killed your paternal uncle?” Hazrat Khalid (ra) bin Waleed replied in a rather stern tone, “They also killed your father!”
Hazrat Khalid (ra) bin Waleed further stated, “you wish to prolong those days” (i.e. Hazrat Khalid (ra) bin Waleed claimed that since Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf had accepted Islam in the very early days, therefore he considered this a great honour and wished to take advantage of that).
Hazrat Khalid (ra) bin Waleed said this in a tone of anger and displeasure, and so this news also reached the Holy Prophet (saw). When the Holy Prophet (saw) heard this, he stated, “Leave my Companions alone. “I swear by Him in Whose hands lies my life that even if anyone amongst you
“was to spend gold [in the way of God Almighty] equivalent to the size of the mountain of Uhud, “it will still be less than their smallest of sacrifices.” In other words, such was the lofty rank of those early companions, whose sacrifices are incomparable.
Regarding Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf, the Holy Prophet (saw) once stated, “He is the chief even amongst the leaders of the Muslims.” The Holy Prophet (saw) also stated, “Abdur Rahman (ra) is the faithful one in the heavens and on the earth.”
On one occasion, Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf became so severely ill that he lost consciousness and his wife let out a cry in that moment. In other words, such was the severity of his illness and thus she let out a cry due to her anguish.
However, when Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf recovered and his health improved a little, he stated that when he became unconscious, he saw in a vision that two men came to him and stated, “let us take you before God and obtain your verdict.” However, a third individual then met them and said,
“Do not take him away, “for he was blessed with good fortune even whilst in the womb of his mother.” This was a vision Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf saw in relation to himself. Naufal bin Iyaas Fuzali narrates: “Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Auf (ra) would sit in our gatherings
“and was a most excellent companion. “One day he took us to his home. “After bathing he brought us a plate of food which consisted of bread and meat, “and then he began to weep. “We asked him ‘O Abu Muhammad! Why do you weep?’
“He replied: ‘The Holy Prophet (saw) departed this world in a state “whereby he and his family were not even able to satisfy themselves with bread made of barely “I do not think that our delay has benefitted us’” i.e. he was not sure whether the fact that living for a long period of time was better for them or whether it was a trial or atest. Such where the sentiments of the companions (ra), their fear of God
And the love they had for the Holy Prophet (saw) and his family. These sentiments were not limited only to the Holy Prophet (saw) and his family, but the companions had love for each other as well. This mutual love can be witnessed through an incident related to Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Auf (ra).
One evening, food was brought before Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Auf (ra). Different kinds of dishes were presented before him from which he took a morsel to eat. When he was about to eat the morsel, a state of great anguish and fervency came over him.
He left the food saying: “Mu’sab (ra) bin Umair was martyred in Uhud, “and he better than I. He was buried in his own cloak.” i.e. they did not have a cloth with which to bury him, therefore they buried him using the cloak he was wearing.
The condition of even that cloth was that if they would cover his legs, his head would become uncovered, and if his head would be covered then his legs would become uncovered. Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Auf (ra) then states:
“Hamza (ra) was martyred and he was better than I. We have been bestowed wealth and affluence. “I fear lest we have been bestowed the reward for our deeds in this life.” After this he began to weep and left his food. Such was the fear of God they had within themselves.
Hazrat Umme Salamah (ra), the mother of the believers, narrates that Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Auf (ra) came to her and said: “O mother! I fear that I may be ruined due to affluence, “as I am the wealthiest among the Quraish.” She replied: “O my son! Spend out of your wealth As I have heard the Holy Prophet (saw) say: ‘from among my companions there will be some who I will not meet again after I depart.’” i.e. some of them will not reach that rank and status. Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Auf (ra) then left and on the way he met with Hazrat Umar (ra)
And informed him of what he had heard [from Hazrat Umme Salamah]. Hazrat Umar (ra) went then went to Hazrat Umme Salamah (ra) and said: “I implore you, in the name of Allah the Almighty to inform me if I am among those
“who you said would not be able to meet the Holy Prophet (saw)? Hazrat Umme Salamah (ra) said to Hazrat Umar (ra): “No, you are not among those people. “However, from now on, I am unable to say with certainty “who will be able to meet with the Holy Prophet (saw).” i.e. she would not be able to say for certain
If they would be able to meet with the Holy Prophet (saw) or not. However it should be made clear that as was mentioned before, Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Auf (ra) was among the Asharah Mubasharah, i.e. those [ten] individuals who were given tidings of paradise by the Holy Prophet (saw).
Despite this, they were so fearful of Allah the Almighty that they would always remain anxious regarding this, and after hearing the words of Hazrat Umme Salamah, Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Auf (ra) immediately increased the amount of charity he would offer.
It is narrated by Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas that when Hazrat Umar (ra) left for Syria, he stopped at Surugh. Surugh is the name of an inhabited area near the valley of Tabuk, which is situated near the borders of Hijaz and Syria and was at a distance of 13 days of travel from Medina.
In other words, to reach there from Medina it would take 13 days of continuous travel by the mode of transport that was used in those days. When Hazrat Umar (ra) reached this area, he met the commander of the armies, Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) bin Al-Jarah and his fellow companions.
This incident took place in 18 AH, during the Khilafat of Hazrat Umar (ra) after the conquest of Syria. They informed Hazrat Umar (ra) that there was an outbreak of a plague in Syria. Hazrat Ibn Abbas (ra) narrates that Hazrat Umar (ra) asked for the early Muhajireen to come and to take their suggestions.
Hazrat Umar (ra) consulted with them, however there was a difference of opinions amongst the Mujajireen. Some of them were of the opinion that they should continue on with their journey and not turn back, whilst the others suggested that the noble companions of the Holy Prophet (saw)
Were present in the army and therefore it was not appropriate for them to be taken into an area where there was a plague and it was better to return. Hazrat Umar (ra) then told the Muhajireen to leave and invited the Ansar to present their suggestions.
Just like the Muhajireen, the Ansar also had a difference of opinions, in other words some suggested to return and others were of the opinion to continue going ahead. Hazrat Umar (ra) then invited the elders of the Quraish, who had accepted Islam at the occasion of the conquest of Mecca and came to Medina.
All of them unanimously expressed their opinion of taking everyone back and that there was no need to enter an area where there was an outbreak of the plague. Accepting their suggestion, Hazrat Umar (ra) announced to return. Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra) bin Al-Jarah then asked that
Was it possible for one to escape from what God has destined. Were they returning because of the fear of the plague because this was God’s decree and one cannot escape from that. Replying to Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (ra), Hazrat Umar (ra) stated,
“O Abu Ubaidah (ra)! I wish it was someone else would have uttered what you have said. “Indeed we are moving away from one decree of God to another.” Explaining what is destiny, Hazrat Umar (ra) further stated and gave the following example,
“If you have some camels and you reach a valleywhich has two sides; “one is a lush green area full of vegetation, while the other is a dry and barren land. “Now, would it not be in accordance to the decree of God
“if you were to take your camels to graze in the area with lots of vegetation, “and on the other hand it will also be according to the decree of God “if you decided to take them to the dry and barren land. “Thus, the decree of God has presented you with two options,
(i.e. a lush green area and the other a dry and barren land except for a few bushes or very little grass). “You cannot say that the vegetation has grown due its own decree “and the dry and barren land is owing to the decree of God.
“In fact, both are due to the decree of God “and you must now decide which option you take “and it is obvious that you will take the option of the land which has vegetation.” The narrator of this tradition states that when Hazrat Umar (ra) had said all of this,
Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf came, who was not present before owing to some other work he was engaged in. Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf submitted, “Since you are asking for suggestions, “I have the answer to this issue. “I once heard the Holy Prophet (saw) say that
“if one learns about the outbreak of a plague/disease in a certain area, “they should not travel there. “And if the disease/plague has emerged in an area which one resides in “then they shouldn’t leave the area in order to escape from it.”
Thus, an area where there is the outbreak of plague/disease, one should not travel there and if one lives in area where the plague/disease has developed, then they should not leave from there, so that the disease does not spread further to other people. We are also observing this currently as well that
Those countries which implemented the lockdown in time were able to contain the disease to a large degree. However, those who failed to do so and showed negligence, the disease continues to spread. In any case, the Holy Prophet (saw) taught this fundamental principal to his companions right from the beginning.
Upon hearing this [i.e. from Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf], Hazrat Umar (ra) praised Allah the Almighty and returned from there. Hazrat Miswar bin Makhrama relates that when Hazrat Umar (ra) was in good health and would be requested to appoint a Khalifa after him, he would always refuse to do so.
However, one day Hazrat Umar (ra) came to the pulpit and mentioned a few things and then said, “If I pass away then I entrust your affairs to six individuals, “whom the Holy Prophet (saw) was pleased with at the time of his demise.
“They are: Hazrat Ali bin Abu Talib (ra), Hazrat Zubair (ra) bin Awam, “Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf, Hazrat Uthman (ra) bin Affan, “Hazrat Talhah (ra) bin Ubaidullah, Hazrat Sa’d (ra) bin Malik. “Hearken for I instruct you to adopt Taqwa and justice whilst carrying out your decisions.”
Abu Jafar relates that Hazrat Umar (ra) bin Khattab told the members of the Electoral Committee, “Consult with one another and if your decision is equally split between two then consult again “and if there are four votes to two, then go with the majority.”
Zaid bin Aslam relates from his father that Hazrat Umar (ra) stated that if there was an equal split in the votes, then choose and show obedience to the one who Hazrat Abur Rahman (ra) bin Auf voted for. Abdur Rahman bin Saeed states that when Hazrat Umar (ra) sustained an injury,
He instructed that [after his demise] Hazrat Suhaib (ra) would be Imam-ul-Salat, i.e. he will lead them in prayer and Hazrat Umar (ra) repeated this three times. Hazrat Umar (ra) then stated that [after his demise] they will consult with one another to appoint the next Khalifah and entrusted this matter to six individuals.
He also stated that anyone who disobeys their decision and opposes them, should be killed. Thus, these six individuals were entrusted with appointing the next Khalifah and during this time, Hazrat Suhaib (ra) was to lead the congregational prayers. Hazrat Anas (ra) bin Malik narrates shortly before his demise, Hazrat Umar (ra)
Sent a message to Hazrat Abu Talhah (ra) stating, “O Abu Talhah (ra), “take 50 men from among your tribe of the Ansar and “go to those six men who are part of the electoral committee and remain there for three days “until they do not appoint someone from amongst themselves as the Khalifah.
“O Allah You are my guardian over them.” Ishaq bin Abdullajh relates that Hazrat Abu Talhah (ra) stood beside the grave of Hazrat Umar (ra) for a while along with his men and then remained with the members of the electoral committee. When the members of the committee decided to entrust the responsibility
Of electing their leader with Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf, Hazrat Abu Talhah (ra) along with his men stood guard at the house of Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf for three days until people did not take the Bai’at of Hazrat Uthman (ra). Hazrat Salma bin Abu Salma (ra) relates from his father
That the first person to take the Bai’at at the hands of Hazrat Uthman (ra) was Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf and after that it was Hazrat Ali (ra). Umar bin Umairah, the freed slave of Hazrat Umar (ra) relates from his grandfather
That the first person to take the Bai’at of Hazrat Uthman (ra) was Hazrat Ali (ra) and after that everyone else took the Bai’at. According to a narration of Bukhari, it is stated that when Hazrat Umar (ra) stood to lead the prayer
And had just started it by saying “Allahu Akbar” someone attacked him and in his state of injury, Hazrat Umar (ra) held the hand of Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf, who was standing close to him and directed him to lead the prayer.
Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf lead the prayer but kept it short. Mentioning the role of Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf during the election of Hazrat Uthman (ra), Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states – in the earlier two narrations, except for one detail,
All the other details that have been mentioned are the same. “When Hazrat Umar (ra) was injured and realised that his demise was imminent, “he nominated six persons and advised them to elect the Khalifa from among themselves. “They included Hazrat Uthman (ra), Hazrat Ali (ra), Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf,
“Hazrat Saad (ra) bin Abi Waqas, Hazrat Zubair (ra) and Hazrat Talha (ra). “In addition to them, he included Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (ra) as an advisor, “but did not declare him entitled to Khilafat. “He also admonished that these people should give their verdict within three days,
“and Hazrat Suhaib (ra) should lead the prayer during that period of time. “He appointed Hazrat Miqdad (ra) bin Al-Aswad (ra) to oversee the consultation and election process “and directed him to gather the Electoral College at one place and to guard them with his sword.”
In the earlier narrations, it was stated that Hazrat Talhah (ra) was instructed to stand guard but after consulting various sources, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) has concluded that according to him it was Hazrat Miqdad (ra) bin Al-Aswad was instructed to stand guard until the Khalifah was not elected. “Hazrat Umar (ra) then stated
“that the people should take the Bai‘at of the person who is elected by the majority of votes, “and if any one declines to do so, then he should be killed. “If there be three votes on each side, “then Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (ra) would recommend who the Khalifa should be.
“If the members of Electoral College do not agree to the decision of Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (ra), “then the person favoured by Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf “should be appointed as Khalifa. “These five companions discussed this matter “(as Hazrat Talha (ra) was not in Medina at that time).”
According to Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra), Hazrat Talhah (ra) was not in Medina at the time. “However, they could not come to any conclusion. “After a lengthy discussion, Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf asked “if anyone wanted to withdraw his name, but all of them remained quiet.
“On this, Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf withdrew his name, “then Hazrat Uthman (ra) withdrew his name and then two others did the same. “Hazrat Ali (ra) remained quiet, “however he then took a pledge from Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf “that he (i.e. Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra)) would be completely impartial,
“and they all entrusted the responsibility of making the decision “to Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf. “For three days, Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf visited every house in Medina “to obtain the opinion of every man and women “in regard to who they thought should be elected as Khalifah.
“All of them expressed their agreement to the Khilafat of Hazrat Uthman (ra). “Thus, he gave his verdict in favour of Hazrat Uthman (ra) and he became the Khalifa.” There is another narration in reference to this however it is quite lengthy therefore I will separately mention it later, if needed,
Whilst continuing to relate the accounts of Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf, God willing. Or it is possible this lengthy narration may be mentioned with reference to Hazrat Uthman’s (ra) Khilafat or in relation to the accounts of Hazrat Umar’s (ra) life. However, apart from this narration, there are few more accounts in relation
To Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) bin Auf’s life, piety and character which I will, God willing, narrate in the future sermon. All praise is due to Allah We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone
And we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him; and whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path.
And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you. Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other
And to do good to others as one does to one’s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful. You remember Allah; He too will remember you;
Call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.