Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2020
Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you.
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,
Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. I have been relating the accounts from the life of Hazrat Ali (ra). The service rendered by Hazrat Ali (ra) to the Holy Prophet (saw) during his final illness has been mentioned in a narration in Bukhari as follows:
Ubaidullah bin Abdillah has related that Hazrat Aisha (ra) used to say, “When the Holy Prophet (saw) became ill and his illness intensified, “he sought permission from his wives so that he could be taken care of in my home. “Hence, they granted him permission.
“Following this, he left the house with the support of two men, “whilst his feet were leaving a trail on the ground. “He was being supported by Hazrat Abbas (ra) and another individual.” In other words, he was already in the home of Hazrat Aisha (ra) at the time
And left her house with the support of two men in order to go to the mosque. Ubaidullah narrates that he mentioned what Hazrat Aisha (ra) had narrated to him to Hazrat Ibn ‘Abbas, upon which he enquired whether he knew who the individuals were which Hazrat Aisha (ra) mentioned. Ubaidullah replied in the negative
And Hazrat Ibn Abbas stated that she mentioned Hazrat Abbas (ra), and the other individual, who she did not name was Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib (ra). Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas relates that one day Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib (ra) came out of the house
In which the Holy Prophet (saw) was staying during his final illness prior to his demise. People enquired “O Abul-Hasan! How is the Holy Prophet’s (saw) health this morning?” Hazrat Ali (ra) replied, “Alhamdulillah [all praise belongs to Allah], “he is feeling better this morning.”
Upon this, Hazrat ‘Abbas bin ‘Abd-il-Muttalib took hold of Hazrat Ali’s (ra) hand and said, “By God! You will be under the guardianship of someone else after three days because, “by Allah, I can see that the Holy Prophet (saw) will soon pass away owing to this illness.
“The reason for this is that from my experience “I can tell when the people of the Banu ‘Abd-il-Muttalib are near to their demise “simply by looking at the condition of their faces. “Come, let us go the Holy Prophet (saw) “and ask him that who will be entrusted with this matter now (i.e. Khilafat).
“And whether it is someone from amongst us “or if it is granted to someone other than us, “then in either case we will know “and the Holy Prophet (saw) will leave us some guidance in relation to it.” Hazrat Ali (ra) replied, “By God! If we ask the Holy Prophet (saw) about this
“and he does not grant us this honour “then people will also not grant it to us following his demise. “By God! I will certainly not ask the Holy Prophet (saw) in relation to this.” This narration is also taken from Bukhari.
The Arabic words which are mentioned in this narration of Bukhari are as follows: [by God! In three days you will be under the guardianship of someone else]. In relation to this, Hazrat Syed Waliullah Shah Sahib has added the following note in his book
“To say that he shall fall under the guardianship of someone else “after the demise of the Holy Prophet (saw) “has in fact been used as an indirect expression, “meaning that the Holy Prophet (saw) would pass away after three days.” Hazrat Amir relates that following the demise of the Holy Prophet (saw),
Hazrat Ali (ra), Hazrat Fazl (ra) and Hazrat Usama bin Zaid (ra) washed the body of the Holy Prophet (saw) and these same individuals lowered the Holy Prophet’s (saw) blessed body into the grave. In another narration it is mentioned that Hazrat Abd-ur-Rahman bin Auf (ra) was also among these individuals.
There are various narrations in regards to Hazrat Ali (ra) pledging allegiance [Bai’at] to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). The reason for this is that according to some narrations, Hazrat Ali (ra) did not immediately and wholeheartedly pledge his allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), whereas others state the contrary.
Nevertheless, Hazrat Abu Sa’eed Khudri relates that when the Muhajireen and the Ansar had pledged their allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), he stood at the pulpit and looked towards the people, but was unable to find Hazrat Ali (ra) among them. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) then inquired about Hazrat Ali (ra).
Some men from the Ansar went and brought Hazrat Ali (ra) with them. Addressing Hazrat Ali (ra), Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) said, “O paternal nephew of the Holy Prophet (saw) and his son-in-law! “Do you wish to destroy the strength of the Muslims?” Hazrat Ali (ra) replied,
“O Khalifah of the Messenger (saw) of Allah! Do not reprimand me for this.” Following this, he pledged initiation to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). In Tarikh al-Tabari it is mentioned that Habib bin Abi Thabit relates that Hazrat Ali (ra) was in his home when an individual came to him
And informed him that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) was present to take the pledge of allegiance [bai’at]. Hazrat Ali (ra) was wearing a loose upper garment at the time. He immediately left the house, in a state where he was not wearing any lower garment or his cloak, in fear of being delayed by this.
Hence, he pledged allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and sat down beside him. Following this, he sent for his clothes and got dressed, but remained seated in the company of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). ‘Allama Ibn Kathir says that Hazrat Ali (ra) pledged allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) the very next day,
Or the second day after the demise of the Holy Prophet (saw). This is indeed is the reality, as Hazrat Ali (ra) never stopped his support of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), nor did he ever abandon offering his prayer behind Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). In regards to Hazrat Ali (ra), the Promised Messiah (as) states,
“Hazrat Ali (ra) initially held back from taking the bai’at of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). “However, upon reaching home, only Allah knows what thought crossed his mind “that he immediately left without even putting on his turban and simply covered his head with a cap “and came to perform the bai’at.
“It was only later that he called for his turban to be brought. “It seems that he deemed this to be a grave sin “and thus left in such a hurry that he did not even tie his turban, “in other words, he did not even fully dress and came at once.” In other narrations,
It has been mentioned that Hazrat Ali (ra) did not perform the bai’at of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) until after the demise of Hazrat Fatimah (ra). For example, in the narration of Bukhari it states that Hazrat Ali (ra) did not perform the bai’at until after the demise of Hazrat Fatimah (ra),
However, many Ulemah [Islamic scholars] have expressed varying opinions on this narration. Imam Bayhaqi in Sunan Al-Kubra has commented on the narration of Imam Shahaab-ul-Din Zuhri in which it states that Hazrat Ali (ra) did not perform the bai’at of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) until after the demise of Hazrat Fatimah (ra).
The translation of which is that Imam Zuhri’s narration in which it states that Hazrat Ali (ra) did not perform the bai’at of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) until after the demise of Hazrat Fatimah (ra) is Munqati [the chain of narrators is incomplete].
On the other hand, the narration of Hazrat Abu Saeed Khudri is more authentic wherein it states that Hazrat Ali (ra) performed the bai’at at the hand of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) after the initial bai’at had been taken in Thaqifah. Other scholars have sought to reconcile these two narrations
By stating that the second bai’at [i.e. after the demise of Hazrat Fatimah (ra)] was a pledge of reaffirmation. Perhaps these scholars thought that in light of the fact that this narration has been recorded in an authentic book like Bukhari and therefore it must have some significance,
Felt the need to give this second pledge a particular name. However, it is not necessary that all the narrations in Bukhari are completely accurate. For example, Dr. Ali Muhammad Salabi in his book, Sirat-ul-Momineen Ali bin Abi Talib Shakhsiyyatuhu Wa Atharahu writes that according to Allama Ibn Kathir and many other scholars,
After six months, Hazrat Ali (ra) once again performed the bai’at and reaffirmed his pledge of allegiance after the demise of Hazrat Fatimah (ra). Thus, this bai’at was named as “The Pledge of Reaffirmation”. Hazrat Ali (ra) had initially taken the bai’at,
But after the demise of Hazrat Fatimah (ra), he once again reaffirmed his pledge of allegiance. Allama Ibn Kathir writes that after the demise of Hazrat Fatimah (ra), Hazrat Ali (ra) decided to pledge his allegiance at the hand of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) once again.
The Promised Messiah (as) states in his book, Sirr-ul-Khilafah – This book is originally written in Arabic however its Urdu translation is as follows: “Even if we assume that the most truthful person.” i.e. Hazat Abu Bakr (ra) regarding whom these people level allegations against
And claim that Hazrat Ali (ra) should have been the Khalifah first. Clarifying this matter, the Promised Messiah (as) states, “If we assume that the most truthful person [i.e. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra)] was one of those “who prioritised the pleasure of this world and its temptations, “and that he usurped the right of another,
“then we are forced to admit that Ali, the Lion of Allah, was a hypocrite (God-forbid) “and nor did he cast aside his worldly desires and wholly devote himself to Allah. “And that he was beguiled by the world and desirous of its attractions and charms.
“As he did not depart from ‘the apostates and disbelievers’ (These are the harsh words they say in regards to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), for example that he was a disbeliever), “but instead he adopted hypocrisy and chose Taqiyya for approximately 30 years.
“If in the eyes of Hazrat Ali, may Allah the Almighty be pleased with him, “Al-Siddiq Akbar [i.e. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra)] was a disbeliever and had usurped his right, “then why did he agree to pledge allegiance to him? “Why did he not migrate from the land of oppression, tribulation and apostasy?
“Was not Allah’s earth vast enough for him “to emigrate as has been the practise of the righteous? “Look at the example of Abraham (as), who fulfilled the commandments, “how powerful he was in bearing witness to the truth; “when he saw that his father erred and had gone astray,
“and his people worshiped idols instead of the Supreme Lord, he turned away from them. “He was not afraid, nor did he care about the consequences. “He was thrown into fire “and yet he did not choose to conceal his faith out of fear of the evildoers. “This is the way of the righteous.
“They do not fear swords nor blades. “They consider Taqiyya to be a grave sin and an immoral and unjust act. “And even if they were to commit an iota of such a despicable act, “they turn to Allah seeking His forgiveness. “We are amazed at how Ali, may Allah be pleased with him,
“swore allegiance to Al-Siddiq and Al-Faruq [i.e. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Umar (ra)] “despite knowing that they had renounced Islam and usurped the rights of others. “Moreover, if he (i.e. Hazrat Ali (ra)) “was aware of their alleged ‘corruption, disbelief and apostasy’,
“then why is it that he continued to live among them a whole lifetime “and followed them sincerely and devotedly. “And he did not tire or become weary, nor did he show any resentment, “nor did he let any other reason become a hindrance in this “or his high level of righteousness.
“Moreover, there was nothing stopping him “and nor was he held as a prisoner in that he couldn’t go to the other Arab tribes. “Thus, in such an instance, “it was his duty to migrate to some other part of Arabia, to its East or to the West.” If the circumstances had become so dire,
Then there was nothing stopping Hazrat Ali (ra) from migrating. The Promised Messiah (as) states that not only should he have migrated but then also incited other to fight against them for they had become apostates and disbelievers. The Promised Messiah (as) continues:
“[he should have left] in order to urge people to fight and incite the Bedouins to battle. “He should have aroused them with his eloquent words “and then fought the rebellious apostates.” The Promised Messiah (as) further states, “About one hundred thousand Bedouins joined Musailamah Kazzab.
“However, Ali (ra) was more deserving of this support than anyone else. “Therefore, on what basis did he follow ‘the disbelievers’ (i.e. the first three Khalifahs against whom these people level the allegation that they were disbelievers) “and why did he display his loyalty to them?
“If he was appointed as the leader, then why did he sit idly like the indolent, “and not rise like those who strive [in the cause of Allah]? “What had prevented him from standing against them “if he had seen the signs of his honour and high rank by Allah?
“Why did he not go forward to war in support of the truth “and to call others towards this mission? “Was he not the most eloquent among the people, “the most articulate in speech and the one who could breathe life through his words? “Thus, he could have gathered people around him within an hour
“or even less due to the strength of his speech and oratory, “which would have affected the listeners and attracted them. “If people could gather around an imposter and liar [i.e. Musailamah Kazzab], “how is it that the Lion of Allah could not do the same
“while he was supported by Allah and was the beloved of the Lord of the Worlds? “Above all else, the strangest thing is that Hazrat Ali (ra) did not only pledge allegiance “to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Umar (ra) [Sheikhain], “but he also observed every Salat behind them,
“and never missed a single prayer or turned away like those who harbour doubts. “Moreover, he participated with them in mutual consultation, and believed in their claim. “He helped them in every matter with all his effort and capacity “and was not of those who remained behind.
“Thus, carefully ponder, is this how an oppressed one behaves? “Look how he followed the so-called ‘liars’, despite his knowledge of their lies and slander, “as if truth and falsehood were alike for him. “Did he not know that those who trust in The Powerful,
“never choose the way of hypocrisy, even if they are cast into the fire? “Indeed, they do not leave the truth even if by upholding it “they are cast into ruin and destruction.” Thus, the Promised Messiah (as) has clearly explained that Hazrat Ali (ra) never opposed any of the Khulafah before him,
In fact, he pledged his allegiance to them. And, those who claim that Hazrat Ali (ra) did not pledge his allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), is a disservice to the honour of Hazrat Ali (ra) as opposed to honouring his status.
What services did Hazrat Ali (ra) render during the era of the three Khalifahs before him? After the demise of the Holy Prophet (saw), many of the Arab tribes became apostates and the hypocrites of Medina also began to grow bold in their opposition.
Many people from among the Banu Hanifah and Yamamah joined with Musailamah Kazzab, whilst many others from among the Banu Asad, Ta and various other tribes, joined with Tulaiha Asadi. Just like Musailamah Kazzab, Tulaiha Asadi also declared to be a prophet. Disorder became widespread and the situation became increasingly grave.
In such circumstances, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) sent an army under the command of Hazrat Usama and thus very few people were left behind with him. Subsequently, many of the Bedouins thought of capturing Medina and began to plot an attack. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) appointed guards at the various entrances into Medina,
Who along with their men, would guard Medina at night. Amongst those who were assigned to oversee these guards was Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib (ra), Zubair bin al-Awwam, Talha bin Abdillah, Sa’d bin Abi Waqas, Abdur Rahman bin Auf and Abdullah bin Masud. Thus, even during this time,
Hazrat Ali (ra) was appointed to oversee this section of the army which was assigned with the duty to guard [Medina]. When news of the Holy Prophet’s (saw) demise spread, many of the Arab tribes became apostates and refused to pay the Zakat. Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) decided to fight against them.
Urwah relates that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) took the Muhajireen and the Ansar along with him and left Medina. When he reached a lake which was situated opposite the mountainous area of Najd, the Bedouins had fled from there along with their families. In actuality they did not completely apostate,
But still claimed to be Muslims and yet refused to pay the Zakat. Thus, it was for this reason that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) decided to fight against them and not because they had become apostates. When these Bedouins fled from there, it was suggested to Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra)
That he should return to the women and children left behind in Medina and appoint someone as the commander of the army in his place. Upon the persistent suggestions from others, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) appointed Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed (ra) as the commander of the army
And stated to him, “If they wish to accept Islam and pay the Zakat, “in other words pledge their allegiance, then if anyone from among them wishes to return, “then they can do so.” After this, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) returned to Medina. Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states,
“It is proven from historical sources that during his era of Khilafat, “Hazrat Umar (ra) appointed Hazrat Ali (ra) as the Amir of Medina in his absence “on certain occasions when he would have to travel somewhere. “For example, in Tarikh al-Tabari it states that during the incident of Jisr,
“whereby the Muslim army suffered a huge setback from the Persian forces, “Hazrat Umar (ra) decided upon consulting with various people “that he would go with the Muslim army to the frontier region of Iran. “On this occasion, Hazrat Umar (ra) appointed Hazrat Ali (ra) as the governor of Medina.”
Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) further states, “One of the biggest and harrowing defeats faced by the Muslims was during the Battle of Jisr. “A very strong army of Muslims had been sent to fight against the Persian forces. “The Persians forces had setup their trenches on the opposite side of the river
“and were sat in await. “When the Muslim army approached, “they attacked the Persians forces with great intensity and went right through them. “However, this was the ploy of the commander of the Persian army. “He then sent another army from the side,
“who took control of the bridge and then launched an attack against the Muslim army. “The Muslims planned to move back, “but noticed that the bridge had been seized by the enemy, “they anxiously moved to another side, but came under a fierce attack from the enemy
“and many of the Muslims were left with no choice but to jump into the river and died. “This was such a dangerous loss suffered by the Muslim army that its news left Medina in shock. “Hazrat Umar (ra) gathered the people of Medina and stated,
“”now there is nothing that now remains between Iran and Medina. “”Medina has become completely exposed “”and it is possible that the enemy may reach here in just a matter of days. “”Therefore, I wish to go myself as the commander of the army.” “Everyone agreed to this suggestion, however Hazrat Ali (ra) stated,
“”If God-forbid you were to be martyred, “”the unity of the Muslims will end and they will be dispersed. “”Therefore, you should not go and send someone else instead.” “Upon this, Hazrat Umar (ra) wrote to Hazrat Sa’d (ra), “who at the time was engaged in battle against the Byzantines
“and stated that he should send however many people as he could “because Medina was left completely exposed. “If the enemy was not stopped immediately, they would eventually take control of Medina. “When the rebellion and dissention began during the Khilafat of Hazrat Uthman (ra),
“Hazrat Ali (ra) gave him sincere advice in order for it to be quelled. “On one occasion, Hazrat Uthman (ra) asked Hazrat Ali (ra) “what was the real reason for the revolt and rebellion and also how it can be quelled. “With the utmost sincerity, Hazrat Ali (ra) openly stated
“that all the unrest and turmoil “was due to the dishonesty and injustices committed by his governors. “Hazrat Uthman (ra) stated, “When choosing my governors, “”I looked to the same qualities that Hazrat Umar (ra) was mindful of. “”Yet I do not know why there is a general aversion to them?”
“Hazrat Ali (ra) stated, “This is correct, “”however, Hazrat Umar (ra) kept the final verdict under his command “”and he was so firm in this “”that even the most rebellious camel in all of Arabia would cry out of anguish. “”In contrast, you are overly lenient “”and your governors take advantage of your leniency and act however they please. “”They ensure that you remain unaware of their actions. “”The people think that the governors are simply fulfilling the commands issued by the Khalifah.
“”For this reason, you become the focal point of the reaction to these injustices “”[committed by the governors].” “When the Egyptians had besieged Hazrat Uthman’s (ra) house, “they acted so severely that they cut off all supplies of food and drink to his home.
“When Hazrat Ali (ra) became aware of this, he went to those who laid the siege and said, “”The manner in which you have sieged this house is not only un-Islamic, but it is also inhumane. “”When the disbelievers capture Muslims, even they do not deprive them of food and drink.
“”What harm has this man caused you?” “With regards to Hazrat Uthman (ra), Hazrat Ali (ra) said: ““What harm has this man caused you that you are treating him in such a cruel manner?” “The ones who laid the siege took no notice of Hazrat Ali’s (ra) appeal
“and outright refused to ease the severity of the siege. “Hazrat Ali (ra) became furious and throwing down his turban, he left. “The people had besieged Hazrat Uthman’s (ra) house and cut off his water supply. “Hazrat Uthman (ra) peered from above and asked the people if Ali (ra) was among them?
“They replied that he was not. “Hazrat Uthman (ra) then asked if Sa’d was present? To which they replied in the negative. “Hazrat Uthman (ra) paused briefly and then said, “”Is there anyone among you “”who can deliver my message to Ali (ra) that if he can bring us some water.”
“When Hazrat Ali (ra) became aware of this he sent three water bags to Hazrat Uthman (ra), “however the rebels intercepted them “and would not allow them to reach the house of Hazrat Uthman (ra). “In the attempt to deliver these water bags to Hazrat Uthman (ra),
“many slaves of the Banu Hashim and Banu Umayyah were injured. “Eventually, they managed to provide Hazrat Uthman (ra) with this water. “When Hazrat Ali (ra) learnt that there was a plan to murder Hazrat Uthman (ra), “he ordered his sons, Imam Hasan (ra) and Imam Husain (ra),
“to go with their swords and stand guard at Hazrat Uthman’s (ra) door. “He warned them that no rebel should get anywhere near them. “Upon seeing this, the rebels fired a burst of arrows towards Hazrat Uthman’s (ra) door, “which severely injured Hazrat Hasan (ra) and Muhammad bin Talha.
“During this time, Muhammad bin Abi Bakr and two accomplices “quietly jumped into Hazrat Uthman’s (ra) house from the side of an Ansari companion’s home “and then martyred Hazrat Uthman (ra). “When Hazrat Ali (ra) heard this news he came to see for himself “and learnt that he had indeed been martyred.
“He then asked his sons, ““How could Hazrat Uthman (ra) be martyred whilst you two were on guard?” “Upon this Hazrat Ali (ra) slapped Hazrat Hasan (ra), “struck the chest of Hazrat Husain (ra) “and rebuked Muhammad bin Talha and Abdullah bin Zubair; “and returned home filled with anger.
“Shadad bin Aus narrates, “On the ‘Day of Dar’ “when the siege of Hazrat Uthman (ra) became severe (the ‘Day of Dar’ is the day when the rebels surrounded Hazrat Uthman’s (ra) house and martyred him mercilessly.) “Hazrat Uthman (ra) peered over and said, ‘O servants of Allah!’”
The narrator states, “I saw that Hazrat Ali (ra) was leaving his house “and he was wearing the turban of the Holy Prophet (saw) and was wearing his sword. “Ahead of him was a group of Muhajirin and Ansar “among whom was Hazrat Hasan (ra) and Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (ra).
“They attacked the rebels and managed to move them away from there. “They then entered Hazrat Uthman’s (ra) house, “after which Hazrat Ali (ra) said, ‘O Leader of the Faithful! May peace be upon you. “‘The faith was strengthened and elevated to lofty heights when the Holy Prophet (saw),
“‘along with his companions, fought against those who stood in opposition to him. “‘By God! I see that these people will certainly kill you. “‘Thus, grant us permission to fight against them.’ “Upon this Hazrat Uthman (ra) said, “‘Whosoever believes in Allah and considers that I have a right over them,
“‘I implore them in the name of Allah not to shed anyone’s blood for me “‘even the amount that is spilt in the practice of bloodletting, “‘nor should they spill their own blood for my sake.’ “Hazrat Ali (ra) then made the same request again, “but Hazrat Uthman (ra) gave the same reply as before.”
The narrator then states: “I then saw Hazrat Ali (ra) departing from Hazrat Uthman’s (ra) house and he was saying, “‘O Allah! You are a witness that we exhausted all our efforts in this cause.’ “He then went to Masjid Nabawi and it was time for prayer.
“The people said to Hazrat Ali (ra), ‘O Abul Hasan! Proceed forward and lead us in prayer.’ “Hazrat Ali (ra) stated, ‘I cannot lead you in prayer whilst the Imam is under siege. “‘I will offer prayers on my own.’ “Thus, he offered prayers on his own and then left.
“Hazrat Ali’s (ra) son came to him and said, “‘O my father! By God, the enemy has attacked Hazrat Uthman’s (ra) house.’ “Hazrat Ali (ra) said: ‘Verily to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return. “‘By God, they will kill him!’
“The people asked where will Hazrat Uthman (ra) be? (i.e. after his martyrdom). “Hazrat Ali (ra) stated, ‘I swear by God he will be in paradise.’ “The people then asked, ‘O Abul Hasan! Where will those people be?’ “Hazrat Ali (ra) answered, ‘I swear by God they will be in the [hell] fire.’ “He repeated this three times.” Mentioning the conditions when the rebels had besieged Medina, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states: “The Egyptians went to Hazrat Ali (ra). “At the time he was outside of Medina
“and was commanding one part of an army [against the rebels] “and was preparing to crush the rebellion. “When they reached Hazrat Ali (ra), they said, “‘Due to Hazrat Uthman’s (ra) poor administration, he is no longer fit for the position of Khalifah.
“‘We are here to depose him and hope that you will accept this office after him.’ “Upon hearing these words of the hypocrites, “Hazrat Ali (ra) responded with the honour he had for the faith “that was befitting for a man of his rank and eminence and shunned them with full vigour,
“saying, ‘All righteous people know that the Holy Prophet (saw) spoke about the people “‘camping at Dhul Marwah and Dhu Khushub “‘(the places where the rebels were camping) and curse them. “‘May God ruin you. Go back to where you came from.’ “Hearing this they said, ‘Very well, we shall return,’ and so they left.”
I have previously spoken about Hazrat Uthmans (ra) martyrdom and Hazrat Ali’s (ra) election as Khalifah in detail, but I will briefly mention it here also. When Hazrat Uthman (ra) was martyred, everyone rushed towards Hazrat Ali (ra), among whom were the companions as well as others.
They unanimously proclaimed that Hazrat Ali (ra) was ‘Leader of the Faithful’. They came to Hazrat Ali’s (ra) house and wished to perform the bai’at. They asked Hazrat Ali (ra) to extend his hand for the bai’at as he was most worthy. Hazrat Ali (ra) responded,
“This is not your job to decide, rather this is a matter for the Companions of Badr. “Thus, the Khalifah will be the one whoever the companions of Badr choose.” All of the people gathered around Hazrat Ali (ra) and said, “We do not see anyone more worthy than you for this office.
“Therefore, extend your hand so we can pledge allegiance.” Hazrat Ali (ra) enquired of the whereabouts of Talha (ra) and Zubair (ra). The first person to verbally pledge allegiance was Hazrat Talha (ra) and the first person to pledge allegiance at the hands of Hazrat Ali (ra) was Hazrat Sa’d (ra).
Subsequently, Hazrat Ali (ra) headed towards the mosque and stood up on the pulpit. Hazrat Talha (ra) was the first person to climb the pulpit and pledge allegiance to Hazrat Ali (ra), followed by Hazrat Zubair (ra) and the other companions. Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) has explained the events
After the martyrdom of Hazrat Uthman (ra) in the following manner: “When Hazrat Uthman (ra) was martyred, “the rebels looted the treasury “and announced that whosoever challenged them would be put to death. “People were not permitted to congregate anywhere (people were not allowed to gather in groups,
And they had imposed a restriction similar to Section 144 that is imposed these days,) “and Medina was under complete siege, with no one allowed to leave, “to the extent that Hazrat Ali (ra) – whom the rebels claimed to love – “was prevented from leaving, all the while the rebels ransacked Medina. “On the other hand, the stone-heartedness of the rebels was such that “they did not stop at having murdered a pious individual such as Hazrat Uthman (ra) –
“whom the Holy Prophet(saw) greatly praised; “rather, they went even further and for three or four days, “they prevented the body of Hazrat Uthman (ra) from being buried. “Eventually, some companions went out at night and buried him secretly. “Alongside Hazrat Uthman (ra), some servants were also martyred.
“They too were prevented from being buried and their corpses were fed to the dogs. “Having perpetrated this act against Hazrat Uthman (ra) and his servants, “the rebels granted respite to the people of Medina as they did not have any dispute with them. “At this time, the companions began to leave Medina.
“For five days Medina remained without a ruler. “The rebels wished to appoint a Khalifah of their choosing “so that he would carry out their demands. “However, no one from among the companions (ra) of the Holy Prophet (saw) “could ever imagine becoming the appointed Khalifah “of those who had murdered Hazrat Uthman (ra).
“The rebels went to Hazrat Ali (ra), Talha (ra) and Zubair (ra) in turn “and asked them to become the Khalifah but they all refused. “After hearing their refusal, the rebels knew that whilst these three individuals were alive, “the Muslims would never accept a Khalifah who was not from among them;
“therefore, they decided to resort to coercion in this matter as well. “They thought that if a Khalifah was not appointed soon “they would face a great storm of opposition throughout the Islamic world. “They announced that it would be wise to choose a Khalifah within two days,
“otherwise they would kill Ali (ra), Talha (ra), Zubair (ra) and all other prominent persons. “At this the people of Medina became fearful that the people who killed Hazrat Uthman (ra) “would leave no stone unturned in their mistreatment of their families and children.
“They went to Hazrat Ali (ra) and pleaded with him to become the Khalifah. “He refused and said, ‘If I become the Khalifah, “‘everyone will assume that I had Uthman (ra) killed, and I cannot bear such a burden.’ “Hazrat Talha (ra) and Hazrat Zubair (ra) also gave the same response.
“Whoever from among the companions (ra) was asked to become the Khalifah, refused. “Ultimately, everyone went to Hazrat Ali (ra) again “and said that he ought to take up this burden. “Eventually he agreed on the condition that “everyone should gather in the mosque and accept him.
“Thus, the people gathered in the mosque and pledged allegiance to Hazrat Ali (ra). “Some, however, refused to accept any Khalifah “until those who killed Hazrat Uthman (ra) were punished, “while others, albeit very few in number, said that a Khalifah should not be chosen
“until the opinion of the people outside of Medina was ascertained. “Hazrat Ali (ra) accepted the proposal to become the Khalifah in such circumstances, “but the events unfolded just as he had feared and people throughout the Islamic world
“began to allege that Hazrat Uthman (ra) had been murdered on the order of Hazrat Ali (ra).” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) writes: “If we put all of Hazrat Ali’s (ra) attributes and qualities to one side, “in my opinion, for him to accept the office of Khilafat in such precarious times
“was an extremely brave and courageous step and is worthy of immense praise and admiration. “For the sake of Islam, he did not care at all about himself nor his honour “and instead took upon himself a burden of such magnitude.” Then, with regards to the incidents following the martyrdom of Hazrat Uthman (ra),
Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states at another instance, “for about a day or two [after Hazrat Uthman’s (ra) martyrdom] “pillaging and looting was rampant, “however when the rebels’ emotions subsided, “they began worrying about their fates and were fearful for what would happen next. “Hence, some thought that since Hazrat Mu`awiyah was a great man,
“he would surely seek retribution [for the martyrdom of Hazrat Uthman (ra)]. “Hence they set out towards Syria and upon reaching there, “they began lamenting over the martyrdom of Hazrat Uthman (ra) “and the fact that no one was seeking retribution for it.
“Other rebels ran towards Mecca and met with Hazrat Zubair (ra) and Hazrat Aisha (ra) “and said, ‘how grave it is, that the Khalifah of Islam was martyred, “‘yet the Muslims remain silent.’ “Then there were others who ran towards Hazrat Ali (ra) and said,
“‘this is a time of great adversity and we fear that the Islamic rule may collapse. “‘Therefore, accept out pledge of allegiance “‘so that people’s fear may dissipate and peace and security may be established.’ “The Companions who were present in Medina also unanimously advised
“that it was best for Hazrat Ali (ra) to take on this responsibility [of Khilafat] “for it would prove to be a source of great blessings and attaining the pleasure of God. “Seeing as he was being compelled from all sides – though he refused many times – “he finally conceded and accepted this responsibility,
“after which he allowed others to pledge allegiance to him. “There is no doubt in the fact that this decision made by Hazrat Ali (ra) was full of wisdom; “had he not taken bai’at [pledge of allegiance] from the Muslims, “then even more harm would have come to Islam than that which befell it
“as a result of the war between him and Hazrat Mu`awiyah.” This was the conclusion reached by Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra). Then he further states, “It should be remembered that it is wrong to say that after pledging allegiance to Hazrat Ali (ra), “Hazrat Talha (ra) and Hazrat Zubair (ra) broke their oaths.”
Some say that they pledged allegiance to Hazrat Ali (ra) with ease, however it was not so simple. Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) writes in detail and addresses this notion that they went to Hazrat Aisha (ra) after breaking their oath and fought against [Hazrat Ali (ra)],
He writes: “[Such a notion] is wrong and is proof of being unacquainted with history. “This was not the case. “History unanimously bears testament to the fact that “Hazrat Talha (ra) and Hazrat Zubair (ra) did not willingly pledge allegiance to Hazrat Ali (ra), “rather they were compelled to pledge allegiance.
“Thus, it is related by two narrators in Tabari named Muhammad and Talha “that when Hazrat Uthman (ra) was martyred, the people consulted amongst themselves “and decided that the next Khalifah should be appointed swiftly “so that peace may be established and disorder may be done away with. “Eventually, people went to Hazrat Ali (ra)
“and requested him to accept their pledge of allegiance. “Hazrat Ali (ra) said to them, ‘if you wish to pledge allegiance to me “‘then you must remain obedient to me at all times. “‘If you are willing to accept this, then I am prepared to accept your pledge allegiance to me.
“‘If not, then you should appoint someone else as the Khalifah “‘and I will remain obedient to whoever it is; “‘in fact, I will be more obedient to the Khalifah than any one of you.’ “They replied by saying that they were willing to remain obedient to him.
“Hazrat Ali (ra) said, ‘Think about it once more and consult amongst yourselves.’ “Thus they consulted one another and decided that “if Hazrat Talha (ra) and Hazrat Zubair (ra) were to pledge allegiance to Hazrat Ali (ra), “so too would everyone else. “If they [Hazrat Talha (ra) and Hazrat Zubair (ra)]
“did not pledge allegiance to Hazrat Ali (ra), “then peace could not be fully established. “Thus, Hakeem bin Jabalah along with a few other men were sent to Hazrat Zubair (ra) “while Malik Ashtar along with a few men were sent to Hazrat Talha (ra).
“Both wielded their swords and called on them to pledge allegiance (meaning they drew their swords and stood before them saying “that they must pledge allegiance to Hazrat Ali (ra) otherwise they would attack them). “And so they [Hazrat Talha (ra) and Hazrat Zubair (ra)] were compelled to accept “after which the two parties returned.
“The next day, Hazrat Ali (ra) stood at the pulpit and said, “‘O people, yesterday you sent me a message, to which I replied that you should ponder over it. “‘Have you pondered over it? Are you still willing to accept what I said yesterday?
“‘If so, then remember that you must always remain obedient to me.’ “Upon this, they went back to Hazrat Talha (ra) and Hazrat Zubair (ra) “and forcefully brought them. “It is clearly mentioned in the narration that when they went to Hazrat Talha (ra) “and told him that he must pledge allegiance, he replied, “‘I am being forced to pledge allegiance, I am not doing so willingly.’ “Similarly when a party went to Hazrat Zubair (ra) and told him to pledge allegiance, “he replied in the same manner, saying, “‘You are forcing me to pledge allegiance, I am not pledging allegiance wholeheartedly.’ “Similarly, Abdur Rahman bin Jundub narrates on account of his father “that after the martyrdom of Hazrat Uthman (ra), “Ashtar went to Talha (ra) and told him to pledge allegiance.
“He replied, ‘give me some time, as I wish to see what others decide.’ “However Ashtar did not accept this and “harshly dragged him along the ground just as one drags a goat and brought him back with him.” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) further states, “When the companion of the Holy Prophet (saw), “Hazrat Talha (ra) stood against Hazrat Ali (ra) due to a mutual conflict
“and when he realized that he himself was at fault, he left the battlefield.” Now this is the account of when Hazrat Talha (ra) stood against Hazrat Ali (ra) and did not pledge allegiance to him. Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) explains that indeed he did go to battle [against Hazrat Ali (ra)];
Initially he had been forced to pledge allegiance, and later he went to battle against him, meaning he was forced to pledge allegiance and later when the opportunity arose there was a dispute which ensued in a battle. However when he later realized that Hazrat Ali (ra) was in the right, he left the battlefield.
Regarding this, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) writes, “he was returning home when a wretched person, “who considered himself to be from the army of Hazrat Ali (ra), killed him. “Then, seeking a reward, he went to Hazrat Ali (ra) and said, “‘I have good news for you; I have killed your enemy Talha.’
“Hazrat Ali (ra) replied, “‘on behalf of the Holy Prophet (saw) I give you the glad tiding of Hell. “‘I heard the Holy Prophet (saw) say that Talha would be killed by a person who is Hell-bound.'” With reference to the same incident, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states at another instance,
“Hakim has narrated that Thaur bin Majza told him, “‘on the day of [the battle of] Jamal, I passed by Hazrat Talha (ra) “‘while he was nearing his final breath “‘the injuries inflicted on him left him on the brink of death) “‘and he asked, ‘which tribe are you from?’
“‘I informed him that I was from Hazrat Ali’s (ra) men. “‘Then Hazrat Talha (ra) said, “‘‘extend your hand so that I may pledge allegiance [to Hazrat Ali (ra)] at your hand.’ “‘Thus he pledged allegiance at my hand after which he passed away.
“‘I then went to Hazrat Ali (ra) and narrated the entire incident to him, “‘upon which he said, ‘Allah is the Greatest! “”God has proven the words of the Holy Prophet (saw) to be true. “”Allah Almighty did not will for Talha to enter Paradise “”without having pledged allegiance to me.
“”He was one of the Ashra Mubasharah [ten companions given the glad tidings of Paradise].”” Though he had initially pledged allegiance out of compulsion, but as I stated earlier, he pledged allegiance wholeheartedly before his demise. He was pious and virtuous and had also been promised by Allah Almighty that he would enter Paradise;
Thus Allah Almighty did not will for his end to come at a time when he was outside the fold of allegiance to the Khilafat. Thus he was granted an opportunity and he pledged allegiance to the Khilafat [of Hazrat Ali (ra)].
These accounts are ongoing, and God willing, I will continue to mention them in the future. Today, I would again like to make an appeal for prayers, for the Ahmadis of Algeria as well as Pakistan. May Allah Almighty keep them safe. The conditions [for Ahmadis] in Algeria continue to worsen.
There is a state lawyer who continues to file [false] charges against Ahmadis. Similarly in Pakistan, Ahmadis are being made to face worsening conditions. May Allah Almighty make an example out of those who are creating these hardships or raising various forms of opposition and may He swiftly improve the conditions for Ahmadis
Who are facing hardships and create ease for them. At the same time, I will also add that Ahmadis, especially in Pakistan, are not focusing on prayer as they should be. They must pray now more than ever before, that may Allah Almighty alleviate them of these hardships swiftly and create ease,
And enable them to freely spread the true message of Islam not only in Pakistan but to every corner of the world. After the prayers I will lead a few funeral prayers in-absentia. The first is of Dr. Tahir Ahmad Sahib of Rabwah, who was the son of Chaudhary Abdur Razzaq Shaheed,
The former Amir of District Nawab Shah. The deceased passed away on December 4, at the age of sixty due to a heart attack: “Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.” He was a government doctor. He suffered his first heart attack in 1995,
Yet despite his ill-health, he transferred to Mithi, Pakistan, so that he may also serve at the Al-Mahdi hospital which operates under Waqf-e-Jadid. Doctor Sahib was an eye specialist, and he would tend to eye patients in the Al-Mahdi Hospital every evening as well as on Sundays;
He would even spend his day off at the Al-Mahdi Hospital. He regularly took part in medical camps and at times would perform operations throughout the day. He was well-liked by Ahmadis and non-Ahmadis alike in Tharparkar; and was much loved by everyone.
He underwent a heart bypass operation and fell critically ill a few times in his final years; despite this however, he continued his work in Tharparkar. He served the community in Mithi for about fifteen years; he was extremely caring of the poor, hospitable,
And held profound respect for the Khilafat and the Nizam of the Jama’at. By the grace of Allah, he became a Musi during his youth. He was at the forefront of taking part in all the financial schemes of the Community. May Allah Almighty grant the deceased His mercy and forgiveness and elevate his station
And may He enable his children to follow and continue his virtuous deeds. The second funeral is of Habibullah Mazhar Sahib, son of Chaudhary Allah Dittah Sahib. Habibullah Mazhar Sahib was also imprisoned in the way of Allah. He passed away at the age of 75 on 24th October.
“Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.” His father accepted Ahmadiyyat and took the oath of allegiance at the hand of Hazrat Khalifahtul Masih II (ra). Chaudhary Habibullah Mazhar Sahib worked in different roles in the governmental departments and retired as the Director of one of the governmental departments.
His services to the Community span over a period of more than 50 years, in which he served as the Qa’id Majlis, Za’eem Ansarullah, Sadr Jama’at and in other roles as well. The first ever death penalty case against an Ahmadi under the 295 Blasphemy Law
Was filed against Chaudhary Habibullah Mazhar Sahib in 29th October 1991 at the Shahdara Police Station. In this regard, historically he is the first Ahmadi to have the honour of enduring the difficulties of being imprisoned in the way of Allah, under this law. Even though the Session Court delivered the verdict in his favour,
Upon the appeal of the opponents in the High Court, the High Court Justice, Abdul Majeed rejected his bail in this case under the Blasphemy Law, and made every effort to punish him. The opponents made as far-ranging efforts as were possible in that time [against him].
They distributed pamphlets in English and Urdu and used very foul language against him. Nevertheless, Chaudhary Habibullah Mazhar Sahib endured the hardships of prison with great courage, bravery and whilst remaining content with the will of God. Then, within a few months God Almighty brought about the means for his release.
He was regular in offering the Tahajjud and daily prayers. He continued to admonish his children to remain regular in offering their prayers, right until his last breath. He was extremely hospitable, sympathetic, and humble and truly devoted to the institution of Khilafat. He regularly listened to sermons and addresses.
In fact, he would gather the whole family to leave whatever they were doing, sit and to listen to the sermon when it was on, and he would personally ensure that everyone would listen to it. By the grace of Allah he was a Musi and had written his will at the rate of 1/9.
He is survived by his wife Ruqayyah Begum Sahiba, his five sons and one daughter. One of his sons, Haseeb Ahmad Sahib is a missionary and serves in the English Desk of the Fazl-e-Umar Foundation. May Allah grant forgiveness and mercy to the deceased, and may He enable his children to continue his good deeds.
The next funeral is of Khalifah Bashiruddin Ahmad Sahib who passed away at the age of 86 on 30th November. “Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.” The deceased was born in the city of Firozpur, India. He was the son of Dr. Khalifah Taqiyyudin Sahib
And the grandson of Hazrat Dr. Khalifah Rashiddudin Sahib. Dr. Khalifah Rashiddudin Sahib was the father of Hazrat Umm-e-Nasir, the first wife of Hazrat Khalifahtul Masih II (ra). The Promised Messiah (as) spoke very highly of the financial sacrifices of Hazrat Dr. Khalifah Rashiddudin Sahib (ra). And Khalifah Bashiruddin Ahmad Sahib was of his progeny.
He took part in Jama’at work and would invite non-Ahmadis to his home to preach to them. He lived in different places before migrating to Sweden in 1998. In 1999, he had a heart attack there. After returning to good health he would again go and busy himself in mosque activities.
He also served as the Tabligh [Outreach] Secretary. Every year he would come with his wife and children to attend the UK Jalsa [Annual Gathering]. He is survived by his wife, three daughters and two sons. His wife is an English woman who converted from Christianity,
And she dresses very modestly and observes the purdah [veil] very well. She lives very simply and modestly, she has great zeal to learn about her faith, and she makes full effort to act upon it. May Allah Almighty increase her in her faith and belief
And enable Khalifah Bashiruddin Ahmad Sahib’s children to continue his good deeds. May Allah Almighty grant forgiveness and mercy to him. The next funeral is of Ameena Ahmad Sahiba, wife of Khalifah Rafee-uddin Ahmad Sahib. She passed away on 19th October: “Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.”
The deceased was from Guyana. She was born in 1940 to a Muslim family, who were well-known and owned a business. She accepted Ahmadiyyat during her studies in London, and in that same period she married R.D. Ahmad Sahib, who was the son of Dr. Khalifah Taqiyyuddin
And from the progeny of Hazrat Khalifah Rashiduddin Ahmad Sahib. Ameena Ahmad Sahiba was a compassionate, caring and hospitable woman. She was regular in offering her prayers and she would always remain conscious of her prayers. Despite her health having deteriorated, she would continue to offer the Tahajjud prayers.
She would recite the Holy Qur’an on a regular basis. In spite of her ill-health and suffering from cancer, she would travel to the UK almost every year to attend the Jalsa [Annual Gathering]. She had firm conviction in prayers and supplications,
She had a bond of loyalty and devotion with Khilafat and whenever she would meet me, she would do so with great humility and always request for prayers. May Allah Almighty grant her forgiveness and mercy and enable her children to remain firmly attached to the Community. All praise is due to Allah
We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him;
And whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves to be w o rshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you.
Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as one does to one’s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful.
You remember Allah; He too will remember you; call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.