Ahmadi Muslim VideoTube Friday Sermon Khalifa V Friday Sermon | خطبئہِ جمعہ | April 2, 2021

Friday Sermon | خطبئہِ جمعہ | April 2, 2021



Friday Sermon | خطبئہِ جمعہ | April 2, 2021

Friday Sermon | خطبئہِ جمعہ | April 2, 2021

Friday Sermon – Khalifatul Masih V – Mirza Masroor Ahmad – Year 2021

Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah

I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer Come to Prayer Come to success Come to success Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest There is none worthy of worship except Allah Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you.

I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His Servant and Messenger. After this I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.

All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings,

Those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. The accounts from the life of Hazrat Usman (ra) were being narrated two Friday sermons ago and I will continue to do so today as well. Hazrat Usman (ra) possessed a great deal of modesty and chastity in his disposition.

We find a narration in relation to this. Hazrat Anas bin Malik (ra) relates that the Holy Prophet (sa) said, “From among my Ummah, the most merciful towards his people is Abu Bakr (ra); “the most firm in the religion of Allah is Umar (ra);

“the one who adheres to the highest standard of true modesty is Usman (ra); “the best decision-maker among them is Ali bin Abi Talib; “the most knowledgeable of the Quran, which is the Book of Allah the Almighty, “is Ubayy bin Kaab (ra);

“the person with the greatest understanding of what is lawful and unlawful is Muaz bin Jabal (ra) “and the person with the greatest awareness of his obligations is Zaid bin Thabit (ra). “Hearken! Every nation has an ameen [custodian] “and the ameen of my ummah is Abu Ubaidah (ra) bin al-Jarrah.”

Hazrat Anas bin Malik (ra) relates that the Holy Prophet (sa) said: “Abu Bakr (ra) is the most merciful towards my Ummah. “Umar (ra) is most firm among them with regards to implementing the commandments of Allah “and Usman (ra) is the most modest among them.”

Hazrat Usman bin Affan (ra) relates that “I was never neglectful. “I never desired Khilafat, or any other position, or entertained any false desires.” With regards to Hazrat Usman’s (ra) high level of modesty, Hazrat Aisha (ra) relates that the Holy Prophet (sa) was in her home and at the time was lying down

And had slightly removed the garment which was covering his thighs or calves. During this time, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) sought permission to enter and the Holy Prophet (sa) permitted him to enter, but remained in the same state. Following this, they engaged in a conversation and Hazrat Umar (ra) sought permission to enter.

The Holy Prophet (sa) also permitted him to enter, but again remained as he was. Thereafter, they continued the conversation. When Hazrat Usman (ra) sought permission to enter, the Holy Prophet (sa) sat up and adjusted his clothes. The narrator of this tradition, Muhammad, says that

He does not say that all of this took place in one day. It is possible that this took place on different occasions. In any case, when Hazrat Usman (ra) came and they all spoke together, later Hazrat Aisha (ra) enquired [from the Holy Prophet (sa)] that

“When Abu Bakr (ra) came, you remained as you were. “Then Umar (ra) came, but you once again remained as you were. “However, when Usman (ra) entered, you sat up and started adjusting your clothes.” Upon this, the Holy Prophet (sa) said,

“Should I not take into consideration [the high level of modesty] of that person “for whom even the angels display their modesty?” In another place this narration has been narrated as follows, when Hazrat Aisha (ra) inquired from the Holy Prophet (sa)

As to why he made this particular effort for Hazrat Usman (ra), the Holy Prophet (sa) said, “Should I not show modesty to whom even the angels display their modesty? “By that Being in Whose hands lies the life of Muhammad (sa)! “By that Being in Whose hands lies the life of Muhammad (sa)!

“The angels most certainly display the same modesty towards Usman (ra) “as they do before Allah and His Messenger (sa)! “If Usman (ra) had entered and you were near me, “he would not have raised his head until he had left.” In other words, he possessed such high level of modesty

That he would have neither looked up, nor uttered a single word. Whilst describing Allah the Almighty’s attribute of Kareem [the Honourable] i.e. that Allah the Almighty is Kareem, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) mentioned this incident of Hazrat Usman (ra) stating, “there is an incident of the Holy Prophet (sa) from which we learn

“that one displays a great deal of modesty in the presence of a person who is honourable [Kareem]. (That is to say that one displays modesty in front of one who possesses the quality of being highly honourable.) “It is stated in the Ahadith that the Holy Prophet (sa)

“was once lying down in his home whilst a part of his legs were slightly showing. “Thereupon, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) came and sat down. “Then, Hazrat Umar (ra) came and took a seat, but the Holy Prophet (sa) remained as he was. “A short while later Hazrat Usman (ra) knocked on the door.

“The Holy Prophet (sa) immediately stood up and covered his legs with the cloth, “stating, ‘There is a great deal of modesty in the disposition of Usman “‘and therefore I am reluctant to have some part of my leg showing in front of him.’ “Then there is the Hadith (which has been mentioned already)

“where Hazrat Aisha (ra) relates “that the Holy Prophet (sa) was once sitting at home “and had slightly removed his garment that was covering his calves. “Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) sought permission to enter whilst the Holy Prophet (sa) was in this state. “The Holy Prophet (sa) remained lying down

“and gave him permission to enter and they continued to speak to one another. “Then Hazrat Umar (ra) arrived, seeking permission [to enter]. “The Holy Prophet (sa) granted him permission “and remained lying as he was (perhaps lying down or sitting). “Then, a short while after Hazrat Usman (ra) came

“and the Holy Prophet (sa) stood up immediately and adjusted his clothes “and then permitted him to enter. “When they had all left Hazrat Aisha (ra) asked the Holy Prophet (sa), “‘O Messenger (sa) of Allah, when Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Umar (ra) came

“‘but you did not do anything and remained laying as you were, “‘but when Hazrat Usman (ra) came why did you stand up immediately and arrange your clothes?’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) replied, ‘O Aisha (ra), should I not show modesty “‘in front of the one before whom even the angels display their modesty?’

“Thus, observe how the Holy Prophet (sa) regarded the modesty of Hazrat Usman (ra) “whereby just as he would display his modesty in front of others, “the Holy Prophet (sa) displayed modesty when Hazrat Usman (ra) was in his presence

(meaning due to the fact that Hazrat Usman (ra) would display modesty in front of the people, the Holy Prophet (sa) also did the same when Hazrat Usman (ra) came before him).” After mentioning this incident Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) stated, “Owing to God Almighty being Honourable [Kareem], “mankind should strive to refrain from sin,

“act with modesty and obey His commandments. “It should not be the case that they become fearless after committing a sin “whilst assuming that just because God Almighty is very Honourable, “He will grant them great favours in spite of all their sins.” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) then states,

“One should keep in mind that because God Almighty is Honourable, “mankind should be modest and endeavour to abstain from sin.” In relation to Hazrat Usman’s (ra) humility and simplicity, Abdullah Rumi relates that Hazrat Usman (ra) would make his own arrangements for the ablution he was to perform in the night.

He was told that he should instruct a house-worker to make the arrangements for him, upon which he replied, “No, the night is the time for them to rest” (meaning that the workers should be given time in the night to rest). Alqamah bin Waqas narrates that

Hazrat Amr bin al-As (ra) said to Hazrat Usman (ra) whilst he was on the pulpit, “O Usman (ra), you have placed this ummah in a very difficult situation. (Hazrat Usman (ra) had delivered a sermon in which mentioned some points and also admonished the people).

“So you should repent and they too should repent with you.” In other words, Hazrat Usman (ra) had greatly instilled the fear God in them and thus a companion submitted this request before him. The narrator states that Hazrat Usman (ra) immediately turned his face towards the qiblah, raised both his hands and supplicated, “O Allah, I seek Your forgiveness and turn to You.” Those who were present at the time also raised their hands and offered this prayer. This was his level of fear [of God] and his humility that he at once raised his hands to supplicate and did not get into an argument with anyone.

He instead prayed for himself and for his people. There are numerous narrations in relation to Hazrat Usman’s (ra) generosity and spending in the way of Allah. Hazrat Usman (ra) himself relates, “There are ten things I keep hidden and only my Lord knows. “I was the fourth person of all people to accept Islam;

“I have never listened to any vain songs; and I have never uttered a lie; “ever since I took the oath of allegiance at the hand of the Holy Prophet (sa) “I have never touched my private area with my right hand;

“after accepting Islam not a single Friday has gone by that I haven’t freed a slave, “barring the Friday when I had no slave to free; “in such a case, I would free a slave on a day other than the Friday; “and I have neither committed adultery in the time of ignorance

“nor after having accepted Islam.” Hazrat Usman’s (ra) freed slave Abu Sa‘eed relates that whilst the house of Hazrat Usman (ra) was besieged, he freed twenty slaves. Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas‘ud (ra) narrates, “We were in in a battle alongside the Holy Prophet (sa) “when the people were suffering with hunger,

“to the extent that I witnessed worry on the faces of the Muslims, “and joy on the faces of the hypocrites. “When the Holy Prophet (sa) witnessed these scenes he said, “‘By Allah, the sun will not set until He has brought you provisions.’ “When Hazrat Usman (ra) learnt of this he said,

“‘Allah and His Messenger (sa) have spoken the truth.’ “So he purchased fourteen camels along with the grains laden upon them “and sent 9 of them to the Holy Prophet (sa). “Upon seeing them, the Holy Prophet (sa) asked, ‘what is this?’

“He was then informed that Hazrat Usman (ra) had sent these gifts for him. “Thereupon, the countenance of the Holy Prophet (sa) “was filled with joy and happiness “and the faces of the hypocrites were overcome with anxiety. “Then I saw the Holy Prophet (sa) raise both his hands to the point

“where the whiteness beneath his arms became visible and he prayed for Hazrat Usman (ra). “I had never heard the Holy Prophet (sa) pray in such a manner for anyone else before, “or even after; and the prayer was, “‘O Allah grant Usman in abundance, O Allah shower Your blessings and bounties upon Usman.’” Hazrat Aisha (ra) relates, “When the Holy Prophet (sa) came to me, “he saw some meat and asked who had sent it. “I answered that it was sent by Hazrat Usman (ra).

“Thereupon, I witnessed the Holy Prophet (sa) raise his hands and pray for Hazrat Usman (ra).” Muhammad bin Hilal narrates from his grandmother that she would go to Hazrat Usman (ra) when his house was under siege. He says that his grandmother had a son who was named Hilal.

One day, when Hazrat Usman (ra) didn’t find her present he asked about her whereabouts and was informed that she had given birth to a son that night. He states that his grandmother said, “Thereupon Hazrat Usman (ra) sent me fifty dirhams and a part of a large cloth

“and said, ‘This is an allowance for your son and this cloth is for your son to wear. “‘When your son turns one we shall increase the allowance to one hundred dirhams.’” Ibn Sa‘eed bin Yarbu narrates, “I once left home in the afternoon when I was a child.

“I had a bird which I was making fly in the mosque “when I saw a man lying there who had a beautiful countenance. “Beneath his head was a brick or a piece of brick (he placed the brick there as a pillow). “I stood there and stared in awe of his beauty.

“He opened his eyes and asked me, ‘O child, who are you?’ “I told him who I was, then he spoke out to a child sleeping nearby, “but the child did not give any response. “Upon this he told me to go bring him, and I proceeded to do so.

“The wise man instructed the child to go bring something and told me to sit down. “Then the child went away and returned with a garment and ten thousand dirhams. “He then asked to take off the clothes I was wearing and gave me the garment to wear,

“in which he had placed one thousand dirhams. “When I returned to my father and I told him everything that had just happened, he said, “‘O my child, do you know who it is that treated you in this way?’

“I replied that I did not know except that he was a person who was sleeping in the mosque “and I had never in my entire life a more handsome person. “He said to me, ‘He was Hazrat Ameer-ul-Mu’minin [leader of the faithful] “‘Hazrat Usman bin Affan (ra).’”

Ibn Jarir relates that Hazrat Talha (ra) met Hazrat Usman (ra) whilst he was going towards the mosque. Hazrat Talha (ra) stated to Hazrat Usman (ra), “I now have the 50,000 dirhams which I owed you, “therefore you may send someone to me in order to collect the money.”

Upon this, Hazrat Usman (ra) stated, “owing to your kindness, I gift this amount to you.” In other words, he did not need to repay him. Asmai states that Ibn Amir appointed Qatan bin Auf Halali as the governor of Kirman and so left with 4,000 Muslim soldiers.

During the way, a valley had given way due to the rain and their path was obstructed as a result. Qatan feared that perhaps he would not be able to arrive at his destination on time and so he announced that whoever could cross the valley, he would be given 1,000 dirhams as a reward.

Following this, people began to swim in order to go across the other side. Whenever any of the soldiers would cross the valley, Qatan would instruct that he be given his reward. Eventually, the entire army crossed the valley and thus four million dirhams were given. However, Ibn Amir, who was the governor,

Refused to give this money to Qatan and informed Hazrat Usman (ra) about this matter in writing. Upon this, Hazrat Usman (ra) stated, “Give this amount to Qatan for he has helped the Muslims in the cause of Allah.” Thus, ever since they had crossed the valley,

The rewards which they were given were known as “Jawaiz” which is the plural of Jaizah. On one occasion, Hazrat Usman (ra) suffered from an illness and it was requested that he should appoint a Khalifah. Hisham has narrated this incident from his father. He narrates that Marwan bin Hakam told him that

The year in which there was an outbreak of a disease which caused [severe] nosebleeds, Hazrat Usman bin Affan (ra) also suffered from a severe nosebleed, to the extent that it prevented him from performing the Hajj and he even wrote down his will.

In that moment, an individual from among the Quraish approached him and said, “Elect someone as the Khalifah” i.e. owing to his condition, he should appoint a Khalifah. Hazrat Usman (ra) asked, “Have people made this request?” To which he replied in the affirmative.

Hazrat Usman (ra) asked who did they wish to be appointed as the Khalifah, but to this he remained silent. Then another person came, who the narrator says he believes was Harith, and he also asked him to appoint a Khalifah.

Hazrat Usman (ra) asked, “Is this what the people are asking?” to which he replied, “Yes”. Hazrat Usman (ra) asked, “Who should be the Khalifah?”, to which the man remained silent. Hazrat Usman (ra) then said, “Perhaps they desire to elect Zubair (ra).” To which he replied, “Yes”.

Hazrat Usman (ra) then said, “By Him in Whose Hands is my life, “as far as I know, he is the best among the people “and he was the dearest to the Holy Prophet (sa).” Hazrat Usman (ra) also had the opportunity to write down the verses which were revealed to the Holy Prophet (sa).

According to one of the narrations, Hazrat Usman (ra) had the good fortune of writing down the verses revealed in Surah Al-Muzammil. Umme Kulthum bin Samama relates that she asked Hazrat Aisha (ra) if she could relate something about Hazrat Usman (ra) because people were asking about him quite a lot.

Upon this Hazrat Aisha (ra) stated, “In a night which was extremely hot, “I saw Hazrat Usman (ra) in the company of the Holy Prophet (sa) “inside the house in which Hazrat Gabriel (as) was bringing down the divine revelation. “Whenever divine revelation was brought down to the Holy Prophet (sa),

“he would experience a great weight upon him. “Allah the Almighty has stated, “‘Verily, We are charging thee with a weighty Word.’ “And Hazrat Usman (ra) was sat before the Holy Prophet (sa) “and was writing [the revelation] down and the Holy Prophet (sa) was stating, “‘O Usman, Write!’” Hazrat Aisha (ra) stated that Allah the Almighty only grants a highly honourable person

Such nearness to the Holy Prophet (sa). During the time of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), the various manuscripts of the Holy Qur’an were gathered together which he kept with himself. Then they were kept with Hazrat Umar (ra) and after him they were in the possession of Hazrat Hafsa bint Umar (ra).

During the era of Hazrat Usman’s (ra) Khilafat, the following narration is found in regards to him acquiring these manuscripts. Hazrat Huzaifa bin Yaman relates that he was fighting along with the people of Iraq against the people of Syria for the lands in Armenia and Azerbaijan.

Upon returning from there, he presented himself before Hazrat Usman (ra). Hazrat Huzaifa was concerned owing to the difference in their reading [Qiraat] of the Holy Qur’an in those lands. He submitted before Hazrat Usman (ra), “O Leader of the Faithful, take care of the Ummah

“lest they begin to dispute with one another over the book of Allah “just like the Jews and Christians did.” Following this, Hazrat Usman (ra) sent a message to Hazrat Hafsa (ra) and asked her to give the various manuscripts of the Holy Qur’an

So that he could produce various copies of the Holy Qur’an from it and then those manuscripts would be returned to her. And so, Hazrat Hafsa (ra) sent those manuscripts to Hazrat Usman (ra). Hazrat Usman (ra) then instructed Hazrat Zaid bin Thabit (ra), Hazrat Abdullah bin Zubair (ra),

Hazrat Saeed bin Aas (ra) and Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Harith bin Hisham to produce copies from those manuscripts. Hazrat Usman (ra) then told the latter three of the aforementioned companions, who were from among the Quraish that if there was a difference [in the Qiraat] in their copy of the Qur’an

And the Quran written by Zaid, then they should write it according to the language of the Quraish for the Qur’an was revealed in the language of the Quraish [i.e. their dialect of Arabic]. Thus, these companions worked on this task. When the copies of the Holy Qur’an were completed,

Hazrat Usman (ra) returned the original manuscripts of the Holy Qur’an to Hazrat Hafsa (ra) and sent the various newly produced copies of the Holy Qur’an to various countries and instructed that if there was any other copy of the Holy Qur’an besides this, it should be burnt. Allama ibn Al-Tin states that

The difference between Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Usman (ra) compiling the Qur’an was that Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) compiled the Holy Qur’an fearing that if the Hufaaz-e-Quran [i.e. those who had committed the entire Qur’an to memory] passed away then some parts of the Holy Qur’an maybe lost

Because until then the Holy Qur’an had not been compiled in one single form. Thus, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) compiled the Holy Qur’an by placing the verses in the same order as the Holy Prophet (sa) had taught the companions to memorise it. On the other hand, Hazrat Usman (ra) compiled the Holy Qur’an

Owing to the increasing difference in the dialects of the language. People began to recite the Holy Qur’an according to their own dialect and style of pronunciation and would deem the reading style [Qiraat] of others to be incorrect. Hazrat Usman (ra) was concerned that perhaps this would lead a more serious situation.

And so, Hazrat Usman (ra) compiled the various manuscripts, which Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) had initially collected, into a single copy according to the sequence of its chapters. Moreover, Hazrat Usman (ra) kept it in the language of the Quriash and the reason he gave for doing this

Was because the Qur’an was revealed in the language of the Quriash. Although initially it was also permitted that one could recite the Qur’an in other dialects as well for the purpose of ease, however when Hazrat Usman (ra) observed that there was no longer any need to do it in this manner,

He instructed for it to be recited in only one style of reading [Qiraat]. Allamah Qurtabi states that if the question is posed that why did Hazrat Usman (ra) feel the need to compile the Qur’an for the people even though before him Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) had already compiled it,

Then the answer to this is that Hazrat Usman (ra) did not do this in order to compile the manuscripts, because Hazrat Usman (ra) had sent a message to Umm-ul-Momineen Hazrat Hafsa (ra) requesting for the manuscripts of the Holy Qur’an so that he could produce various copies from it

And thereafter he would return to her the original manuscripts. The reason why Hazrat Usman (ra) did this was because people had started to disagree with one another over the different styles of reading [Qiraat] of the Qur’an because the companions had travelled and settled in various cities.

This was leading to a very serious situation and the differences between the people of Syria and Iraq had taken the form as described by Hazrat Huzaifah. Whilst explaining the following verse of Sura Al-A’la: “We shall teach thee the Qur’an, and thou shalt forget it not.” [Arabic, Holy Qur’an 87:7]

Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states, “The meaning of this verse is that ‘We will shall teach you the Quran, “‘which you shall not forget till the Day of Judgment “‘and this will continue to remain in the same form as it is today.’ “This claim is testified by even the staunchest opponents of Islam

“who openly accept that the Holy Qur’an has remained preserved in the exact same form “as it was first presented by the Holy Prophet (sa). “Nöldeke, Sprenger and William Muir have all acknowledged in their books “that apart from the Holy Qur’an they cannot categorically and definitely say this

“about any other scripture that it exists in the same form today “as the founder of its religion had originally presented it. “It is only the Holy Qur’an regarding which it can be conclusively said “that it exists in the exact same form today

“as it was first presented by the Holy Prophet (sa) to his companions. “Since they do not believe that the Holy Qur’an is a book revealed by God Almighty “as they claim that it was written by the Holy Prophet (sa) himself, “therefore they do not say

“that it remains preserved in the exact same form as it was revealed, “but nonetheless they do say that this book remains in the exact form “as it was first presented by Muhammad (sa). “For example, Sir William Muir writes in his book, The Koran, “that all the various proofs grant assurance to one’s heart

“that the Quran which we read today is exactly the same, word-for-word, “which the Prophet (sa) would recite to the people. “Sir William Muir then further writes in his book, ‘Life of Mahomet’, “‘What we have, though possibly created and modified by himself, is still his own’ “Similarly, he further writes,

““we may upon the strongest presumption affirm “that every verse in the Quran is genuine and unaltered.” “Then, Nöldeke, who is a German orientalist, writes, “‘Slight clerical errors there may have been, “‘but the Koran of Othman contains none but genuine elements, “‘though sometimes in very strange order.

“‘Efforts of European scholars to prove the existence “‘of later interpolations in the Koran have failed.’ “In short, even the European writers have acknowledged that “there is absolutely no doubt with regards to the physical preservation of the Holy Qur’an. “In fact, it is word for word and letter for letter, the exact same book

“as Muhammad (sa) recited before the people.” Hazrat Khalifatul Masih I (ra) states, “People attribute Hazrat Usman (ra) “to be Jami’ul Quran [i.e. the collator of the Holy Qur’an] whereas this is incorrect. “They have assumed this simply because of the rhyming pattern “with the name Usman [and Jami’-ul-Quran].

“Indeed, if one were to say he was responsible for the published version “of the Quran [we have today], then that would be correct to an extent. “During his Khilafat, Islam spread far and wide. “For this reason, Hazrat Usman (ra) ordered “for a few copies of the manuscript of the Qur’an to be made

“and sent them to Mecca, Medina, Syria, Basra, Kufa as well as to other lands. “He adopted the order of the Quran as was desired by Allah the Almighty “and instructed by the Holy Prophet (sa), and then ensured that same copy reached us. “Indeed, to read it and safeguard it is our responsibility.”

Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states, “During the time of Hazrat Usman (ra), instead of the people of Mecca living only in Mecca, “the people of Medina only residing in Medina, the people of Taif only remaining confined to Taif, “the people of Najd remaining in Najd, “the people of Yemen living in Yemen alone

“and being unaware of each other’s language and idioms, “Medina had become the capital and all tribes had become one. “Since the governance was in the hands of the people of Medina, “a large portion of whom were the Muhajirin of Mecca, “even the residents of Medina had learnt the Hijaz dialect of Arabic

“owing to their association and interaction with the Meccans. “Thus, since they were responsible for enforcing the law “and they were responsible for the wealth (i.e. those who were in authority) “and the eyes of everyone were fixed upon them, the people of Taif, Najd, Mecca, Yemen

“and also majority of the people residing in other areas would regularly travel to Medina. “They would meet the Muhajirin and Ansar of Medina and learn about Islam from them. “Thus, over time the official language of academia “through which the teachings were imparted became one.

“Then, some from them even came and settled in Medina “and so they fully adopted the Hijazi dialect. “When these people would return to their hometowns, since they were scholars and teachers, “most certainly them travelling there would have had an effect over the people.

“Aside from this, owing to the wars that were taking place, “people of various tribes had the chance to stay together. “Given that the officers [of the army] were the eminent companions, “staying in their company would instil within them a natural desire to emulate their example

“and this would include learning their language as well. “Although in the beginning, people may have had some difficulties understanding the Quran, “however after Medina became the capital “and all the tribes of Arabia began regularly converging upon Medina as the centre of Arabia, “this difficulty [in understanding the Quran] would have been removed.

“The reason for this is that by that time, all those who possessed a scholarly disposition “became fully acquainted with the language and meanings of the Quran. “Thus, when the people understood this fully, “Hazrat Usman (ra) ordered that from then on, “only the Hijazi Qirat [reading] of the Quran will be used

“and no one was permitted to use the other readings. “The intention behind this command “was that people had become acquainted with the Hijazi dialect, “therefore there was no longer any reason “for people to be permitted to substitute words for Hijazi Arabic [dialect]. “Owing to this command issued by Hazrat Usman (ra),

“the Shias – who are opposed to the Sunnis – “say that the current manuscript of the Quran is the version created by Usman (ra). “However, this allegation is completely false; “up until the era of Hazrat Usman (ra), “owing to their social interactions and intermingling,

“the various Arab tribes had become familiar with the differences “in the dialects of their languages. “By this time there was no need for the permission to recite the various Qiraat to remain. “This permission was only temporary “and the reason it was granted was because they were early days and there were different tribes;

“within these tribes a difference in dialect changed the meanings of certain words. “Owing to this difference, for a brief time, “those tribes were permitted to substitute the words of the actual revelation “with other words revealed by God Almighty that were prevalent within those tribes.

“The reason for this was so that the commandments of the Holy Quran could be understood “and there would be no obstacle preventing people from understanding it; “also so that each tribe could read the Quran “using the idioms of their language and in their own dialect.

“When 20 years had elapsed since this permission was granted, “the situation had changed completely and the tribes had progressed. “Those Arabs that were once several tribes had become one mighty tribe, “in fact they had become a formidable government. “They were responsible for upholding the law and to provide an education.

“They had the power to distribute various offices and began implementing penal laws. “Subsequently there were no longer any impediments in people “understanding the primary dialect in which the Quran was revealed. “When this situation became prevalent, “Hazrat Usman (ra) annulled the permission that was only meant to be temporary,

“and this indeed was the Will of God. “However, the Shias allege this to be Hazrat Usman’s (ra) biggest mistake “in that he stopped all other Qiraat [readings] and only adopted one reading. “However, if they had pondered over the matter,

“they would have realised that Allah the Almighty permitted the reading of the different Qiraat “in the second era of Islam, not in the early era. “This proves the fact that although Holy Quran was revealed in the Hijazi dialect, “the different Qiraat came about as various tribes accepted Islam.

“The language between the different tribes varied “and they either could not pronounce certain words correctly “or specific words have different connotations amongst the different tribes. “For this reason, in such cases where this difference would have arisen, “under the directive of God Almighty, the Holy Prophet (sa) granted permission

“to use a word from a different dialect or to use a different word in its place. “However, this difference had no bearing on the meaning or understanding of the verses, “in fact, if this permission was not given, “then this difference [in meaning and understanding] would certainly have arisen.

“We find proof of this from the fact that the Holy Prophet (sa) “taught one Qirat [reading or recitation] of a particular chapter to Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas’ud “and a different Qirat of the same chapter to Hazrat Umar (ra).

“The reason for this was that Hazrat Umar (ra) was born and brought up in a city “and Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas’ud was a shepherd and interacted more with Bedouins. “Thus, both languages were very different. “One day, Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas’ud (ra) was reciting that same chapter of the Holy Quran.

“When Hazrat Umar (ra) walked past he heard Abdullah bin Mas’ud “reciting the chapter with certain differences. “Hazrat Umar (ra) was astonished as to how this could be because the wording he knew was different “and Abdullah bin Mas’ud was reading it in another way.

“Hazrat Umar (ra) took hold of him by the neck and said: “‘I will present your matter before the Holy Prophet (sa). “‘Some words of the chapter are different to the way you are reading them.’ “Thus, Hazrat Umar (ra) brought him to the Holy Prophet (sa) and said:

“‘O Messenger of Allah (sa)! You have taught me this chapter in one way “‘and Abdullah bin Mas’ud is reciting it in another way.’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) asked Abdullah bin Mas’ud how he was reading the chapter. “He became worried and began trembling thinking that he had made a mistake,

“but the Holy Prophet (sa) said to him not to worry and to recite it. “When Abdullah bin Mas’ud recited the chapter, the Holy Prophet (sa) said: “‘This is absolutely correct.’ “Hazrat Umar (ra) responded: ‘O Messenger (sa) of Allah! You taught me in another way.’

“The Holy Prophet (sa) said: ‘That way is also correct.’ “The Holy Prophet (sa) then added: “‘The Holy Quran has been revealed in seven Qiraat [readings]. “‘Do not quarrel amongst yourselves about these minor differences.’ “The reason behind this difference was that the Holy Prophet (sa) thought

“since Abdullah bin Mas’ud was a shepherd, his dialect was different, “and so he taught him the reading that was closest to his dialect. “Regarding Hazrat Umar (ra), the Holy Prophet (sa) considered that since he belonged to the city, “therefore he should be taught the Meccan dialect in which the Quran was primarily revealed.

“Thus, the Holy Prophet (sa) permitted Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas’ud “to recite the chapter in his own dialect “and Hazrat Umar (ra) to recite the chapter in the dialect known in the city. “These minor differences have arisen due to the various Qiraat [readings].

“However, there was no difference in the actual meaning of the text “and everyone knew that this was a natural consequence “of the various civilisations, education and differences in the dialects.” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) further states. “The [Muslim] civilisation and government transformed individual tribes

“into one nation and one language, and everyone became familiar with Hijazi Arabic. “Therefore, Hazrat Usman thought that to keep the use of different Qiraat “would be the means of creating division [among the tribes] and he was absolutely correct. “For this reason, he stopped the common use of different Qiraat,

“but the Qiraat themselves would remain preserved in the books of Qiraat. “Thus, keeping this virtuous intention in mind, “he forbid the common use of any other Qirat other than the Hijazi script, “which was the original dialect. “Subsequently, in order to unify both Arabs and non-Arabs alike for the recitation of the Quran,

“he permitted the Hijazi script which was the initial Qirat [reading].” There are a few accounts remaining, which I will narrate in the future, God Willing. I will again request to pray for the Ahmadis in Pakistan and Algeria and also all those Ahmadis around the world who are facing great difficulties.

Pray that may Allah the Almighty remove their hardships. Especially in Pakistan, owing to the constitution, at times, difficulties are created for Ahmadis and they do not have any sort of freedom there. Similarly, in Algeria certain government officials are creating difficulties. May Allah safeguard Ahmadis from every kind of difficulty.

After the Friday prayers, I will launch a website for the Chinese Desk. This website has been created with the assistance of the Central [Markazi] IT Team, through which people will be able to acquire detailed information regarding Islam and Ahmadiyyat in the Chinese language. The website can be accessed through “alislam”,

Which is the main website of the Jama’at and accessed separately as well. Content has been uploaded on the website under various topics and the new edition of the Chinese translation of the Holy Qur’an is also available on it; 23 books and pamphlets have also been put on the website.

It also has information in the form of questions and answers. Under the section of The Promised Messiah (as), there is an introduction to the Promised Messiah (as) and the Khulafa. On the homepage, it also provides links to six different websites of the Jama’at

And also has the phone, fax and email details for people to get in contact. May Allah the Almighty enable this website to become a means of guidance for the Chinese people and may their hearts become receptive to the message of Islam and Ahmadiyyat.

In addition to this, I will lead some funeral prayers [in absentia]. The first funeral and mention is of Respected Muhammad Yunus Khalid Sahib, who was a missionary and passed away on 15th March at the age of 67 owing to heart failure. [Verily to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return]

Muhammad Yunus Sahib’s paternal grandfather and his brother, Hazrat Mian Murad Baksh Sahib and Hazrat Hajji Ahmad Sahib [respectively] were among the companions of the Promised Messiah (as). A delegation of six people set off from Prem Kot, district of Hafizabad and travelled to Qadian on foot.

Hazrat Haji Ahmad Sahib was present in this delegation. He pledged allegiance to the Promised Messiah (as) and also requested water from him for Tabarruk [blessings]. Respected Yunus Khalid Sahib completed his Matriculation exams from Rabwah after which he gained admission to Jamia Ahmadiyya. During Jamia he also completed his Arabic Fazil [course].

By the grace of Allah, he was a Moosi [part of the Al-Wasiyyat Scheme]. In 1980, he graduated with a Shahid degree and then had the opportunity to serve for 40 years in various places inside Pakistan and abroad, in countries throughout Africa. Among those he leaves behind is his wife, Mariam Siddiqa Sahiba,

And one son, Ateeq Ahmad Mubashar who is a missionary. Ateeq Ahmad Mubashar states: “My father was a scholar who practiced what he preached. “He would often say to me that “Allah the Almighty treated him similar to the manner of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih I (ra)

“in that whenever he desired something, Allah the Almighty would fulfil that need of his, “and I am personally a witness to this fact.” Then his son writes with reference to Rana Mubarak Ahmad Sahib, who used to be the Local President in Lahore

Who said that whenever there was some work related to the Community that needed to be done, respected Murabbi Sahib would take it up right away and would not even stop to consider whether or not he was wearing shoes. He would go out swiftly in order to compete the task.

He was at the forefront of presenting financial sacrifices. The President of the Community in Haripur Hazara said that Murabbi Sahib was an excellent example for the Community in Tarbela with regards to financial contributions. He would also regularly make financial contributions on behalf of his deceased elders.

His brother-in-law says that he was very conscious of his financial contributions, and would pay special attention to his contributions towards his Wasiyyat chanda. He was extremely devoted to his prayers and was extremely devout. He would find the less fortunate and silently provide them financial aid.

He would even help the daughters of family members who were less-fortunate by arranging for their dowry [i.e. the gifts given by the bride]. His relatives say that they have now been deprived of a sincere person who provided financial aid; a loving and kind person.

May Allah the Almighty grant the deceased His forgiveness and mercy. The next funeral is of respected Doctor Nizamuddin Budan Sahib from Ivory Coast. He passed away on March 15: [Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.] He was 73 years of age. He obtained his primary education from Mauritius.

In 1968, he received a scholarship from the Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III (rh) upon which he enrolled in a medical college in Pakistan. In fact, he completed his FSc from Talimul Islam College first and then he enrolled in medical college. He completed his MBBS from the Dow Medical College. Then in 1978,

Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III (rh) appointed him as the in-charge of the Ahmadiyya Clinic in Nigeria and he had the opportunity to serve there until 1984 in this capacity. When Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III (rh) visited Ghana in 1980, a group from Ivory Coast travelled to Ghana

And was honoured to have an audience with the Huzoor (rh). The group requested Huzoor (rh) that they desired for there to be a hospital in Ivory Coast just as the Ahmadiyya Community in Ghana had hospitals. Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III (rh) accepted this request and thus the process began.

On March 18, 1983, Doctor Sahib travelled from Lagos to Ivory Coast and met with officials from the Ministry of Health. Since he spoke French, and a French-speaking doctor was required there, he was transferred there from Nigeria, and he subsequently received permission to open an Ahmadiyya Dispensary there [in Ivory Coast].

He was able to serve in Ivory Coast from 1984 until his demise. By the grace of Allah he was a ‘Musi’. His wife has passed away; he has a son named Bashiruddin Mahmud Budan and a daughter Nashmia Aisha Mubaraka. May Allah the Almighty keep these children attached to Khilafat and the Community.

Abdul Quyoom Pasha Sahib, who is the Missionary In-Charge of Ivory Coast says “he [Doctor Sahib] served as the Medical Officer at the Ahmadiyya Clinic “in Abidjan, Ivory Coast for about 36 years. “He was a very good doctor, a good person, “and a senior member of the Community in Ivory Coast.”

He says, “I worked with Doctor Sahib for about 18 years. “I found him to be a good person in every aspect. “He helped everyone, provided guidance in work related to the Community, “was hospitable, possessed good qualities, spoke eloquently, and was an honourable person. “He held various offices in the Community as well.

“He was extremely generous and would treat children with great kindness and affection. “He often kept items which he could give to children as gifts at the clinic; “whenever a child patient came to the clinic he would give them a gift such as toys or sweets.

“He would render great help to students staying at the Mission [House] “as well as poor Ahmadi families.” One of the missionaries from there writes that if he did not have any patients to see, then he would be occupied in assisting the youth or the elders in their moral training.

If he did not have any patients to see he would not remain idle; rather, he would occupy himself with some sort of work related to the Community. In this way, at times he would be translating either ‘Malfuzat’ or the Friday Sermon into French and then would distribute photocopies to members of the Community.

He was always prepared to serve humanity. He would personally purchase medicine for poor patients and he would also provide household necessities such as rice and oil. May Allah the Almighty grant the deceased His forgiveness and mercy. The next funeral is of Salma Begum Sahiba, wife of Doctor Raja Naseer Ahmad Zafar Sahib,

Who passed away on January 24 at the age of 85. [Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.] By the grace of Allah, her father Raja Fazal Daad Khan Sahib was the first Ahmadi in his family. Those who have written about her, including her children, have said

That the length of her prayers was often recounted amongst their family as an example. She possessed many great qualities, had a joyful personality, was devoted to serve others, righteous, loyal and brave. She possessed great ingenuity, was wise, very steadfast, and honourable. She was devoted her prayers, was patient and grateful, content

And would place her trust in Allah. By the grace of Allah the Almighty, she was a ‘Musi’. She is survived by two sons and three daughters. May Allah Almighty grant the deceased His forgiveness and mercy. The next funeral is of respected Kishwar Tanweer Arshad Sahiba,

Wife of Abdul Baqi Arshad Sahib, Chairman of Al-Shirkiyyatul Islamiyyah UK. She passed away on February 27 at the age of 87: [Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.] The deceased endured her illness and various aliments in her final years with great steadfastness.

By the grace of Allah, she met her Lord in a state of contentment with His will. She is survived by two sons, two daughters and grandchildren. One of her sons-in-law is Naseeruddin Sahib who is currently serving as the National Vice-President of the Community in the UK.

Her son Nabil Arshad has also been blessed to serve during the time of the Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV (rh) and also whenever I called upon him to serve he would come right away and continues to do so. She provided good moral training to her children.

She possessed many great qualities and was especially particular about cleanliness. She was very well-organised, devoutly sincere and virtuous. She was mindful of offering prayers and keeping fasts and would be at the forefront in presenting financial contributions; she would be very generous in giving alms.

Arshad Baqi Sahib writes, “she resided in London for a long period of time. “During this time, after the migration of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV (rh) in 1984 “she supported me a great deal in the work related to the Community “and always gave precedence to this work.

“She kept her home a place of peace and a reflection of heaven at all times. “Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV (rh) used to say “that in terms of tranquillity, her home was his favourite.” Her daughter says, “She would express gratitude to God in all circumstances;

“whether in ease or hardship she would happily accept the Divine decree and never complained.” She also resided in Saudi Arabia for some time where she had the opportunity to serve Ahmadis who travelled for Hajj or Umrah. May Allah Almighty grant the deceased His forgiveness and mercy.

The next funeral is of Abdur Rahman Hussain Muhammad Khair Sahib of Sudan, who passed away on December 24, [2020] at the age of 56 [Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.] Before being introduced to the Community, he did not associate with any Islamic sect,

In fact he had some doubts about certain concepts such as abrogation [of the verses of the Qur’an] and jinn. His older brother Usman Hussain Sahib used to work in Saudi Arabia, where he was introduced to the Ahmadiyya Community and he mentioned this to Abdur Rahman Sahib – this took place in 2007.

Upon hearing about Ahmadiyyat from his brother, Abdur Rahman Sahib was keen to watch MTA. At the time, it was difficult to watch MTA in his area, and in his attempts [to watch MTA] he changed the dish antenna many times and spent a lot of money. Eventually, he was able to watch MTA.

Then it became his habit that upon returning from work, he would often spend his time watching MTA. Eventually when his heart had become content, he accepted Ahmadiyyat in 2010. After accepting Ahmadiyyat, he preached to all of his relatives and friends. Among the deceased’s virtuous qualities were humility and meekness,

Hospitality, caring for the poor and good dealings. In 2013, he had the opportunity of rendering notable services in the establishment of the Jama’at in Sudan, for which he presented great financial sacrifices. He also provided financial aid to many of the poorer members of the Community.

When Ahmadis belonging to a poor tribe of an area in Sudan began facing injustices from the people of that area, the deceased provided great financial aid, tended to their needs and took care of the people. Every Friday, he would bring people from various places to the prayer centre,

And then after the Friday Prayer, he would take them back home as well. Even non-Ahmadis attest to his virtuous qualities. He was regular and generous in paying his financial contributions. He was a member of the first administrative body [of the Community] in Sudan and undertook this responsibility until his demise.

He is survived by his wife, two sons and two daughters. May Allah Almighty keep strengthen their connection to the Community and Khilafat, and grant the deceased His forgiveness and mercy. As I mentioned, I will offer these funeral prayers [in absentia] after the Friday prayer. All praise is due to Allah

We laud Him, we beseech help from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the right path, none can misguide him;

And whosoever He declares misled, none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May Allah be merciful to you.

Verily, Allah commands you to act with justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as one does to one’s kindred and forbids evil which pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful.

You remember Allah; He too will remember you; call Him and He will make a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance is the highest virtue.

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